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Questions tagged [yetziat-mitzrayim]

The redemption of the Jewish People from slavery in Egypt; performed by G-d through Moses.

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How old was Pharaoh relative to Moses?

BSD We know Moses was raised in Pharaoh's kingdom. From Exodus 7:7 we know Moshe was around 80 when he lead the Jewish people out of Egypt. But how old was Pharaoh during all of this?
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3answers
84 views

Why do we quote the story of Rav Elazar Ben Azaryah in the Haggadah?

In the Haggadah, following the story of the five sages in Benei Berak, we quote the following Mishna (Brachos 1:5) אמר רבי אלעזר בן עזריה: הרי אני כבן שבעים שנה, ולא זכיתי שתיאמר יציאת מצרים ...
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2answers
158 views

How long was the period of Oppression

How can Genesis 15:13 says that the Israelites were enslaved for 400 years? Genesis 41:46 states that Joseph was 30 when he came to power: “Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Israel in Egypt after being freed but before the Exodus?

One of Artscroll's "Daily Dose of Torah" books, on parshat Vaera, says that the Israelites stayed in Egypt for a significant period of time after being freed from slavery but before the Exodus. I ...
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2answers
92 views

How is Rosh Hashanah a remembrance of leaving Mitzraim?

On all Yamim Tovim, we (this is the Ashkenazic formulation) say the following formulation in the middle Bracha of Shemoneh Esrei: ותתן לנו ה׳ אלקינו באהבה את יום ... הזה ... מקרא קדש זכר ליציאת ...
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6answers
3k views

Moshe's age and the timeline of the exodus

Moshe was 80 when he approached Par'o before the makos, and the makos lasted a year, so he turned 81 in the Adar before the Jews left Mitzrayim. As he turned 120 in the Adar before the Jews entered ...
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3answers
412 views

Was Moshe decieving Pharoh, or was the original “Exodus” from Egypt meant to be temporary?

Inspired/based on this question, I was surprised to see that the following hasn't yet been asked here: Moshe is told by God (Shemos 3:18) to request of Pharoh that the Jews leave for three days, and ...
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2answers
127 views

Were Children of Israel killed in the plague of the firstborn?

We know from Torah that all B'nai Israel who: Ate the Passover lamb Did not eat leavening (bread and beer) Were inside at midnight (and stayed inside until morning) Were in a house whose doorposts ...
4
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1answer
439 views

What happened to the Mixed Multitude?

When the people of Israel left Egypt they did not leave alone. They left with a mixed multitude of many people (Exodus 12:38). What happened to the mixed multitude in the desert and, specifically, ...
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7answers
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Why do we link Shabbat with the Exodus from Egypt?

My four-year-old son asked me this right after Kiddush on Friday night (more or less verbatim): Why do you say "Mitzrayim" in Kiddush every week? "Mitzrayim" is a Pesach word! In other words, why ...
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1answer
41 views

Was Moses asking for problems by leaving the Israelites alone so soon after coming out of Egypt?

My understanding is the Moses went up the Mountain to get the 10 Commandments exactly 3 months after leaving Egypt, and a week or so later went up again for 40 (on g-ds command) days without out ...
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1answer
79 views

What were the scrolls that the Jews had in Egypt fortelling of the forthcoming redemption?

I was reading Rav Melamed's Peninei Halacha, the Shabbat volume, and on page 5 he mentions that when the Jews were slaves in Egypt they had scrolls (megillot) in their possession telling of the ...
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1answer
192 views

Children of the Exodus (families, names, ages)

I hope my question will not be considered too broad. I am writing young adult fiction taking place during the Exodus (from just before the 10th plague until just after the giving of the second set of ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Sources for the location of the Red Sea

I am looking for Jewish sources that touch on the question of where (on a modern map) the crossing of the Red Sea (Sea of Reeds) took place. In my research, I'm finding several possible locations, ...
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0answers
28 views

Torah Format of Az Yashir [duplicate]

What is the symbolism behind the mesorah (why is the mesorah to write the words this way) to write Az Yashir in the format seen here and below - especially since the standard shira format looks more ...
2
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1answer
61 views

What date was the crossing of the Red Sea?

Some dates relating to Exodus are in the Book of Exodus, others are in other Books of Torah, or elsewhere in the Bible. And some are speculative, with evidence from a variety of sources. Note: I'm ...
3
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1answer
61 views

How is a reference to Egypt comforting when the concern is that the enemy is many?

In the beginning of Ekev, Moshe describes wonderful things that will befall the Jews when they adhere to God's will. It says among them (7:16–19) that "you shall consume all the peoples…. ...
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2answers
60 views

What is the significance behind God splitting the seas?

I heard from one of my rebbeim that the inifinite God has an infinite amount of ways of performing any given task. With that in mind, it is interesting to note that twice in the Tanach, God splits the ...
2
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5answers
792 views

Midrashic sources regarding the Sea splitting into twelve paths

Tehilim 136:13 says: לְגֹזֵר יַם סוּף לִגְזָרִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ To Him Who cut the Sea of Reeds asunder, for His kindness is eternal. Rashi's commentary indicates that this is ...
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2answers
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How far did the mixed multitude went along [duplicate]

I would like to ask a short question about Shemot 12:38, at the time of the Exodus there was a mixed multitude which went up with the Israelities. How far did this mixed multitude went along? Did ...
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3answers
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The Orchos Tzaddikim in Shaar HaSimcha: What does Purim have to do with remembering the Exodus?

The Orchos Tzaddikim in the end of Shaar HaSimcha writes: (Source from Sefaria.org) גם צריך לשמוח בשבתות וימים טובים ופורים, כי כולם לזכר יציאת מצרים ולזכר הנסים שהפליא עם בחיריו It is also ...
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0answers
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No issue of techum during kriyas yam suf

The Torah says that the sea formed a wall to the left and right of the Jews. The Midrash clarifies that it became a solid wall. The Chasam Sofer, to resolve a different issue, says that since the ...
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0answers
64 views

Why did we deserve 400 years?

After Avraham's mistake of asking "How will I know?" (Nedarim 32a - ושמואל אמר מפני שהפריז על מדותיו של הקב"ה שנאמר במה אדע כי אירשנה), his great grandchildren needed 400 years of slavery. ...
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1answer
53 views

The signs at the burning bush

In the book of shemot (chapter 4:9) hashem demonstrates to Moshe 3 separate miracles as proof that he appeared to him. The third one involving water from the Nile being transformed into blood. Is ...
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2answers
741 views

Jews were on 49th level of Tumah. Says who?

There is a well known idea that when the Jews left Egypt during the Exodus, they were on the "forty-ninth level of tumah". Many explanations are given for this and it is expounded upon at length by a ...
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1answer
103 views

Uses of the word Etzem

In Shmot 12:41, we are told that the people left Egypt on that very day בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה with Etzem referring to the specific and exact day. Later, 12:46, in the laws of Pesach, we are ...
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1answer
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Eating/Drinking while standing - Seder?

Edited for clarity: The question providing a source to the prohibition of eating and drinking while standing has been discussed here and in subsequent links. In both posts phenomenal sources were ...
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5answers
174 views

Why strong wind when splitting the sea?

The verses describing the splitting of the Yam Suf (Reed Sea) say a strong wind blew overnight before the sea split. To me, this implies a gradual process of moving a great deal of water. On the ...
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7answers
685 views

Was Kriyas Yam Suf difficult?

The gemora in Pesachim 118a says "קשין מזונותיו של אדם כקריעת ים סוף", and there is a similar expression in Sota 2a and Sanhedrin 22a "קשה לזווגן כקריעת ים סוף". What exactly was difficult about ...
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1answer
53 views

“One in 5, one in 50, two in 600,000” - can this be called a Geulah?

Different Midrashim give different estimates on the number of Jews actually exiting Egypt, ranging from one in 5 (חמושים) and up to 2 in 600,000, the rest dying in the Plague of Darkness. I was ...
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4answers
126 views

Why was it important for the Jews to leave Mitzraim with רכוש גדול?

Why did the Jews have to leave Egypt with רכוש גדול? What was the significance of the Bnei Yisroel asking the Egyptians for silver, gold? (Shemos 11:2)
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1answer
123 views

How did our forefathers bake the dough they took out of Egypt? Would it qualify as matzo now?

Shmos 12 (39) says: “They baked the dough that they had taken out of Egypt as unleavened cakes, for it had not leavened, for they were driven out of Egypt, and they could not tarry, and also, ...
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1answer
107 views

Why is remembering the Exodus fulfilled by Shema and not first parashah of tefillin or Song of the Sea?

I was taught we fulfill the daily commandment to remember the exodus from Egypt at the end of the Shema, when we read: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם ...
3
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2answers
152 views

Name of Pharaoh that we were enslaved to in Mitzrayim

Do we know what the name of Pharaoh (i.e. king or president) whom we were enslaved to when we were in Mitzrayim was?
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1answer
44 views

Looking for Midrash which says Pharaoh was not a firstborn

I remember learning some time ago about Pharaoh during the time of Yetizias Mitzrayim not being a first born because he slayed all of his brothers to become king, but now I can't find it. Could ...
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2answers
253 views

Have Egyptian paintings of the exodus been discovered? (some claim they are shown in this book)

I was in shul on this past tikkun leil shavuot, as they had some interesting shiurim. They had a rabbi associated with aish there, I don't recall who it was, and he gave a talk about archaeology and ...
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0answers
36 views

Earliest Source for 210-215 Year Sojourn in Egypt

Somewhat related to How long was the period of Oppression and 400 Years in Egypt (?) A stream of major commentators have given periods such as 210 or 215 years for the length of time in Egypt. ...
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2answers
64 views

(where) does Rashi say the shibud Mitsrayim was for 113 years [of which the last 86 were the קושי השעבוד]

where does Rashi say [if at all] the shibud Mitsrayim was for 113 years [of which the last 86 were the קושי השעבוד]
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3answers
93 views

Why were our slavery and Exodus necessary to become a nation that would serve G-d?

In an article I found online, the following gave me pause: As our 'ye'ud' - our destiny - is to become a nation that will serve Him, G-d found it necessary to send us down to Egypt in order that He ...
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0answers
37 views

“They could have walked out of Egypt” Source?

I have heard on multiple occasions of a Chazal that states something along the lines of: "Had Binei Yisroel merited/been righteous enough, they could have walked out of Egypt." There are a number of ...
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1answer
131 views

If only 1/5th of the Jews left Mitzrayim, how could they be happy?

Unless the 4/5th who died were completely separate set of families from those who left, each family that left would probably have lost a significant number of close family members. Would it not then ...
4
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1answer
121 views

What happened to the spoils from Egypt?

According to Pesachim 119a, Yosef collected all the wealth of the world during the famine and b'nei Yisrael took all of it out during the exodus. The g'mara then traces what happened to it from there:...
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0answers
39 views

Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
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2answers
194 views

Where did the first parah adumah come from?

The first mishna in Parah talks about the age that a cow can be and still be valid as a parah adumah: רבי אליעזר אומר עגלה בת שנתה ופרה בת שתים וחכ"א עגלה בת שתים ופרה בת שלש או בת ארבע ר"מ אומר אף ...
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0answers
70 views

Why is the actual length of Galus Mitzraim not mentioned in the Torah?

Chazal expound that the Jews were in Mitzraim for 210 years (see Rashi to Bereishis 42:2, and to Avodah Zarah 9a). Why is this figure mentioned nowhere explicitly, especially when other numbers are (...
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votes
9answers
3k views

Archeological proof of Exodus?

Is there empirical proof that the exodus from Egypt and related happenings (like Har Sinai etc) did in fact occur (i.e: Archeological proof)? I believe in the Torah, but how would you prove to someone ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Watching the movie “The Ten Commandments”

Is the movie "The Ten Commandments" a good movie if someone is looking for a basic idea of what happened to the Jews in Egypt and in their departure from Egypt. Is it based only on the Old Testament ...
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2answers
108 views

Explanation needed - Rambam Mishnah Brachos 1:5

I am trying to understand the Rambam Peirush HaMishnayos to Brachos 1:5, but I am having trouble fitting an understanding into the words. I need this done by Tuesday night for I am meant to be ...
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1answer
75 views

Did Mitzri documents ever mention Yetzias Mitzraim?

Are there any Egyptian writings/sources from the time of Yetzias Mitzraim that mention the Makkos?
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1answer
89 views

Spiritual meaning of splitting of sea?

In this video: Can someone explain what he says about the splitting of the sea was really a splitting of spiritual "words" Where exactly are these words and how can they "split"?