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11

The Ramban says the reason why his name is not mentioned is due to the fact that the city was small with few people living there, he was not famous. The Shaarei Aharon (from whom I am quoting all these answers) suggests that the names mentioned here are based on the evil nature of the people we are mentioning. Being that the king of Tzoar was not so evil ...


8

There is a dispute about it (in connection with writing a Sefer Torah, whether the sofer should declare it holy or not). R. Elazar Fleckeles (Meleches Hakodesh, Lech Lecha 1) suggests that this depends on an earlier machlokes, recorded in the Yerushalmi (Megillah 1:9) and Maseches Sofrim (5:10), as to whether the name should be written closed-up (ביתאל) or ...


6

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim siman 398 defines how we measure the 2000 amot and the city. In essence, the cluster of houses we call a city is obviously a city. First of all, we square it off. (For odd-shaped cities, there are different rules as to how we square it.) From there, we measure an extra 70.66 amot around the city that counts as part of the city. ...


6

According to R' Herschel Schachter, the designation of "your city" for this purpose is based on association, rather than geography. In an interview on the topic with Jewish Action magazine, he said: However, aniyei ircha does not refer to the poor people of your city literally. I live in Manhattan. Are all the poor people in New York considered my aniyei ...


5

Derishos Shabbos - The Apta Rav - page 231 - top left says that Shechem was given as payment for Yosef taking care of Yaakov's burial, which the other brother's were unable to do. ושכם הרי אינו נותנו לו בחנם רק עבור מה שמטריח אותו בקבורתו מה שאין סיפק ביתר הבנים לעשותו


5

Rambam Mezuza 6,8 אחד שערי חצרות ואחד שערי מבואות ואחד שערי מדינות ועיירות הכל חייבים במזוזה שהרי הבתים החייבין במזוזה פתוחין לתוכן Gates of courtyards, cul de sacs, countries and cities need a Mezuza as the houses which need Mezuzas open up to those gates (i.e the only way out of that enclosed city/courtyard from ones house is through one of those ...


4

The Gemora (Sanhedrin 41a) writes (cited partially by Rashi to Yehoshua 6:10) : ויאמר ה' אל יהושע קום לך . . אתה גרמת להם והיינו דקאמר ליה בעי ועשית לעי ולמלכה כאשר עשית ליריחו ולמלכה וגו' And Hashem said to Yehoshua, "Get up." . . Hashem said to him, You have brought [guilt] upon them. For that reason He said to him with reference to Ai: "And you ...


4

Malbim on this wording (verse 2) explains that Elijah did not want to enter Beth-el, because one of Jeroboam's calf statues was there (Kings I 12:28-29).


4

As a practical matter (speaking from personal experience, unfortunately), "Brooklyn" (ברוקלין) is used, regardless of the neighborhood. There are many teshuvos on this topic, mostly regarding the exact wording and spelling (R' Moshe says, for example, Staten Island, on the river Arthur Kill - I'm not citing the Hebrew spelling here). I believe "city"' means ...


4

Given that this involves Jews, the correct answer is that it is a machlokes. There are those who say that it can be done as long as it is sent to arrive on Purim. , and there are those who say that it cannot be done. Another point is that sending to an organization that distributes on Purim is like making a shaliach to give it out for you. This is ...


4

Minchas Shai there quotes various versions which were changed in order to answer your other question about style of the surrounded Pesukim, but seems to agree that there were not many old manuscripts that contained this (he does note that some old printings have these additions). Daat Mikra also notes that they were copied into some Sefarim, but defers to ...


4

A little town hasn't Bet Din. See Sanhedrin Mishna 1.6 And how many [inhabitants] must a city have before it may have a Sanhedrin? One hundred and twenty. Rabbi Nechemiah says, two hundred and thirty, [each judge] corresponding to a chief of a group of ten. Bartenura מאה ועשרים - מפרש בגמרא, עשרים ושלשה, סנהדרי קטנה. twenty three for the ...


3

Yehoshua Meir Grainitz mentioned in Da'as Mikra says that Lesha is Leshem which is mentioned in Yehoshua 19:47. He says that it is also known as Layish as mentioned in Shoftim 18:27 & 18:28. Thanks to אראל סגל הלוי for this answer. This would lead me to conclude that Lesha is not the same place as Tzoar/Bela. However this still leaves open the ...


3

When I went to Eretz Yisrael (in 5727), I was told (by Rabbi Besdin Z'tzl of YU) that it depends on where you normally live. If you are living in Yerushalayim and happen to be elsewhere, then you should (if you can) return to Yerushalayim for Shushan Purim. However, you can attend the megilla reading where you happen to be especially if you are not sure that ...


3

Lot surveyed the whole land and chose Sodom. (Gen 13) He presumably wouldn't have done so if they had such a reputation, let alone stayed if he was actually subject to such treatment. MORE importantly - Lot arrived in Sodom at a time when he was extremely wealthy (Gen 13). Its very possible that the angels were targeted because they were seen as ...


2

Sodom was about "no freeloaders." You try to mooch, we rape you. Lot came in with money and was accepted. Hence, no rape. Remember, the Jewish interpretation is that Sodom wasn't about lust. It was about power and cruelty; rape was just a tool in the box.


2

It seems to me that the issue was to uproot any supporters of Haman left in Shushan, especially within the government\palace. This is why she had Haman's son's hanged, and the people killed were probably affiliated with Haman's family. The purpose was to solidify Mordechai's position and to make sure the Jews would be secure for years to come.


2

I don't agree with the premise of the question: "...the Megilat Esther says the Jews of the city of Shushan (the capital) needed/took an extra day to fight for their survival. " Initially, after Haman was killed, permission was granted for the Jews to defend themselves on the 13th Adar - and to kill their enemies. For some reason, Esther asked for ...


2

Rabbi Feinstein is addressing questions of local customs. Theoretically 400 years ago, you'd have all the Jews in Baghdad following the customs of Baghdad, and all the Jews of Krakow following the customs of Krakow. What happens today when a bunch of Krakow Jews and Baghdad Jews come together in New York City? What is the "local custom?" The halacha is that ...


2

The Judaica Press Mikraos Gedolos on Yehoshua quotes Keli Yakar on this (unfortunately a broken link on hebrewbooks): K. Y. suggests that since all of the Levitic cities served as refuge cities, it was obvious that Reuben, who had exerted himself to save the life of his brother Joseph, would donate his cities toward this end. It was therefore unnecessary ...


2

In my answer to another question, I summarized the approach of R' Goldvicht ZT"L as to why Yosef did not reveal himself to his brothers. The climax of that answer is that when Yosef saw that Yehuda was willing to put himself on the line to save Binyomin, he understood that the perceived jealousy that had existed between the other brothers and the sons of ...


2

The Gemara on the Mishnah you quoted says that since the verse asks for "ziknei ha'eer" (elders of the city), it means members of a Court of 23 Judges. (See also Rambam, Hilchos Rotzeach 9:4, who says a Court of 23 Judges.) Therefore it won't suffice to have a Court of 3 Rabbis. The Sefer HaChinuch (Mitzvah 531) explains that the calf ceremony is for ...


1

R Aryeh Kaplan had a fascinating article in the Jewish Observer, December 1976 (reprinted in The Aryeh Kaplan Reader, p. 74, see here) where he discusses the process used to write the first gittin in Monsey, NY involving R Yaakov Kamenetzky, R Moshe Feinstein and others. He writes about the particular importance of getting the spelling of all names right. ...


1

The Beis Yosef in Orach Chaim 688:3 addresses both of your questions: 1) "Why do we need a separate celebration for walled cities" ואיכא למידק למה חלקו מצוה זו לימים חלוקים וקבעו יום מיוחד לפרזים ויום מיוחד לכרכין משא"כ בשאר המצות Why did they divide this mitzvah [Purim] into separate days, fixing a distinct day for the unwalled cities and a ...


1

Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer, Perek 38, states: ויצאה דינה לראות בבנות הארץ... ושכב עמה והרתה וילדה את אסנת And Dinah went out to gaze upon the daughters of the land... and [Schechem] slept with her, and she became pregnant, and she gave birth to Asenath. With all the people of Schechem dead, the heir to the throne is Asenath. When she marries Yosef, the ...


1

Nitei Gavriel (53:4) writes that they would only read it on the 14th of Adar, since we don't know exactly where the [original] city is located. (Credit: Menachem)


1

Ramban on that verse answers that the city of Shechem was the only portion of the Land that Yaakov could give to Yosef, as it was the only one that was under his control. Here's his conclusion, though it's worthwhile to read the entire piece. והנה אמר לו עשיתי עמך כל הטובה שיכלתי לעשות לך לעת שהייתי יכול לעשותה כי אין ברשות יעקב בארץ רק שכם אחד שאין ...


1

The following excerpt comes from Powell, M. A. (Ed.). (2011). The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated) (Third Edition.). New York: HarperCollins, p.680. Also, please see the Wikipedia citation for this ancient city - please click here.


1

Fascinating question! I'm piecing together excerpts from several Wikipedia pages, as each links to another: Lasha was a place east of the Dead Sea, known for its hot springs. It was eventually named Callirhoe. (Not essentially trusting Wikipedia's say on this, I did confirm that the name is, apparently correct if you view Targum Yonatan's ...


1

I was told by a Chabad rabbi in Jerusalem that the custom is to say "shechiyanu" if this is the case, since Purim and Shushan Purim are actually different holidays. I think there's probably room to do it either way, though, since obviously the halakhic principle of "no blessing in case of a doubt" applies here as well.


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