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The epoch of the current calendar is, as you point out, BaHaRaD - Monday, 5 hours and 204 chalakim. However, it’s crucial to realise that this is an artificial date, arrived at by winding the calendar backwards, and corresponds to the molad of Tishrei of Year 1. It is referred to as molad tohu. This is almost an entire year before the world was created on ...


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This opinion of R. Sa'adia Ga'on is quoted by R. Avraham b. Hiyya HaNasi. In his Sefer Ha-Ibbur, he writes (ma'amar sheni, sha'ar shemini): ואמר הגאון ר' סעדיה בר' יוסף ראש הישיבה זצ"ל: קבוע היה מהר סיני שלא יהיה פסח יום שני כדי שלא יהיה יום הכפורים ערב שבת... וכן אם היה פסח יום רביעי היה יום הכפורים יום ראשון... וכן אנו אומרים על פסח שאינו ביום ששי ...


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If nobody in this famous community answers I give the answer from scripture as good as I can. The calendar is defined through Moses by watching the sun and the moon. The first day of every month is the day you watch with a naked eye the first visable crescent of the moon. This is one or two days after the New Moon (0% visability). The first month is found ...


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