Questions tagged [yetziat-mitzrayim]

The redemption of the Jewish People from slavery in Egypt; performed by G-d through Moses.

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1answer
196 views

How old was Pharaoh relative to Moses?

BSD We know Moses was raised in Pharaoh's kingdom. From Exodus 7:7 we know Moshe was around 80 when he lead the Jewish people out of Egypt. But how old was Pharaoh during all of this?
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Why were the plagues necessary if God hardened Pharaoh's heart?

The Torah tells us that God hardened Pharaoh's heart so that he would not let the Israelites go. [Ex. Ch. 4-14] Some commentators [e.g., Sforno] explain that this was in order to allow Pharaoh to ...
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3answers
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How many Jews were in Egypt before the Exodus?

In Sanhedrin 111a, we read: It is taught in a baraita with regard to the few that are destined to be redeemed: Rav Simai says that it is stated: “And I will take you to Me as a people” (Exodus 6:7),...
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108 views

Did the Israelites erase their tracks from Egypt to Eretz Yisrael?

I remember reading that Moses gave one tribe of Israel the task of erasing every trace of the Israelites' journey from Egypt to the Promised Land. Is this accurate, what is the source, and what would ...
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1answer
48 views

Why does the Torah repeat 20 times that God hardened Pharaoh's heart?

The Torah tells us twenty times, in the space of just a few pages [Ex. Ch. 4-14], that God hardened Pharaoh's heart so that he would not let the Israelites go. Why this emphatic insistence on this ...
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56 views

Why does Pharaoh put Joseph in charge of Egypt?

Pharaoh hears that Joseph successfully interprets dreams. He summons him, and Joseph tells him that his dream means 7 years of plenty followed by 7 years of famine. So Pharaoh orders that food be ...
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The Orchos Tzaddikim in Shaar HaSimcha: What does Purim have to do with remembering the Exodus?

The Orchos Tzaddikim in the end of Shaar HaSimcha writes: (Source from Sefaria.org) גם צריך לשמוח בשבתות וימים טובים ופורים, כי כולם לזכר יציאת מצרים ולזכר הנסים שהפליא עם בחיריו It is also ...
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What happened to the Mixed Multitude?

When the people of Israel left Egypt they did not leave alone. They left with a mixed multitude of many people (Exodus 12:38). What happened to the mixed multitude in the desert and, specifically, ...
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Expel them or kill them?

In some places the Torah tells the Israelites about to enter the Land of Israel to expel all its inhabitants. For example, in Numbers 33:52-33:55: You shall drive out all the inhabitants of the ...
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Why is the narrative of Moses growing up in Pharaoh's house important?

I begin with the assertion that nothing is arbitrary in the Torah and the history followed the big plan as envisioned by the Creator. The narrative of Moses' origin is fascinating but its necessity ...
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84 views

No issue of techum during kriyas yam suf

The Torah says that the sea formed a wall to the left and right of the Jews. The Midrash clarifies that it became a solid wall. The Chasam Sofer (to be precise, his grandson), to resolve a different ...
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Why aren't the walls also made of Schach?

The Gemmorah learns the obligation of Succah from the Clouds of Glory that surrounded the Jewish people on Exodus (and later). It also learns (at least one opinion) that the Schach must resemble a ...
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Why don't we say “this is a Succah our forefathers used in Exodus”

On the Seder Night, we say הא לחמא עניא - this is the bread our ancestors ate in Egypt. The Torah says we should sit in Succos as G-d made Succos in Exodus (Lev 23.43). לְמַעַן יֵדְעוּ דֹרֹתֵיכֶם ...
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Does Torah mention actual living in Sukkot?

IIRC, R' Akiva's view is that the Jews lived in actual Succot when exiting Egypt (Sukkah 11b "ענני כבוד היו דברי רבי אליעזר, רבי עקיבא אומר: סוכות ממש עשו להם"). But I only remember that the Torah ...
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Why was Pharaoh spared? [duplicate]

Pharaoh & many Egyptians were obviously evil men who enslaved our ancestors & foolishly refused to let them go free. Why was Pharaoh spared? As the main villain in this tragedy you’d think he ...
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What were the Hebrews' tents made out of?

There are multiple clear references to the Hebrews sleeping in tents during the Exodus. But what were they made of? Keeping in mind that they did not have lots of time to prepare for the journey (...
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After the Exodus was Egypt totally ruined or not?

We had the 10 plagues, we had the Egyptians drowned in the sea, but what's the bottom-line - was Egypt at Egyptians totally ruined and the end of the story or despite the fact that some died, Egypt ...
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178 views

Name of Pharaoh that we were enslaved to in Mitzrayim

Do we know what the name of Pharaoh (i.e. king or president) whom we were enslaved to when we were in Mitzrayim was?
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Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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Did Israelites who stayed in Egypt become halachically Jewish?

Some sources indicate that not all of the Israelites left Egypt during the Exodus. On the other hand, the initial "conversion" of the Israelites to Judaism occurred at Matan Torah at Mt. Sinai during ...
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Population of Jews at exodus seems unrealistically large [duplicate]

I am a preacher. Today I was talking with some Jews who talked about the 2.5 -3.0 million people who witnessed the miracles of the exodus. But according to my knowledge, the population of Africa at ...
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Phinehas' Birth: When could Eleazar have met one of Jetro's daughters?

He distinguished himself as a youth at Shittim with his zeal against the Heresy of Peor. This line is in multiple places, including Wikipedia and The Israel Bible. It implies that Phinehas (aka ...
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Why were the 42 journeys needed to cross the desert?

Seemingly, the travel to the promised land could necessitate only one two stops - Crossing the Red Sea and at Mt Sinai to receive the Torah. Theoretically, the next stop would be Arvot Moab, before ...
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What did the Jews do all day in the desert for 40 years?

They had food prepared for them. Rashi says that during the first and last years they had a lot of journeys. But in the middle 38 years, there were only 20 journeys. Even though that doesn't tell us ...
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Is there a source that says only 1/5th of the Jews will make it past the messiah?

I have heard an explanation, that since only 1/5th of the Jews were liberated from Egypt in the Bible, so too only 1/5th of us Jews will survive the eventual redemption. Is this true, and if it is, ...
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Did any 100 y.o. Exodus survivors enter the Promised Land?

IIRC the decree of dying in the desert was limited for those aged 20-60 at the Exodus. Of those who were 60 at that time and 100 at the entering of the Land, did they all die in the decree, or did ...
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What about Yetziat Mitzrayim should I remember?

One of the שש זכירות requires that I remember the Exodus from Egypt (זכירת יציאת מצרים). According to the linked Wiki document, in an effort to fulfill (לְמַעַן תִּזְכֹּר אֶת יוֹם צֵאתְךָ מֵאֶרֶץ ...
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Did the Israelites train for war in the desert?

During their forty-year trek in the desert, the Israelites knew they would have to fight their way into their promised land. Did they train for war during that time? Being former slaves, they had no ...
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How many erev rav people were there?

How many erev rav people came out with Moshe from Egypt (Ex. 12:38)? Was it a few thousand only or more? Please source.
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How long was the period of Oppression

How can Genesis 15:13 says that the Israelites were enslaved for 400 years? Genesis 41:46 states that Joseph was 30 when he came to power: “Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of ...
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1answer
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Question about Shemot, locusts

I have a question that I've asked to multiple rabbis but that remains unanswered: Dear Rabbi:  Question about Parasha. In Exodus 10:19 the locusts enter the Red Sea. What is the connection ...
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1answer
110 views

Why did we deserve 400 years?

After Avraham's mistake of asking "How will I know?" (Nedarim 32a - ושמואל אמר מפני שהפריז על מדותיו של הקב"ה שנאמר במה אדע כי אירשנה), his great grandchildren needed 400 years of slavery. ...
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Where did the first parah adumah come from?

The first mishna in Parah talks about the age that a cow can be and still be valid as a parah adumah: רבי אליעזר אומר עגלה בת שנתה ופרה בת שתים וחכ"א עגלה בת שתים ופרה בת שלש או בת ארבע ר"מ אומר אף ...
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Melachot on the original Shabbat Hagadol

I have been informed, this morning, from two different sources, that the original Shabbat Hagadol was the Shabbat on the 10th of Nissan when the Children of Israel were preparing for the Exodus. They ...
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Why did the ploy to get Mitzraim to come to the sea require Ba'al Tzefon's existence and Bnei Yisrael's wandering aimlessly?

Shemos 14:1-4: וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃ דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיָשֻׁבוּ וְיַחֲנוּ לִפְנֵי פִּי הַחִירֹת בֵּין מִגְדֹּל וּבֵין הַיָּם לִפְנֵי בַּעַל צְפֹן נִכְחוֹ תַחֲנוּ עַל־...
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Divine Name of Ehy-eh Asher Ehy-eh

Shemot 3:14 speaks about one of the name of Hashem called Eh-yeh Asher Eh-yeh. How does this name go along with the redemtion from egypt? Why specifically this name is used?
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According to Seder Olam Rabbah, when did Bnei Yisrael travel to Refidim?

According to the chronology I cite here from Seder Olam Rabbah ch. 5, ומאילם נסעו לאלוש, שנאמר ויסעו מאילם ויבאו כל עדת בני ישראל אל מדבר סין (שמות טז א) (הוא אלוש) בחמשה עשר יום לחדש השני לצאתם ...
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Timeline of Egypt to Sinai

Does anyone know of a source with an account of what happened each day of the journey from Yetzias Mitzrayim to Har Sinai?
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“They could have walked out of Egypt” Source?

I have heard on multiple occasions of a Chazal that states something along the lines of: "Had Binei Yisroel merited/been righteous enough, they could have walked out of Egypt." There are a number of ...
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How far was the basket away from Batya?

Midrashim says that the basket in which Moshe Rabbeinu was there was far away from batya. She reached our her hands which became elongated. How far exactly was the basket away from Batya?
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Why did Batya get tzaraat?

Midrashim says that Batya got tzaraat, so she use to go to the river nile to feel better after washing. why did she get tzaraat?
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4answers
260 views

Go out to receive the Torah then come back to convert Egypt

I just heard from my uncle a novel idea about the Exodus. Apparently, the original intention was for the Jews to go out of Egypt to receive the Torah, and then come back to convert the Egyptians. I'...
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Egyptians guarding Israelites

Rabbi Zitron quotes that there are twentyfour different types of ways to protect the jews from escaping. (It may be a bit irritating seeing my questions always quoting from lectures from youtube. I ...
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1answer
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Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
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1answer
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Shemot 3:12 v.s. covenant with Avraham

In different commentaries about the verse of Shemot 3:12, I've read that the entire purpose of leaving Egypt was in order that Bnei Yisrael would come to Har Sinai and accept the Torah (to serve Him ...
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140 views

“ויחזק” Vs “ויכבד”

Throughout Parshat Vaeira, Bo, and Beshalach, these two phrases are interchangeably employed. Either Pharoah's heart is "strengthened"- "החזיק", or "heavy"- "כבד" (obviously these are loose ...
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How could a month-old at the time of the half-shekel donation have been through the sea?

The commentary of Haamek Davar to the first few verses of Ki Sisa (Exodus 30:11–16) explains that they refer to two different obligatory donations. Each was half a shekel per person, and each served ...
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83 views

Was Moshe punished for converting the Erev Rav?

Does anything in the Torah mention that Moshe was punished for converting the Erev Rav and taking them out of Egypt?
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101 views

Why do we quote the story of Rav Elazar Ben Azaryah in the Haggadah?

In the Haggadah, following the story of the five sages in Benei Berak, we quote the following Mishna (Brachos 1:5) אמר רבי אלעזר בן עזריה: הרי אני כבן שבעים שנה, ולא זכיתי שתיאמר יציאת מצרים ...
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1answer
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Israel in Egypt after being freed but before the Exodus?

One of Artscroll's "Daily Dose of Torah" books, on parshat Vaera, says that the Israelites stayed in Egypt for a significant period of time after being freed from slavery but before the Exodus. I ...