21 votes
Accepted

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

A general rule is stated in the Talmud (Ketubot 19a): דאמר מר אין לך דבר שעומד בפני פיקוח נפש אלא עבודת כוכבים וגלוי עריות ושפיכות דמים בלבד for a Master said: 'There is nothing that comes before the ...
Alex's user avatar
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14 votes

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

I. Among the 10 commandments there are 3 that are not overridden by pikuach nefesh (i.e. יהרג ואל יעבור): Idolatry Murder Forbidden sexual relations II. Additionally, all other commandments cannot ...
kouty's user avatar
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12 votes

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

Rambam in Yesodei HaTorah ch. 1 explicitly uses this as the source for the commandment to know of Hashem’s existence. יְסוֹד הַיְסוֹדוֹת וְעַמּוּד הַחָכְמוֹת לֵידַע שֶׁיֵּשׁ שָׁם מָצוּי רִאשׁוֹן. ...
DonielF's user avatar
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10 votes

Maimonides mentioning Esav

In the 8th ikkar in the Rambam's introduction to Perek Chelek, he writes: ואין הפרש בין "וּבְנֵי חָם כּוּשׁ וּמִצְרַיִם וּפוּט וּכְנָעַן" (בראשית י ו), "וְשֵׁם אִשְׁתּוֹ מְהֵיטַבְאֵל ...
wfb's user avatar
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9 votes
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Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the "lower" trope?

It would seem that original Minhag Ashkenaz was to use ta'am elyon only on Shavu'ot, but on shabbat parashat yitro and shabbat parashat va'etchanan to use ta'am tachton. This can be seen in the ...
Joel K's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

Does 'thou shalt not steal' refer to general theft or specifically to kidnapping?

"Don't steal" includes don't steal someone's soda. The "don't steal" commandment appears in both Exodus and Leviticus. Leviticus refers to property, as the next phrase is -- and don't lie or deny ...
Shalom's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Raavan (12th cent.) writes that the prohibition against murder includes killing non Jews: ראב"ן בבא קמא וכ"ש שאסור לגנוב לגוי דלא תגנוב דומיא דלא תרצח ולא תנאף דהוי בין לישראל בין לגוי. ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
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7 votes

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

Rashi (Song 4:5) explains how each commandment on one tablet corresponds to one on the next: שני שדיך על שם הלוחות תאומי צביה שהם מכוונות במדה אחת וחמשה דברות על זו וחמשה על זו מכוונין דבור כנגד ...
b a's user avatar
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7 votes

Punishment for breaking the 10 commandments

The Mishna arranges laws topically, and so the ten commandments aren't discussed together. I am the Lord your God: No punishment is discussed regarding this verse to my knowledge Idol worship: ...
b a's user avatar
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6 votes
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What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

Rashi and Ramban hold (citing Rabbi Yoshiyah in Sanhedrin 86a) that "lo tignov" in Shemot 20:13 means that one should not kidnap another person. Rashi's reasoning is that those who break the ...
ezra's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) legislation for all the world?

Non-Jews are held responsible by seven laws, known as the Seven Laws of Noah. All of those laws are contained within the Decalogue, with exception to the third law1, the seventh law2, and to an extent,...
ezra's user avatar
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6 votes
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What does "נגללים" mean about the tablets?

So there are a few sources that point to the fact that one of the miracles of the luchos were that they could be rolled up (as per your assumption). Firstly, there is an intriguing פסוק in שיר השירים ...
Dov's user avatar
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5 votes

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

Aside from the Seporno mentioned by Ezra, there a few other rishonim who also include monetary theft in Lo Signov. R. Saadia Gaon writes: לא תגנב לא תסרק R. Avraham Ben Harambam writes: פשטיה ...
Alex's user avatar
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5 votes

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Meir Gruber, in Beit Mikra 27:1 (pages 16-21) suggests that this change during Tannaic period in order to combat the growing Christian understanding (see Mark 10:19, which refers to them as the ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

You shall not have any other gods

R' Samson Raphael Hirsch's translation1 of this verse is similar to the convention you cite: Thou shalt have no other God before My Presence. However, R' Hirsch's commentary on this verse does ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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5 votes

Correct translation of "לא תרצח" - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

See "Chizkuni" (Shemos 20:13) ולשון זה של "רציחה" לא שייך רק במיתה שלא כדין, אבל לשון מיתה ולשון הריגה, בין בדין בין שלא כדין Chizkuni differentiates between הריגה ("killing") and רציחה ("murder"). ...
IsraelReader's user avatar
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5 votes

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

Sefer Hachinuch counts this as Mitzvah 25. In short, the Mitzvah is belief in G-d. מצות האמנה במציאות השם - להאמין שיש לעולם אלה אחד, שהמציא כל הנמצא ומכחו וחפצו היה כל מה שהוא ושהיה ושיהיה לעדי ...
Salmononius2's user avatar
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5 votes
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Who else says the Jews violate the Ten Commandments during the first Temple

Someone pointed out to me the source is Eicha Rabbah 1:1: אֵיכָה יָשְׁבָה. שָׁאֲלוּ אֶת בֶּן עַזַּאי אָמְרוּ לוֹ רַבֵּנוּ דְּרשׁ לָנוּ דָּבָר אֶחָד מִמְגִלַּת קִינוֹת, אָמַר לָהֶם לֹא גָּלוּ ...
robev's user avatar
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5 votes
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The Luchos Connected or separate

When Moshe decended Har Sinai, the luchot were separated by two hand-breadths of space, according to Talmud Yerushalmi, Taanit 4:5:2 Rebbi Samuel bar Naḥman in the name of Rebbi Jonathan: The tablets ...
zaq's user avatar
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4 votes

Origin, need, and purpose of "Upper" trope for reading 10 Commandments

This short article (Hebrew) by Prof Yosef Ofer explains that the two sets of trope are essentially the products of two different mesorot: The set known as ta'am tachton, which breaks the Decalogue ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

His children. The Gemara shortly after the one you quoted makes note that one is not obligated to actively spend money in order to fulfill their chiyuv of kibbud av v'eim, and in the event that they ...
DonielF's user avatar
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4 votes

Does G-d equate women to objects?

You can look at laws and therefore tell what problems exist. A sign in a subway car says do not lean on doors? Because people probably do. Does the sign in the subway car say do not shave yourself ...
Shalom's user avatar
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3 votes

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

I'm not sure what the earliest source might be, but it was already called Aseres Hadibros, in Berachot 5a: וא"ר לוי בר חמא אמר ר' שמעון בן לקיש מאי דכתיב ואתנה לך את לוחות האבן והתורה והמצוה אשר ...
aBochur's user avatar
  • 3,859
3 votes

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

It's not only a difference in masculine and feminine forms of the same word. In the bible the term used is דברים, from דבר (Davar), loosely translated as a "the items that were spoken about". In ...
Nathaniel Bubis's user avatar
3 votes

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

Ramban (Exodus 20:13) mentions that the Ten Commandments are split between the two tablets, with the first five paralleling the latter five, but he does not discuss the specific links. והנראה במכתב ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes
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613 mitzvos in the aseres hadibbros

Azharot – אזהרות are liturgical poetical compositions dealing with the 613 precepts (see Jewish Encyclopedia. There are many authors of these compositions. According to p127 of An Introduction to ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
3 votes

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

Both sets of Dibros start off אנכי יהוה אלהיך אשר הוצאתיך מארץ מצרים מבית עבדים לא יהיה לך אלהים אחרים על פני, the basis of our general obligation to believe in and follow Hashems laws is He took us ...
Aba's user avatar
  • 586
3 votes

Different words for "desire"

לא תתאוה refers simply to having a desire. לא תחמד refers to not only desiring someone's stuff but acting on that desire to actually get it. If one takes it from him forcefully, he's violated the ...
DonielF's user avatar
  • 34.3k
3 votes

Correct translation of "לא תרצח" - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

Neither "do not kill" nor "do not murder" is really an accurate translation of "לא תרצח" (at least according to common understandings of those English words). There are certainly times when it's ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 24.9k
3 votes

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

I think it's simply that Yisro is the first interesting word in the text. (As Al Berko wrote in his comment.) But we shouldn't underestimate how much his contribution added to the giving of the Torah....
Micha Berger's user avatar
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