Questions tagged [yibbum-chalitza-levirate]

When a married man dies childless, his wife has a Mitzva to do "Yibbum" i.e marrying his living brother, alternatively Chalitza which is like a divorce is performed to enable her to remarry someone else.

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94 views

Intermarriage and Levirate marriage

This may be a bit off the wall and it is only a hypothetical question. If a Jewish man marries a non-Jewish woman and then he dies before they have any children, would she be expected, assuming she ...
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Why didn’t Yehuda (or Shelah) perform Chaliza for Tamar?

In (פרשת וישב (פרק לח we have the story of Yehuda marrying off Er to Tamar and then perform a pre-מתן תורה version of יבום with Onan, who also subsequently dies. Which left Yehuda’s third son,Shelah,...
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Why use impossible cases to illustrate laws?

In Bava Kamma 27a we find the following scenario: If a man fell from a roof and was inserted into a woman [due to the force of the fall, but with no intention to engage in sexual intercourse,] he ...
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If the older brother was married, is Yibbum still permissible?

Doing a study and I’m trying to figure out the rule surrounding Yibbum, the marriage of an older brother to the widowed sister in law. I can’t find any mention of the older brothers marital status ...
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156 views

Why include an impossible yavam in yibum?

R. Akiva states (Y'vamos 8:4) that there is a distinction between the levirate obligations of an impotent man who has been that way all his life and an impotent man who became that way during his ...
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According to which Mitzva Boaz made a Yibum for Ruth?

According to which Mitzva Boaz made a Yibum (Levirate marriage) for Ruth? As I know, Yibum Mitzva is for brothers only (see Rambam Yibum 1,1), while Boaz was a far kinsman Ruth.
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Yibum & Chalitzah for a widow whose husband died by suicide

Do the halachos of Yibum and Chalitzah apply (Rachmana Li'tzlan, Hashem Yishmor) to the widow/ brother(s) of a person who died via suicide? (ie is this type of death different than other types of ...
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“A y'vama acquires herself through chalitza”, really?

The first mishnayos of Kidushin, in Sefaria's Silverstein translation, bracketed remarks omitted: A woman is acquired in three ways, and she acquires herself in two ways. She is acquired by money, by ...
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How common are Levirate marriages today?

Under Jewish law, if a woman's husband dies without giving her a child, the brother of the deceased husband has an obligation to give his wife a child. In the event that they don't wish to go through ...
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When can the brother of a man who died childless do neither yibbum nor chalitzah?

I was under the impression that if a man dies childless and has a brother, then the brother must do either yibbum (marrying his wife) or chalitzah (rejecting the marriage) -- his choice, but he has to ...
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How could Ruth do yibbum if she converted only after her husband died?

How could Boaz be required to do Yibbum with Ruth being that she was a non jew when she was married to?
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Understanding the Rambam's commentary to Yevamos 3:7 and 3:9

The first half of Yevamos 3:7 says שְׁלֹשָׁה אַחִים, שְׁנַיִם מֵהֶן נְשׂוּאִים שְׁתֵּי אֲחָיוֹת, וְאֶחָד נָשׂוּי נָכְרִית, מֵת אֶחָד מִבַּעֲלֵי אֲחָיוֹת, וְכָנַס נָשׂוּי נָכְרִית אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ, ...
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If only a married woman can be a sotah, why does a non-spouse have authority to warn her?

Sotah 4:1 explains that certain women do not drink the sotah waters and do not receive the ketubah because they are not yet married and the torah says "she goes astray while married to her husband". ...
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Why is the case of the near-simultaneous deaths in Y'vamos chapter 7?

The seventh chapter of Mishayos Y'vamos discusses under what circumstances someone related to a kohen can eat t'ruma, depending on their relation and on what other relatives are alive. But in the ...
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Why is halitzah mandatory and is subsequent marriage allowed?

Some batei din make halitzah mandatory and do not allow levirate marriage, even threatening jail if the surviving brother refuses halitzah and wants a levirate marriage. What is the law if the couple ...
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When does chalitza become effective?

Suppose a chalitza ceremony is interrupted partway through, because of some external circumstance, or because the yevam changes his mind and decides he should build a name for his brother after all. ...
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Chalitza to wife? (Qidushin 3b)

Talmud Qidushin 3b סד''א תיתי בקל וחומר מיבמה מה יבמה שאינה יוצאה בגט יוצאה בחליצה, אשה שיוצאה בגט אינו דין שיוצאה בחליצה ... ספר כורתה ואין דבר אחר כורתה [You could think ... if a yevama that cannot ...
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Negiah before Nisuin

Unless I'm mistaken, after a non-ervah goes to the mikvah, affectionate touch would at most be prohibited rabbinically. I assume here it is prohibited rabbinically. If so, there are two cases I am ...
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Yibum against her will

It says in Yevamos 53b among other places that Yibbum (levirate marriage to the wife of one's brother when a brother died childless) works against her will. So I was wondering if while it works is it ...
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May coercion be used to facilitate halitzah?

From my understanding there are opinions that some form of coercion, such as public embarrassment, may be used to facilitate a recalcitrant husband giving his estranged agunah (bound) wife a get/...
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Murderous Yibum

What is the Halacha in the following case: Reuven and Shimon are brothers. Reuven marries Rachel and has no children (Rachel is not pregnant). Shimon decides that he wants to be married to Rachel, ...
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Why is yibum no longer done? [duplicate]

The prevailing practice is to always to chalitzah and not to do yobum. Why avoid doing yibum? From the description of the chumash chalitzah at best serms like the lesser option so why avoid the ...
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Why is a Chalutzah not normal ervah?

As discussed here, Reish Lakish is of the opinion (in Yevamos 10b) that one may not marry his sister-in-law with whom he did chalitzah. He derives it from the passuk of "lo yibaneh" - literally, he ...
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Does a Mitzvas Asei doche a lav by Yibum in the case of Mamzeirus?

Hypothetical case: 2 half brothers with a common father. One brother is kosher and the other brother is a mamzer. The mamzer marries a mamzerres and they have no offspring. The mamzer dies and the ...
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Was Onan turning Yibum into Arayot?

There are many commentators that invoke the story of Onan as a source for the prohibition behind onanism, but there seems to be a distinctly different issue going on that is "evil in the eyes of ...
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Where does the custom of the “tossing of the sandal” in Ruth come from? Why/How does it come to symbolize a successful business transaction?

Everybody loves a good Levirate Marriage story. Personally, I prefer the Ruth story over Tamar's (though that's interesting as well). But I have questions regarding the "sandal tossing" custom found ...
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Yebum, the man wants it but the woman doesn't [duplicate]

Let's say, Chas V'Shalom, a man died childless, leaving his wife a Yivamah. He has a brother, who by Torah law must either marry his diseased brother's wife, or perform Chalitzah. What if he wants to ...
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Can a levirate marriage yield a legitimate heir to the throne?

If a king dies, and his brother lives, can his brother marry the dead king's wife to raise an heir to the throne? Or would a new line of kings begin? Deuteronomy 25:5-6 כִּי-יֵשְׁבוּ אַחִים ...
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What do we do when chalitza is impossible?

The Mishna at the end of the 14th perek of יבמות gives a few examples where יבום is required and חליצה cannot be done. For example, if there are two brothers, one a חירש (deaf-mute) and one a פיקח (...
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469 views

Does the remarriage delay apply even in the case of yibbum?

If a woman is widowed or divorced, she must wait long enough before remarrying to firmly establish the paternity of a child who might be forthcoming (Daily Halacha cites SA Even Ha'ezer 13). The ...
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What is the deadline for yibbum?

If a man dies without children his brother is expected to marry his widow. He's not required to; he could instead perform chalitzah and then the woman is free to marry somebody else. While his ...
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Who's a person with two independant zikas supposed to marry?

Woman A was married to B, and B died without children. A should do Yibum with C but never got around to it. Instead she married D. D then died without children, but has a brother E. Who should A ...
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Why can't a yavam marry a chalutzah?

As recorded in Yevamos 10b and Yevamos 32a, a yavam (brother of a man who died married, but childless) cannot marry his sister-in-law (yevamah) after performing chalitzah (the ritual in which he ...
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What should a woman who can only do Chalitza do if her Yevam can't do it?

In some cases of Zikas Yibum, there is a Rabbinic prohibition against their doing Yibum (eg. the deceased husband's brother is a Mamzer, cf. Shulchan Aruch Even Haezer 174) and as such they must ...
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Sons of a female convert and yibum?

A mishna on Yevamot 97b says (Soncino translation): The sons of a female proselyte who become proselytes together with her neither participate in chalitzah nor contract levirate marriage. Even if ...
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Are Noahides obligated in the commandment of Yibum?

Regarding the subject of Yibum (Levirate marriage), what is the source, if any, that this is also an obligation on a Noahide? Many of the discussions on this Q&A site concerning Yibum connect to ...
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Paternity of Peretz, with regards to Yehudah's act of “Yibbum”

In Parshat Vayeishev, the Torah records the lineage of Yehudah. Er, his eldest, is married to Tamar and then dies without offspring. The same occurs with Onan. Yehudah then has children with Tamar (...
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Yibum & Chalitzah: Questionable hekesh with wife's sister

In Yevamoth 3b, we learn that the reason for exempting fourteen women (of the fifteen enumerated in mishna 1:1) and their co-wives from yibum (levirate marriage) and chalitzah (the decision not to do ...
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Yibum and Chalitzah: stringency or leniency?

In Yevamoth 8a, we discuss a group of women (enumerated in mishna 1:1) with whom neither yibum (levirate marriage) nor chalitzah (the rejection of levirate marriage) takes place. According to the ...
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Understanding a Fine Point in the Rambam's Laws of Yibbum

In MT, Hilkhot Yibbum veChalitzah 7:11, the Rambam presents the case of three brothers, two of whom are married to two sisters and the third of whom is married to an unrelated woman. In the event that ...
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In Levirate marriage, can the widow refuse marriage to the brother-in-law?

In Levirate marriage, the Torah text gives the option for the brother in law to refuse when it says: Devorim 25 (7) But if the man does not wish to take his brother's wife, the brother's wife ...
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Halachically dead & Yibum

From organ donation discussions I learned that some don't view brain death as death and only view the cessation of the heart's beating to be death. According to that, if someone's heart was stopped ...
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Why don't some do yibum today, l'chatchilah?

According to the Mishna (Bechorot 1:7) the reason not to perform yibum nowadays is people don't have intention l'shem mitzva when performing yibum. Firstly I would like to know if there are any other ...
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Schrödinger's cat and yibbum

Over Shabbos, the Shalosh Seudos discussion turned to the Monty Hall problem, which confused a lot of people [and which (#Humblebrag) I was able to clear up for them in under 30 seconds ;)]. Then, ...
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How to understand the use of גֹאֵל in Rus

I'm really perplexed by what is going on in megillas Rus. In chapter 3 Rus and Boaz keep talking about Boaz being a גֹאֵל, but גֹאֵל of what? Boaz is the uncle of Machlon and Kilyon and as such he ...
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Process of making a chalitza

Although I've never actually witnessed a chalitza taking place, I understand there is a whole process involved. What is the earliest source for the process/procedure/ceremony that takes place today (...
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If a widow married the brother of her deceased husband

If a widow married the brother of her deceased husband so the deceased husband can have children in the deceased husband's name, then how does the brother have any children in his own name?
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584 views

Spitting at the High Priest on Yom Kippur

My question might sound a little complicated, but it actually boils down to something very simple: does anybody know of any references to a kohen gadol (a high priest) performing the procedure of ...
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“There is a son born to Naomi”? But it's a grandson — what's up with that?

In chapter 4 of Rut, after Boaz performs yibum with Rut and she bears a son, it says: וַתִּקְרֶאנָה לוֹ הַשְּׁכֵנוֹת שֵׁם לֵאמֹר, יֻלַּד-בֵּן לְנָעֳמִי; וַתִּקְרֶאנָה שְׁמוֹ עוֹבֵד, הוּא אֲבִי-יִשַׁי ...
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225 views

Would Israel's sibling nation do Yibbum?

If Klal Yisrael would all die, ch"v, then would Edom become obligated in Tora uMitzvot because of Yibbum? (because Jacob's/Israel's brother is Esav, Edom.) Or would chalitzah happen because no other ...