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6

We see from the following Gemora, that between 60 and 80 if someone dies suddenly - [without being sick for three days - תוספות שבת כה. ד"ה וכרת], it is somewhat of a Kares. Moed Katan 28a: רב יוסף כי הוה בר שיתין עבד להו יומא טבא לרבנן אמר נפקי לי מכרת א"ל אביי נהי דנפק ליה מר מכרת דשני מכרת דיומי מי נפיק מר א"ל נקוט לך מיהא פלגא בידך The Gemara ...


6

This topic is dealt with extensively by Rav Asher Weiss on his website. The following is a summary. To begin with, two major authorities have already said that today there is no practical application of Chazal's dictum גדולה עבירה לשמה: The Ramchal (Kinas Hashem Tzevakos II ענין יעל) and Rav Chaim Volozhin (As pointed out by @Alex, in Keser Rosh § 132). The ...


3

In the book Orchot Chaim (also called Keter Rosh) R. Asher Ashkenazi collected stories/rulings/teachings from his teacher R. Chaim of Volozhin, many of which in turn came from R. Chaim's teacher R. Elijah of Vilna. One of the entries there (#132) is about the concept of aveira lishma. In short, he states that the concept does not really exist. Once we have ...


2

See my answer to "Weighing mitzvot/aveirot". There I try to establish that Hashem doesn't judge actions, He judges the state of a person as they shape themselves through those actions. As I wrote (after opening with sources) there, "Yishmael was repaid in terms of 'ba'asher hu sham -- as he was there.' The way your soul stands at that moment is the direct ...


2

This is a broad question and Rishonim worked hard on this notion. I will give a taste only. The line of Tosfot Sukka 30a: משום דהוה ליה מצוה הבאה בעבירה. והדתניא לקמן פ' לולב וערבה (ד' מג.) לכם משלכם להוציא את השאול ואת הגזול משום שאול איצטריכא דבלאו לכם נפקא לן גזול משום מצוה הבאה בעבירה דאע''ג דקרא גבי קרבן כתיב הוא הדין בכל מצות דהוי דאוריית' The ...


1

The Rambam (Hilchot Rotze'ach 4:9) discusses this. After discussing a unique law applied to murderers, he writes: ואין עושין דבר זה לשאר מחוייבי מיתות בית דין--אלא אם נתחייב מיתה, ממיתין אותו; ואם אינו חייב מיתה, פוטרין אותו: שאף על פי שיש עוונות חמורין משפיכות דמים, אין בהן השחתת יישובו של עולם כשפיכות דמים. אפילו עבודה זרה, ואין צריך לומר עריות ...


1

While we do gauge the severity of aveirot based on a number of factors including the severity of the punishment meted out for violation (see Masechet Yoma 83a), whether or not the aveira would cause a desecration of God's name, and what is required for the attainment of atonement for that aveira (perhaps connected to the severity of the punishment meted out)...


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