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Questions tagged [words]

Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

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0
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1answer
67 views

What are “nachas rights”? [closed]

I have just come across the phrase "nachas rights" and Google does not lead me to a definition. It is in the writing of a British Jew, I expect from Stamford Hill.
2
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0answers
36 views

Difference between תא and לשכה

Middos 4:3 uses the term תאים to refer to the 38 chambers in the Beis HaMikdash. I was surprised to see this usage, as the term לשכה appears 29 times in Mishnayos, plus another 12 in the plural, ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Where does HaShem stands and in which council?

Psalm 82 teaches that Elohim (אלהים) stands (נצב to position oneself) within the council/congregation (עדת-אל) of El, among/amidst (בקרב) elohiem (אלהים) He judge (ישפט). Someone told me to look at ...
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1answer
54 views

What other phrase did the rabbis use to describe “yom teruah” besides the ones below?

What other phrase did the rabbis use to describe "yom teruah" besides the ones below? Our rabbis of blessed memory gave additional "phrases" to describe or to name our holy days. For example, the ...
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0answers
59 views

Why is it important that Shammay's daughter-in-law gave birth?

I heard the Gemmorah is justifying Rebbe for omitting key words in the Mishna for his brevity. Succah 2,8 says: מַעֲשֶׂה וְיָלְדָה כַלָּתוֹ שֶׁל שַׁמַּאי הַזָּקֵן וּפִחֵת אֶת הַמַּעֲזִיבָה ...
6
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1answer
134 views

What does מעלה עליו הכתוב mean?

There are two consecutive Mishnayos in Pirkei Avos that use the phrase "מעלה עליו הכתוב", which loosely translates to 'scripture treats him as...' The first is: רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, ...
3
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0answers
27 views

Chanun V'Rachum vs. Rachum V'Chanun

In the long tachanun of Monday and Thursday (among other places) there is repeated use of Chanun V'Rachum (a phrase which appears in Nach 8 or so times) אֵל טוב וְסַלָּח כִּי אֵל מֶלֶךְ חַנוּן ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Memra fixed in or used as a substitude [closed]

Could someone explain to me as to why most Targums fix in the (Aramaic) word 'Memra into a lot of verses, or use it as a substitude for other words written in the Tenach; what's the idea and meaning ...
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0answers
31 views

Two beginnings related to heavens and earth

IIRC, there is a medrash conecting the first letter of torah (beit) + the word reshit by saying that with 2 beginnings (meaning the heavens and earth) the world came into existence. Does anyone happen ...
6
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4answers
242 views

Translate the beginning of the blessing “Asher Yatzar”

The blessing said after leaving the rest room begins: אשר יצר את האדם בחכמה Who created man with wisdom Does "with wisdom" mean: 1 - G-d used His wisdom when creating man? or 2 - G-d ...
4
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1answer
70 views

What is the difference between “baruch” and “mevorach” regarding G-d?

There is a phrase said just prior to the Shacharit Amidah that says: תהילות לאל עליון ברוך הוא ומבורך What is the difference in meaning between ברוך and ומבורך. Don't both mean "blessed"? I realize ...
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0answers
42 views

List of Hebrew Words in Aleph-Beis Order? [closed]

To help me study Chumash, where can I find a downloadable list of most commonly used Hebrew shorashim in Aleph-Beis Order? (Rav Hirsch dictionary is phenomenal but I'm not going to retype the whole ...
3
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1answer
120 views

Connection Between Liver & Honor?

Seeing that lashon hakodesh allows for analyzing the connection between similar rooted words, what is the connection between liver (כבד) and honor (כבוד)?
3
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2answers
216 views

A Table Representing the altar

I’ve heard of the concept that שולחנו של אדם דומה למזבח, a person’s table resembles the altar. Does anyone know where this wording can be found?
3
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1answer
86 views

Why does it say “of Puvah, the clan of the Punites“?

In Bamidbar (26:23): בְּנֵ֤י יִשָּׂשכָר֙ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֔ם תּוֹלָ֕ע מִשְׁפַּ֖חַת הַתּוֹלָעִ֑י לְפֻוָ֕ה מִשְׁפַּ֖חַת הַפּוּנִֽי׃ Descendants of Issachar by their clans: [Of] Tola, the clan of ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Meaning of Targum's translation of Seraph - קליא

In Parshas Chukkas, God commands Moses to make a Seraph and put in on a standard: וַיֹּאמֶר ה' אֶל־מֹשֶׁה עֲשֵׂה לְךָ שָׂרָף וְשִׂים אֹתוֹ עַל־נֵס וְהָיָה כָּל־הַנָּשׁוּךְ וְרָאָה אֹתוֹ וָחָי׃ ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Is there a list of all of the cases in the Talmud where תיקו (“Teiku”) is said?

Sometimes in the gemara there are questions that for whatever reason are unable to be answered, and to such a question the gemara simply says "teiku" (usually translated to mean "let it stand"). Does ...
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1answer
48 views

Explain usage of “kaved” re Moshe's raising his hands w/ war of Amaleq

In Shemot 17:12 it says: וידי משה כבדים Targum (and Rash"i in a sense) translates כבדים as יקרן, which I gather means "precious". I don't know where or how this translation fits here. Doesn't כבד ...
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1answer
54 views

Does Maharal, Maharsha or Zohar discuss the concept of how שָׁלוֹם, שְׁלֵמוּת, שָׁלֵם are associated with one another?

Rav Shimon Schwab writes that the word שָׁלוֹם is related to שְׁלֵמוּת, completion, שָׁלֵם, perfection (on Iyov, page 67) Does anyone know if the Maharal, Maharsha or Zohar say such a concept?
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0answers
59 views

Is there math in Torah?

I have watched a nice movie back in the day that deals with numbers. In one of the scenes. A Jewish man comes to The Mathematician and tells about how the Hebrew uses the same "letters" as letters ...
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2answers
118 views

Where do the words יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת come from?

There is a term in Judaism called יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת, the diminishing spiritual level of subsequent generations. Where do the words יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת originate from? Is it posuk, mishna or gemara ...
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0answers
20 views

What type of cedar wood was used to build the Bais Hamikdash?

Related Acacia wood or Cedar We see that ארז (cedar) was used for the Bais Hamikdash Melachim 1 9:11 And we see that there are many types of ארז (cedar) Bava Basra 80b and Midrash Tanchuma Teruma ...
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1answer
51 views

Origin of the word dati (דָּתִי) [duplicate]

Is there any Talmudic sources that claim the origin of the Hebrew word “dati” (דָּתִי) comes from the Avestan word daena?
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51 views

Meaning of komemiyyut (קוֹמְמִיּוּת)

The word "komemiyyut" (קוֹמְמִיּוּת) appears only once in the Torah: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם מִֽהְיֹ֥ת לָהֶ֖ם עֲבָדִ֑ים וָאֶשְׁבֹּר֙ מֹטֹ֣ת ...
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3answers
243 views

What does the term “mohel” mean in Hilchot Melicha (salting)? [closed]

In Siman 69:20, there’s reference to a “ma’aseh Rashi”, in which Rashi rules that what comes out after shiur melicha is “mohel” and not “dam”. What does “mohel” mean here?
3
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1answer
267 views

Shoteh in the gemara

The Gemara in many places including Berachot 15b talks about a shoteh(imbecile). What type(characteristics)of people does the gemara refer to as "Shoteh"?
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0answers
45 views

How many words are there in the Zohar?

Zohar (with and w/o the Tikunei Zohar) Tikkunei Zohar Also is there a site/place that lists or otherwise aids in wordcounts for different Jewish books /Seforim ? TYVM
5
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1answer
151 views

How do we know that ממחרת השבת means from the first day of Pesach and not the seventh?

How do we know that ממחרת השבת means from the first day of Pesach and not the seventh? Don't they both deserve to be called שבת?
1
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1answer
17 views

Gav vs. Gabei (ha)Mizbei'ach

In morning davening, we say "שֶׁנֶּעֱקַד עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ" (the only English I could find online, at Chabad.org, translates as "bound on the altar"). There are, though, 2 formulations of the ...
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1answer
30 views

Where is an introduction to the concept of “מתיר” (regarding offerings)?

Mishnayot Menachot 2:5 introduces (as far as this tractate is concerned) the term "מתיר", which I take to mean, in the context of offerings, something like "condition which permits something" or maybe ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Greeting on Yom Hashoah [duplicate]

What is the proper greeting on Yom hashoah? I am not Jewish but do have some Jewish friends and would like to know how to greet them on this day of remembrance.
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2answers
81 views

What is the difference between חוכמה and חָכְמָה?

Previously I heard יקר מחוכמה מכבוד סכלות מעט but in the book קֹהֶלֶת I read יָקָר מֵחָכְמָה מִכָּבוֹד, סִכְלוּת מְעָט What is the difference between חוכמה and חָכְמָה ? Are they just two different ...
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1answer
64 views

What is an Inyan? Is it different to a Minhag?

Is there a difference between an ענין and a מנהג? If so, what is it? Examples differentiating the concepts would be useful.
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0answers
62 views

Who is a boor בור? [closed]

The Talmud frequently calls an individual a "boor". Two examples: It has been reported: If one has learned Tanach and Mishnah but not Talmud, Rabbi Eleazar says he is an ignoramus [am ha-aretz]; ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Within Judaism is there a tradition of interpreting individual letters such as with YHVH

Two recent questions on Christianity Stack have got me thinking about the way some people interpret the divine name. One answer gave this interpretation: Yod - י Hand Hey - ה Open Window, to reveal ...
4
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2answers
76 views

Is there a difference between מכות and מלקות?

The two terms seem to mean the same thing, both referring to lashes. Even in Mishnayos, they seem to be used interchangeably. For instance, in Makkos 1:2: מְעִידִין אָנוּ בְאִישׁ פְּלוֹנִי ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Significance of Torah Midpoint

What is the significance of the middle of the Torah in letters being the vav in גָּחוֹן (Vayika 11:42)? (source: Kiddushin 30a) What is special about the vav in גָּחוֹן that the Almighty chose to ...
0
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1answer
20 views

Meaning of Purim

What is the origin/meaning of the word Purim? I always assumed it meant the multiple lots of Haman, but I just heard a shiur saying the word Purim comes from "pirurin" - little things - of the ...
0
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2answers
83 views

Mishloach Manos or Shalach Manos?

What is the proper grammar of giving/receiving mishloach manos/shalach manos? I've heard people use both terms as in, "I'm preparing mishloach manos for tomorrow" and "I hope to bring the shalach ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Rav or Rebbi Acha Sar HaBirah?

R' Acha Sar HaBirah is mentioned in a few places in shas. Rashi tells us that 'Sar HaBirah' was his nickname. However, in some places his title is רב, while in other places he is mentioned as רבי. ...
2
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2answers
104 views

Meaning of Zekher Livracha (ז"ל - Of blessed memory)

The literal translation of ז"ל is "of blessed memory" What does it mean to bless memory? How does it help the soul?
3
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1answer
38 views

What are the differences between Limmud and Chinuch?

In Kiddushin 29b it says "a father is obligated... to teach his son Torah" (האב חייב בבנו... וללמדו תורה) and in Nazir 29a it says "a father is obligated to educate his son" (איש חייב לחנך בנו). What ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Corner of a garment vs. corner of a field vs. corner of a face

Related to this question. Regarding the obligation to affix fringes, the Torah commands them to be attached to the corners (kanfei) of the clothing. But when it comes to our fields and our faces, the ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

Origin of the word “pushka” [closed]

European Jews tend to use the word “pushka” for ‘charity box’. What is the origin of the word? As far as I can tell, Slavic languages use somewhat similar sounding words for ‘container’. In ...
1
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3answers
103 views

Gemara word for QED

I'm trying to remember the Gemara word for the equivalent of QED, when an argument would be settled between competing opinions and nothing more would be said about the issue.
1
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0answers
65 views

Is there a Jewish race? [closed]

I've never been comfortable with the term "race" when applied to people, as people are all part of the "human race". But, according to thefreedictionary.com, the word "race" is defined as: A ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Why is the colour כחול ('blue') not mentioned in Tanach?

The colour כחול is not mentioned in Tanach. Given it's wide usage in later hebrew texts, why does it never feature in Tanach? Do any sources pick up on this? (There is a different debate about what ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

Where is there a rabbinic recipe for milk and honey?

Where is there a rabbinic recipe for milk and honey? Shir HaShirim 4:11 "honey and milk are under your tongue" דְּבַ֤שׁ וְחָלָב֙ תַּ֣חַת לְשׁוֹנֵ֔ךְ From this passage, which to me seems to suggest a ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Root of the word פרעה

The Hebrew word פרעה (Pharaoh) is probably directly derived from (a phonetic way to pronounce) the Egyptian word. But it reminded me of the Hebrew root פרע as seen in Exodus 32:25 which is actually ...
6
votes
1answer
52 views

The difference between ארון and תיבה in the Torah

I'm a little confused here: in contemporary Hebrew the difference is simple - a box that opens on the side [and has a door] is called a cabinet (ארון) while a box that opens on the top is called a box ...