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8 votes

Why "Hamotzi Lechem" instead of "Hamotzi Chitah"?

The Bach in O.C. Siman 167 has a nice explanation of this. He starts by pointing out that the word "hamotzi" is the preferred word for the blessing, even though the word "motzi" would suffice, ...
Y     e     z's user avatar
8 votes

Is it still prohibited to raise sheep/goats in Eretz Yisrael?

Welcome to Mi Yodeya! This very broad article deals with the issue well. The main source he quotes is Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat, 409:1. אין מגדלים בהמה דקה בארץ ישראל מפני שדרכם לרעות בשדות של ...
talmidforlife's user avatar
6 votes

Why "Hamotzi Lechem" instead of "Hamotzi Chitah"?

In Psalms 104.14 it is written "Lehotzi lechem min ha'aretz" צְמִיחַ חָצִיר, לַבְּהֵמָה, וְעֵשֶׂב, לַעֲבֹדַת הָאָדָם; לְהוֹצִיא לֶחֶם, מִן-הָאָרֶץ. I have always assumed that this was the source of ...
Epicentre's user avatar
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6 votes

Climate and growing season in Iron Age Israel and Judah

I won't answer the question as stated. Instead I will address one premise of the question, which is actually very common with this type of question. The question assumes that Pesach is supposed to be ...
Mordechai's user avatar
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5 votes

In what way are hybrid plants/trees prohibited?

The prohibition not to sow your field with a mixture of seeds is called Kilayim. PracticalHalacha describes how it prohibits from planting two species of fruit or vegetable plants (and trees) ...
mbloch's user avatar
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5 votes

Black seed (Nigella Sativa) - "קצח" in talmud

Ketzach - assuming that this name refers to the same plant in question - is mentioned in the Talmud twice as a cure for heart disease: "He who is in the habit of taking black cumin will not ...
Harel13's user avatar
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5 votes

Who named trees and plants?

Philo (Midrashei Philon 2:19) posits, that Adam also named the entire plant world, along with the mineral world. See also Abarbanel (Breishis) who asks your question: השאלה הי"ז. באמרו וייצר ה' ...
IsraelReader's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Does the prohibiting of Kilayim apply to hydroponics

Rambam Klayim 5:16 says that it is rabbinically prohibited: וְכֵן הַזּוֹרֵעַ בְּעָצִיץ שֶׁאֵינוֹ נָקוּב הַמֻּנָּח בַּכֶּרֶם לֹא קִדֵּשׁ וּמַכִּין אוֹתוֹ מַכַּת מַרְדּוּת. אֲבָל עָצִיץ נָקוּב הֲרֵי ...
Chatzkel's user avatar
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4 votes

What species of esrog do people use?

I know of 4 types or varieties commonly used. The Chazon Ish esrogs (Halpern, Lefkowitz) and similarly the Braverman esrogs (associated with Mahril Diskin) decend from the esrogim that used to grow ...
Naftali Tzvi's user avatar
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4 votes

Plants before the Sun in the Order of Creation

Ralbag has two explanations of the order of creation that can address this. The first explanation is that everything existed at once. The sequence delineated in Genesis is just the order in which they ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 49.5k
4 votes
Accepted

Which plants are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha?

Mishna Peah Chapter 1, Mishna 4: ‏ כלל אמרו בפאה. כל שהוא אוכל, ונשמר, וגידוליו מן הארץ, ולקיטתו כאחת, ומכניסו לקיום, חייב בפאה. והתבואה והקטניות (1) בכלל הזה.‏ First principle, fruits ...
kouty's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Why "Hamotzi Lechem" instead of "Hamotzi Chitah"?

Neither the question, nor the seven answers so far, mention what is probably the most relevant Talmudic passage to this issue. The Talmud, in discussing the blessing for olive oil, states the ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes

Property border trees and Peah

Peah has to be designated by the owner. It also doesn't have to be in the corner of the field, but it does have to be at the end of the owner's harvest. (Peah 1:3) Also, even if it is designated, ...
Heshy's user avatar
  • 9,224
3 votes

Why "Hamotzi Lechem" instead of "Hamotzi Chitah"?

Unfortunately, I don't remember where I heard this, but I heard that the apparently-incongruous wording of the blessing is there to make us realize that even though bread is only edible thanks to a ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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3 votes

What happened to Canaan during the famine after Yaakov et al went down to Egypt?

A couple of Mefarshim address this question (link here): Radak suggests that the Kena'anim went elsewhere (and presumably paid with their belongings, as they had no money left). Netziv suggests that ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
3 votes

How did plants survive the Mabul?

Ralbag explains that Noah brought seeds with him on the ark to replant the world afterwards, and he provides three reasons why the Torah doesn't mention this: וראוי שתדע שמיני הצמחים אשר יתכן הפסדם ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes

G'dolim or Rabbis Owning Pets

My Chabad Rabbi told me that the Lubavitcher Rebbe bought his wife a dog to cheer her up because she was sad that she couldn't have a baby.
M. Broder's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why do we put out greenery on Shavuos?

I'm giving a Shiur on this on the second night of Shavuos. Here are my notes: (I hope none of you will be at my Shiur. If you do, please don't spoil anything) The Rama brings down that the Minhag is ...
Eliyahu's user avatar
  • 5,445
3 votes

What resources can help me understand agriculture for Zeraim?

The Koren Steinsaltz HaMishna HaMivueret is an excellent Mishna set which is "also accompanied by helpful illustrations, maps, photos, and charts to aid understanding and bring the Mishna into ...
bondonk's user avatar
  • 10.3k
3 votes

What can be done with the terumos and maasros?

You have four options Give it to a Kohen who will burn it for warmth or feed it to his pets Bury it Put it into a dedicated compost pot (not mixed with other compost) and discard it once it has ...
mbloch's user avatar
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3 votes
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Pushing a buggy on grass on Shabbos

Rabbi David Ribiat in The 39 Melachos, Volume 2, in Choraish says as follows: "Pushing a carriage or stroller on bare soil (even soft earth) is similarly permissible even if a distinct wheel-...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Weed killer on Shabbat

The gemara in Moed Katan 2b discusses whether weeding is considered plowing or sowing It was stated that the amora’im disputed the following question: With regard to one who weeds or one who waters ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 52.7k
2 votes

G'dolim or Rabbis Owning Pets

The last Lubavitcher Rebbe had a German Shepherd guard dog. Source.
yc1's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes

How do you maximize your aravot's period of freshness?

I was in a shul hoshana raba one year and after davening a guy showed everyone his aravos and they were fresh like they were just picked. He said all you need to do is put a little water in the bottom ...
Michael Berger's user avatar
2 votes

Why don't we distribute Ma'aser Rishon or Ma'aser 'Ani nowadays?

To address your final paragraph: I understand that if I buy a Jaffa orange in the US, it's impractical and undesirable for me to try to bestow one of the segments on a local Levite or poor person. ...
Joel K's user avatar
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2 votes

Why did Noach plant a vineyard?

The Shelah HaKadosh writes in parshas Noach that Noach planted a vineyard because he wanted to repair (the Zohar vol 1, 73a says "to understand") the sin commited by Adam, but instead, he failed to do ...
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
2 votes

Plants before the Sun in the Order of Creation

On the initial premise of plants requiring the sun for photosynthesis, and it certainly is the best light for developing plants, this site reports how scientists developed plants WITHOUT anything but ...
NJM's user avatar
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2 votes

How do I determine kashrut status of fresh produce from Israel?

This lists the Last Dates of Kedushas Shevi’is, Sefichin and Biur 5775/5776: http://www.star-k.org/articles/kashrus-kurrents/3023/last-dates-of-kedushas-sheviis-sefichin-and-biur-57755776/ Here is a ...
joshv2's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes

Why are there three different lists of ownerless produce?

One possible answer: The Mishna Rishona to Shevi'it 7:1 says that the three cases are listed separately because they have different laws. The Mishna in Demay is dealing with fruits that grow by ...
b a's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Maaser Sheni Coin Value

The Gemara (Erkhin 29a) records: הקדש שוה מנה שחיללו על שוה פרוטה מחולל אימר דאמר שמואל שחיללו לכתחלה מי אמר הני מילי בזמן שבית המקדש קיים דאיכא פסידא אבל בזמן הזה אפילו לכתחלה [Shmuel said:] "...
Double AA's user avatar
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