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5

It would seem that original Minhag Ashkenaz was to use ta'am elyon only on Shavu'ot, but on shabbat parashat yitro and shabbat parashat va'etchanan to use ta'am tachton. This can be seen in the commentary of Hizkuni to Shemot 20:14, and is also the practice prescribed by Masat Binyamin, quoted in Magen Avraham 494:1. Magen Avraham also notes the Sephardic ...


2

This short article (Hebrew) by Prof Yosef Ofer explains that the two sets of trope are essentially the products of two different mesorot: The set known as ta'am tachton, which breaks the Decalogue into twelve verses, is the Israeli mesorah. The set known as ta'am elyon, which breaks the Decalogue into ten verses (one per commandment), is based on the ...


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