Questions tagged [words]

Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

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8
votes
5answers
513 views

Is there a substantive difference in meaning when the Torah uses the Hebrew verb root דבר rather than אמר?

Is there a substantive difference in meaning when the Torah uses the Hebrew verb root דבר rather than אמר, or do they both pretty much mean "to say" or "to speak"? Do any sages see the choice of one ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Different kinds of Moshav Leitzim clowns

On Avoda Zara 18b, there's a list of multiple Moshav Leitzim examples: תנו רבנן ההולך לאיצטדינין ולכרקום וראה שם את הנחשים ואת החברין בוקיון ומוקיון ומוליון ולוליון בלורין סלגורין הרי זה מושב לצים I'...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

“דָּם נָקִי” vs. “דַּם־נָקִי”

Parashas Shof'tim, 19:10: וְלֹא יִשָּׁפֵךְ דָּם נָקִי בְּקֶרֶב אַרְצְךָ And 21:8: וְאַל־תִּתֵּן דָּם נָקִי בְּקֶרֶב עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל And then Ki Savo 27:25: לְהַכּוֹת נֶפֶשׁ דָּם נָקִי ...
8
votes
2answers
533 views

Pronunciation of Yerushalayim

In the Tanach, the word Yerushalayim is almost always written without a yud between the lamed and mem, but pronounced as if there is a patach under the lamed and a yud following it. We find though ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

What is the connection or relationship between the two vocalizations of ערב?

What is the connection between the two vocalizations of ערב? This word ערב in Exodus 12:38 is latinized as "eirev" or "erev" or "eruv" and is the exact same Hebrew ...
-2
votes
1answer
104 views

What is the correct pronunciation? 'Mesirut nefesh' or 'mesirat nefesh'? [closed]

Which is correct? Mesirut nefesh or mesirat nefesh? I have always used mesirut, but see mesirat also.
11
votes
37answers
3k views

words often mispronounced [closed]

What are some words commonly mispronounced? (Not by elision/reduction (like ה׳‎→אדְני‎) or assimilation (like תזכרו‎→תשׂכרו‎), but rather words that are pronounced wrong ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Paroh vs. Faroh in Parshat Bo

I am used to פרעה being pronounced as "Paroh" as it has been for the last few parshot, but I noticed today that in Parshat Bo (Shemot 10:11) it is to be pronounced "Faroh". What causes this change? ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What does Chaplaincy mean [closed]

I found that abroad (out of Israel) there is an intense usage of the word Chaplaincy. Does it mean Rabbanut in Hebrew? Are there Rabbis that call themselves Chaplaincy? Does this word come from ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Why is it not called a דבר שאינו מדעת?

Why is it called a דבר שאינו מתכיון. Since twice in Gemara Shabbos Rashi understanding and explaining to us what forgetting is when one leaves a rock on top of a barrel says this first on Shabbos 125b ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

What are nitzotzos?

I've begun learning the sefer Kedushas Levi and I keep coming across the concept of nitzotzos. I don't have much of a background in Hasidism, so I don't quite understand what it is. As far as I can ...
2
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0answers
129 views

Does ehad mean “one” or “first” when used together with “rishon”?

How should ehad be translated in this phrase and why? וְשַׂ֣ר׀ מַלְכ֣וּת פָּרַ֗ס עֹמֵ֤ד לְנֶגְדִּי֙ עֶשְׂרִ֣ים וְאֶחָ֣ד י֔וֹם וְהִנֵּ֣ה מִֽיכָאֵ֗ל אַחַ֛ד הַשָּׂרִ֥ים הָרִאשֹׁנִ֖ים בָּ֣א לְעָזְרֵ֑נִי ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

How many words are there in Tanach?

How many letters are in the Torah? How many words are in the Torah? How many verses are in the Torah? How many chapters are in the Torah? How many letters, words, verses, and chapters are in every ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

What is Shabbat Treat and what is its Hebrew equivalent? [closed]

I found Jewish people use the phrase "Shabbat Treat". What does it mean and what is the origin of this phrase. Does it have any connection to Torte cake? What is the Hebrew word/s equivalent ...
3
votes
3answers
115 views

Why do the last words in psalms 119:11 seem superfluous?

Psalms 119:11 in the Koren Jerusalem Tanakh appears (in English) to say: "Thy word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against Thee". ‎‎‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎‏‏‎ ‎I was ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

What is the correct translation of Exodus 6:3?

According to BHS, Exodus 6:3 reads: וָאֵרָ֗א אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֶל־יִצְחָ֥ק וְאֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב בְּאֵ֣ל שַׁדָּ֑י וּשְׁמִ֣י יְהוָ֔ה לֹ֥א נוֹדַ֖עְתִּי לָהֶֽם׃ This all almost universally translated as ...
6
votes
3answers
796 views

Difference between חֵטְא and עֲבֵרָה

Is there a difference between a חֵטְא (cheit) and an עֲבֵרָה (aveira)? I translate both of those words as "sin." Maybe they signify a different level of magnitude? Or maybe one word is simply ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

מורה vs. הורה - Implication in difference of the word

It seems that the hebrew words for Teacher and Parent are the same root which means to teach. I am looking for what the מ (מורה) and (הורה) ה do to the words that help define their roles. Update: (...
-1
votes
3answers
235 views

What are the rabbinic (hebrew) words that could equate to “Anti-Torah”?

What are the rabbinic (hebrew) words that could equate to "Anti-Torah"? I am hoping there is only one. In English, I would say the word "Anti-Torah" equates to "lawless" or "lawlessness". When I ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Do the words “Shema” and “Shem” come from the same root? And, if so, does this have significance in Jewish thought? [closed]

I surprisingly wasn't able to answer this through web searching. I'm just curious if the multiple meanings of "shema" (hear, listen, obey), have implications for how people's names were thought of.
3
votes
1answer
215 views

Targum on Obadiah 1:3 a Reference to Rome?

The prophecy of Obadiah concerns the fate of Edom. Obadiah 1:3 reads, זְדוֹן לִבְּךָ הִשִּׁיאֶךָ, שֹׁכְנִי בְחַגְוֵי-סֶלַע מְרוֹם שִׁבְתּוֹ; אֹמֵר בְּלִבּוֹ, מִי יוֹרִדֵנִי אָרֶץ. The pride of thy ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

What is the meaning of 'Tishbi' in 'Eliyahu haTishbi'?

I've heard the theory that it's a place, but have never heard of a place with a similar name...
2
votes
0answers
252 views

Is ‘kol tuv’ a religious phrase?

I often hear religious people saying the phrase ‘Kol tuv’ - May everything be good by you. Is there any history behind the wide usage in religious communities, other than it being said in Hebrew?
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Meaning of “Shabbatot” when it's translated as “weeks”

Vayikra 23:15 translates the word Shabbatot as 'weeks', weeks that are to be Temimot (compleet/perfect); Normally this would be from Yom Rishon till Shabbat like in the phrase: 'Yom rishon l'...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Limping צלע and פסח

צלע (Genesis/Bereshit 32:32) וַיִּֽזְרַֽח־ל֣וֹ הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָבַ֖ר אֶת־פְּנוּאֵ֑ל וְה֥וּא צֹלֵ֖עַ עַל־יְרֵכֽוֹ׃ And the sun rose upon him as he passed over Peniel, and he limped upon his ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

h-r-g vs r-tz-ch in Tehillim 94

As an extension of this question, I guess. Tehillim 94 discusses the vengeance asked of Hashem to repay the evil done to the downtrodden. It asks "until When, Hashem, will you put up with this&...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Why introduce holidays with the word “yom”?

In Ya'aleh V'yavo, in tefilla for the 3 regalim and in Kiddush for the regalim, we have options for the particular Yom Tov. The specific day is listed, and is always introduced with the word "b'yom" (...
6
votes
2answers
385 views

Earliest source for the words Daas Torah

In this question Bruce James ponders "How can I know a Rav has Daas Torah". I am wondering what is the earliest source that gave this concept its name?
6
votes
7answers
338 views

What is good and what does it mean that God is good?

What does the term "tov" (good) mean? I am asking especially in how it relates to God. I.e. what does "tov" mean and what does it mean that God is "tov"? An example where God is ascribed "tov" is ...
11
votes
3answers
262 views

Why is אותו מקום referred to as the מקום התורף? What does תורף mean?

In Bavli Berachot 24a (and Shabbat 64b), the Gemara records that: כל המסתכל באצבע קטנה של אשה כאילו מסתכל במקום התורף -- Anyone who gazes upon a woman’s little finger is considered as if he gazed ...
0
votes
2answers
98 views

What is the meaning of Yad Moshe in Parshat VaEira

In Parshat VaEira (9.35) it says "b'Yad Moshe" כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיַד ־משֶֽׁה ; so what was the hand of Moshe that the Torah tells us here about? (And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Is there a specific “Shaliach”? [duplicate]

In the haggadah, when the text comments on various verses, it discusses Hashem's taking the people out of Egypt, and explains that it was done לֹא עַל־יְדֵי מַלְאָךְ, וְלֹא עַל־יְדֵי שָׂרָף, וְלֹא ...
1
vote
0answers
280 views

What is the definition of a Kuntres?

A kuntres is, generally speaking, known to be a pamphlet or a booklet in the spirit and style of traditional ethical Torah teachings. But how is this different to a small sefer? How many pages it ...
1
vote
2answers
197 views

What's the difference between idol worship and star worship?

We translate עובדי עבודה זרה to mean serving an idol or idol worship. The word זר mean foreign, as in, לא יהיה אל זר, do not serve a foreign god. The word עובד כוכבים means serving the stars. What ...
16
votes
7answers
2k views

Is the title: “New” Testament offensive to Jews? Alternative neutral name?

Having lived in Israel during several periods of my life, I know that the words "Old" in the "Old Testament" and "New" in the "New Testament" are offensive to many Jews. From what I understand, it's ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

G-ds name online [duplicate]

On a google doc during an assignment with friends who do not understand the intricacies of Judaism, someone wrote g-d's names pronunciation, I did not realize what I was doing and deleted it, was this ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

לך לשלום vs לך עם שלום vs לך בשלום

On page Berachos 33a1 the story of the Pious man praying on the road & the General, towards the end of the story it is stated that the "General was appeased and the Pious man departed to his home "...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

What is the meaning of Psalms 118:5?

מִן־הַ֖מֵּצַֽר קָרָ֣אתִי יָּ֑הּ עָ֜נָ֗נִי בַּמֶּרְחָ֣ב יָֽהּ From the straits I called God; God answered me with a vast expanse. I put הַ֖מֵּצַֽר into a contemporary Hebrew dictionary and it does ...
1
vote
4answers
231 views

Why do we need to daven out loud if G-D can hear our thoughts?

We know that G-D is all knowing, and all powerful. Therefore, when we pray, why does it have to be out loud? There are some brachos that you are not even יוצא if you say it quietly! Then why do we ...
4
votes
3answers
236 views

שקר and שוא The difference between

What's the difference between these 'falses' (שקר and שוא?), how does one distinguish them from one another? Exodus 20:16: עד שקר Exodus 23:1: שמע שוא Exodus 23:7: שקר Deuteronomium 5:20: עד שוא ...
7
votes
4answers
283 views

Age of Universe and Shabbat

If one believes that our world is billions of years old, i.e. accepting the idea of each day in Sheshis Imei Berieshit (the Six Days of Creation) as eras and not literal days, then how does one ...
5
votes
3answers
127 views

Is there a difference between מכות and מלקות?

The two terms seem to mean the same thing, both referring to lashes. Even in Mishnayos, they seem to be used interchangeably. For instance, in Makkos 1:2: מְעִידִין אָנוּ בְאִישׁ פְּלוֹנִי ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How does “וירא א׳ את האור כי טוב” imply goodness per se?

Haamek Davar to B'reshis 1:4 explains that "טוב" can mean either "good for its intended purpose" (even if that purpose is not good) or "good in truth". The אור (light, let's say) created on the first ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

What is Deveikut (clinging to God)?

In chapter 1 of the Mesilat Yesharim (Path of the Just), the author writes: "When you look further into the matter, you will see that true perfection is only clinging to God". What does "clinging to ...
9
votes
2answers
229 views

ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד after a bracha with a false statement

If we make a bracha levatala or say Hashem's name by accident, we say ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד. Is this true only if the original bracha is a valid praise of Hashem, or even if it contains false ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Why was Chanah called an “Ishah Kesheirah”?

The Gemoro says that when Chanah was caught by Eli davening and whispering, he asked the Urim Vetumim about her to see if she was ok. The letters ה ר ש כ appeared on the Urim Vetumim. Eli understood ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Why do most Siddurs vowelize Gd’s name?

I’m noticing that in most siddurs, while you’re not meant to pronounce Gd’s name as it’s written, they vowelize the letters as if it’s meant to be said. Is this for kavannah? Why would we need vowels ...
2
votes
3answers
654 views

Ger Tzedek/Tzadik earliest sources and definition

As I understand a "Ger Tzedek/Tzadik" is a fully converted follower of the Torah of Moshe. According to Hilchot Melachim 10:3-4, a "Ger Tzedek" is defined as someone who has confirmed their conversion ...
0
votes
2answers
155 views

The word Yamakah [closed]

I’ve looked all over the internet for the origin of the word Yamaka. I guess you could also spell it yamakah. I’m so confused because I grew up using it and people I speak with still use it. However, ...
9
votes
2answers
646 views

Who is rich in matters of courtship?

The Mishna says: If a man says to a woman, "Marry me. I am rich.", and she agrees, but it turns out he is poor, the betrothal is not valid. If a man says to a woman, "Marry me, even though I am poor."...

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