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There are records of Cyrus also restoring the gods of Babylon that Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire, had moved from various Babylonian cities to the capital. That means that he promoted polytheism in that instance as a way to strengthen support from priests of Marduk in Babylon and the priests of Nabu in Sippar. This was undoing the work ...


6

Is there anywhere else in Tanach where "kohanim" does NOT mean priests? 1. Shoftim Ch. 17 - 18: In the end of Shoftim the ben-Levi who served in Micha's place of worship is referred to as a Cohen multiple times. E.g.: שופטים פרק-יח ל: וַיָּקִימוּ לָהֶם בְּנֵי דָן אֶת הַפָּסֶל וִיהוֹנָתָן בֶּן גֵּרְשֹׁם בֶּן מְנָשֶה הוּא וּבָנָיו הָיוּ כֹהֲנִים ...


6

As the Ibn Ezra writes (Bamidbar 21:22) אל תבקש דקדוק בשמות don't expect/ask for grammatical care when it comes to names


6

Ruth 4: 18 - 22 Peretz, Chetzron, Ram, Aminadav, Nachshon, Salmon, Boaz, Oved, Yishai, Dovid. Nachshon was the nasi of Yehudah at the time of the Exodus. Sotah 11b says that Dovid descended from Miriam. However, Calev is not mentioned. Some commentators connect Dovid being called Efrati with Miriam (Efrat) and say that one of her descendants married into ...


5

The ArtScroll edition of Chronicles (I and II), by Rabbi Moshe Eisenman, focuses on the idea that Kings is about what actually happened, while Chronicles is about the deeper meaning. That's why Chronicles often uses many names for one person, referring to his essence, not his real name. Also, Chronicles ends by explicitly stating that the exile was because ...


5

Taanis 22b relates that Yoshiyahu said "צדיק הוא ה׳ כי פיהו מריתי" - HaShem is righteous for I have rebelled against his word. (quote from Eicha 1:18)


5

I think you have to put this in context. We're talking about an age where long distance communication was almost non-existent. So while the King had absolute influence over Jerusalem - the further you traveled the less influence he had. So while it's possible that within walking distance of Jerusalem the Torah had all but been forgotten (and this is ...


5

Rashi in Divrei Hayamim 2:15 says that David was the seventh born and the count stopped at David and did not include his younger brother Elijah because David was the one anointed as king. In Samuel the term used is קטן (smallest) not youngest even though the translation is often "youngest". Rashi in Shmuel says that it means that he was the "small" one ...


5

In Eruvin 14b, the gemara asks this, and determines that the 2000 is a wet measurement and 3000 is dry, since dry goods can be heaped above the rim. לא סלקא דעתך דכתיב (מלכים א ז, כו) אלפים בת יכיל בת כמה הויא שלש סאין דכתיב (יחזקאל מה, יד) מעשר הבת מן הכור דהוה להו שיתא אלפי גריוי והא כתיב (דברי הימים ב ד, ה) מחזיק בתים שלשת אלפים ההוא לגודשא אמר ...


5

Radak there says: ואיש האלהים בא אליו. אמרו כי זה היה אמוץ אבי ישעיה הנביא It was said that this was Amoz the father of Isaiah the Prophet The Medrash (Sifrei Devarim 342:6) is of this opinion as well.


4

Radak explains that the verse is saying that Hiram was from the Tribe of Naftali, meaning that his father was from Naftali. He is called Tyrian because that was where he lived. So his father was from Naftali and his mother was from Dan. Parenthetically, the commentary attributed to Rashi on Chronicles explains that Huram's mother's tribe is given based ...


4

Continue to verses 36–39 and all will become clear: When [the Jews] will sin to You… and You will place them before an enemy, and their captors will capture them to a distant or near land, and [the Jews] will return their hearts in the land where they'll have been captured…. Those verses speak of captivity. Verse 24 doesn't say the Jews were captured at ...


3

According to the Etymological Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew, page 110. All brackets containing words are my expansion of their abbreviations; brackets containing ellipsis are skipping the examples provided, as they are irrelevant to the question. Italics are from the quote itself. ירא: fear; call to constant attention [explanation/commentary]: 1: ...


3

Based in Rashi in the parallel story in I Melachim 7:40 it would seem that the Rashi you quote has a missing heading - the words וְאֶת הַיָּעִים. It should be וַיַּעַשׂ חוּרָם אֶת הַסִּירוֹת — סירות נחשת. וְאֶת הַיָּעִים — שעשוים לחתות הדשן לתת לתוך הסירות This then matches Rashi in Melachim - who first says הכירות הן הן סירות and then: הכיורות. של ...


3

Based on Sanhedrin 18a,1 many commentators interpret "שרי אלפים" (when used in the Chumash) to refer to officers who were each appointed over 1,000 men (including Rashi, Sh'mos 18:21; Tosafos Sanhedrin 18a, s.v. נמצאו; Rabbeinu B'chaye, D'varim 1:15; Ramban, B'midbar 25:5). It is possible that these opinions would concede that "שרי אלפים" eventually became ...


3

See the comment of Rabbi David Kimchi (Radak) citing Ibn Ezra on the verse in Chronicles which you noted. He explains that Eliyahu, the 'eighth son' was sired from a different wife. David was the seventh son of the first wife. (Also see the comment of the Malbim, ad loc.)


3

I think maybe only some of the commandments and the details of Torah (especially the punishment for idolatry and what really constitutes idolatry) was forgotten in the absence of the text. However the greater part of the how to do a lot of stuff (as what was a Shabbat violation or the niddah rules) were not forgotten, because it was more cultural than ...


3

According to scholarly research, the Book of Chronicles is either based on the Book of Kings, or both works are based on earlier books, which have since been lost. (The book itself names its sources in many places.) It is likely that the book is based on some combination of the above, in addition to commentary (midrash) on the Book of Kings. I highly ...


3

Kings was edited by Jeremiah, the prophet serving during the time of the destruction of the first Temple, to frame things in a way that the people could see how they'd made the downward slide over the past few centuries, and how recently they'd just been circling the drain. The people had thought the Temple would always be around -- and then they needed to ...


2

Ezra 1:2 כֹּ֣ה אָמַ֗ר כֹּ֚רֶשׁ מֶ֣לֶךְ פָּרַ֔ס כֹּ֚ל מַמְלְכ֣וֹת הָאָ֔רֶץ נָ֣תַן לִ֔י יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם וְהֽוּא־פָקַ֤ד עָלַי֙ לִבְנֽוֹת־ל֣וֹ בַ֔יִת בִּירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּֽיהוּדָֽה׃ Thus said King Cyrus of Persia: The LORD God of Heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and has charged me with building Him a house in ...


2

My best guess is that because the letters are interchangeable they were switched. Which is proper though, I can't tell you. You could also ask this question on many other cases throughout Tanach. As an example from this week's parsha (Pinchas), Rashi talks about several names that are spelled differently between lists.


2

Rashi to Shemuel Alef 17:12 suggest that one of them died without children and therefore he is not mentioned in the genealogical list of Divrei HaYamim.


2

Great question, I have my own original answer based on a saying of the Talmud: "Kohanim Zerizim Hem" (Priests are possessed of alacrity {in serving Hashem}) (see Talmud Pesachim 36a and many other places). I have seen the term "zerizus" used for "speed". (see Talmud Pesachim 4a: "Zerizim makdimin Lemitzvos"... "A "zariz" will do a mitzvah at its first ...


2

Radak to 25:3 says that the others may not have had sons, or that they died afterwards: אפשר שלא היו להם או היו להם ומתו


2

I found an answer in מדרש תנחומא חיי שרה סימן ו: R. Levi said: He is the one concerning whom the Holy One, blessed be He, said: All the nations of the earth shall be blessed through him (Gen. 18:18). During the generation of the separation, the sea inundated the world and the descendants of Ham were scattered (as thirty families), as it is said: ...


2

In Megillah 11a, R' Dimi bar Yitzchak says that a phrase in Ezra's prayer (9:9), ויט עלינו חסד לפני מלכי פרס, refers to the events of Purim.


2

The Metzudat David says that he was right in front of the ark. By looking at the Talmud, Yoma 69b it seems that this was in the azarah. The only discussion I can see about "sitting" has to do with comparing it to the sitting one does when eating certain sacrifices (look at the tosafot on 25a) so I don't see that it was kneeling.


1

There is relative uniformity across commentators as to my question. Rashi, Metzudat David, Radak, and Malbim, (II Kings 23:20, Rashi and MD repeated in II Chron. 34:28) all state that Josiah enjoyed the fulfillment of Hulda's prophecy through his being spared the sight of the Temple's destruction. Most state that being spared this horrible sight was his ...


1

Your second suggestion is more similar to what the commentaries understand. The Metzudas David, Rada"k, Mahar"i Kra and Malbi"m on the verse in 2 Sam. all explain it as meaning that the Satan was the one that encouraged David to count. As the Metzudas David says: And he provoked David: Meaning to say, the one whose way it is to provoke. And so it says ...


1

This "action" is part of the "kavanah" process. We create a "Dwelling place for the Holy One, blessed be He in the lower realms". This is accomplished through the mitzvot being fulfilled on the level of thought, speech and action. This idea of raising the hands is also repeated in connection with the blessing of the Kohanim, who also raise their hands. It is ...


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