21 votes
Accepted

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

A general rule is stated in the Talmud (Ketubot 19a): דאמר מר אין לך דבר שעומד בפני פיקוח נפש אלא עבודת כוכבים וגלוי עריות ושפיכות דמים בלבד for a Master said: 'There is nothing that comes before the ...
user avatar
  • 47.8k
14 votes

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

I. Among the 10 commandments there are 3 that are not overridden by pikuach nefesh (i.e. יהרג ואל יעבור): Idolatry Murder Forbidden sexual relations II. Additionally, all other commandments cannot ...
user avatar
  • 22.1k
12 votes

Why are there 40 commandments in 10 commandments?

That which you call the 10 commandments are in Hebrew referred to as the Aseres HaDibros, which means the 10 utterances or 10 statements. There is no implication that there are 10 commandments ...
user avatar
12 votes

Are you yoitze the Mitzva of Pirya Verivya with children born out of wedlock

Aruch Hashulchan 1:17: Even if he has a son and daughter from an unmarried woman whom he did not marry with chupa and kidushin…, nonetheless he has fulfilled the command of p'ru urvu… for, after ...
user avatar
  • 73.4k
12 votes

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

Rambam in Yesodei HaTorah ch. 1 explicitly uses this as the source for the commandment to know of Hashem’s existence. יְסוֹד הַיְסוֹדוֹת וְעַמּוּד הַחָכְמוֹת לֵידַע שֶׁיֵּשׁ שָׁם מָצוּי רִאשׁוֹן. ...
user avatar
  • 33.4k
11 votes

Are you yoitze the Mitzva of Pirya Verivya with children born out of wedlock

The Rema in Even Ha'Ezer 1:6 writes that one fulfills the mitzvah of p'ru u'revu with a child who is a mamzer, which by definition is out of wedlock: היה הבן ממזר... קים המצוה If the child is a ...
user avatar
10 votes

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

A Medrash states that G-d offered the Torah to the children of Eisau. They rejected it, saying they could not accept this very commandment against murder. This begs the question: Eisau's descendants ...
user avatar
  • 5,181
9 votes
Accepted

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the "lower" trope?

It would seem that original Minhag Ashkenaz was to use ta'am elyon only on Shavu'ot, but on shabbat parashat yitro and shabbat parashat va'etchanan to use ta'am tachton. This can be seen in the ...
user avatar
  • 38.2k
9 votes
Accepted

Does 'thou shalt not steal' refer to general theft or specifically to kidnapping?

"Don't steal" includes don't steal someone's soda. The "don't steal" commandment appears in both Exodus and Leviticus. Leviticus refers to property, as the next phrase is -- and don't lie or deny ...
user avatar
  • 126k
8 votes

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

If not for the prohibition, murder would carry no defined penalty in civil courts. The Torah prohibition makes murder always a capital crime. Same with stealing - if there was no explicit mitzvah, ...
user avatar
  • 5,181
7 votes
Accepted

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Raavan (12th cent.) writes that the prohibition against murder includes killing non Jews: ראב"ן בבא קמא וכ"ש שאסור לגנוב לגוי דלא תגנוב דומיא דלא תרצח ולא תנאף דהוי בין לישראל בין לגוי. ...
user avatar
  • 34.8k
7 votes

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

Rashi (Song 4:5) explains how each commandment on one tablet corresponds to one on the next: שני שדיך על שם הלוחות תאומי צביה שהם מכוונות במדה אחת וחמשה דברות על זו וחמשה על זו מכוונין דבור כנגד ...
user avatar
  • 23.8k
7 votes

Punishment for breaking the 10 commandments

The Mishna arranges laws topically, and so the ten commandments aren't discussed together. I am the Lord your God: No punishment is discussed regarding this verse to my knowledge Idol worship: ...
user avatar
  • 23.8k
6 votes

Is the commandment 'You shall not murder' the most important commandment in Judaism?

Judaism does not specify the importance or reward of different commandments. We observe them all because God says so without trying to rationalize (although many have proposed explanations for the ...
user avatar
  • 43.4k
6 votes

Why do some of the Ten Commandments include Noahide Laws?

The new covenant replaced the old one. The reason the Jews keep the 7 Noachide laws is not because of the commandments to their pre-Mosaic ancestors, but because of the covenant at Sinai. In fact, ...
user avatar
  • 17.2k
6 votes
Accepted

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

Rashi and Ramban hold (citing Rabbi Yoshiyah in Sanhedrin 86a) that "lo tignov" in Shemot 20:13 means that one should not kidnap another person. Rashi's reasoning is that those who break the ...
user avatar
  • 17.6k
6 votes
Accepted

What does "נגללים" mean about the tablets?

So there are a few sources that point to the fact that one of the miracles of the luchos were that they could be rolled up (as per your assumption). Firstly, there is an intriguing פסוק in שיר השירים ...
user avatar
  • 19.9k
5 votes

Don't covet? Don't steal? What exactly is חמד in the Aseret Hadibrot?

Hebrew Wikipedia on לא תחמוד says: הלאו של לא תחמוד כולל את האיסור להוציא מן הזולת בתחבולות, ואף בתמורה כספית נדיבה, דבר השייך לו. התחבולות האסורות כוללות: הפצרה חוזרת ונישנית, לחץ חברתי וכמובן ...
user avatar
5 votes

Is sarcasm a violation of the 9th commandment?

We actually find sarcasm used in the Talmud. One example that comes to mind is in Taanis 24b, where Rav Papa declared a fast day during a drought, but felt very weak. He ate a handful of cereal and ...
user avatar
  • 4,603
5 votes

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

Aside from the Seporno mentioned by Ezra, there a few other rishonim who also include monetary theft in Lo Signov. R. Saadia Gaon writes: לא תגנב לא תסרק R. Avraham Ben Harambam writes: פשטיה ...
user avatar
  • 47.8k
5 votes

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Meir Gruber, in Beit Mikra 27:1 (pages 16-21) suggests that this change during Tannaic period in order to combat the growing Christian understanding (see Mark 10:19, which refers to them as the ...
user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

You shall not have any other gods

R' Samson Raphael Hirsch's translation1 of this verse is similar to the convention you cite: Thou shalt have no other God before My Presence. However, R' Hirsch's commentary on this verse does ...
user avatar
  • 46.8k
5 votes

Correct translation of "לא תרצח" - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

See "Chizkuni" (Shemos 20:13) ולשון זה של "רציחה" לא שייך רק במיתה שלא כדין, אבל לשון מיתה ולשון הריגה, בין בדין בין שלא כדין Chizkuni differentiates between הריגה ("killing") and רציחה ("murder"). ...
user avatar
  • 4,119
5 votes
Accepted

Is the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) legislation for all the world?

Non-Jews are held responsible by seven laws, known as the Seven Laws of Noah. All of those laws are contained within the Decalogue, with exception to the third law1, the seventh law2, and to an extent,...
user avatar
  • 17.6k
5 votes

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

Sefer Hachinuch counts this as Mitzvah 25. In short, the Mitzvah is belief in G-d. מצות האמנה במציאות השם - להאמין שיש לעולם אלה אחד, שהמציא כל הנמצא ומכחו וחפצו היה כל מה שהוא ושהיה ושיהיה לעדי ...
user avatar
  • 6,684
4 votes
Accepted

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected:1-6,2-7,3-8 and so on?

The Kli Yakar on the last verse (20:13) explains it nicely. He brings the Mechilta and then sometimes adds his own thoughts. Here's a brief summary (with some possible additions). The original is ...
user avatar
4 votes

Is the commandment 'You shall not murder' the most important commandment in Judaism?

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism? NO (but it's up there) to summarize the quotes below (in order), if we consider To know that there is a God a commandment ...
user avatar
  • 7,114
4 votes
Accepted

The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

His children. The Gemara shortly after the one you quoted makes note that one is not obligated to actively spend money in order to fulfill their chiyuv of kibbud av v'eim, and in the event that they ...
user avatar
  • 33.4k
4 votes

Does G-d equate women to objects?

You can look at laws and therefore tell what problems exist. A sign in a subway car says do not lean on doors? Because people probably do. Does the sign in the subway car say do not shave yourself ...
user avatar
  • 126k
3 votes

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

Both sets of Dibros start off אנכי יהוה אלהיך אשר הוצאתיך מארץ מצרים מבית עבדים לא יהיה לך אלהים אחרים על פני, the basis of our general obligation to believe in and follow Hashems laws is He took us ...
user avatar
  • 586

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible