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Questions tagged [zemanim]

Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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7
votes
1answer
174 views

Why is the wait between meat and milk not halachically calculated?

Why don’t we use halachic hours to calculate how long you should wait in between eating meat and milk or vise verse? This would make a significant difference in different seasons like winter and ...
1
vote
0answers
179 views

18 × 4 is not 72

MyZmanim says: According to most Poskim, it takes 18 minutes for an average person to walk a distance of one mil, and therefore 72 minutes to walk 4 milin.… Others say it takes 22.5 minutes to walk ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
2
votes
2answers
545 views

Eating after shkiah before Maariv

If one started a meal right before shkiah or during bein hashmoshis what should they do? My question is prompted from the halacha that one may not eat before praying Maariv. However with that said I ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

How does this explanation in Aruch Hashulchan address the issues regarding Shema times?

In this answer I cited R. Yechiel Michel Epstein's explanation for rejecting R. Yaakov of Karlin's suggestion that the times for Shema are not based on sha'ot zemaniot. In truth, however, I don't ...
6
votes
1answer
473 views

Is there any opinion that permits davening Maariv before plag

I davened at a shul this morning that announced mincha at 5:30pm with maariv following immediately after. Plag mincha is around 6:45pm today. I pointed this out to the gabbai and he said that there is ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Does one fulfill the mitzvah of tefillin if he wears it at night time?

I've seen a few questions on this site confirming that the mitzvah for wearing tefillin is during the entire day. Indeed, on Tish'a B'Av tefillin is not worn in the morning for Shacharit but for ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

What time of day was the afternoon korban mincha offered in the beit hamikdash, according to hazal?

At what halachic hour did chazal think the korban mincha was actually offered, assuming ideal circumstances? I.e. when they say "from the time of the mincha and onwards" (e.g. Rosh Hashana 4:4) what ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Early maariv on 2nd day Yom Tov

A shul in my city made an early maariv for the 2nd day of yom tov. Knowing who the Rabbi is, he did not do this out of ignorance. There are 2 issues I am unclear about: Are there contemporary ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Why does shabbat start at different times at different places? [closed]

Crossing a time zone does not conjure up a time warp, so how can it be Friday in one place, and Shabbat in another? It just doesn't seem possible.
1
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0answers
41 views

How does Rav Moshe calculate the “50 minutes” between שקיעה and צה"כ?

For New York, Rabbi Moshe Feinstein maintained that the time between שקיעה and צה"כ is 50 mins (corresponding to walking 4 mil), unlike in Europe where it is 72 mins (see here): ... the calculation ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

The “Shir Hamaalos” etc before Maariv: is it said before nightfall?

The German nusach contains the following explanation of the “Shir Hamaalos” etc said before Maariv. When ערבית is recited after nightfall, it is preceded by the following פסוקים, which speak of ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Where can we assume that time refers to Shaot Zmaniot?

For many daily activities, the time frame for completion is dependent on the proportional hours (sha'ot zmaniot). But is there an extension of those hours to proportional minutes and seconds which ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Wearing tallit “late”

Based on this question. If one (who has the tradition of wearing a tallit while davening shacharit, be it because he is married, or over 13) can not wear a tallit in the morning, does he put one on ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Most favourable time to daven?

According to Sephardim, what is the most favourable time to daven: Shaharit, Mincha and Arvit?
5
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0answers
48 views

Has anyone tried out the Har Hakarmel bein hashemashos climb according to various Rishonim?

The Gemara on Shabbos 35a says: אמר רבי חנינא: הרוצה לידע שיעורו של רבי נחמיה יניח חמה בראש הכרמל, וירד ויטבול בים ויעלה, וזהו שיעורו של רבי נחמיה. ‏ Anyone who wants to know the shiur of ...
7
votes
1answer
202 views

Customs regarding reciting the Shema after the allowed time

The latest time for reciting the קְרִיאַת-שְׁמַע is שׇׁלוֺש שׇׁעוֺת זְמׇנִיּוֺת (three variable hours) after sunrise (Orach Chayim 58:1). On Shabbat, many communities recite the morning Shema after ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Machlokes Hatanaim when Kriat Shema should be said

The first Blat of Berachot tells us about a Mahlokes when Krias Shema should be recited. There are almost 10 shitos there. What is the Machlokes-is there a Sevara for each shita? For instance, the ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

What time does a bar mitzvah come into effect?

At what halachic time does a boy having his bar mitzvah become chayav b'mitzvot? It seems to me that the most likely times are either shkia or tzeit.
3
votes
2answers
240 views

What is the minimal requirement to fulfill the mitzvah of reading Shema?

About a week ago, I saw in a siddur (might have been Koren) an instruction above the 1st Shema said as part of Birkot Hashachar stating that one should recite the 1st paragraph Ve'ahavta at this point ...
7
votes
1answer
255 views

Late sunset times and Jewish observance

This question is distinct from other questions which ask how and when to begin Shabbat, etc. when there is no sunset. I am asking about places in which sunset occurs very late during certain times of ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

What are sources that say l'chatchila one can daven shachrit until chatzos? [closed]

What are sources (in the poskim) that say l'chatchila one can daven shachrit until chatzos? (if there are)
3
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0answers
76 views

Shacharit Lechatchila

I have heard from a very reliable rav that Rabbi Moshe Feinstein held that the only shacharit lechatchila is vatikin. This means that davening shacharit before sunrise and after sunrise are equally ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

40 days at the Kotel

If someone is trying to pray 40 consecutive days at the Kotel, does beginning prayer one minute after sunset count for the day that's ending? For the day that's starting? Both? Neither?
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What are the earliest starting and latest ending times for shabbat worldwide utc time?

I am writing an app and I want to block of one feature for the entire world for Shabbat. What would be the earliest time for shabbat to start anywhere in the world during the shortest day of the year?...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Halachic Justifications for the Amshinover Rebbe

The current Amshinover Rebbe in Bayit Vegan, Jerusalem is known in the Jewish world as a man of great piety and for his great knowledge in Torah. He is also known to keep very different "Zmanim"- ...
12
votes
9answers
15k views

When is the latest time you can daven minchah bedieved?

If you realized that you didn't yet daven minchah and it's past shekiyah, when is the latest that you can begin praying the Amidah? I'm looking for different people's cutoffs.
2
votes
0answers
77 views

For the start of the day, is “sunset” astronomical or visible?

Yesterday was the equinox and I noticed that the day was longer than 12 hours according to the (secular) sunrise/sunset times. Curious, I did some investigation. One reason for the difference is how ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Is the timing of Mitzvot more intentional or more extentional?

This question is inspired by: Halakhic International Date Line issues I was reading the answers, or actually the source quotations, and realized that the answer to the questions about ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

In an extenuating circumstance, one can say the night time K'riyat Sh'ma until Netz, as per this statement: If one didn’t say it then, make sure to complete it by Chatzot (midnight) and after the ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Is Misheyakir affected by clouds?

Does the time of Misheyakir in the morning get affected if it's overcast. Because then technically it's not Misheyakir.
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Selichoth with Tallith and Tefillin

Assuming one is saying selichoth during the time of tallith and tefillin (e.g. ~6AM in the greater New York metropolitan area), should one put them on first or wait till after selichoth? Does it make ...
6
votes
0answers
49 views

Recommended changes to the text of selichos when you say them at the “wrong” time

Some of the piyutim in selichos assume that you're saying them at the ideal time - before Amud Hashachar (for example, at the end of selicha #70 שחרנוך קדם עמוד השחר). Many people don't make it at ...
5
votes
2answers
488 views

Why daven ke-vasikin on Hoshana Rabbah?

I know that some people specifically daven ke-vasikin on Hoshana Rabbah. Is this only because they stayed awake all night and thus want to daven as early as possible, or is there a more direct and ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

Assistance with on-line articles on “Bein Hashmashot”

I'm compiling a shiur that I plan to give on Rosh Hashanna that focuses on Ben Hashmashot (twilight). I know that there is much confusion and many opinions on how this is defined. The shiur will take ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Time for evening prayer when flying eastward over Greenland and the sun doesn’t set?

(This is the “return" question for my question on the right time for shaharis when encountering sunrise twice in a day) In the summer, when flying from the East Coast to Tel Aviv on an afternoon ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Keeping Two-day Shabbos in the Pacific Islands? [duplicate]

What's this I see about people in the Pacific Islands keeping two days of Shabbos? If it is true: Who, how, since when, and why?
0
votes
1answer
315 views

Time for last meal if Tisha B’Av is on Sunday

If Tisha B’Av is coming on Sunday, when or what time is the last meal for Shabbat?
3
votes
2answers
457 views

Waking up early to eat before a fast

I was just wondering about the halachos of waking up to eat before a fast day. If one had intention, is it best to wake up, wash negal vasser, get dressed, go to bathroom say Al Netilas Yadaim, Asher ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Late emergence of 3 stars and Shema repetition

Orach Chayim 235:1 rules that one has to repeat Shema after the emergence of 3 stars (tzeit kochavim) if prayed earlier in the evening. Many don't wait until tzeit in the summer on Fridays, pray ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

What is the meaning of “Midnight Guard - First Watch” and “Morning Guard - Third Watch” in the Zmanim

I have searched this Mi Yodea site extensively and can find no references. I am almost positive that this is not a duplicate, or answered somewhere else.Thank you. I use the Halachic Times App (...
6
votes
1answer
459 views

Earliest and Latest Times for reciting Kabbalat Shabbat?

What are the earliest and latest times for reciting Kabbalas Shabbos? If one was too busy preparing for Shabbos to say it at the normal time, may one recite it at any time after Shabbos starts?
3
votes
1answer
246 views

When does Shabbat officially start?

I am confused about the exact/official time of Shabbat starting. Is it 18 minutes before sunset, when the candles are lit, or at sunset?
2
votes
1answer
329 views

Why is twilight called “Bein Hashmashot”?

Inspired by this question, I'm curious why halachic literature calls twilight בין השמשות, which means, literally, "between the two suns"? The sun has set, and there is just one sun, anyway. What do ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

“Ben Ha'arbayim” vs. “Ben Hashmashot”

There seem to be two terms used to mean "twilight". The Torah uses the term בן הערבים as in the time for the Mincha and Pesach offerings. Talmudic literature uses the term בן השמשות I know that ...
-1
votes
1answer
97 views

Can an individual do both Mincha and Maariv before dark on the same day?

It is commonly said one cannot daven both Mincha and Maariv before dark, on account that after Pelag haMinchah there is a dispute in the Gemara if it is time for this or for that [clarification ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Where did the various opinions about tzeis begin?

As discussed here, here, here, and here, there are different opinions as to when one is allowed to break their fast and end Shabbos, ranging from 36 minutes (mine) to 42 minutes to 60 minutes to 72 ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Different listed times of tzeit hakochavim [duplicate]

Tzeit hakochavim is an important time of day. For instance, as far as I know it is the earliest time for Shema in the evening. I've seen many calculations of that time (nine are displayed on myzmanim....
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Does one have to pray arvit during a very short night on a plane?

When flying from the US to Europe (especially in the summer) one often takes off before the time for arvit has arrived and only a few short hours later the sun already rises over Europe. For practical ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Biblical vs. Rabbinical end of Shabbat

This question states, "havdalah ends shabbat (for one who didn't daven ma'ariv)." But won't Shabbat end on its own at some point--specifically, at nightfall--even if we don't make havdalah nor daven ...