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Questions tagged [words]

Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

2
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1answer
53 views

A Navi really wasn't called navi? [duplicate]

In Shmuel 1 9 9 we find the following: לְפָנִ֣ים בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל כֹּֽה־אָמַ֤ר הָאִישׁ֙ בְּלֶכְתּוֹ֙ לִדְר֣וֹשׁ אֱלֹהִ֔ים לְכ֥וּ וְנֵלְכָ֖ה עַד־הָרֹאֶ֑ה כִּ֤י לַנָּבִיא֙ הַיּ֔וֹם יִקָּרֵ֥א לְפָנִ֖ים ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

What is the meaning of Eth Eyd'yam אֶת-עֶדְיָם in Shmoth (Exodus) 33.6?

how would you translate Shmoth 33.6 אֶת-עֶדְיָם ayd is witness so I'm guessing the literal is "witnesses" in the plural - some translate it as "ornaments" others as "finery" and others as "crowns" but ...
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0answers
17 views

Question regarding the usage of two of G-d's names in Isaiah 55:7

Part of Yeshayahu 55:7 says: וישוב אל ה וירחמהו ואל אל-הינו כי ירבה לסלוח Loose translation - "He shall to return to Adonai and he will be merciful to him and to Eloheinu, for he is abundant to ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Trees and Rivers clapping palms - same or different meaning?

There are two references that I can think of (please edit in others) that refer to nature "clapping palms": Trees - mentioned in Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 55:12 Rivers - mentioned in Tehillim (Psalms) 98:8 ...
3
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0answers
52 views

Why are non-Jews referred to as עובדי כוכבים in the גמרא?

When the גמרא refers to עובדי כוכבים, it is usually (eg. Artscroll) translated as "non-Jews". Is this supposed to exclude monotheistic non-idolatrous non-Jews or is it inaccurate translation? If ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Why does Yirmiya use the word ראה to mean “approve”?

Eichah 3:34-36 reads as follows: לדכא תחת רגליו כל אסירי ארץ. להטות משפט גבר נגד פני עליון. לעות אדם בריבו ה׳ לא ראה. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth; to tip justice of ...
5
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2answers
237 views

What ancient prayer contains the term “Osem” (אֹסֶם)?

This site claims that Osem (אֹסֶם) is a term taken from an ancient Jewish prayer. What prayer would that be? Anectodote: I had assumed it was a Hebrew transcription of the English word awesome due to ...
2
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0answers
41 views

What does “chotim” mean?

In Shmuel Aleph, 14:33 the word חֹטִאים is used (chotim). I always had thought that the word was chot'im with the vowel under the aleph (as it is in the title to this book) but that isn't the case. ...
4
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0answers
40 views

Whence “בחזקת בשרי”?

Besides the main categories of meat, dairy, and pareve (non-meat, non-dairy) foods, two special subcategories of pareve foods are relevant to halacha (e.g. Yore Dea 93): pareve food cooked using clean ...
5
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0answers
97 views

What is the difference between Ish and Zachar in Leviticus 20:13?

Leviticus 20:13 brings the prohibition of homosexuality: וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִשְׁכַּ֤ב אֶת־זָכָר֙ מִשְׁכְּבֵ֣י אִשָּׁ֔ה תֹּועֵבָ֥ה עָשׂ֖וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֑ם מֹ֥ות יוּמָ֖תוּ דְּמֵיהֶ֥ם בָּֽם׃ And if a ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Mil'al vs. Milra on “Lamah”

In a few places in the Torah, the word למה is pronounced מלעיל (accent on 1st syllable) and in other places מלרע (accent on 2nd syllable.) I viewed Bemidbar 11:11 which has both in the same verse. ...
0
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4answers
131 views

What is the root of the word mishpocha, family? [closed]

The word appears in the Torah (ex. Bereishis 10:5, 36:40, Devarim 29:17, etc.) and is in common usage today.
6
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1answer
670 views

What is a “Fa-rer”?

Please excuse my somewhat weak "yeshivish". For me, this is a "new" language that seems to be the current Orthodox "parlance", and I'm not that familiar with much of its terminology. A woman in my ...
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1answer
40 views

why does the torah specify behema, shor , tzon in korbonos. what is behemah?

what is the meaning of behemah when the torah says leviticus 1:2 adam ki yakriv behemah . 1 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spoke unto him out of the tent of meeting, saying: ב דַּבֵּר אֶל-...
2
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1answer
75 views

Is the word “Nischazeik” or “Nischazak”?

When completing an entire book of the Torah (ex. Bereishis), it is customary in some communities to recite the words חזק חזק ונתחזק which is translated out to "be strong, be strong, and let us be ...
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0answers
69 views

Remes - רֶמֶשׂ - in Genesis 9:3

In Genesis 9:3 Noah is told he can eat every moving thing that lives, but I have always had a problem with the translation of moving thing meaning every live animal. The word translated as moving ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Meaning of ונתחזק

In the famous phrase: חזק חזק ונתחזק What exactly does the word נתחזק v’nitchazek/v’nitchazak mean? I’ve seen different translations like: “may we be strenghtened” “ let us be strenghtened” “ les ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

What is the etymological definition of הגיס?

What is the etymology and definition of הגיס? (Reference Rashi in Chulin 108A ד״ה טיפת חלב שנפלה על החתיכה and ד״ה ניער את הקדרה)
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2answers
66 views

Explain the difference between “מונה” and “סופר”

There are two Hebrew words used regarding counting: מונה as a form, the 10 people minimum needed to say Kaddish, etc. is called a מנין. סופר as a form as in ספירת העומר . This past Shabbat, my rav ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Ivri and Israeli

In many parts of the torah, When it talks about a jew it says, בני ישראל or עברי etc. However in Parashat Emor when talking about the son of Shlomit the daughter of divri from the tribe of Dan who ...
4
votes
2answers
73 views

The usage of the words קהל and עדה ‎(עדת)

The people of Israel are sometimes called collective קהל, sometimes עדה ‎(עדת) and sometimes plain Israel, and although they probably point out to the exact same group of people they seem to be ...
-1
votes
3answers
96 views

What else is described as תּוֹעֵבָה?

The prohibition of homosexual relations is described in the Torah as תּוֹעֵבָה, abomination. Is there anything else in Chumash/Chazal that is described as a תּוֹעֵבָה?
4
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2answers
135 views

Aramaic-gemara lashon- reverse search

Are there any online tools that allow for searching of an english word to produce the gemara/aramaic translation? I dont really mean translate, I mean to search the jastrow dictionary to find the ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Examples of halacha v'ein morin ken

There are some actions which are permitted, but we do not teach about, in order that people will not abuse or misuse the law. This is called halacha v'ein morin ken ("halacha, but it is not taught"). ...
3
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1answer
91 views

What is a Madoni

Kiddushin 26b:3 mentions this term - what type of person is this? ת"ש אמר ר' אלעזר מעשה במדוני אחד שהיה בירושלים שהיו לו מטלטלין הרבה וביקש ליתנם במתנה אמרו לו אין לו תקנה עד שיקנם על גבי קרקע מה עשה ...
5
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2answers
109 views

Which word is said under the chuppah - זוֹ or זוּ?

The groom tells the bride under the chuppah: הרי את מקודשת לי בטבעת זו כדת משה וישראל Is the word זו pronounced with a cholam (וֹ) as in "zo" or with a shuruk (וּ) as in "zu"? I have seen both ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Is there any practical implication to having to “read” Hallel?

Before we (Ashkenazim) recite the Hallel we make a blessing which concludes "likro et hahallel" (to read the Hallel). Is there any law which is derived from this? Does it invalidate reciting/saying ...
3
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0answers
59 views

Origin of the term “pilpul” as a method of Talmudic study

What is the source for referring to the known method of Talmudic study a "pilpul"? When did this usage begin?
2
votes
3answers
75 views

A similitude of the Lord?

What is meant in Bamidbar 12:8 when the verse reads: "and the similitude of the LORD doth he behold" - וּתְמֻנַת יְהוָה, יַבִּיט I would like to know what the words 'similtude of the Lord' really ...
2
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1answer
72 views

What does אה"ת stand for?

What do these rashei teivos stand for? See, for example, the Dikdukei Sofrim here.
5
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4answers
532 views

What is the best translation of the word נַעַר?

So I have been studying the meaning of the Hebrew word נַעַר. I understand that it's difficult to always find exact translations of certain words in the Hebrew vocabulary, but I have found in my ...
8
votes
1answer
143 views

What does it mean that “his face became blackened” in the Gemara?

Throughout the Gemara we see times when someone's face is described as becoming blackened, due to fasts or other things like intense learning. (Example: Sotah 12a) What does this mean?
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votes
3answers
751 views

What does איברא mean?

The word איברא only appears a handful of times in the Talmud. (E.g. Pesachim 104a; Chulin 59b, 60a) it means something like its true, you’re right etc. What is the true meaning of this word, it’s ...
14
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1answer
144 views

Is Tosafos correct about unique phraseology for specific amoraim?

In Kesubos 2b there is a discussion in which an answer is introduced with the phrase פשיט רב אחאי – R. Achai answered. There is a discussion in Tosafos as to the identity of R. Achai. Rashbam claims ...
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vote
1answer
103 views

Difference in suffix regards the word Shabat

Looking at the words שבת שבתון (ex. Vayikra 23:24) and שבתות (ex. Vayikra 23:15) and there root שבת what do endings ון- and ות- indicate here? What do these suffixes mean/indicate? P.s. Are there ...
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0answers
77 views

Word for “strictly” parve

What word do people use to identify something as completely parve--that is, kosher to eat with meat or milk--as distinct from "b'chezkat chalavi/basari"/DE/nat bar nat? Would it be correct to say "l'...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

What is a kilbis fish?

The Gemara (Avodah Zarah 40a) mentions that if you find a "kilbis" (כילבית) fish in fish brine you can eat it. What does a "kilbis" fish translate out to in English?
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votes
2answers
112 views

Adonai Nissi and the hand upon the throne and their connection to what happened.

Exodus/Shemot 17:15 tells us Moshe built an altar and named it "יהוה נִסִּי" often translated as "The L-rd (is) my banner" or "The L-rd (is) my miracle" and maybe it could be also translated as "The L-...
2
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0answers
53 views

Difference between שֵׁבֶט and מַטֶּה

I wondered if there is a difference between the words שֵׁבֶט (rod, stick, staff) and מַטֶּה (rod, stick, staff) in matter of function, symbolism, and 'spiritual meaning'? A mateh seems almost like a ...
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0answers
49 views

How Did Aharon Change Moshe's Words to Par'oh?

Moshe's message to Par'oh was to be communicated through Aharon, as per Sh'mot, 7:2 אַתָּ֣ה תְדַבֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲצַוֶּ֑ךָּ וְאַהֲרֹ֤ן אָחִ֙יךָ֙ יְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וְשִׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־...
2
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1answer
47 views

The definition of ריב and its applications?

The verb ריב is often translated as quarrel, dispute, murmer, strife or argument, which seems quite logical when looking at Bereshit 13:7 when the herdsmen were bickering about land because it couldn'...
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0answers
26 views

Differences and similarities between פרס and פרש

I wondered what the differences and similarities of the roots פרס and פרש are? I noticed that both roots are used in Jeremiah 16:7 and Lamentations 4:4 for the 'deviding or sharing' of bread. Any ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Does חֵטְא וְעָוֹן include violating positive commandments

Do the words commonly mentioned in scripture E.g exedos 34,6 ֶפֶַשע חֵטְא וְעָוֹן specifically refer to negative commandments that one transgresses or do they include not performing positive ...
7
votes
1answer
220 views

What is the proper definition of a “Poretz Gader”?

There are a few places in halacha where it states that someone who violates a rule is called Poretz Gader. An example is someone who doesn't stand while saying Vehu Rachum (or according to Mishna ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the meaning of Yad Moshe in Parshat VaEira

In Parshat VaEira (9.35) it says "b'Yad Moshe" כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיַד ־משֶֽׁה ; so what was the hand of Moshe that the Torah tells us here about? (And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, ...
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2answers
60 views

Why are specifically the land of Israel and the Torah called a “Morasha”?

If I have this correct, the Torah calls only two items מורשה - the Torah, itself as in Devarim 33:4 and the land of Israel (Cana'an) as in Shemot 6:8. I read, I think in both Art Scroll as well as ...
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0answers
42 views

What are “rashei pispasin”?

In Middot 2:6 and 4:5, it says that רָאשֵׁי פִסְפָּסִין divided between different areas of the Beit haMikdash, specifically between the Ezrat Kohanim and Ezrat Yisrael, and between the areas above the ...
3
votes
3answers
130 views

The jewish Q.E.D

What would be an equivalent to Q.E.D in the jargon of Halacha literature? Usually in the Gemara we something like: קא משמע לן, however I can't think of a word that is used as Q.E.D. Maybe הלמ״מ would ...
5
votes
2answers
371 views

Difference in usage of two words for “kissing” in the Torah

I saw an article in my local weekly Jewish paper this past Shabbat where someone addressed this question. Unfortunately, the article didn't really answer my question. So, I hope that if I get one or ...
5
votes
4answers
200 views

Why does Tanac“h frequently use the term for ”knowledge" when referring to sexual relations?

Frequently, when Tanac"h speaks about a man and woman having sexual relations, it uses the term ידע as in Breishit 4:1 וְהָ֣אָדָ֔ם יָדַ֖ע אֶת־חַוָּ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וַתַּ֙הַר֙ וַתֵּ֣לֶד אֶת־קַ֔יִן ...