Questions tagged [zemanim]

Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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83 views

Davening neitz in the olden days

I see that in many synagogues that have a minyan for neitz (sunrise) they have exact times (to the second) that they attempt to begin Shemonah Esrei at. In the olden days before these precise clocks ...
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46 views

Airplane Zmanim [duplicate]

If one is on an airplane, what zmanim does he follow? I see two feasible options: those of where he actually is, and those of the ground below where he is. Zmanim are affected by altitude as well as ...
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1answer
94 views

What time should Chanuka candles be lit in the Southern Hemisphere?

My prayer book says The Chanukah lights should be kindled as soon as possible after nightfall. I live in Melbourne, and due to the summer solstice and daylight saving, nightfall is very late (...
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68 views

Must I forsake my regular earlier minyan to pray around sunrise?

The ideal time for praying the morning service is to have the Amidah at sunrise. O Ch 89 (1) . The Mishnah Beruroh (1) there says that in the winter when one goes to synagogue early, one should still ...
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3answers
326 views

Starting mincha early

Since we are entering the winter (in the northern hemisphere) many people try to daven mincha at mincha gedolah. I have been told that waiting for a half hour after mid-day is a way of ensuring that ...
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41 views

Shabbat in Alaska? [duplicate]

How does that work? My husband wants to go to Alaska for at least a few weeks. He even dreams of living there some day. How is Shabbat celebrated in Alaska? Do they have any synagogues there? If so ...
2
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1answer
268 views

Where did the various opinions about tzeis begin?

As discussed here, here, here, and here, there are different opinions as to when one is allowed to break their fast and end Shabbos, ranging from 36 minutes (mine) to 42 minutes to 60 minutes to 72 ...
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1answer
106 views

End of Personal Fast?

When does one end their personal fast? At sunset? or do they wait until 3 stars come out like at the end of Shabbos?
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2answers
151 views

What is “Shtopp Zman”?

A prerecorded english language message of a local mikvah informs that the mikvah is open from an hour before Shtopp Zman (approximate phonetic spelling, as I do not know this phrase). The recording ...
2
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2answers
214 views

If Hell is paused on Shabbos, what time-zone do they pick?

This might seem as a naive question: If Hell is paused on Shabbos, what time-zone do they pick? Since there is a gate in Jerusalem, would it be it Israel time? If so Hell is not paused while Shabbos ...
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1answer
199 views

40 days at the Kotel

If someone is trying to pray 40 consecutive days at the Kotel, does beginning prayer one minute after sunset count for the day that's ending? For the day that's starting? Both? Neither?
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1answer
159 views

Is davening a “late” mincha in contradiction with counting an “early” sefira?

According to what Halichipedia states: According to most poskim, it is correct to wait until Tzet Hakochavim in order to count sefirat haomer; however, one fulfills his obligation by ...
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1answer
335 views

Davening schedule for someone with a night shift

The only way I can really convey what I'm asking here is to tell a [fictitious] story: Chaim Yankel is a late-hour delivery driver for a company. Since he works before daybreak, his schedule is much ...
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47 views

Saying Hallel Before Nightfall on the First Night of Pesach

In Shulchan Oruch Orach Chayim Siman 487 Sif 4 it is brought the minhag of saying Hallel in shul the first night of Pesach בליל ראשון של פסח גומרים את ההלל בצבור בנעימה בברכה תחלה וסוף ובן בליל ...
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148 views

Latest time for various parts of korbanot

During the week, I often say korbanot after davening, generally in the car driving to work (there's not enough time in the car on the way to shul, and this way I have an uninterrupted block of time). ...
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94 views

time of kriat shma change nowadays

The time of kriat shma is learned basically from the pasuk "בשכבך ובקומך", meaning the time people sleep and the time people wake up. 2000 years ago people acted according to the daylight. Nowadays ...
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1answer
142 views

What time does shabbat start medioraita ( so issur of doing melakha = torah prohibition)?

I believe that shabbat, per the torah, doesn't actually start at Shkia and that this convention is a gezera to avoid a makhloket of the real start time. What are there parameters of this discussion? ...
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1answer
78 views

Time for evening prayer when flying eastward over Greenland and the sun doesn’t set?

(This is the “return" question for my question on the right time for shaharis when encountering sunrise twice in a day) In the summer, when flying from the East Coast to Tel Aviv on an afternoon ...
16
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1answer
683 views

Time for morning prayer when flying over Greenland and seeing the sun rise twice

Last year I flew from Tel Aviv to Los Angeles. The flight leaves at night (1am) and, in the winter, lands when it is still night (630am). However during the flight, over Greenland, one sees the sun ...
6
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133 views

R Yonah's position about saying Hashkiveinu before nightfall

The Talmud (Berachot 8b-9a) tell us that the Halacha is according to the opinion that, at least if forced to, one can fulfill his obligation for the night time reading of Shema after dawn before ...
5
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1answer
209 views

Alarm clock in place of a shomer

There is an idea that one can an appoint a shomer (guard) to daven maariv (shma) and some achronim extend this idea to lighting the menorah. What this does is allows one to do work and eat something ...
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53 views

What is considered to be night?

I have always understood the definition of "night" ("leilah") when the day is for sure over and we've passed through "bein hashmoshos" completely, is when there are 3 visible stars and "hiksef elyon ...
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65 views

Davening mincha after shkia (during “bein hashmoshos”) [duplicate]

I am familiar with the fact that there is a maklokes between poskim if one may daven mincha after shkia during "bein hashmoshos" (however long or what time one holds that to be.) However the opinions ...
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1answer
74 views

What prayers might be permissible or not permissible to pray before dawn?

I have a question that is similar to this one, but a little different. Like many people, I have a job that I currently have to be at (with location and time of year factored in) at around dawn. Hence, ...
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1answer
193 views

Start time of Jewish holidays: Exactly at sunset or some other time near it?

It's my understanding that Judaism defines the start of a day as sunset. However, on one of my calendars, several Jewish holidays are indicated as starting at sundown (approximate). Does the Jewish ...
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2answers
362 views

Do any Chasidim still accept Shabbos according to Rabbeinu Tam zman?

Apparently there is a story that Rav Moshe Feinstein asked the Satmar Rebbe to not have his followers begin shabbos with zman Rabbeinu Tam. Is there still a minhag amongst chasidim to take on shabbos ...
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1answer
179 views

Arvit/Maariv “after” Birkot HaShachar?

Generally one prays Arvit before Chatzot HaLayla; Also, one can say Birkot HaShachar as soon as right after Chatzot HaLayla (as far as I understand). I came across a "logical hole" that I can't find ...
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1answer
160 views

What time does a bar mitzvah come into effect?

At what halachic time does a boy having his bar mitzvah become chayav b'mitzvot? It seems to me that the most likely times are either shkia or tzeit.
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1answer
193 views

Is it mandatory to eat before solar noon on Rosh Chodesh?

"A person should make sure to eat before the sixth hour on Shabbos, since it is forbidden to fast on Shabbos". --A column by Daniel Yaakov Travis, citing Talmud Yerushalmi, Taanis 3:11. During ...
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3answers
2k views

Halachic Justifications for the Amshinover Rebbe

The current Amshinover Rebbe in Bayit Vegan, Jerusalem is known in the Jewish world as a man of great piety and for his great knowledge in Torah. He is also known to keep very different "Zmanim"- ...
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2answers
198 views

Can not obeying a Gentile's opinion of Shabbat time cause a Chilul Hashem?

My understanding is that Chilul Hashem - desecrating G-d's name can be caused when Gentiles have a negative opinion about Jews from observing wrong behavior, even if the behavior may be halachically ...
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540 views

Minyan, netz hachamoh, and precision in time

There are halachic sources that discuss the importance of davening shemona esrei at netz (at sunrise), some of which state that it is preferable to daven at netz over davening with a minyan (at least ...
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1answer
964 views

Timing of Maariv / Havdalah at the end of Shabbos

Is it required that all elements of Maariv / Havdalah at the conclusion of Shabbos come after dusk, or may some part come between sunset and dusk?
4
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1answer
176 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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1answer
147 views

What is the difference between Sfardic and Ashkenazic calculations for the last time to eat chametz?

My community's luach (calendar) has 2 separate times for the last time to eat chametz on Erev Pesach: 10:09 for Ashkenazim, and 10:13 for Sephardim. How are these times calculated according to the ...
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1answer
308 views

Is there any evidence of time-zones in Talmud? (Tanaim and Amoraim only)

There are many verses in the Talmud, Midrash and Siddur that state that the sun and moon rise and set through gates in the firmament. This would imply that there are no time-zones. To this world view ...
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1answer
112 views

Zmanim in Space [duplicate]

If an astronaut is in space, how does he or she determine what time to pray? Does it revolve around where the spaceship is in relation to the sun, or does he just follow zmanim on Earth?
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1answer
120 views

Hallel before chatzos at seder

I was reading Rav Schwab On Prayer (page 541) where he says the following about the timing of parts of the Seder: According to some poskim, even the recitation of Hallel should be completed before ...
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2answers
499 views

Why are mincha gedola and ketana named that?

What is big about the earlier mincha time and what is small about the later mincha time? Also, why does the term plag mincha make sense? It would seem to be a term that refers to the point midway ...
7
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1answer
206 views

Customs regarding reciting the Shema after the allowed time

The latest time for reciting the קְרִיאַת-שְׁמַע is שׇׁלוֺש שׇׁעוֺת זְמׇנִיּוֺת (three variable hours) after sunrise (Orach Chayim 58:1). On Shabbat, many communities recite the morning Shema after ...
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2answers
485 views

Determining times of Halachic import on a long flight

If I'm taking a long flight on an airplane on a day when permitted activities change at a certain point, e.g. with the start or end of a fast day, or with the start of the chametz prohibition kicking ...
10
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1answer
383 views

Said Kiddush Levana prior to three days after Molad - Does he say it again?

Be'er Hataiv 426:10 says that one can say Kiddush Levana as early as 3 days after the Molad. The Rambam - Hilchos Brachos 10:17 rules that one may say Kiddush Levana immediately after the Molad. ...
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1answer
347 views

A Jew is born in space. What time rules does he follow?

I know that the title sounds like a sequel to a TV show (Lost in space). But based on a statement in this article : The Rabbis therefore rule that a person should continue to follow the time from ...
2
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1answer
202 views

Rambam, Shkiah, and Tzet HaKokhavim

In the dispute between the Geonim and Rabbenu Tam over the definition of nightfall, I have seen the Rambam claimed by either side - each claiming that in the Mishneh Torah he held like them. My ...
3
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1answer
166 views

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam?

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam? Ive heard the Shulchan Aruch (rishon/acharon) held of it, did he pasken like for starting shabbos?
2
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1answer
72 views

Why is the mitzvah of tefellin not by night?

Berachos discusses the importance of saying shema while wearing tefellin. Saying shema without tefellin is likened to bringing an incomplete sacrifice (Berachos, 14b). Similiary, one who washes his ...
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3answers
443 views

Choosing between Brachos on Shma and Sof Zman Kriyas Shema

Let's say Yosef woke up late one day, and by the time he was ready to say kriyas shema, it was two minutes before sof zman kriyas shema (the latest time at which a person could say kriyas shema). He ...
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0answers
98 views

What happens if I wrap my tefillin before the earliest time to wrap tefillin? [closed]

The earliest time to wrap tefillin in my town is 6:14 (for the next little while), on Monday and Thursday we start at 6:15. Is it OK if I finish wrapping my tefillin before 6:14? Do I still get the ...
5
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1answer
248 views

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast?

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast, or does it begin in the morning until early evening?
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178 views

Following more lenient opinions for fasting times

Related: Until what time in the morning may you eat on a fast day? There are different opinions about exactly when one must start fasting. For someone planning to wake up to eat, all agree that they ...