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Questions tagged [words]

Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

2
votes
1answer
72 views

What does אה"ת stand for?

What do these rashei teivos stand for? See, for example, the Dikdukei Sofrim here.
5
votes
4answers
541 views

What is the best translation of the word נַעַר?

So I have been studying the meaning of the Hebrew word נַעַר. I understand that it's difficult to always find exact translations of certain words in the Hebrew vocabulary, but I have found in my ...
8
votes
1answer
144 views

What does it mean that “his face became blackened” in the Gemara?

Throughout the Gemara we see times when someone's face is described as becoming blackened, due to fasts or other things like intense learning. (Example: Sotah 12a) What does this mean?
3
votes
3answers
763 views

What does איברא mean?

The word איברא only appears a handful of times in the Talmud. (E.g. Pesachim 104a; Chulin 59b, 60a) it means something like its true, you’re right etc. What is the true meaning of this word, it’s ...
15
votes
1answer
157 views

Is Rabbeinu Tam correct about unique phraseology for specific amoraim?

In Kesubos 2b there is a discussion in which an answer is introduced with the phrase פשיט רב אחאי – R. Achai answered. There is a discussion in Tosafos as to the identity of R. Achai. Rashbam claims ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Difference in suffix regards the word Shabat

Looking at the words שבת שבתון (ex. Vayikra 23:24) and שבתות (ex. Vayikra 23:15) and there root שבת what do endings ון- and ות- indicate here? What do these suffixes mean/indicate? P.s. Are there ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Word for “strictly” parve

What word do people use to identify something as completely parve--that is, kosher to eat with meat or milk--as distinct from "b'chezkat chalavi/basari"/DE/nat bar nat? Would it be correct to say "l'...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

What is a kilbis fish?

The Gemara (Avodah Zarah 40a) mentions that if you find a "kilbis" (כילבית) fish in fish brine you can eat it. What does a "kilbis" fish translate out to in English?
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Adonai Nissi and the hand upon the throne and their connection to what happened.

Exodus/Shemot 17:15 tells us Moshe built an altar and named it "יהוה נִסִּי" often translated as "The L-rd (is) my banner" or "The L-rd (is) my miracle" and maybe it could be also translated as "The L-...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Difference between שֵׁבֶט and מַטֶּה

I wondered if there is a difference between the words שֵׁבֶט (rod, stick, staff) and מַטֶּה (rod, stick, staff) in matter of function, symbolism, and 'spiritual meaning'? A mateh seems almost like a ...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

How Did Aharon Change Moshe's Words to Par'oh?

Moshe's message to Par'oh was to be communicated through Aharon, as per Sh'mot, 7:2 אַתָּ֣ה תְדַבֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲצַוֶּ֑ךָּ וְאַהֲרֹ֤ן אָחִ֙יךָ֙ יְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וְשִׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

The definition of ריב and its applications?

The verb ריב is often translated as quarrel, dispute, murmer, strife or argument, which seems quite logical when looking at Bereshit 13:7 when the herdsmen were bickering about land because it couldn'...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Differences and similarities between פרס and פרש

I wondered what the differences and similarities of the roots פרס and פרש are? I noticed that both roots are used in Jeremiah 16:7 and Lamentations 4:4 for the 'deviding or sharing' of bread. Any ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Does חֵטְא וְעָוֹן include violating positive commandments

Do the words commonly mentioned in scripture E.g exedos 34,6 ֶפֶַשע חֵטְא וְעָוֹן specifically refer to negative commandments that one transgresses or do they include not performing positive ...
7
votes
1answer
238 views

What is the proper definition of a “Poretz Gader”?

There are a few places in halacha where it states that someone who violates a rule is called Poretz Gader. An example is someone who doesn't stand while saying Vehu Rachum (or according to Mishna ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the meaning of Yad Moshe in Parshat VaEira

In Parshat VaEira (9.35) it says "b'Yad Moshe" כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיַד ־משֶֽׁה ; so what was the hand of Moshe that the Torah tells us here about? (And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Why are specifically the land of Israel and the Torah called a “Morasha”?

If I have this correct, the Torah calls only two items מורשה - the Torah, itself as in Devarim 33:4 and the land of Israel (Cana'an) as in Shemot 6:8. I read, I think in both Art Scroll as well as ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

What are “rashei pispasin”?

In Middot 2:6 and 4:5, it says that רָאשֵׁי פִסְפָּסִין divided between different areas of the Beit haMikdash, specifically between the Ezrat Kohanim and Ezrat Yisrael, and between the areas above the ...
3
votes
3answers
132 views

The jewish Q.E.D

What would be an equivalent to Q.E.D in the jargon of Halacha literature? Usually in the Gemara we something like: קא משמע לן, however I can't think of a word that is used as Q.E.D. Maybe הלמ״מ would ...
5
votes
2answers
372 views

Difference in usage of two words for “kissing” in the Torah

I saw an article in my local weekly Jewish paper this past Shabbat where someone addressed this question. Unfortunately, the article didn't really answer my question. So, I hope that if I get one or ...
6
votes
4answers
205 views

Why does Tanac“h frequently use the term for ”knowledge" when referring to sexual relations?

Frequently, when Tanac"h speaks about a man and woman having sexual relations, it uses the term ידע as in Breishit 4:1 וְהָ֣אָדָ֔ם יָדַ֖ע אֶת־חַוָּ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וַתַּ֙הַר֙ וַתֵּ֣לֶד אֶת־קַ֔יִן ...
4
votes
5answers
106 views

Why is the term meilah used by a sotah?

The pasuk that speaks about a Sotah being unfaithful says that she committed meilah against her husband (bamidbar 5:12). I am only familiar with that term being used in connection with stealing or ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

What is the most reliable meaning of Malachi 2:16?

I am an Italian son of Noah. Reading the book of the prophet Malachi, I note that verse 2:16 presents two radically different translations,both carried out in Jewish contexts. Translation reported ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Why is v'acharei added in some siddurim?

In the meditation after each Shmoneh Esrei, we read the line which includes the words בתורתך, מצותיך תרדוף. This comes from the prayer of Mar Brei D'ravina on Brachot 17a. But in my siddur Tefillah ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the meaning of “Gomel” as used in the term “Gemillat Chessed”?

Other than its use in Tehillim / Tefilla, the only place I can think of where the verb גמל is used (I'm not referring to a camel) is in the phrase גמילות חסדים, or similar forms of this phrase (...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Why does the Oruch HaShulchan tell the number of words in the blessings of the Amidah?

The Oruch HaShulchan (eg here) mentions how many words there are in each of the blessings of the weekday Amidah and gives a reason why that number of words is used. For example for the blessing of T'...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Is it correct to say that the term Elohim, when referring to HaShem, means “Supreme Legislator”?

I read here in Italy, in some forums organized by Orthodox Jews, that the term Elohim, when referring to HaShem, means "Supreme Legislator". Is this statement correct? Would it be permissible to use ...
4
votes
2answers
235 views

Is it correct to say that in the Jewish tradition the honorary title “Maràn” has never been used to refer to HaShem?

I am an Italian gentile believer in HaShem, who engages in the observance of the noahide precepts, as commanded by the Creator in the Torah. In the numerous debates I have with my catholic christian ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

What's the difference in meaning between Lamah and Madu'ah?

It seems that both the words למה and מדוע mean "why". But, I think that there is some other nuance in the meaning of these words; the Torah chooses its words carefully. Two verses for comparison - ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What is a Maggid Meisharim?

I understand there is a work by R' Yosef Karo under the same name. But in the Shemos HaTzaddikim, I find the following name: ר' מענדיל מגיד מישרים דקהלת באר R' Mendel, Maggid Meisharim of the ...
-3
votes
1answer
43 views

The ארור of becomming a servant of servants

In Bereshit 9:25 ארור is used to describe something of which the consequence is that Kena'an will be a eved avadim - a servant of servants - unto his brethren. So What's the definition of ארור and ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

What is the difference between Hashlucha and Shenishtalcha?

In the musafs for Shabbat-Rosh Chodesh and the Yomim Tovim we bemoan our inability to offer the sacrifices because of the destruction of the temple. (That we do so only on the Rosh Chodesh which falls ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What is כף הכינוי?

In R' Wiesenthal's Siddur Sefas Yisroel, he talks about the כף הכינוי and different opinions about it. But I have no idea what this actually is. So, what is כף הכינוי?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What is a “fishtran” fish?

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Siman 10, Sief 1 .(וְיֵשׁ לִמְשֹׁחַ הָרְצועוֹת תָּדִיר בְּשֻׁמָּן שֶׁיִּהְיוּ שְׁחוֹרִים (וְלֹא יִמְשְׁחֵם בְּשֻׁמָּן דָּג הַנִּקְרָא פִישְׁטְרָאן כִּי הוּא מִדָּג טָמֵא ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Why is the mitzvah called “Shiluach haken”? [duplicate]

Why is the mitzvah of sending away the mother bird before taking the young called שילוח הקן (Shiluach haken; "sending the nest")? It's not the nest you send away; it's the mother bird. I would have ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Why choose “bo” over “bam” in Ne'ilah? [duplicate]

In the Shabbat davening there is the phrase "v'yanuchu ____ yisra'el..." The middle word, according to the Artscroll text, is "bah" in ma'ariv, "bo" in shacharit and musaf and "bam" in mincha. This is ...
5
votes
2answers
112 views

Rosh Hashanah as a Day of Friendliness

Are there any texts or commentators which discuss the idea of Rosh Hashanah being a day of friendliness? The Artscroll/Stone on Bamidbar 23:22 follows Rashi's understanding (Bamidbar 23:21) of "utru'...
10
votes
2answers
197 views

Why are the words Kiddushin, Erusin, Nissuin plural?

The Mishnah says "האיש מקדש", just like on Shabbos. Nevertheless, on Shabbos we call it a Kiddush (single) but on wedding we call it either Kiddushin, Erusin, Nissuin which are all plural.
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votes
3answers
221 views

What is gidul bonim (raising children), and who is responsible for it

A mother has no obligation to educate her children (at least according to some respectable opinions)(Shulchan aruch harav o"h 343.4 אבל אמו אין מצווה עליו כלל בין במצות עשה בין בלא תעשה: and Talmud ...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

What is the meaning of לֵאמֹר?

What is the meaning of לֵאמֹר? In all the usage of לֵאמֹר in the Torah, it almost seems unnecessary to add the word "to say" or "saying". For example, here is the first occurrence: וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם ...
2
votes
1answer
403 views

Translation of “Ashrei”

What is the correct translation of "Ashrei"? For ages every siddur translated it as "happy". But in recent decades, Artscroll decided it was "praiseworthy" and Chabad decided it was "fortunate". ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Sorcerers, wizards, warlocks… what are the differences?

The mishna in Sanhedrin 53a lists, among those subject to stoning: a necromancer -- בעל אוב a wizard (Soncino translation) or sorcerer (Sefaria) -- ידעוני a sorcerer (Soncino) or warlock (Sefaria) --...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Where is there a discussion where the phrase “to become circumcised” means “to convert to Judaism” or “to become a Jew”? [closed]

Where is there a discussion where the phrase "to be circumcised" means "to convert to Judaism" or "to become a Jew"?
-2
votes
1answer
37 views

Joshau 10:40, 11:11 and 14 the use of neshamah

I highly respect what you have written in your website. Why is neshamah used in these 3 references? In the metaphor of the glass-blower, neshamah is the part of man that is most connected to Hashem. ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Is the shiur called a “k'beiah” or a “k'beitzah”?

Is the shiur the size of an egg properly called a k'beitzah ("כביצה") or a "kebeyah" ("כביעה" maybe)? If "כביצה" is correct, as I think it is, then why do people sometimes say "כביעה"?
1
vote
1answer
922 views

Is there a term for a non-Jewish friend of the Jews? [closed]

I saw a related, unanswered question but it was specific to honorable deceased non-Jews. I'm wondering if there is a Yiddish term in Judaism for someone who may be close friends with many Jews, who ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

What does a nun sofit do to a verb? [duplicate]

In Devarim, 13:12, the text reads "יִשְׁמְע֖וּ וְיִֽרָא֑וּן וְלֹֽא־יוֹסִ֣פוּ לַעֲשׂ֗וֹת " which is translated (on Sefaria) as "will hear and be afraid, and such evil things will not be done again". ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Why does kedusha text differ sometimes?

In some prayerbooks the Kedusha doesn't start like "Nekadesh et simha..." but like "Nekdisha vonaaricah..." What's the reason for the difference? Also I can see that among the blessings there are ...
3
votes
0answers
180 views

Yehi Ratzon Milfanecha or L'fanecha?

At certain points we say a "Yehi Ratzon." In my siddur Tefillat Hashalem, the construction is almost always "Yehi Ratzon Milfanecha." However, at the end of the Shmoneh Esrei for the end of Shabbat, ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Different kinds of ruling and excercising dominion

There seem to be different words to express some form of ruling (or exercising dominion). Could someone explain me the difference in meaning between these hebrew words when used in the Tenach? What ...