Questions tagged [yetziat-mitzrayim]

The redemption of the Jewish People from slavery in Egypt; performed by G-d through Moses.

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26
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9answers
3k views

Archeological proof of Exodus?

Is there empirical proof that the exodus from Egypt and related happenings (like Har Sinai etc) did in fact occur (i.e: Archeological proof)? I believe in the Torah, but how would you prove to someone ...
23
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6answers
3k views

Moshe's age and the timeline of the exodus

Moshe was 80 when he approached Par'o before the makos, and the makos lasted a year, so he turned 81 in the Adar before the Jews left Mitzrayim. As he turned 120 in the Adar before the Jews entered ...
19
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1answer
828 views

Critical Jewish analysis of the Ipuwer papyrus

I just stumbled across information about the Ipuwer papyrus, and I was wondering how many Jewish Egyptologists have had an opportunity to review and study it at length. Other than this very brief ...
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8answers
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“If God had not delivered us from Egypt we would still be slaves”? Really?

One part of the Pesach seder that has always bothered me is saying that if God had not taken us out of Mitzrayim at that time we would still be slaves today. This seems lacking in faith in God; ...
15
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3answers
470 views

Was Moshe decieving Pharoh, or was the original “Exodus” from Egypt meant to be temporary?

Inspired/based on this question, I was surprised to see that the following hasn't yet been asked here: Moshe is told by God (Shemos 3:18) to request of Pharoh that the Jews leave for three days, and ...
13
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2answers
840 views

Jews were on 49th level of Tumah. Says who?

There is a well known idea that when the Jews left Egypt during the Exodus, they were on the "forty-ninth level of tumah". Many explanations are given for this and it is expounded upon at length by a ...
12
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7answers
2k views

Why do we link Shabbat with the Exodus from Egypt?

My four-year-old son asked me this right after Kiddush on Friday night (more or less verbatim): Why do you say "Mitzrayim" in Kiddush every week? "Mitzrayim" is a Pesach word! In other words, why ...
12
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1answer
762 views

Where did the Egyptians get the wealth they brought to the sea?

In Shemot 15:22, Rashi says: Moses led Israel away: lit., made Israel journey. He led them away against their will, for the Egyptians had adorned their steeds with ornaments of gold, silver, and ...
12
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2answers
218 views

Where did the first parah adumah come from?

The first mishna in Parah talks about the age that a cow can be and still be valid as a parah adumah: רבי אליעזר אומר עגלה בת שנתה ופרה בת שתים וחכ"א עגלה בת שתים ופרה בת שלש או בת ארבע ר"מ אומר אף ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Is there a source that says only 1/5th of the Jews will make it past the messiah?

I have heard an explanation, that since only 1/5th of the Jews were liberated from Egypt in the Bible, so too only 1/5th of us Jews will survive the eventual redemption. Is this true, and if it is, ...
10
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3answers
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What did the Jews do all day in the desert for 40 years?

They had food prepared for them. Rashi says that during the first and last years they had a lot of journeys. But in the middle 38 years, there were only 20 journeys. Even though that doesn't tell us ...
9
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7answers
801 views

Was Kriyas Yam Suf difficult?

The gemora in Pesachim 118a says "קשין מזונותיו של אדם כקריעת ים סוף", and there is a similar expression in Sota 2a and Sanhedrin 22a "קשה לזווגן כקריעת ים סוף". What exactly was difficult about ...
9
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2answers
100 views

How is Rosh Hashanah a remembrance of leaving Mitzraim?

On all Yamim Tovim, we (this is the Ashkenazic formulation) say the following formulation in the middle Bracha of Shemoneh Esrei: ותתן לנו ה׳ אלקינו באהבה את יום ... הזה ... מקרא קדש זכר ליציאת ...
9
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3answers
343 views

Were the eirev rav Jewish?

Were the eirev rav Jewish? If they were in fact Jewish why are they described by the term eirev rav instead of just referring to them as we would any other Jew? If they were not Jewish why were they ...
9
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1answer
123 views

Why is remembering the Exodus fulfilled by Shema and not first parashah of tefillin or Song of the Sea?

I was taught we fulfill the daily commandment to remember the exodus from Egypt at the end of the Shema, when we read: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם ...
9
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0answers
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What about Yetziat Mitzrayim should I remember?

One of the שש זכירות requires that I remember the Exodus from Egypt (זכירת יציאת מצרים). According to the linked Wiki document, in an effort to fulfill (לְמַעַן תִּזְכֹּר אֶת יוֹם צֵאתְךָ מֵאֶרֶץ ...
8
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5answers
195 views

Why strong wind when splitting the sea?

The verses describing the splitting of the Yam Suf (Reed Sea) say a strong wind blew overnight before the sea split. To me, this implies a gradual process of moving a great deal of water. On the ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Ten plagues of Egypt: hail and pestilence

According to Moses, the fifth plague of Egypt killed all livestock except that of Israel. If all were killed, then why did Moses warn the Pharaoh to bring his cattle to shelter before the hail? The ...
8
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3answers
138 views

In front of Moshe, why not all of Klal Yisrael?

We say in Tefillas Maariv בוקע ים לפני משה that the sea split before Moshe. Why does it say "lifnei Moshe" (in front of Moshe) wasn't it lifnei (in front of) all of Klal Yisrael (the Jews)?
7
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1answer
277 views

Question about Shemot, locusts

I have a question that I've asked to multiple rabbis but that remains unanswered: Dear Rabbi:  Question about Parasha. In Exodus 10:19 the locusts enter the Red Sea. What is the connection ...
7
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3answers
129 views

“ויחזק” Vs “ויכבד”

Throughout Parshat Vaeira, Bo, and Beshalach, these two phrases are interchangeably employed. Either Pharoah's heart is "strengthened"- "החזיק", or "heavy"- "כבד" (obviously these are loose ...
7
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1answer
417 views

Is there any tradition of any Jews leaving Mitzrayim before the Exodus

Is there any tradition of Israelites leaving Mitzrayim before the Exodus? Moses fled Egypt on his own. Was this a unique occurrence, or is it safe to assume this was a regular thing? If it ever ...
7
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2answers
160 views

Did the people of Israel know they would get the Torah?

When we think about the desert of Sinai our mind thinks straight away to "Kabalat Torah". This looks like the biggest thing that our people had when they left Egypt. It is almost as if the people of ...
7
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1answer
142 views

If only 1/5th of the Jews left Mitzrayim, how could they be happy?

Unless the 4/5th who died were completely separate set of families from those who left, each family that left would probably have lost a significant number of close family members. Would it not then ...
7
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1answer
112 views

Uses of the word Etzem

In Shmot 12:41, we are told that the people left Egypt on that very day בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה with Etzem referring to the specific and exact day. Later, 12:46, in the laws of Pesach, we are ...
7
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1answer
223 views

From where do the maps of Kriyas Yam Suf come?

I have seen many maps showing where the Jews crossed "Yam Suf" (Usually translated as the Red Sea). Then they show where the Jews traveled, where is Mt. Sinai, where did the Jews encamp, etc. Where ...
7
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3answers
209 views

Did Israelites who stayed in Egypt become halachically Jewish?

Some sources indicate that not all of the Israelites left Egypt during the Exodus. On the other hand, the initial "conversion" of the Israelites to Judaism occurred at Matan Torah at Mt. Sinai during ...
7
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1answer
178 views

Belief in the Exodus

Recently, someone who presents himself as a religious member of Jewish society told me that he feels it doesn't matter if the story of the Exodus actually happened, and can be viewed as a nice ...
6
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5answers
391 views

“Moshe cried out” - really?

In Parashat Va-eira, Pharaoh, plagued with frogs, asks Moshe and Aharon to "entreat" God to remove the plague and says that he'll respond by releasing the Israelites. Moshe agrees, and then we have (...
6
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4answers
1k views

Many Jews died in Plague of Darkness, why not Dathan and Abiram?

Some say only 1/5, others say 1/50 and others say 1/500 of the Israelites left Egypt. This means between 80-99.8% of Jews (the reshaim who did not merit or want the Redemption from Egypt) died, ...
6
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3answers
101 views

Why do we quote the story of Rav Elazar Ben Azaryah in the Haggadah?

In the Haggadah, following the story of the five sages in Benei Berak, we quote the following Mishna (Brachos 1:5) אמר רבי אלעזר בן עזריה: הרי אני כבן שבעים שנה, ולא זכיתי שתיאמר יציאת מצרים ...
6
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4answers
463 views

'Goshen' was where?

Tonight I thought occurred to me regarding Yosef going to meet Yaakov for the first time in Egypt. It depended on where Goshen was, which I thought was south of the main then center of Egypt. I could ...
6
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1answer
204 views

Children of the Exodus (families, names, ages)

I hope my question will not be considered too broad. I am writing young adult fiction taking place during the Exodus (from just before the 10th plague until just after the giving of the second set of ...
6
votes
2answers
220 views

Why did the Bnei Yisroel deviate from God's command to ask for gold and silver?

Hashem told The Bnei Yisroel to ask the Egyptians for "silver and gold" in Shemos, Chapter 11, Verse 2: Please, speak into the ears of the people, and let them borrow, each man from his friend and ...
6
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1answer
140 views

Phinehas' Birth: When could Eleazar have met one of Jetro's daughters?

He distinguished himself as a youth at Shittim with his zeal against the Heresy of Peor. This line is in multiple places, including Wikipedia and The Israel Bible. It implies that Phinehas (aka ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How old was Pharoah when he died?

According to some opinions, Pharoah was the same from when Yosef went to Mitzrayim until Krias Yam Suf, and he was the king in Ninveh when Yonah went to warm them of their immoral behavior (Yalkut ...
5
votes
2answers
104 views

What can we learn from the Jews being commanded to put blood on the doorposts of their homes in Egypt?

What can we learn from the Jews being commanded to put blood on the doorposts of their homes in Egypt? The Torah is nitzchis (eternal) but here we have a mitzvah which was specifically given for one ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

What were the Hebrews' tents made out of?

There are multiple clear references to the Hebrews sleeping in tents during the Exodus. But what were they made of? Keeping in mind that they did not have lots of time to prepare for the journey (...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Were Children of Israel killed in the plague of the firstborn?

We know from Torah that all B'nai Israel who: Ate the Passover lamb Did not eat leavening (bread and beer) Were inside at midnight (and stayed inside until morning) Were in a house whose doorposts ...
5
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1answer
96 views

What were the scrolls that the Jews had in Egypt fortelling of the forthcoming redemption?

I was reading Rav Melamed's Peninei Halacha, the Shabbat volume, and on page 5 he mentions that when the Jews were slaves in Egypt they had scrolls (megillot) in their possession telling of the ...
5
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1answer
107 views

Placing blood of Korban Pesach on One Doorway or All Doorways

In Egypt, prior to Yetzias Mitzrayim (the Exodus), was the mitzvah of placing the blood of the korban Pesach on the doorposts applicable to all the doorways of the house or only on one of the doorways?...
5
votes
2answers
280 views

Have Egyptian paintings of the exodus been discovered? (some claim they are shown in this book)

I was in shul on this past tikkun leil shavuot, as they had some interesting shiurim. They had a rabbi associated with aish there, I don't recall who it was, and he gave a talk about archaeology and ...
5
votes
1answer
587 views

What happened to the Mixed Multitude?

When the people of Israel left Egypt they did not leave alone. They left with a mixed multitude of many people (Exodus 12:38). What happened to the mixed multitude in the desert and, specifically, ...
4
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1answer
97 views

was paroh the same paroh during the 210 years

Was Paroh at the start the same as the one when it says "there arose a new king" (Exodus 1: 8)? How many parohs were there during the 210 years.
4
votes
1answer
196 views

The Frogs Plague [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: “Moshe cried out” - really? For this plague, the posuk says Moshe left and "cried out" (tzoak) to God that the plague should stop. Why did this plague affect the ...
4
votes
3answers
94 views

Why were our slavery and Exodus necessary to become a nation that would serve G-d?

In an article I found online, the following gave me pause: As our 'ye'ud' - our destiny - is to become a nation that will serve Him, G-d found it necessary to send us down to Egypt in order that He ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

What happened to the spoils from Egypt?

According to Pesachim 119a, Yosef collected all the wealth of the world during the famine and b'nei Yisrael took all of it out during the exodus. The g'mara then traces what happened to it from there:...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
4
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1answer
136 views

Timeline of Egypt to Sinai

Does anyone know of a source with an account of what happened each day of the journey from Yetzias Mitzrayim to Har Sinai?
4
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1answer
161 views

Were the there only 55 שמיטה years between the Exodus and the First Temple?

The sefer Sifsei Cohen (not to be confused with the commentary on the Shulchan Aruch) on VaYetzeh, Beraishis 28:13 writes the following: ואמר הארץ אשר אתה שוכב עליה לך אתננה...עוד אתננה אתן נה פי׳ ...