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1

They were both still around after the destruction of the second Beis Hamakdush. Rav Yehoshua who died about sixty years afterwards was unwilling to pasken on a machlokes between Beis Shamal and Beis Hillel saying he was unworthy (Yevomos 15B). The Gemora also mentions Rav Akiva and other Tannaim who died about sixty five years after the destruction of the ...


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I tried searching for sources that directly answer this, but haven't managed to find any, which is why the following is a guess. The Yaavetz, as @JoelK commented, likely based his knowledge on Sefer Yehudit, also known as the Book of Judith. This is likely for two reasons: Sefer Yehudit appears to describe itself as taking place during the Babylonian Exile, ...


1

The Pri Megadim in the Rosh Yosef (s.v. v'hevei) disagrees with R' Schwartz' conclusion on whether Tosfos would say there is pirsumei nisa happening by the individual prayer. He writes that for Tosfos, al hanisim for the purpose of pirsumei nisa really does only apply by the communal prayer and not by the individual prayer. The Cheishek Shlomo (ibid, s.v. ...


1

I will attempt to give an answer based on Megilas Antiyochus. It says that Yochanan was a Kohen Gadol, he was a son of Matisyahu, and he had four brothers. When Yochanan came back victorious from war, and after having killed Nikanor, he built a monument (to his name) which he called MAKABI. This word seems to be an acronym for Matisyahu Kohen Ben Yochanan. ...


1

The rabbis did not approve that the Hasmonean dynasty, issued from the Maccabean revolt, assumed the kingship of Israel, instead of giving it back to David’s family. The Torah says the kingship belongs only to David’s family: The staff shall not depart from Judah [David’s tribe], nor the scepter from between his feet, until Shiloh arrives, and to him shall ...


0

Not really an explanation per se, but Rabbi Hershel Schachter points out that it was treated halachically (at least in its earlier stages) as a milchemes reshus, not a milchemes mitzvah, because the odds were so seriously stacked against them. We couldn't demand people go on a suicide mission. (This explains the line from the historians about the mashuach ...


2

Ramban Bereishis 49:10 וזה היה עונש החשמונאים, שמלכו בבית שני, כי היו חסידי עליון, ואלמלא הם נשתכחו התורה והמצות מישראל, ואף על פי כן נענשו עונש גדול, כי ארבעת בני חשמונאי הזקן החסידים המולכים זה אחר זה, עם כל גבורתם והצלחתם, נפלו ביד אויביהם בחרב, והגיע העונש בסוף למה שאמרו רז"ל (בבא בתרא ג.): "כל מאן דאמר מבית חשמונאי קאתינא עבדא הוא", ...


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The Ramchal in one of his books on logic says that saying one thing is "like" another only means there is a minimum of one way in which there is a resemblance. Chanukkah is a holiday as far as saying Hallel and praising Hashem, but there the comparison ends. That is enough for the Torah to hint at there one day being a Yom Tov of Chanukkah in the ...


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Halachapedia has a nice write up on this: The Maharam Rutenberg (Teshuva 70) writes that Al Hanisim is a prayer of thanks and is therefore inserted in the appropriate Berachot in Shemoneh Esrei and Birkat Hamazon. Al Hamichya does not have such a component and thus there is no mention. The Levush OC 208:12 says the same thing without mentioning the Maharam. ...


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