Questions tagged [words]

Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

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62 views

Was there nothing Tov about Shabbat?

During creation, many of the days have the phrase "vayar Elokim ki tov" after some aspect of the creation on that day. The second day does not -- the Stone edition mentions a Rashi that the term ...
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38 views

To form, different roots

Are the roots צור (to form, shape, fashion) יצר (to create) and צר (to shape, form, model) related or do they just share similar meanings? Are there any commentaries, scriptures, that connect these ...
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257 views

How did the word Yetzer begot it's meaning of inclination?

Looking for the connection of Yetzer and the translation as inclanation, I was surprised that almost every Hebrew word derived from the same root had to do with creating. So how did a word (from a ...
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65 views

Spelling ירושלים as ירושלם [duplicate]

In almost all cases, I have seen the word "Yerushalayim" spelled like this: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם. However, sometimes I have seen it spelled like this: יְרוּשָׁלִַם, missing a י between the ל and the ם. Is ...
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1answer
74 views

What's the difference in the terms עָוֺן פֶּשַׁע חַטָּאָה in Exodus 34:6-7

Exodus 34:6-7 says, וַיַּעֲבֹ֨ר יְהוָ֥ה ׀ עַל־פָּנָיו֮ וַיִּקְרָא֒ יְהוָ֣ה ׀ יְהוָ֔ה אֵ֥ל רַח֖וּם וְחַנּ֑וּן אֶ֥רֶךְ אַפַּ֖יִם וְרַב־חֶ֥סֶד וֶאֱמֶֽת ׀ נֹצֵ֥ר חֶ֙סֶד֙ לָאֲלָפִ֔ים נֹשֵׂ֥א עָוֺ֛ן ...
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132 views

Source for not saying Mazel Tov when pregnant

There seems to be a custom of not saying Mazel Tov on hearing news or observing that someone is pregnant (there are even those that correct others that say Mazel Tov). Instead they say Beshaah Tovah, ...
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101 views

Hell or something else: גהנום/ גהנם and שאול what are these?

'Hell' as described in most dictionaries doesn't seem to be the right translation. Yet a lot of translations of the Tanakh uses this word to translate words such as Sheol and Gehinom ( גהנום/ גהנם and ...
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1answer
61 views

The afflicted, poor and humble a reference to the command to afflict oneself on Yom Kippur

How do we know that 'v'initem' (Leviticus 16:31) includes fasting in the context of Yom Kippur? How does this usage relate to usage of the word, or related words, in other contexts? Some food for ...
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1answer
49 views

Does the term “G-d” (i.e Elokim) include the concept of ruler?

Often times Hashem is referred to as Elokim or Elokecha and the like, (10 commandments etc.) does this term include the terms/concepts of manhig or reshuiot? In other words, could someone ...
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51 views

What's the difference between נכה and הרג?

In בראשית chapter/verse 4:15 and in various other places the words הכות) נכה) and הרג are used which both seem to be interchangeable in english translations. וַיֹּ֧אמֶר ל֣וֹ יְהוָ֗ה לָכֵן֙ כָּל ־ ...
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127 views

Does the word distribution in the Torah follow Zipfs law? [closed]

Does the word distribution in the Torah (ie the Pentateuch) follow Zipfs law where the frequency of a word's occurrence is inversely proportional to its statistical rank (ie does the 2nd most commonly ...
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1answer
106 views

What's the essence of the root עבד

The root עבד is often used as a verb in context of doing work, of service (doing work for someone), worship (doing work for a god). The noun (avodah) is used likewise. The related word עבד (eved) is ...
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49 views

In what sense is the nesher connected to geulah?

Parshas shemini lists the nesher (vulture?) as non-kosher animal. But Ieshaiahu describes the future geulah connecting the tzadikim with neshirim (ישעיה מ:לא). Also, Sforno in parshas haazinu alludes ...
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1answer
162 views

Actualizing Avodah Shebalev

Found this online: quote : As the Rav puts it, Avodah Shebalev is a constant requirement (Kiyum Hamitzvah) where Tefilah is one of many ways (Ma’aseh Hamitzvah) of actualizing it. I thought that ...
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122 views

What happened to the “D'mut”?

In Bereishit 1:26, Hashem says (all text and translation from the Chabad site's Judaica Press version) And God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness, וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה ...
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2answers
119 views

Is there an expression to thank Hashem for good news?

My friend just found out that her cancer is a treatable variety. Is there a Hebrew phrase to thank Hashem for this good news? Baruch Dayan HaEmet I believe is only for news of a death, but thanks for ...
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1answer
67 views

Is there a source in Judaism that uses the word “Mesora” to refer to the masoretic tradition?

I am familiar with the term Mesora to mean not just any tradition but particularly - Oral tradition, in the sense of, the mishna, or traditions or midrashim brought forth in the talmud. I was ...
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1answer
464 views

In RAMBAM hilchot avoda zara 9:4 What publisher or translator first changed notzrim to canaanites?

In this censored version online at chabad.org, Hilchot Avoda Zara 9:4 says: "The Canaanites are idol worshipers [sic], and Sunday is their festival..." (And it says Canaanites in both the hebrew ...
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359 views

What is “Pannag”?

In the book of Ezeqiel, chpater 27 verse 17 we read: יְהוּדָה וְאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל הֵמָּה רֹכְלָיִךְ בְּחִטֵּי מִנִּית וּפַנַּג וּדְבַשׁ וָשֶׁמֶן וָצֹרִי נָתְנוּ מַעֲרָבֵךְ. What is 'Pannag' (פנג) ...
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1answer
84 views

Words can create

I have heard that for many years. Words can create.Some say if you read Tehillim you are creating. Could someone help me with this question. Im trying to ask. Does everything we say create something?...
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1answer
162 views

What does Radak mean by מקור?

Sefer Yehoshua chapter one verse 13 reads: זָכוֹר֙ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֥ה אֶתְכֶ֛ם מֹשֶׁ֥ה עֶֽבֶד־יְהוָ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם֙ מֵנִ֣יחַ לָכֶ֔ם וְנָתַ֥ן לָכֶ֖ם אֶת־הָאָ֥רֶץ הַזֹּֽאת ...
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2answers
111 views

Different words for “desire”

In the (second presentation of the) tenth commandment (Deut 5:17), why does the Torah use two different words in Hebrew (תחמד and תתאוה) that mean almost the same thing is English ("covet" or "desire")...
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98 views

Origin for the song Bederech Hamelech

Yaakov Shwekey composed a song called Bederech Hamelech. Here are the lyrics: ומבלעדיך אין לנו מלך אין לנו מלך גואל ומושיע ומבלעדיך אין לנו מלך אין לנו מלך גואל ומושיע ומבלעדיך אין לנו מלך אין ...
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280 views

Are the talmudic “Prushim” the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
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3answers
138 views

Meaning and origin of the term המקום as one of G-d's names

The name המקום is used as a name for G-d. The word means, literally, "the place". What does this mean when referring to G-d who has no "place"? When did this term originate?
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1answer
107 views

Amount of words to speak during one's lifetime [duplicate]

I read somewhere that, "Every person is granted a certain amount of words to speak during his lifetime, except for that which pertains to Torah and mitzvos. Thus, every person can add some years to ...
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1k views

Is the title: “New” Testament offensive to Jews? Alternative neutral name?

Having lived in Israel during several periods of my life, I know that the words "Old" in the "Old Testament" and "New" in the "New Testament" are offensive to many Jews. From what I understand, it's ...
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1answer
82 views

Why is it always YHVH Elohim and not in the reverse order?

If I'm correct within the Tenach it's always the term Elohim following the term YHVH. You always read verses and phrases stating: 'YHVH Elohim' and never 'Elohim YHVH'. So why is this?
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1answer
185 views

Sources that it is also the husbands responsibility to make peace between a husband and wife (or examples where he does it)

Sources that it is also the husbands responsibility to make peace between a husband and wife (or sources of examples of where a man does it) (are we not thought the opposite, not that he should ...
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2answers
217 views

ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד after a bracha with a false statement

If we make a bracha levatala or say Hashem's name by accident, we say ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד. Is this true only if the original bracha is a valid praise of Hashem, or even if it contains false ...
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1answer
99 views

Be a blessing; what does it mean

In Bereshit (Genesis) 12:2 HaShem tells Avraham that he should be a blessing: V'heyeh Bracha: וֶהְיֵה, בְּרָכָה But what does it mean that someone is a blessing? Isn't all blessing from HaShem, the ...
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1answer
134 views

Is there a word for this concept? [closed]

I recently learned the Korean word han, which, according to Wikipedia, "denotes a collective feeling of oppression and isolation in the face of insurmountable odds (the overcoming of which is beyond ...
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1answer
86 views

Arising in the morning and baal t'shaktzu

Im learning about getting up in the morning and learned that one must wash their hands before anything else otherwise they will violate the prohibition of baal t'shaktzu? What is baal t'shaktzu?
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2answers
153 views

What does קרי mean in Parashat Bechukotai?

In Parashat Bechukotai, the word קרי comes up often to describe intransigence. What is this word? Is it ever still used?
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264 views

What does the term “glatt kosher” mean, today?

A mashgiach explained to me that the term "glatt kosher" means that the lungs of cattle and sheep (the 2 main kosher animals sold in U.S.) are smooth and do not have air pockets. I hope that I have ...
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3answers
244 views

Prayer Meditation; help understanding terms

Could someone explain the terms of kavanah, hitbodedut and hitbonenut in relation to Tefilah (prayer)? I know that these are all forms of meditation of some kind; but are they integrated in the way ...
3
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2answers
116 views

How can Nefesh mean a dead person?

In Vayikra 21:1 it's stated that one should not defile himself for any (dead) nefesh (person). How can a word like nefesh which seems to be the force that animated the body and gave it it's life, ...
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1answer
87 views

What's the difference between idol worship and star worship?

We translate עובדי עבודה זרה to mean serving an idol or idol worship. The word זר mean foreign, as in, לא יהיה אל זר, do not serve a foreign god. The word עובד כוכבים means serving the stars. What ...
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34 views

The meaning of the words קדושה or קדוש [duplicate]

Does the word קדושה or קדוש mean holiness or separate?
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2answers
105 views

What does the ramo mean by רוֹעֶה זוֹנוֹת (shepherding harlets)

I am having an argument with @user6591 here in the comments how to correctly understand it The ramo מִי שֶׁהוּא רוֹעֶה זוֹנוֹת וְאִשְׁתּוֹ קוֹבֶלֶת עָלָיו, אִם יֵשׁ עֵדוּת בַּדָּבָר, שֶׁרָאוּ ...
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1answer
143 views

Usage of “Making Aaliyah”

I had heard that "Making Aaliyah" is informally used to mean anyone going to Israel (not necessarily moving there, and not necessarily Jewish) for religious reasons. I was more recently informed that "...
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60 views

When the Gemoro answers the question לאתויי מאי is the answer complete or an example?

BACKGROUND A Mishnah may list a number of items and then follow with a general statement. For example in Shabbos 12 (4) the Mishnah says הכותב שתי אותיות בהעלם אחד - חיב. כתב בדיו, בסם, בסקרא, ...
2
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1answer
73 views

What is מדין שני בתי דינים בעיר אחת? Regarding different minhagim in New york

What did Igros Moshe 1.158 mean by the words "מדין שני בתי דינים בעיר אחת" ("from the law of two courts in one city")? What is דין שני בתי דינים בעיר אחת?
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1answer
126 views

Meaning of “Shabbatot” when it's translated as “weeks”

Vayikra 23:15 translates the word Shabbatot as 'weeks', weeks that are to be Temimot (compleet/perfect); Normally this would be from Yom Rishon till Shabbat like in the phrase: 'Yom rishon l'...
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1answer
94 views

About Va yehi in bereshit

We learn from Chazal that whenever the Torah uses the word 'vayehi', it means something significant and awful is about to happen. We find in Bereshit that when Hashem created the world and all ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Shabbat, Shabbatot, Shabbaton?

Are there any halachic implications from the Torah's choice of the terms Shabbat, Shabbatot and Shabbaton? And to what are they referring? And what does the Torah mean when it calls the Shabbat a "...
3
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2answers
500 views

Can you explain these Halachic terms please?

I'm new to this, can you please very briefly explain what these terms mean: Shinui, Makkeh Befatish, Besh'as Hadehaq, Shvut D'Shvut, Thanks in advance
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1answer
41 views

Makkot 7a: מעגילה

The Mishnah mentioned some sort of roller to spread plaster over rooftops. Why is this called מעגילה especially since it only called that way on the way down?
4
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2answers
112 views

What is Chassidut meantioned by the Misilat Yeshorim?

The Misilat Yeshorim writes: There are many who deal with Halachic discussions, others with Midrash and others with legal decisions. There are few, however, who devote thought to true ...
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86 views

Does anyone discuss the similarities between these?

I noticed that the משנה ברורה and בראשית both talk about רוח ,מים, clothing, and 'ה seeing all in the beginning. The משנה ברורה seems to be alluding to the חומש here. The first thing after the famous ...

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