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Let's look at the verse וַהֲקִמֹתִ֨י אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֜י בֵּינִ֣י וּבֵינֶ֗ךָ וּבֵ֨ין זַרְעֲךָ֧ אַחֲרֶ֛יךָ לְדֹרֹתָ֖ם לִבְרִ֣ית עוֹלָ֑ם לִהְי֤וֹת לְךָ֙ לֵֽאלֹהִ֔ים וּֽלְזַרְעֲךָ֖ אַחֲרֶֽיךָ The promise is made to the זרע of Abraham. זרע literally means seed, but is often translated as offspring. We find later on in Genesis Ch. 21 v. 12 that Sarah demands that ...


They were guardians. Even Esav had a guardian angel and so did Yaakov (fun fact: Yaakov fought Esav's guardian and it touched his hip nerve and that’s why we can’t eat that nerve in animals).


Perhaps a starting point can be provided from the Midrash in Bereishis Rabbah 44:7 אַבְרָהָם וְשֵׁם מְסֻיָּמִים בָּעוֹלָם. וְיִרָאוּ, זֶה נִתְיָירֵא מִזֶּה וְזֶה נִתְיָירֵא מִזֶּה, זֶה נִתְיָירֵא מִזֶּה לוֹמַר שֶׁמָּא תֹּאמַר שֵׁם שֶׁיֵּשׁ בְּלִבּוֹ עָלַי שֶׁהָרַגְתִּי אֶת בָּנָיו, וְזֶה נִתְיָרֵא מִזֶּה לוֹמַר שֶׁמָּא תֹּאמַר אַבְרָהָם שֶׁיֵּשׁ בְּלִבּוֹ ...


The solution to your question is that the Ibn Ezra follows has the same opinion as the Rambam who writes that Avraham Avinu was 40 when he recognized Hashem, but before that he worshipped idols. כֵּיוָן שֶׁנִּגְמַל אֵיתָן זֶה הִתְחִיל לְשׁוֹטֵט בְּדַעְתּוֹ וְהוּא קָטָן וְהִתְחִיל לַחֲשֹׁב בַּיּוֹם וּבַלַּיְלָה וְהָיָה תָּמֵהַּ הֵיאַךְ אֶפְשָׁר שֶׁיִּהְיֶה ...

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