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Questions tagged [vayishlach]

The weekly Torah portion of Vayishlach (Genesis 32:4-36:43)

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Is the one who fights with Jacob in Genesis 32: 25-31 a simple emissary of Esau according to a current of Jewish tradition?

I am an Italian noahide. I read the following words written by an Italian Orthodox Jew about the figure of one who fights with Jacob in Genesis 32: 25-31 This figure is defined by the tradition "...
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Esav “kissed” (vayishakheihu) have dots over this word, is there an explanation? Or is it a scribal error?

In Bereishit 33:4 Esav "kissed" Jacov. In some Torah scrolls the word for kissed (bite) is, "VAYISHAKHEIHU" which has dots over each letter. I have seen some explanations that the dots represent "bite ...
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Does anyone comment on the name Reu'el for Eisav's son?

In Vayishlach (Ber. 36:10) Eisav has a son named Reu'el. While the meanings of/reasons for the names of those in Eisav's line are not provided, it seems to me that this name sticks out because it ...
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Tribes' names with את and without?

"וַתַּהַר לֵאָה וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ רְאוּבֵן" "וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן ... וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ שִׁמְעוֹן" "וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן ... עַל־כֵּן קָרָא־שְׁמוֹ לֵוִי" "וַתַּהַר עוֹד ...
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Why does the Torah list all of Esav's Tribes?

What is significance the Torah wants us to learn from the seemingly exhaustive list of Esav's tribes? (The entire chapter Bereishis 36, which is 43 pesukim long) Note: I heard the Gra says it hints ...
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Esav Tribal Wives

Most the tribes of Esav do not have wives listed among the husbands, yet we find (Bereishis 36:39) וַיָּמָת בַּעַל חָנָן בֶּן־עַכְבּוֹר וַיִּמְלֹךְ תַּחְתָּיו הֲדַר וְשֵׁם עִירוֹ פָּעוּ וְשֵׁם ...
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Rachel Naming Binyamin

Rachel's final action before leaving this world was to give her son the name Ben Oni (Bereishis 35:18) וַיְהִי בְּצֵאת נַפְשָׁהּ כִּי מֵתָה וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ בֶּן־אוֹנִי וְאָבִיו קָרָא־לוֹ ...
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Did the descendants of Esav literally taste soil?

The pasuk in Bereshit says (36:20) אֵ֤לֶּה בְנֵֽי־שֵׂעִיר֙ הַחֹרִ֔י יֹשְׁבֵ֖י הָאָ֑רֶץ לוֹטָ֥ן וְשׁוֹבָ֖ל וְצִבְע֥וֹן וַעֲנָֽה׃ Chazal explain that they are called the dwellers of the earth because ...
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Eisav's angel fought Yaakov. Why Eisav's angel and not Gavriel?

I saw this dvar torah in a forum. "וַיֵּאָבֵק אִישׁ עִמּוֹ" (לב/כה) פירש רש"י ז"ל : "הוא שרו של עשיו" שואלים: בפסוק הנאמר על יוסף "וַיִּמְצָאֵהוּ אִישׁ וְהִנֵּה תועֶה בַּשָּׂדֶה" (לז/טו) אומר ...
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Did anyone (especially Yaakov) ever find out about the idols?

Rachel took Lavan's terafim and hid them. Yaakov pronounced what some commentators view as a curse on anyone who had them (not just the one with whom they were found, but even if they were not found ...
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make atonement - אכפרה

Shemot 32:30 teaches us that Moshe said to the people: “You have sinned a great sin, and now I will go up unto the Lord, peradventure I shall make atonement for you.” Bereshit 32:20 Likewise teaches ...
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Your name shall be 'Yisrael', but what does it mean and why so?

In relation to another question of mine I would like to know what the name Yisrael really means. It literally says Ya'akov is now names Yisrael because he has struggled AND has overcome. I heard ...
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Seeing your face has been like?

Ya'akov finally has met Esav after many years, and against all odds Esav hugs and kisses him. Ya'akov words seem to imply that Esav has granted him favor/grace/mercy. And then in Genesis 33:10 he says:...
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Won’t let go unless you bless me

In the moment Yaakov is wrestling a adversary he says: ‘לא אשלחך כי אם ברכתני’, I wondered if there are any commentaries which reads this differently. I noticed that Rabbi Hirsch connects the root ...
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The fear and anxiety of Yaakov before meeting Eisav

Bereshit 32:8: "וַיִּירָא יַעֲקֹב מְאֹד וַיֵּצֶר לוֹ וַיַּחַץ אֶת־הָעָם אֲשֶׁר־אִתּוֹ וְאֶת־הַצֹּאן וְאֶת־הַבָּקָר וְהַגְּמַלִּים לִשְׁנֵי מַחֲנוֹת׃" "Jacob was greatly frightened; in his ...
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Why is Yaakov’s name changed twice?

In the parasha of Vayishlach Yaakov’s name is changed twice. Both times his new name is Yisrael. He is morphed twice from the ‘One Who Grasps Ankles’ to ‘the One Who Wrestles with G-d.’ The first time ...
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Any connection between Isaiah 40:3 and the story of Ya'akov's name changed to Yisrael?

Regards the name changing from Ya'akov to Yisrael the Kli Yakar states that the name Yisrael comes from the word Yashar El, to be straight with G-d. This transformation is compared to Yeshayahu 40:4 '...
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With what and why did Ya’akov struggle?

Many times I came across teachings which stated that Ya’akov Avinu wrestled (struggled) with what could be described as something representative of Esav (I.e. Edom, Adam); of which it is said it was ...
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Seeing Elohim and live?

Shemot 33:20 teaches us that: ‘One can’t see G-ds face and live, for man shall not see G-d and live‘ (לֹא תוּכַל לִרְאֹת אֶת-פָּנָי: כִּי לֹא-יִרְאַנִי הָאָדָם, וָחָי.). When Ya’akov named the ...
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The meaning of ירך

I’m unclear as to the meaning of the word ירך that appears in Vayishlach, in 32:26. What’s the precise meaning of ירך often translated as hip, thigh, loin, gird etc. Which body part, bone or muscle is ...
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Source that the word לשמי hints to the changing of Yaakov's name to Yisrael

In Genesis 32:30 after Ya’akov want’s to know the name of which he is wrestling with, the question is asked why he wants to know it’s name: (למה זה תשאל לשמי), I can’t find its source but I heard ...
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Wrestling HaSatan

I know there are many explanations on who Ya’akov wrestled with. But I came across an explanation teaching it was HaSatan he wrestled with. Hoped someone could give me the sources or explanations ...
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Is Asenath, the wife of Joseph, the illegitimate daughter of Dinah?

In Bresheit 34:1-2 "Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had born to Yakov, went out to see the daughters of the land. And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country saw her, ...
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When did Eisav find out that Yaakov was still alive?

The pasuk in Bereishis 29:11 says: וַיִּשַּׁ֥ק יַעֲקֹ֖ב לְרָחֵ֑ל וַיִּשָּׂ֥א אֶת־קֹל֖וֹ וַיֵּֽבְךְּ׃ Then Jacob kissed Rachel, and broke into tears. Rashi says on that pasuk: ...Another ...
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Esav took his wives from among the girls of Cana'an? (Breishit 36:2)

There appears to be a Torah contradiction regarding the statement that Esav took his wives from among the women in the land of Cana'an as stated in Breishit 36:2. verse 2 lists Adah, whom Rash"i says ...
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Where in parshas Vayishlach is Jerusalem hinted to?

I heard that Jerusalem is alluded to in parshas Vayishlach. Can anyone help me find out where?
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Was Yakov separated from Yosef the same length of time he was separated from Yitzak?

I was told that the time Yakov was separated from Yitzak was 22 years, but in Bresheit 31:38 (Yakov speaking) "These twenty years I have been with you..." Were there two more years before he was ...
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Binyomin didn't bow to Eisav

The Torah Temimah to Bereishis 32 #9, in order to answer a different question, cites the "Aggados", that the Beis Hamikdash was built in the portion of Binyomin because he was the only one of the sons ...
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Why didn't Ya'akov try to hide from Esav?

I know that there are some Midrashim that "blame" Ya'akov for sending messengers to Esav. But, after he sends them, they return and report that Esav is coming after him with 400 men. We see that he ...
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Limping צלע and פסח

צלע (Genesis/Bereshit 32:32) וַיִּֽזְרַֽח־ל֣וֹ הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָבַ֖ר אֶת־פְּנוּאֵ֑ל וְה֥וּא צֹלֵ֖עַ עַל־יְרֵכֽוֹ׃ and פסח (Leviticus/Vayikra 21:18 for example) כִּ֥י כׇל־אִ֛ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־...
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Why did Jacob also collect earrings along with the idols?

In parshat Vayishlach (35:4), after the people of the town of Shechem are acquired, Jacob tells the group travelling with him to give him all the idols with them. They give him both their idols and ...
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When did yaakov avinu cross the yarden?

Genesis 32:11 quotes yaakov - "כי במקלי עברתי את הירדן הזה..." When did he cross the yarden? Looked back but didn't see it.
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Michoel/Gavriel Wrestling Yaakov

Although Rashi follows Chazal in identifying the angel which wrestled with Yaakov as the Sar (archangel) Shel Esav, the Yalkut Shimoni (132), Zohar Bo (51b), and the Pirkei D'Rav Elazar all identify ...
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Why was Yaacov punished for hiding Dinah?

Why was Yaacov punished for hiding Dinah from Esav? Isn't this an expected attitude from a loving and protective father?
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Understanding Rashbam to Vayishlach 32:27

Rashbam to Genesis 32 says that the purpose of Yaakov's crossing Yabok river was to avoid meeting Esav. (See his commentary to verses 21–26.) In verse 25, he explains, an angel fought with Yaakov to ...
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Meaning of the mitzvah to not eat Gid Hanashe

Why is the fact that the angel dislodged Yaakov's hip a reason not to eat the gid hanashe? What is the connection, since what happened was to a person and the gid hanashe is part of an animal? What's ...
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Vayishlach - Angels changing names?

Parshat Vayishlach features the famous episode of Yaakov and the Angel wrestling. After this wrestling, Yaakov demands "Tell me your name" The Malach responds "Why do you ask my my name" The ...
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Is “I have sojourned with Lavan” a threat?

When Yaakov sends messengers to Eisav he reports that ""I have sojourned with Laban," (עִם לָבָן גַּרְתִּי). Many commentators delve into this statement to explain what Yaakov is getting across but I ...
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Benyamin born in Padan-Aram?

In Genesis 35 the birth narrative of Benyamin is told where Rachel is traveling on the road from Bethel to Bethlehem (Ephrath) in central Judea. Later in verse 26 it says that all of Jacob's sons ...
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When was this verse written?

When was this written: "And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel." (Genesis 36:31)? Are there any traditional commentators ...
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Why didn't Ya'akov contact Yitzchak prior to contacting Esav?

Follow up on this M.Y. question. Genesis 32:4: וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח יַעֲקֹ֤ב מַלְאָכִים֙ לְפָנָ֔יו אֶל־עֵשָׂ֖ו אָחִ֑יו אַ֥רְצָה שֵׂעִ֖יר שְׂדֵ֥ה אֱדֽוֹם׃ And Jacob sent messengers before him to ...
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Did Devorah get a tombstone / pillar, as Rachel did?

Genesis 35:20: וַיַּצֵּ֧ב יַעֲקֹ֛ב מַצֵּבָ֖ה עַל־קְבֻרָתָ֑הּ הִ֛וא מַצֶּ֥בֶת קְבֻֽרַת־רָחֵ֖ל עַד־הַיּֽוֹם׃ And Jacob set up a pillar upon her grave; it is the pillar of Rachel’s grave unto ...
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Who were Esav's wives?

Bereishit (Genesis) chapter 26 and Genesis 36 state different names for the wives of Esav (Esau). What are the different explanations to this problem? (Biblical Criticism explains this as two ...
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Did Jacob actually send angels to Esau?

The Torah (Genesis 32:4) says that Jacob sends "malachim" to Esau. Rashi there interprets "malachim" (commonly referring to messengers, or angels) as "real malachim" ("מלאכים ממש"). I've also heard ...
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Why was Eisav approaching?

Yaakov spends 20 years in the house of Lavan, after which he starts heading home. He sends messengers ahead to check on his brother Eisav (Bereishis 32:4). The messengers return and inform Yaakov ...
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Where is the Yabbok crossing?

Where is the Yabbok crossing (mentioned in Genesis 32:23)?
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Did the inhabitants of Shechem convert to Judaism?

Did the inhabitants of Shechem, mentioned in parshah Vayishlach, convert to Judaism?
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Justification for Killing all of Shechem

What was the justification for Shimon and Levi's killing all the males of Shechem in parshas Vayishlach? I assume some people there were not in a position to prevent what happened or that their ...
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Why are the sons of Dishohn listed twice?

Breishit 36:26 and 36:28 list the sons of Dishohn twice. Why is there a break of 1 verse in the middle, instead of including all the children together in one verse?
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Who is דישון? Contradiction in 2 verses

Breishit 36:21 list דישון as the son of Se'ir, but verse 25 lists him as the son of Ana, which would make him a grandson of Se'ir. Which is it? Why the contradiction?