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Questions tagged [aseres-hadibros]

For questions relating to the Ten Commandments

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Does Lying, Except in Court Testimony, Violate the Ninth Commandment?

Am I transgressing the ninth of the 10 Commandments of Moses if I lie, except when giving testimony in court? In Exodus 20:13 it reads You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor
lifeisaquestion's user avatar
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Why Weren't Zachor and Shamor Written in Each Set of Tablets?

There were two sets of tablets. The text of the first set is recorded in Exodus 20. The Second set is in Deuteronomy 5. The first set states: זָכוֹר אֶת-יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת, לְקַדְּשׁוֹ. Remember the ...
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Why 2 sets of cantillation marks for the 10 commandments? [duplicate]

There are two sets of ta'amim for the Aseres Hadibros. (We read in the synagogue using Taamei Elyon.) But the ta'amim are supposed to be an aid to understanding. So, what differences in ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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Why does Rambam not learn the prohibition for adultery from Yitro but from Acharei Mot?

Yitro contains 16 mitzvos according to Rambam. Most of them are linked to the 10 commandments but notably one commandment is missing: adultery. Instead he learns this prohibition from Acharei Mot: ...
rudolfovic's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
281 views

What did Israel hear at Sinai according to Rambam?

Rambam writes in MT (Yesodei haTorah 8:1 & 8:3) that Israel heard the actual words of the aseres hadibros on par with Moshe. In the Moreh (2:33) he writes that they only heard an undifferentiated ...
Nahum's user avatar
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10 Commandments and Non-Jews

Are there any sources that discuss the non-Jew's connection to and/or obligations regarding the 10 Commandments (i.e. the 10 Dibrot) I've heard from rather learned (if not conventional) people claim ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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Do the sages speak on the possibility that the original tablets Moshe Rabbeinu broke may have had different laws on them than the second set?

We're taught that when Moshe descended from Mt. Sinai, he carried with him a first set of tablets which he shattered on the ground at the sight of the Israelites worshipping a golden calf idol. I have ...
Michael's user avatar
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What was Plan A for the Luchos?

In Devarim we see that the Aron was made for the purpose of storing the Luchos, but those were for the 2nd Luchos (after Moshe broke the first ones). My question is what was Plan A? Meaning when Moshe ...
Sam Kramer's user avatar
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Prosecuting for the 10th commandment

In the times of the Sanhedrin and when courts existed in Eretz Yisrael, how were people found guilty of violating the commandment, 'לֹא תַחְמֹד בֵּית רֵעֶךָ לֹא תַחְמֹד אֵשֶׁת רֵעֶךָ וְעַבְדּוֹ ...
Mars Sojourner's user avatar
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The Luchos Connected or separate

Were the Luchos two separate stones or were they connected somehow? If we look at the versers that discuss the tablets it uses plural and singular language שמות כ״ד:יב ויאמר יהוה אל משה עלה אלי ההרה ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
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How many stones of the Luchos were there?

We know there were two sets of tablets that Moshe got. We know that each tablet was double-sided. How many actual side-by-side stones were there in each set? The pictures usually show there were two ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
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Lo Tirtzach: Kamatz or Patach?

Minchat Shai at the beginning of Shemot 20 describes a version of the text of the Decalogue where the tzadi in the word תרצח has both a kamatz and a patach under it. He explains that the kamatz ...
Joel K's user avatar
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How do Jewish people understand the commandment not to make or worship idols?

The first commandment given to Moses on the mountain is clear and unambiguous. In English it reads "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall ...
Lesley's user avatar
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Difference between the First and Second Commandments

In the Ten Commandments, the First Commandment prohibits having false gods. The Second Commandment prohibits making carved images. Is the problem with carved images that they can be worshiped? If so, ...
The Editor's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
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Who else says the Jews violate the Ten Commandments during the first Temple

I always understood, based on the gemarra in Yoma 9b, that the Jews were guilty of the three cardinal sins during the First Temple period (murder, illicit relations, and idol worship). However, I ...
robev's user avatar
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Maimonides mentioning Esav

I am trying to find a source where Maimonides allegedly says that there are no parts of the Torah that are any holier than the other. That the passages transmitting the Ten Commandments are just as ...
david schweke's user avatar
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All of the Torah contained within the Ten Commandments [duplicate]

I have heard (read?) that all of the Torah is contained within the Aseret HaDibrot. Where is this from?
michael's user avatar
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Are the ten commandments more important than other mitzvot?

I heard this said by Dr. Jordan B. Peterson. I doubt that it's correct. Are there mitzvot more important than others? I know that all 613 are contained in them but that doesn't make the 10 more ...
Kenny Xiong's user avatar
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When, how and why did עשרת הדברים turn into עשרת הדברות?

God clearly spoke of עשרת הדברים in the Torah (Exodus.34.28, see also Deut.4.13) or 10.4): וַיְהִי־שָׁם עִם־ה'אַרְבָּעִים יוֹם וְאַרְבָּעִים לַיְלָה... וַיִּכְתֹּב עַל־הַלֻּחֹת אֵת דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Does G-d equate women to objects?

In Exodus 20:14 it reads: You shall not covet your neighbor’s house: you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife...or his ox or his ass, or anything that is your neighbor’s Does G-d equate women to ...
lifeisaquestion's user avatar
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244 views

Who wrote the second tablets, God or Moshe?

I was reading in the Torah that in one place it says that God wrote the second tablets while other verses says Moshe did Ex 34:27 and Deut 10:1. What is the explanation to this, since others claim it'...
Yisrael's user avatar
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Does the בְ in לֹֽא־תַעֲנֶ֥ה בְרֵעֲךָ֖ עֵ֥ד שָֽׁקֶר only mean against?

Does the בְ in לֹֽא־תַעֲנֶ֥ה בְרֵעֲךָ֖ עֵ֥ד שָֽׁקֶר only mean against or can it mean about with the idea of claiming the innocence of a guilty person as well as accusing an innocent person? Or, maybe ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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1 answer
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Source for dividing the ten commandments into Ben Adam Lamakom and Ben Adam Lechavero

This is something that I have heard and been taught many times, but I can't find it sourced anywhere. I do see this concept quoted often in various articles (via Google searches). The question on this ...
Mark's user avatar
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Ana Nafshi Ketivat Yehavit - G-d in the Torah

In the Talmud (Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 105a), Rabbi Yochanan teaches that Anochi is an acronym for: “Ana Nafshi Ketivat Yehavit”. This can be understood as that G-d Himself wrote and gave the Torah ...
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Were all of each of the dibrot said in one dibbur?

When discussing the discrepancy between the use of the words Shamor and Zachor in the two versions of the Aseret Hadevarim, commentators explain that the two words were said at Sinai simultaneously. ...
rosends's user avatar
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5 votes
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Looking for the origin of custom to decorate the Aron Hakodesh with 10 Commandments

Many synagogues have the custom to decorate the Peroches (curtain covering the Ark) with imagery of the 10 Commandments or Luchos in some form. When did this custom originate? Is there any source for ...
chortkov2's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why a Stumah Break Between Coveting Another's Wife and Other Possessions, if they are the Same Commandment?

In the Jewish way of numbering the 10 commandments, all the "do not covets" are part of the same commandment (that is, the 10th commandment.) However, in the text there is a stuma break ...
Kordovero's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
106 views

What does "נגללים" mean about the tablets?

The commentary of the Rav (R. Ovadya) to Avos chapter 5 "והלחות" reads: של סנפרינון היו ארכן ששה ורחבן ששה ועבין שלשה כאבן אחת שארכה ורחבה ועביה שוין ונחלקה לשנים ונגללים היו וחצובים מגלגל ...
msh210's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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Lo Yiyheh is the first of the Ten Commandments?

The Ten Commandments, or more accurately the Ten Statements (עשרת הדברות), are pretty well known. The first is (I believe universally) understood as the statement אנכי השם אלקים, I am the Hashem your ...
robev's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
143 views

Why continue to omit the Ten Commandments in Jewish liturgy?

The Ten Commandments were included in the Temple service, then were removed. The Talmud says: Rav Yehudah said in the name of Shmuel: [The Sages] wished to recite [the Ten Commandments with the ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
83 views

The limits of "Do not covet"

The Rambam writes [Hilchot Gezelah v’Avedah 1:9]: Anyone who covets a male or female servant, or the house or the goods of his neighbor, or anything that he can buy from him, and he exerts friendly ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
112 views

Was the fact that Moshe broke the Tablets Halachicly stealing from the Jewish people?

Famously when Moshe came down from Sinai the first time and saw the Jews sinning he cast down the tablets of the law given to him by God. My question works on the basic assumption that these tablets ...
postinganonymously's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
293 views

What happened on the first and third stay of Moshe on Har Sinai?

I understand that Moshe ascended Har Sinai 3 times. The 1st time was on 6th of Sivan The 2nd time seems to have occurred after the sin of the Golden Calf, starting on 18 Tamuz and he spent 40 days ...
DanF's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does 'thou shalt not steal' refer to general theft or specifically to kidnapping?

I admit that I sometimes just can't keep my fingers to myself. I felt thirsty so I took a refreshing ginger ale from my neighbour's freezer. I typed into Google 'thou shall not steal' after realizing ...
user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
712 views

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

I realize that the English translation of עשרת הדברים / דברות is better translated as "Ten pronouncements" rather than "10 Commandments". However, in viewing the text, 2 - 10 seem to be commanding ...
DanF's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why is the 7th commandment restricted to adultery?

The seventh of the ten commandments is Lo Tin'af, do not engage in adultery. But the Talmud tells us that we may break all commandments to save a life, except those against idolatry, murder and sexual ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
236 views

Why are there two different versions of the Decalogue?

Why are there two different versions of the Shabbat commandment in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? In Exodus 20 the Shabbat recalls the cosmogony in six days, but in Deuteronomy 5 the Shabbat ...
Clifford Durousseau's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
98 views

Why is the Sinai revelation of the Decalogue called "Matan Torah"? [duplicate]

This question focuses on the term "Matan Torah" used everywhere, its practical and factual events (no metaphors, please). Also, this is not about the festival of Shavuos as in this question. I've ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
305 views

Is the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) legislation for all the world?

It is popularly believed and taught in the Gentile world that the Ten Commandments/Decalogue (Exodus 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:5b-21) should be kept/observed by all. For example, the Council of Trent in ...
Clifford Durousseau's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
168 views

What was the Chiddush (novelty) in the 10 commandments?

I'm trying to imagine myself exiting Egypt and arriving at Matan Torah. I expect that for 49 days the Jewish people expect G-d to give them something they didn't already know. Instead, G-d recites the ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Was the wording on each tablet sized differently?

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently? It's said that the second tablet that contained the Commandments for man's relationship to man had larger wording so man would have no problem reading ...
Ephraim77's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How the Tablets were written - all at once or letter by letter?

In my previous question the Torah says explicitly that the Tablets were written by G-d's finger. Does it mean they were written letter by letter, as one finger can do, or all at once?
Al Berko's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
370 views

Have the 613 commandments ever been ranked by order of importance?

Has any major commentator ever attempted to rank the 613 commandments by order of importance? There are hints in the Sources about relative importance: The Ten Commandments, the Noahide Laws, the Big ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
168 views

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
TheWoman's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
6k views

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

According to a book I'm reading (Judaism: Everything You Need to Know About: Jewish Religion) and various other Jews I have talked to say, you can violate the 10 commandments to save a life. Is this ...
William's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
218 views

What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
83 views

The practical (Halachic) importance of the Luchot Habrit (the Tablets)

Is there any practical נ"מ (implications) of the fact that the 10 Mitzvos are written in the Luchos, and not in the plain text of the Torah outside the Luchos? For example: because "לא תרצח" is ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
51 views

Odd flow in shacharis of Shabas [duplicate]

The central benediction of the morning amida prayer on the sabbath reads as follows (in loose translation): Moses… stood before You on Mt. Sinai. He brought down [from the mountain], by hand, two ...
msh210's user avatar
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1 vote
6 answers
5k views

Correct translation of "לא תרצח" - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

There are, basically, two English translations of the Sixth Commandment - "לא תרצח" (Ex 20:13 and Deut 5:17): some read "kill", some read "murder". Murder seems more accurate since there is ...
Ephraim77's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
648 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh (לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam ...
Levi's user avatar
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