Questions tagged [zemanim]

Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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96 views

Why do people go by the Gra for the zman of kriat shema?

The Shema is a mitzvah d'oraita. So how is it that we can go by the later time of the Gra for sof zman kriat shema rather than the earlier time of the Magen Avraham? It seems to me that this is a real ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Is it better to daven a“tartei desasrei” mincha/maariv with a minyan or in the correct time without a minyan?

According to Mishnah Berura 233:11, it sounds like if the only available minyan was "tartei desasrei," i.e. mincha after plag and maariv immediately after, it would still be preferable than ...
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35 views

Saying Amen to the bracha before Shema outside of zman

The reason some do not saying amen to the chazzan's bracha just before Shema is because it is a hefsek between the brachah and Shema. Based on the Gra and the Mishna Berurah, it is not clear if it is ...
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3answers
140 views

Mincha ketana vs just before shekia

I have read that one can pray mincha gedola be'minyan instead of mincha ketana be'yachid. But would praying "just before shekiya" be'minyan still be more recommended than mincha ketana be'...
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2answers
202 views

Can a woman daven shacharit after chatzot (midday) has passed?

Because tefilla is a time bound mitzvah, if a woman has accidentally not davened by the time 6 hours into the day has passed (chatzot), should she still daven shacharit?
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1answer
583 views

How does one handle ברכות התורה when learning through sunrise?

With sunrise being pretty late in some parts of the globe, how does someone handle the question in the title? If one is learning before and up to sunrise, do they stop and make a blessing when sunrise ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Starting Maariv prayers before dawn and finishing after dawn

If one accidentally fell asleep, and woke up quite late and then started Maariv prayers, and managed to get through the Shema and part of the Amidah before dawn, but finished the Amidah after dawn (...
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62 views

How did the bible and Chachamim know the time of Chatzot?

In many places in the bible (e.g. here) as well as in the Mishna (e.g.Berakhot 1,1) it's written that some things happened on Chatzot (midnight point-חצות הלילה) or some Mitzva should be done not late ...
2
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1answer
68 views

How many ‘Watches’ were there in an ancient Hebrew day?

A few mentions in the scriptures point to the existence of night and morning ‘watches,’ a notable example being Gideon’s arrival at the Midian camp in the middle watch. (Judges 7:19) Another example ...
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184 views

18 × 4 is not 72

MyZmanim says: According to most Poskim, it takes 18 minutes for an average person to walk a distance of one mil, and therefore 72 minutes to walk 4 milin.… Others say it takes 22.5 minutes to walk ...
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1answer
90 views

Does one fulfill the mitzvah of tefillin if he wears it at night time?

I've seen a few questions on this site confirming that the mitzvah for wearing tefillin is during the entire day. Indeed, on Tish'a B'Av tefillin is not worn in the morning for Shacharit but for ...
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1answer
70 views

What time of day was the afternoon korban mincha offered in the beit hamikdash, according to hazal?

At what halachic hour did chazal think the korban mincha was actually offered, assuming ideal circumstances? I.e. when they say "from the time of the mincha and onwards" (e.g. Rosh Hashana 4:4) what ...
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63 views

How does Rav Moshe calculate the “50 minutes” between שקיעה and צה"כ?

For New York, Rabbi Moshe Feinstein maintained that the time between שקיעה and צה"כ is 50 mins (corresponding to walking 4 mil), unlike in Europe where it is 72 mins (see here): ... the calculation ...
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41 views

Where can we assume that time refers to Shaot Zmaniot?

For many daily activities, the time frame for completion is dependent on the proportional hours (sha'ot zmaniot). But is there an extension of those hours to proportional minutes and seconds which ...
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1answer
189 views

Why is the wait between meat and milk not halachically calculated?

Why don’t we use halachic hours to calculate how long you should wait in between eating meat and milk or vise verse? This would make a significant difference in different seasons like winter and ...
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1answer
97 views

Most favourable time to daven?

According to Sephardim, what is the most favourable time to daven: Shaharit, Mincha and Arvit?
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Has anyone tried out the Har Hakarmel bein hashemashos climb according to various Rishonim?

The Gemara on Shabbos 35a says: אמר רבי חנינא: הרוצה לידע שיעורו של רבי נחמיה יניח חמה בראש הכרמל, וירד ויטבול בים ויעלה, וזהו שיעורו של רבי נחמיה. ‏ Anyone who wants to know the shiur of R' Nechemia'...
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1answer
140 views

How does this explanation in Aruch Hashulchan address the issues regarding Shema times?

In this answer I cited R. Yechiel Michel Epstein's explanation for rejecting R. Yaakov of Karlin's suggestion that the times for Shema are not based on sha'ot zemaniot. In truth, however, I don't ...
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2answers
251 views

What is the minimal requirement to fulfill the mitzvah of reading Shema?

About a week ago, I saw in a siddur (might have been Koren) an instruction above the 1st Shema said as part of Birkot Hashachar stating that one should recite the 1st paragraph Ve'ahavta at this point ...
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2answers
131 views

What are sources that say l'chatchila one can daven shachrit until chatzos? [closed]

What are sources (in the poskim) that say l'chatchila one can daven shachrit until chatzos? (if there are)
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Shacharit Lechatchila

I have heard from a very reliable rav that Rabbi Moshe Feinstein held that the only shacharit lechatchila is vatikin. This means that davening shacharit before sunrise and after sunrise are equally ...
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1answer
87 views

What are the earliest starting and latest ending times for shabbat worldwide utc time?

I am writing an app and I want to block of one feature for the entire world for Shabbat. What would be the earliest time for shabbat to start anywhere in the world during the shortest day of the year?...
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2answers
1k views

Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

In an extenuating circumstance, one can say the night time K'riyat Sh'ma until Netz, as per this statement: If one didn’t say it then, make sure to complete it by Chatzot (midnight) and after the ...
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2answers
105 views

Is Misheyakir affected by clouds?

Does the time of Misheyakir in the morning get affected if it's overcast. Because then technically it's not Misheyakir.
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0answers
86 views

For the start of the day, is “sunset” astronomical or visible?

Yesterday was the equinox and I noticed that the day was longer than 12 hours according to the (secular) sunrise/sunset times. Curious, I did some investigation. One reason for the difference is how ...
2
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0answers
109 views

Selichoth with Tallith and Tefillin

Assuming one is saying selichoth during the time of tallith and tefillin (e.g. ~6AM in the greater New York metropolitan area), should one put them on first or wait till after selichoth? Does it make ...
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52 views

Recommended changes to the text of selichos when you say them at the “wrong” time

Some of the piyutim in selichos assume that you're saying them at the ideal time - before Amud Hashachar (for example, at the end of selicha #70 שחרנוך קדם עמוד השחר). Many people don't make it at ...
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3answers
166 views

Assistance with on-line articles on “Bein Hashmashot”

I'm compiling a shiur that I plan to give on Rosh Hashanna that focuses on Ben Hashmashot (twilight). I know that there is much confusion and many opinions on how this is defined. The shiur will take ...
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0answers
81 views

Keeping Two-day Shabbos in the Pacific Islands? [duplicate]

What's this I see about people in the Pacific Islands keeping two days of Shabbos? If it is true: Who, how, since when, and why?
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1answer
319 views

Time for last meal if Tisha B’Av is on Sunday

If Tisha B’Av is coming on Sunday, when or what time is the last meal for Shabbat?
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1answer
77 views

Late emergence of 3 stars and Shema repetition

Orach Chayim 235:1 rules that one has to repeat Shema after the emergence of 3 stars (tzeit kochavim) if prayed earlier in the evening. Many don't wait until tzeit in the summer on Fridays, pray ...
2
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1answer
126 views

What is the meaning of “Midnight Guard - First Watch” and “Morning Guard - Third Watch” in the Zmanim

I have searched this Mi Yodea site extensively and can find no references. I am almost positive that this is not a duplicate, or answered somewhere else.Thank you. I use the Halachic Times App (...
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1answer
287 views

When does Shabbat officially start?

I am confused about the exact/official time of Shabbat starting. Is it 18 minutes before sunset, when the candles are lit, or at sunset?
2
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1answer
517 views

Why is twilight called “Bein Hashmashot”?

Inspired by this question, I'm curious why halachic literature calls twilight בין השמשות, which means, literally, "between the two suns"? The sun has set, and there is just one sun, anyway. What do ...
2
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1answer
199 views

“Ben Ha'arbayim” vs. “Ben Hashmashot”

There seem to be two terms used to mean "twilight". The Torah uses the term בן הערבים as in the time for the Mincha and Pesach offerings. Talmudic literature uses the term בן השמשות I know that ...
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1answer
124 views

Can an individual do both Mincha and Maariv before dark on the same day?

It is commonly said one cannot daven both Mincha and Maariv before dark, on account that after Pelag haMinchah there is a dispute in the Gemara if it is time for this or for that [clarification ...
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0answers
82 views

Different listed times of tzeit hakochavim [duplicate]

Tzeit hakochavim is an important time of day. For instance, as far as I know it is the earliest time for Shema in the evening. I've seen many calculations of that time (nine are displayed on myzmanim....
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2answers
71 views

Appointment conflict with Hanukkah Candle Lightning

If a person has an appointment she must attend after the candle lighting time but needs to depart before the candle lighting time, what should the person do?
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0answers
37 views

Is Shacharit before dawn okay? [duplicate]

If a person is tight on time, is it okay to pray the amidah before dawn if you're a girl?
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1answer
130 views

Does one have to pray arvit during a very short night on a plane?

When flying from the US to Europe (especially in the summer) one often takes off before the time for arvit has arrived and only a few short hours later the sun already rises over Europe. For practical ...
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1answer
158 views

Why wake up for tikkun chatzot instead of staying up for it

Tikkun chatzot is recited almost by definition in the middle of the night. I know far more people who are still awake at that time (generally somewhere between 12 AM & 1 AM) than who sleep before ...
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1answer
177 views

Allowed to skip certain parts of shacharis in order to say shacharis shemoneh esrei before chatzos?

In the Artscroll siddur it says if a person is afraid he will not catch up to the tzibbur fast enough in order to start Shemoneh Esrei with them, he is allowed to skip everything except certain ...
2
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1answer
550 views

Bein hashmashot and bris

If a baby is born "bein hashmashot" how do we count the days till the 8th for the bris? For example, if it's bein hashmashot Sunday evening, will the bris be the following Sunday or following Monday ...
3
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1answer
295 views

Wearing tallit “late”

Based on this question. If one (who has the tradition of wearing a tallit while davening shacharit, be it because he is married, or over 13) can not wear a tallit in the morning, does he put one on ...
7
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2answers
680 views

Is there any opinion that permits davening Maariv before plag

I davened at a shul this morning that announced mincha at 5:30pm with maariv following immediately after. Plag mincha is around 6:45pm today. I pointed this out to the gabbai and he said that there is ...
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1answer
303 views

What is the definition of “She'at Hadchak” regarding mincha and ma'ariv?

This M.Y. answer discusses the various opinions of whether one can daven Mincha and follow it with Ma'ariv immediately afterwards when one began mincha after plag. (Note that this wasn't the subject ...
3
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1answer
111 views

12 halachic hours – why no more halachic consequences?

In MyZmanim (and other luachs) one can find the latest time for reading Shema according to the calculation of the Magen Avraham and Baal HaTanya / Gra. One can (and should) decide which approach to ...
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0answers
219 views

Digital Zmanim Displays from Bee Zee Systems [closed]

I noticed digital zmanim displays in many synagogues from Bee Zee Systems and I would like to get a break down of the cost associated with installing such a system. I contacted Bee Zee Systems and I ...
3
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2answers
144 views

Yahrtzeit Bein HaShemashos

There are several customs that relate to Yahrtzeit, such as lighting a candle, saying Keil Malei Rachamim, etc. These typically are done on the Yahrtzeit, though some do it on the preceding Shabbos. ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Majority of Poskim like Rabbeinu Tam?

Recently someone made the statement that "rov poskim" go like the shita of Rabbeinu Tam in regards to shkia/nightfall. Is there any list available that shows the Rishonim and Achronim that pasken like ...

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