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the mitzva (command) to count the forty-nine days from Pesach (Passover) to Shavuos (Pentecost)

7
votes
We count up because the Pasuk (Vayikra 23:15) says to count "from the day of the Omer-offering" not "to the day of Shavuot".
answered Apr 23 '12 by Double AA
5
votes
Tosfot (Menachot 65a) rules that indeed nowadays counting the Omer is a rabbinical Mitzva (as the Gemara there says: זכר למקדש הוא it's a remembrance of the Temple). Rambam (Temidin 7:24) rules that …
answered May 22 '17 by Double AA
7
votes
This is the ruling of Rabbi Yosef Karo in Shulchan Aruch OC 489:8 and Rabbi Moshe Isserles does not comment. Additionally, Aruch haShulchan (:15) and Shulchan Aruch haRav (:25) cite this ruling approv …
answered Apr 23 '13 by Double AA
9
votes
There's no such thing as "counting with a bracha" and "counting without a bracha". The Mitzva is to count. Blessings on (just about) all Mitzvot are separate rabbinic obligations. Whether or not a bl …
answered May 31 '16 by Double AA
2
votes
The Shulchan Aruch writes (OC 493:3) that those who think that Rosh Chodesh Iyar serves as an exception to the customary mourning practics are mistaken. (That is not a terminology he uses very often.) …
answered Apr 23 '12 by Double AA
9
votes
The Mishna Berura (489 sk 22) posits that if you don't say the number of weeks (on a night where there are weeks to count) in response to a friend then you may continue to count with a bracha later th …
answered May 10 '12 by Double AA
10
votes
Hebrewbooks.org has a book with that title by R Shlomo Zalman Mirkash containing the ruling you reference about women and counting the Omer (available here).
answered Apr 21 '15 by Double AA
5
votes
We do count 50 days. On day 50 we say in Kiddush "This day of Shavuot" which essentially means "Today is 50 days" since by definition "Shavuot" is the 50th day of the Omer count (not unlike counting i …
answered May 30 '17 by Double AA
2
votes
(Background: Biblically, the new grain becomes permitted at dawn on the 16th of Nissan if there is no Korban Omer being brought, but Rabbi Yochanon ben Zakai enacted to wait the whole day now that the …
answered Apr 25 '13 by Double AA
9
votes
The Beit Yosef there quotes many Rishonim who have a version of the story (Yevamot 62b) that Rabbi Akiva's students died until פרוס העצרת a half [month] before Shavuot. So 49-15=34 and on the last day …
answered Apr 9 '13 by Double AA
7
votes
The Beit Yosef (OC 493) quotes Rabbeinu Yerocham (~1350 CE) who quotes "Geonim" who mention a custom not to get married between Pesach and Shavuot.
answered Apr 10 '12 by Double AA