Questions tagged [vilna-gaon]

The "Gra" aka Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer (1720-1797) a legendary Torah scholar who was one of of the most influential & impactful leaders in modern Jewish history.

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Why does the Vilna Gaon use the Yerushalmi version of Beitzo 1:10?

The Vilna Gaon famously held that there is no proof from Chazal that the obligation of tefillin applies on Chol HaMo'eid. In Bi'ur HaGro on Shulchan Oruch Orach Chayyim 31:2:2, he refutes the most ...
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What is the Vilna Gaon position on pilegesh?

I'm an Italian Noahide. The issue in question manifests my purely intellectual interest, concerning the Jews and not the Gentiles. Thanks to the user Yaacov Deane I identified, at the link. The ...
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On which precise halachic source did Rambam claim that the pilegesh is forbidden to all Jewish men except the kings of Israel?

I’m an Italian noahide. This question covers my exclusively intellectual curiosity, being an halachic case that does not concern the Gentiles but only the Jews. We read in Mishneh Torah -Melachim ...
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Should one refuse torah insights from heaven?

I have heard a story that the Vilna Gaon was offered torah insights by some sort of divine source, either an angel, a maggid or something else. The story goes that he refused those insights because ...
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71 views

Gr"A stating that Africa is [at] the South Pole

(Saw it today at the Kolel in Mikraot Gedolot, sorry can't find it online, please help). At the beginning of Divrei Hayamim, Pirush HaGr"a explains various nations coming out of Noah's sons and how ...
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Is there a Siddur authored by the Gra?

Is there a Siddur authored by the Gra or his talmidim that goes according to him? If so is there a copy online?
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Source for Vilna Gaon saying that music can revive the dead?

I remember learning (and even found in the 2nd to last paragraph of this article) that the Vilna Gaon said that music is so powerful that it's possible to resurrect the dead with it. Anyone have the ...
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What are some major differences between the G'RA and the Ba'al Shem Tov?

What are some major differences between the G'RA and the Ba'al Shem Tov, in terms of hashkafa, learning style, and other differences? Any sources would be great.
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Where in the writings of the Vilna Gaon does he discuss how Rashi & Tosfot each explain a Talmudic “sugiya?”

Two days ago, I asked this question in the name of the Vilna Gaon. I was informed that the answer may be [also] found in the writings of Rav Chaim Volozhin. So, I re-phrased the question. My ...
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What is the “Likut” in the Beur HaGr"a?

Certain explanations of the Beur HaGr"a start with the word "Likut". Does that mean that those explanations were collected from other places the Gr"a wrote other than the Shulchan Aruch? If not what ...
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Mishnah Berurah's Safek on eating each day in Succah

The Mishnah Berurah (639,24) says that perhaps just like the Gra said on Pesah that there is a mitzvah to eat matzah every day of Pesah, so is there a mitzvah to eat bread and to say Birkat Leshev ...
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Why we have two ears vs. one mouth?

A Rebbi told us in the name of the Vilna Gaon that we have two ears and one mouth because we should spend more time listening than talking. (Sounds like Epictetus', "We have two ears and one mouth so ...
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Iggeres Hagra - heavy falls light rises

What exactly is the comparison between time being a traitor and a scale that GRA is making? ‏והזמן בוגד והוא כמאזנים יגביה הקל וישפיל הכבד
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105 views

The source of the story of GR"A and lashes

It is worrisome to argue with the Gra about the different meanings of words, particularly after the famous (apocryphal?) story of him ordering lashes for the maskil who asserted to him that gila, rina,...
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Vilna Gaon — mini nevuah after six hours of study?

In Aish Moharan1, Rav Berland cites the Vilna Gaon as having said that after six hours of uninterrupted Torah study, the first thoughts a person has are a form of mini nevuah (prophecy). כמו שמובא ...
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Original Iggeres Hagra

In this printing of the Iggeres Hagra (1937) it is written entirely in Yiddish. As is known, he wrote it originally in Yiddish and it was later translated into the Hebrew we have. Is it correct to ...
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Gra bashing Bahag? [closed]

In Biur Hagra YD 293:2 the Gra makes the following shocking statement: ודברי בה"ג כאן טעות גדול הוא וא"צ להשיב עליהן וגם מ"ש בשם ב"ח הב"ח כשיטתו דס"ל אינו נוהג בשל עובדי כוכבים וכבר הכו על קדקדו כל ...
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264 views

Brachot that don't come from the Gemara?

I heard that the Bracha of "Hanoten Laya'ef Koach" ("Who gives strength to the weary") is not from the Gemara, and therefore should not be recited. However, the Vilna Gaon says that we still do say it....
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For how long must a vessel be left open for it to be considered “Megulah”?

One was not permitted to drink liquids that were left uncovered. Some (like the Vilna Gaon: גלוי אסור אף שאין נחשים מצוים בינינו. והוא ז״ל היה נזהר מאד מאד בדבר) was stringent even in countries ...
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Source for Shir Shel Yom of the Gra

There is a custom of the Gra to replace the regular shir shel yom on holidays and various other special days with a psalm specific to that day. (This custom is followed by many Nusach Ashkenaz ...
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Zodiac Signs for gaining insight into the nature of ones children

i read that the GR"A said its invaluable to know the zodiac signs to gain insight into the nature of ones children to better know how to raise them. Does anyone know any information about being born ...
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Where are there English or German translations of either “Maaseh Torah” by R. Yehudah HaNasi or the “Maaseh Torah” by Vilna Gaon?

Where are there English or German translations of either "Maaseh Torah" by R. Yehudah HaNasi or the "Maaseh Torah" by Vilna Gaon? I will also consider reading any of these in vowelled-Hebrew or in ...
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Vilna Gaon: Tehillim's prophecy about Eisav and Yishmael

I heard once in a class where the Rabbi taught a teaching from the Vilna Gaon on Tehillim 20:8: אֵ֣לֶּה בָ֭רֶכֶב וְאֵ֣לֶּה בַסּוּסִ֑ים וַאֲנַ֓חְנוּ ׀ בְּשֵׁם־יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣ינוּ נַזְכִּֽיר׃ ...
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702 views

Source for the “gra's” calculation of pi

I am looking for a textual source for this famous GRA which corrects the מקרא calculation of Pi from 3 to 3.1415 based on the kri and ksiv of קו vs קוה. Based on my research there may not be a written ...
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12 halachic hours – why no more halachic consequences?

In MyZmanim (and other luachs) one can find the latest time for reading Shema according to the calculation of the Magen Avraham and Baal HaTanya / Gra. One can (and should) decide which approach to ...
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Prediction from the Vilna Gaon that America would be the last exile . I am looking for the source?

I have heard from numerous people this prediction of the Vilna Gaon that America would be the last exile/galus but I have no idea where this actually comes from. I just wanted to know if anyone could ...
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Why did the Gaon of Vilna kindle many Shabbat lights?

I am making my giur and got a book from my teacher with all kinds of questions. In the chapter about lighting the candles I found one I am not able to answer: It is reported about the Gaon of Vilna ...
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Connection of the 10 plagues to the 10 sayings used to create the world

I have read in the name of the Vilna Gaon that the 10 plagues were corresponding to the 10 sayings God used to create the world (dont know the exact source). Thus the slaying of the first born ...
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Shulchan Aruch HaRav and the Gra

I heard a story about how when the Vilna Gaon was shown Hilchos Talmud Torah from the Alter Rebbe's Shulchan Aruch, the Gra kissed the volume and praised the author, not knowing the author was the ...
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Looking for Peirush HaGra on Sefer Yehoshua online

Does anyone know if there is an online version of the Peirush HaGra on Sefer Yehoshua online? I can't seem to find it on Sefaria or Hebrewbooks.org.
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Vilna Gaon - Mitzvah Goreres Mitzvah

I once heard (I do not recall from who or where) that The Vilna Gaon once remarked that the way to determine if one's actions were in fact a good deed, one must look at the after effects. The Gr"a is ...
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Did the Vilna Gaon study Torah on Christmas?

I'm looking for some information (sourced) about the Vilna Gaon and Nittelnacht. Did the Vilna Gaon avoid the study of Torah on the night of Nittel (Christmas) as was done by some European ...
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Vilna Gaon's Criticism of the Rambam

As mentioned in this answer, the Vilna Gaon once criticised the Rambam for having been led astray by his own philosophy. I have seen this statement referenced also in this article on Seforim Blog and ...
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Did the Vilna Gaon ever mention the Ramchal by name in his writings?

It is said that the Vilna Gaon thought very highly of the Ramchal. I would like to know if he is ever mentioned by name by the Gra?
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According to the Vilna Gaon, why doesn't Kaddish open with “יתגדל ויתקדש כרעותיה”?

According to the Vilna Gaon, the opening line of Kaddish is very disjointed. So much so, that most people are, ostensibly, mispronouncing one of the words. Grammatically, it would also work, and it ...
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Whose opinion is followed by those who say כרעותיה in Kaddish without a dagesh in the כ?

My question on kaddish was well answered. The answer said that the Vilna Gaon preferred the word כּרְעוּתֵהּ with the dagesh in the chaf, because that word is not connected to "ברא", but to the ...
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כּרְעוּתֵהּ (with a dagesh in the כּ) or כרְעוּתֵהּ (without the dagesh) in Kaddish?

Kaddish starts: יִתְגַּדַּל וְיִתְקַדַּשׁ שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא. אמן:  בְּעָלְמָא דִּי בְרָא כִרְעוּתֵהּ The siddur HaGr”a has כּרְעוּתֵהּ (with a dagesh in the כּ) and all my other siddurim have כרְעוּתֵהּ ...
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Who are the mitnagdim of today?

When the Chassidut began, there was oppositions from other Jews who thought they are heretics (due to Chassidic's heavy reliance on Kabbalistic interpretations of the Torah), and one of the Jews who ...
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What is the shir shel yom for Rosh Hodesh Tevet according to the tradition of the GR"A?

My understanding of the tradition of the Vilna Gaon (whose tradition is followed in Israel) with respect to shir shel yom is that every day has exactly one shir shel yom. For example, during Hanukkah, ...
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Vilna Gaon, Gog and Magog war and Hoshana Rabba

1) I read on Soul Mazal, the following: "...The Vilna Gaon on the Mechilta (Shmos 14:20) says that the Gog U'Magog war shall begin three hours before "Hanetz Hachama" (crack of dawn) on Hoshana ...
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Only 613 commandments? Can't be!

In the beginning of the sefer Ma'alos HaTorah, authored by the brother of the Vilna Gaon, the question is asked (on the Gemara at the end of Makkos) how the gemara can state that there are only 613 ...
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480 views

Vilna Gaon on Yom HaAtzmaut?

I've heard repeatedly the claim that there is a specific prediction by the Vilna Gaon regarding the dates of Yom HaAtzma'ut (5 Iyar) and Yom Yerushalayim (28 Iyar). What is the source for this claim? ...
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217 views

Source that Gr“a finished the ”whole" Torah?

I heard from a friend that he read that the Vilna Gaon did a Sium on the Torah. Not just the חמישה חומשי תורה, but that he basically claimed that he finished all there is to learn in Jewish studies. ...
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Seder Plate According to the Vilna Gaon

The opinion of the Vilna Gaon in setting up the seder plate is that the shankbone and the egg are placed closest to the person leading the Seder, the two matzos (the Vilna Gaon did not use the third ...
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Can the Mishnah be interpreted according to both peshat and drash?

There's a statement attributed to the Vilna Gaon (quoted in the introduction to Binas Mikra and in several other places) that the Mishnah can be interpreted according to 'peshat' which can sometimes ...
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Specific writings of the Vilna Gaon

1- What writings of the Vilna Gaon do we have that are not commentary or textual emendations? 2- Do we possess any writings of the Vilna Gaon that talk about or reference his contemporaries or ...
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158 views

Where did the Vilna Gaon praise remaining silent?

I once heard someone quote the Vilna Gaon saying, “For every second that one remains silent he will merit reward of a magnitude that is beyond the comprehension of even of malochim (celestial beings). ...
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Learning Aderet Eliyahu

Anyone know of any resources online to help one learn "aderet Eliyahu" (the vilna gaon's commentary on the Torah) - an online shiur perhaps?
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What's the difference between שמחה and חדוה?

The Gra was quoted to me (I think from the Aderes Eliyah, but I'm not sure) as saying that during the shofar blowing on Rosh HaShanna a person should be in a state of simcha and chedva. I would like ...
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266 views

The Vilna Gaon's definition of Torah lishmah

The Vilna Gaon in his perush on aggados Chazal (Brachos 57a D"h hameikiz dam) says that a person who learns Torah lishmah does not need to work on his middos and does not need Pirkei Avos. I would ...