25

Many synagogues - mainly Orthodox, not specifically Hassidic, light two candles in front of the Chazzan's (cantor's) table. The candles are on during the duration of the prayers and extinguished afterwards. (Some places use electric "candles"; others use wax. I prefer the wax, though it is a bit more dangerous, smelly, and messy.) It has nothing to do with ...


17

I think the Ba'al Shem Tov had to have existed in some way (even if it's not the way we've been taught), as I doubt an entire branch of Orthodox Judaism would base itself off the teachings of a ficticious figure. Let me ask you this - if the Besht didn't exist, who made him up? From a historical standpoint, saying he didn't exist is futile. We have books ...


15

The Satmar book, The Rebbe, mentions a different version of that story. The Rebbe is quoted as saying: Had Humphrey spoken to me in support of the Zionist state, it wouldn't have bothered me in the least. We Jews have a Torah which forbids us to have a state during the exile, and therefore we may not ask the Americans to support the state. But a non-...


11

Erlau. They dress like Hassidim and they have a rebbe, who holds a tisch, but their traditions and minhagim are Chassam Sofer strictly (In fact, the Erlauer ravs are from the direct line of the Chassam Sofer, and their surname is in fact, Sofer.). They use Ashkenaz siddur, and their culture is an Oberlander culture. You'll also find, if you hang out ...


11

Most Chassidic Groups:1 On the yahrtzeit of a rabbi with connection to the group (either a previous rebbe, or someone with substantial influence on the group or that town's inhabitants). When their rebbe does, e.g. when his child gets married or is circumcised. On days when special joyous events happened to their past rebbes, e.g. they were freed from ...


11

Yes, the Minchas Elazar was very makpid (strict) on both dikduk (grammar) and wording. His hakpada (strictness) is a major subject in the preface to the current main Munkacser siddur, Tzvi Tiferes. It outlines both commonly ignored rules, and points out that the siddur includes clear markings for mil'eil/mil'ra and sh'va na/nach. It also brings sources for ...


11

This is quoted in the Afrakasta D'anya (4: 370) of R. David ben R. Baruch Kalonymus Sperber (leader of pre-war Romania) in the name of R. Moshe Stern in the name of the author of Imrei Yosef in turn quoting his teachers. שו"ת אפרקסתא דעניא חלק ד - עניינים שונים סימן שע ועל דרך - זה שמעתי מפי מו"ח הגה"צ ז"ל [רבי משה שטרן, גאב"ד פאליאן] בשם הה"ק בעל ...


11

This practice was advocated (possibly first suggested) by R. Simcha Bunim of Peshischa, as brought in his name in the collection of Hassidic Torah and lore entitled 'Siach Sarfe Kodesh' (n. 233): שכל או״א (אחד ואחד) צריך להיות לו שני קעשינעס (כיסים) להשתמש בו בעת צרכו. בקעשינע אחד בשבילי נברא העולם ובהקעשינע השני אנכי עפר ואפר


10

From Sefer Ba'al Shem Tov al HaTorah, Parshat Breishit, #127 (quoting Arvei Nahal parshat Lekh and Amtahat Binyamin on Kohelet) : הבעל שם טוב אמר כי איש אשר הוא נקי לגמרי ולא פגם כלל מעולם אפילו כל שהוא, אי אפשר לו לראות רע בשום אדם או שישמע מרע שיעשה שום אדם כי לא יזמין לו ה' יתברך לראות רע או לשמוע שום רע. לכן כשרואה האדם איזה איש שעושה רע, או שמספרים ...


10

The source is the Zohar Pinchas 253b. There the Zohar says ואוף הכי דפרשין דמלכא הוו מארי משנה דאינון כמלאכים משמשין לון שדים יהודאי דאינון רשימין באות שדי (ס"א באת י') ואית שדין ומזיקין מסטרא דמסאבו דאתקריאו שדים עכו"ם וזה לעומת זה עשה האלקים ובגין דא אמרו מארי מתניתין דאינון ג' מינין מינייהו. חד מין דלהון כמלאכי השרת ומין תניינא כבני אדם ומין תליתאי ...


10

Aside from the fact there are countless prominent Rabbis from his time who state clearly that they met and learned with him face to face, such a the Maggid of Mezerich, any student of history is aware of the collections of his actual letters (correspondence to his brother and others) which have been reprinted faithfully. One such example is the collection ...


10

This comes from Tikunei Zohar Tikuna Asira'ah (here page 25b), in discussing numerical connections between the 5 knots on tzitzis and the 5 first words of Shema and the 5 strings on King David's lyre: וכד ישראל אמרין שמע ודאי מארי חיוון שמטין גדפייהו באן אתר בכנפי מצוה דאתמר בהון על ארבע כנפות כסותך אשר תכסה בה דאיהו כגוונא דמעיל האפוד דפעמונים ורמונים ...


9

Hassidim generally wear three types of shirts: A regular white dress shirt. As above, but with reversed buttoning, i.e. right-over-left. Pocket remains on left side of the chest. Basically identical to women's dress shirts, save for the bust shape. A "rebbishe" shirt with three or four differences from the above: 1. The sleeves have no cuff, but instead ...


9

Generally with other ulta-orthodox baalei t'shuva or other people with similar backgrounds. That is a good idea, regardless, as the compatibility is more likely to be there. (The only exception to your list is persons of color - my observation is that they tend to find a person of a different color who doesn't have a hangup about it). In addition, There are ...


8

Rabbi Yosef Avraham Heller, the Rosh Kollel of Crown Heights, Brooklyn and former member of the Beis Din there, wrote a essay explaining the Halachic justification for davening after Chatzos, published in "Kobetz Beis Chayenu" 11 Nissan 5760 pg. 28. The crunch of the explanation is as follows: The Gemora (Brochos 26a) states that, "He may go on praying [...


8

According to Rav Chaim Berlin z"tl it would appear that the cherem no longer applies in what may be the earliest formal expression of the current status quo: ולהתפלל בבית הכנסת של החסידים אין שום חשש בזה, וגזירת רבינו הגר"א ז"ל לא הי' אלא בזמנו שהקילו אז בכבוד תלמידי חכמים לומדי תורה, ולא כן בימינו שהחסידים חולקים כבוד לכל לומדי תורה והם יראי ה' ...


8

Fragmentary information I can gather from various sources indicates that the accepted learning style "in Satmar" includes the following characteristics: Topic-directed rather than linear page-by-page learning Studying out loud Ostensible resemblance to the "Chasam Sofer" style of learning, which is characterized by simplicity (avoidance of both pilpul and ...


8

There is no Neturei Karta dress code: Each member dresses according to his custom or preference. That being said, many are very religious and seek a old fashioned outwards appearance. Therefore, many will e.g. opt for a flat shtreimel without "crown". Your pictures: The graybearded man is a Hirsch1. He is anti-chassidic litvish, and wears the traditional ...


8

Many chasidim light candles on the yahrtzeits of important figures in chasidic history. One of the more widely-practiced ones (in the US) is to light a candle on the Yahrtzeit of R' Mendel of Riminov, which is the night after Lag Ba'omer. Chasidish shuls or shuls with lots of chasidim tend to leave out candles for people to light in the shul. I've even ...


8

Shevet HaLevi 4:1 s.q. 2 by Rav Shmuel Wosner writes that "experience has taught him" that it is proper to completely forbid women driving because the activity of learning to drive leads to immodest behavior, and the driving itself violates the notion of "All glorious is the king's daughter within the palace" (Tehilim 45:14). He also points to the Talmud ...


8

In a letter to the Tog–Morgn Zhurnal, February 24, 1961 (also printed in דרשות און כּתובֿים), Rav Yosef Dov Halevi Soloveitchik wrote that Yiddish can be considered as a tashmish kedusha. He says that he doesn't believe that the language has inherent worth, but since it has been used over many years (and is still used) to learn Torah, and since "it was ...


7

My rebbi in הלכות שחיטה told me that chassidishe שחיטה used to mean that the שוחט had special intent to release the גלגול in the animal and/or to release the inherent spark נצוצות that are in every thing, but eventually that knowledge got lost even to the חסידים (as far as most people know), and now it is only a remembrance to that earlier time.


7

While I've heard of this concept before in the name of the Baal Shem Tov, I had never heard that there was a specific story about chillul shabbos. The Lubavitcher Rebbe quotes this teaching in a sicha on parshas Noach. The footnote there says: Meor Einayim, Parshas Chukas. See also Toldos Yaakov Yosef, Parshas Terumah and other sources. The Meor Einayim ...


7

Nefesh HaChaim is generally considered (as I understand it) to be a "Litvish" response to Hassidism's Tanya. Though the former also addresses "derech halimud."


7

Satmar frowns upon wearing a wig only. Besides for that, each woman (family, husband...) decides. In fact Satmar is one of the least uniformly dressed chassidic groups, both among men, and among women. The most common mode is a wig with something on top, like a band, a hat, or a scarf. However, some will wear a shpitzel (cloth or foam in the general shape of ...


7

Nitei Gavriel Taspores 2:1:2 says the source of those who do it at 2 is based on Braishis 21:8 "Vayigdal Hayeled" and Rashi says that was at 24 months. Also Shmuel-1 1:22.


7

They are still woolen. Since tallitot and tzitziot are under strict supervision, they are (wrongly?) assumed to be safe. Source: My uncle, a Toldos Aharon chassid.


7

The traditional practice in Chabad was to only start putting on Rabbeinu Tam Teffilin with permission from the Rebbe* (basically establishing that they had achieved this requisite level of piety), and typically after marriage. However, the Alter Rebbe of Lubavitch writes in the siddur that: כל אשר נגע יראת אלהים בלבו יניח תפילין דרבינו תם בלא ברכה אחר התפלה ...


7

Another name for it is Isarusa Dilesato אתערותא דלתתא, An arousal of below. It's when we work hard to achieve an inspiration to connect with and serve Hashem. It's called מים נוקבין mayim nukvin because the giver (Hashem) in chassidus is considered male and the recipient (us) is considered female. Our אתערותא דלתתא can cause an אתערותא דלעילה, also called ...


7

Regarding Havdalah during the week, I believe the reason why you find the Rebbe doing is so is because he actually keeps Shabbas until Tuesday. I heard this from a well-known story that the Gedolim weren't sure of this minhag and sent Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky to speak to the Rebbe and although he didn't know the source for the Rebbe's custom, after the ...


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