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11 votes
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Aramaic in a baraisa

According to Dr. Michael Higger in Otzar Habaraitot, vol. 8 (my translation): "And so we should also note that in a few places we find that the Talmud, when writing "and it was taught in a ...
Harel13's user avatar
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9 votes
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Why do we say Ushpizin in Aramaic?

In my book Lashon HaKodesh: History, Holiness, & Hebrew (Mosaica Press, 2015), on page 232 I wrote: This idea comes up again in another, closely related, discussion. According to Kabbalah, on ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
7 votes
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איצטנא in Targ. Y. Exodus 16

You can find this in Jastrow under צְנַע.
simyou's user avatar
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7 votes
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What does the name "Sirach" mean?

According to Wikipedia: Sirach is the Greek form of the family name Sira. It adds the letter Chi, an addition like that in Hakel-dama-ch in Acts 1:19. According to Da'at Mikra on Ezra 2:61, footnote ...
Harel13's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why is there an Aramaic line after "Hashem yimloch l'olam va'ed" in Az Yashir?

I don't know if this will satisfy you but your siddur is following what the Arizal says to do, brought by the Mishnah Berurah. Rema 51:7 וְכוֹפְלִין פָּסוּק כָּל הַנְּשָׁמָה תְּהַלֵּל יָהּ לְפִי ...
robev's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is there a particular reason Ezra HaSofer name is spelled with an "א" instead of with a "ה"?

בית שמואל, שמות אנשים, אות ע' עזרא אין בו ספק ובאלף בסוף משום שנתגדל בבבל נכתב בלשון ארמית The Taz writes that it comes from Aramaic. Quoted in Beit Shmuel (Shemot Anashim, Ayin) and Aruch ...
MDjava's user avatar
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5 votes
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Why does Hillel's teachings change to Aramaic in Ethics of the Fathers?

SEE TOSFOS YOM_TOV on this mishnah HERE. והא דאמר בלשון תרגום עיין סוף מכילתין: - See my comments on 5:22 for why this mishna uses Aramaic. He sends to his comments HERE הפוך בה והפוך בה וכו' ...
RibbisRabbiAndMore's user avatar
4 votes

Hebrew for ice - and other "new" words

see the Shulchan Aruch O.C. 320:9-10: ט השלג והברד אין מרסקין אותם דהיינו לשברם לחתיכות דקות כדי שיזובו מימיו אבל נותן הוא לתוך כוס של יין או מים והוא נימח מאיליו ואינו חושש וכן אם הניחם בחמה ...
Binyomin's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is the Aramaic Section of Daniel Second-Century BCE Aramaic?

The question posed requires an expert in Aramaic. One such expert was Sir Godfrey Rolles Driver. In 1926, in an article in Journal of Biblical Literature, Volume 45, 'The Aramaic of the Book of ...
Clifford Durousseau's user avatar
4 votes
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Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In both Mishnaic Hebrew and Talmudic Aramaic, the words meaning learning and teaching have the same triliteral root, but they have different binyanim. In Hebrew, the root is ל-מ-ד. When in the pa'al ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
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Why does "mene" appear twice in Daniel 5?

Metzudat David writes that the doubled phrase implies that G-d's calculation here is precise. R. Moshe Alshich writes that the first occurrence of the word (which is not interpreted explicitly by ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
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לעלם ולעלמי עלמיא - (kaddish) isn't this redundant?

To reformulate my earlier comment into an answer as per the request of @ezra: The phrasing of the kaddish here is most likely taken from דניאל ז:יח (as implied above by @Double AA) עַד עָלְמָא, וְעַד ...
EraserX's user avatar
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3 votes
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Place to Learn Aramaic Online

When you refer to the Aramaic of the targumim and rabbinic literature, be aware that you are referring to a number of different languages! Linguists refer to the language of the Yerushalmi, for ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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3 votes

Aramaic-gemara lashon- reverse search

You can search through the English definitions of the CAL Aramaic dictionary with the CAL Gloss Search. It includes a number of Aramaic dialects beside the Aramaic used in the Gemara, but if you are ...
b a's user avatar
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3 votes

Is the Aramaic Section of Daniel Second-Century BCE Aramaic?

The Aramaic in the Book of Daniel has two purposes: (1) the Aramaic provided a perfect chiasm to the parallel Hebrew portions of the text; and (2) the Aramaic is special divine revelation to the ...
Joseph's user avatar
  • 1,600
3 votes

How holy is Aramaic?

The גמרא מגילה דף ט says that according to one opinion that allows a sefer torah to be written in aramaic the reason is because it says יפת אל' ליפת which means god glorified יפת by making his ...
talmid chuchem's user avatar
3 votes

Hashta Ba'agala

This answer is complete speculation. It is not sourced from anywhere, just my own original thoughts and pshat (understanding). If I'm not mistaken, at the time that the Nusach (formulation) of our ...
Benjamin Kozuch's user avatar
3 votes

Online glossary of Talmudic terms

Wikisource has A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature
Shmuel Goldstein's user avatar
3 votes

Why do we say Ushpizin in Aramaic?

Well by halachma anya there are reishonim (Ritva..) that explain why it's in aramaic because we dont want to invite the demons or angels lest they persecute us. That reason would apply to why we ...
Shlomy's user avatar
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3 votes
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Please translate Gemara - Aramaic word מקני

The Hebrew and the Aramaic verbs in this case share the root קנ"ה. In the paal form (קָנָה) it means to buy or obtain something. ArtScroll helps you with the patach, which suggests a causative, ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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3 votes

Changing Beitza to Bei'a

Refer to this website here: Many have the custom to refer to the Maseches as "Bei'a," which is the Aramaic term for "egg." The source for this practice is the MAGEN AVRAHAM (end ...
Dov's user avatar
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3 votes

Is it possible we didn’t speak Egyptian while in Egypt?

Indeed, the Maor VaShemesh in remazei Pesach writes that all Jews spoke Egyptian and what our sages meant when they said that the Jewish people were redeemed in merit of the fact that they didn’t ...
Yehoshua Levy's user avatar
3 votes

What is חטי קרדינותא?

Not that I would presume to explain Rabbi Vital's words or the teachings of the Ari z"l, but in context it seems to be alluding to the expression found in the name of Rav Kahana in tractate ...
Yaacov Deane's user avatar
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3 votes
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What is a chilazon?

Chilazon is a general term in Aramaic that means “snail”. See this Aramaic speaker in this video calling a sea snail chilazon. In terms of Jewish sources, let's start with the Arukh: חלזון [שנעקע] (...
Gershom Menachem's user avatar
2 votes

Why is Hebrew Called "Jewish" in the Bible?

Likely because there were multiple Hebrew-based dialects among the various Semitic people, including lingual differences between the different tribes of Israel. The Moabites, for example, had a Hebrew ...
Harel13's user avatar
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2 votes

What's the most efficient method for learning biblical Hebrew?

The Guide To Lashon Hakodesh, Vol 1: Mastering the Basics (recommended by Torah Umesorah schools) Link http://www.feldheim.com/the-guide-to-lashon-hakodesh.html Description Learn Hebrew easily ...
javadev's user avatar
  • 545
2 votes

What are good grammars to help me understand the language of Rabbinic Literature?

Fernandez's grammar is a good introduction to Early Rabbinic Hebrew, i.e. the Tannaitic Hebrew of the Mishna and Tannaitic midrashim. Although Fernandez is in some ways an update to M.H. Segal's ...
Abraham Greenstein's user avatar
2 votes

Solitary Aramaic word in 'Al HaNissim

This question is a complicated one because Hebrew and Aramaic are sister languages with many shared words and cognates. Even if פורקן was an entirely Aramaic word (which is not at first glance easy to ...
Abraham Greenstein's user avatar
2 votes

Place to Learn Aramaic Online

This video series proved to be helpful in my studies of basic Judeo-Aramaic grammar. Although the purpose of these videos is to teach the language in regards to the Talmud Yerushalmi, they were still ...
ezra's user avatar
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2 votes

Aramaic-gemara lashon- reverse search

If a search of text will suffice, then you can do a search in online English texts of the Talmud, such as SEFRIA, or The Soncino Talmud Translation (HALAKHAH.com), and search for your English word and ...
RibbisRabbiAndMore's user avatar

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