Questions tagged [vayigash]

The weekly Torah portion of Vayigash (Genesis 44:18-47:27)

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18
votes
8answers
939 views

How did Yosef showing his circumcision prove anything?

Rashi to 45:4 says that when Yosef told his brothers to approach him, it was to show them his circumcision (presumably to prove he was Jewish). But how would that prove anything? All of Egypt had been ...
15
votes
2answers
497 views

Goshen, the most immoral part of Mitzrayim

Rashi on Vayikra 18:3 says (as understood by the Mizrachi) that the most immoral part of Mitzrayim was Goshen, where the Jews had settled — indeed, according to B'reshis 45:10, Yosef chose it as ...
14
votes
9answers
759 views

Why Didn't Yosef tell Yaakov He was Still Alive?

What do the meforshim say on why Yosef didn't tell Yaakov he was still alive? Do any critique him?
14
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6answers
7k views

If shepherds are taboo to Egyptians, what do we make of them having sheep themselves?

Yosef tells his family to say they're shepherds because that's taboo to Egypt: you must say, 'We and our fathers have dealt in livestock all our lives'. You will then be able to settle in the ...
14
votes
4answers
272 views

Unusual number of males among the 70 who went to Egypt

B'reshis chapter 46 lists the seventy descendants of Yaakov who went to Egypt. It actually lists sixty-nine: let's assume Yocheved was the seventieth, as Rashi explains. It also lists (in pasuk 12) ...
11
votes
1answer
519 views

Was Ankhmahor really Yosef?

I was reading an article today on circumcision a news website I frequent. It displayed a picture from the tomb of Ankhmahor, a high ranking Egyptian official that was, apparently, responsible for mass ...
11
votes
2answers
132 views

Paro enslaved Yisrael but they kept the good land — was that normal?

When Yisrael come to Mitzrayim Paro gives them "the choice land of Goshen" Bereishis 47,6 which is also called "Raamses" Bereishis 47,11. Later a new king Paro who doesn't recognize Yosef (who saves ...
11
votes
4answers
500 views

If Jacob's arrival in Egypt ended the famine there, why was there famine in Canaan while he was still there?

There were seven years of plenteous harvests in Egypt, to be followed by seven years of famine (Genesis 41). Joseph was placed in charge of storing food from the plenty for use during the famine. But ...
10
votes
2answers
547 views

How could Yocheved be conceived

Rashi brings the Midrash that Yocheved was born as Yaakov's family arrived in Egypt. They had to migrate due to the devastating famine. Now, Rashi earlier points out that we learn from Yosef that it'...
8
votes
4answers
350 views

Poti-phera's Title/Job Description

Genesis 41:45 JPS And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Poti-phera priest of On. And Joseph went out over the land of Egypt. ...
7
votes
2answers
188 views

Do any commentaries explain the charade that Yosef put the brothers through as done with bad intention?

It seems that over the last few hundred years all the commentators that have written on the subject, and all the darshanim I hear talking about it, take for granted that the entire episode concerning ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Was Binyamin aware of Tzofnas Paaneach (aka Yosef)'s true identity?

While Yosef recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him. I heard a Rosh Yeshiva suggest that Binyamin, who wasn't so absorbed in the soap opera, was able to recognize Yosef, but played along ...
6
votes
2answers
248 views

Joseph's interpretation of 7 years of famine - was his prediction false?

There appear to be a few conflicting verses and commentaries on this topic. When Joseph intreprest Pharaoh's dreams he says, Genesis 41:28: ה֣וּא הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה ...
6
votes
1answer
366 views

What is the earliest source of the story of Serach bas Asher and the harp?

This post indicates that the earliest source for the story of Serach bas Asher and the harp, wherein she notified Yakov that Yosef was still alive in a very subtle musical fashion, is a very late ...
6
votes
1answer
156 views

Why does the Torah specify only that Le'ah's children were born in Paddan Aram?

Breishit 46:15 states that "These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore unto Jacob in Paddan-aram..." What is the significance of the Torah telling us where the children were born, and why does it ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Story about learning b'iyun vs. b'qius

When I was in yeshiva, I heard a story that I wouldn't mind having verified. Apparantly, two individuals once argued over whether b'iyun (בעיון; "in-depth", commentary-focused) learning or b'qius (...
5
votes
3answers
245 views

Source of Midrash regarding Yaakov's saying Shema

There is a famous Rashi in Parashat Vayigash (46:29) where Rashi explains that Yaakov didn't cry on Yosef's shoulders because he was reciting Shema. He cryptically quotes this in the name of "Rabotenu,...
5
votes
3answers
306 views

Understanding Rashi's resolution of an ambiguity in Parashat Vayigash

The following is based on a question I wrote in the margin of my chumash about ten years ago. In Yehuda's speech to the Egyptian viceroy (Yosef in disguise) at the beginning of Parashat Vayigash, he ...
5
votes
1answer
55 views

How does Yosef's giving grain help things?

Near the end of Breishit (Gen.) 47, the people sell themselves and their land to Yosef because of the famine. In Breishit 23-24, Yosef gives them seed and tells them to plant the seed and when there ...
5
votes
3answers
345 views

How did Yakov know the wagons are connected to Egla Arufa?

As we know, Yakov was 100% sure that Yosef was alive when he saw the wagons that Yosef sent. Rashi there explains that the wagons , Agola, are the same words as Eglah (as in Egla Arufa) and that was ...
5
votes
2answers
203 views

Why did Yosef cry about the future destruction of the Batei HaMikdash at that particular moment?

After Yosef revealed himself to his brothers, he fell upon Binyamin's neck and wept, and Rashi comments there that he was weeping about the future destruction of the two Batei HaMikdash. But why did ...
5
votes
2answers
300 views

Questions about the Beginning of Vayechi

My Torah Tidbits this shabbat told me that Vayigash is the only Parsha in the Torah to end before a "paragraph break". (Is this true?) This got me to look more closely at the beginning of Vayechi, ...
5
votes
2answers
93 views

Was Joseph presenting his father to Pharaoh as a job candidate?

In פרק מז, פסוק ו, Paroah says to Joseph: ״...ואם ידעת ויש בם אנשי-חיל ושמתם שרי מקנה על-אשר-לי.״ "If you know and there are capable men among you, appoint them as managers over my livestock ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

The brothers telling Yosef about Yosef

Rashi to Miketz (Bereishit 42:13-14) says that the brothers told Yosef that they came to Egypt to look for their missing brother. However, in Vayigash (Bereishit 44:20) Yehudah tells Yosef that they ...
4
votes
4answers
431 views

Vayigash - Why didn't the family go back?

The brothers and Yaakov moved to Egypt after Yosef revealed himself. Yosef asked them to move to Goshen because "there still remains 5 years of famine, and [if you were to stay in the land" you may ...
4
votes
2answers
167 views

Why did Yosef cause so much anguish to his family?

While this question already seems to assume some answer or another (that of a 'deeper purpose'), I thought it strange that nobody has actually asked this question so far: Yosef recognized his ...
4
votes
3answers
148 views

Why חלפות (=malei) and then חלפת (=chaser)?

Bereishit 45:22: לְכֻלָּם נָתַן לָאִישׁ חֲלִפוֹת שְׂמָלֹת וּלְבִנְיָמִן נָתַן שְׁלשׁ מֵאוֹת כֶּסֶף וְחָמֵשׁ חֲלִפֹת שְׂמָלֹת Why is the first occurence of the word "חלפות" written מלא (with the ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Source for the idea that “bris milah” is a “bris achvah”

Where else do we find, like the sifsei chachomim writes (Bereshit 45:4), that bris milah is a bris achvah - a covenant of brotherhood?
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Famine in Egypt

Question: How can there be a famine in egypt? Parshas Miketz and Vayigash discuss a famine in Egypt and the world. Rashi's comments to Eikev 11:10 imply that the Nile's annual flooding was critical ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Why is Benjamin referred to as a youth?

In several places, parsha vayigash refers to Benjamin as a youth (na-ar). But he must have been close to 30 years old since Joseph was at that time already in Egypt for about 20 years. Why is ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Backlash from ownership of all the land/people?

The simple reading of the Torah text implies that, through Joseph's leadership, in exchange for the grain, Egypt/Pharoah came to own all the land all over the world and the people were indentured to ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Counting error in Genesis 46:15?

Is there an error here in the number of children from Jacob's wife Leah? Genesis 46:15 says that "These were the sons Leah bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram,[c] besides his daughter Dinah. These sons and ...
3
votes
3answers
333 views

Question on trope position in Breishit (Gen.) 47:4

Genesis 47:4: וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֗ה לָג֣וּר בָּאָרֶץ֮ בָּאנוּ֒ כִּי־אֵ֣ין מִרְעֶ֗ה לַצֹּאן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְעַתָּ֛ה יֵֽשְׁבוּ־נָ֥א עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Seeking source of explanation of ולא יכל יוסף להתאפק

וְלֹא יָכֹל יוֹסֵף לְהִתְאַפֵּק — Yosef could not forbear (Gen. 45:1) — but had he done so, had he completed the brothers' reconciliation that he had started, then the kingdom would never ...
3
votes
1answer
694 views

What happened to Canaan during the famine after Yaakov et al went down to Egypt?

During the famine Yosef collected all the money in both Egypt and Canaan. In the following year Yosef acquired ownership of all the land in Egypt (except the priests') for Paro, but it says nothing ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

What didn't Ya'akov believe when his sons told him that Yosef was alive?

Bresihit 45:26 says that when Ya'akov's sons returned from Egypt (the 2nd time) they say, "Yoseph is alive and he is ruling over Egypt"; the end of the verse says that Ya'akov didn't believe them. ...
3
votes
0answers
582 views

How old were Perez and his sons when they went down to Egypt? Is he the only one of his generation to enter Egypt with progeny? [duplicate]

Joseph was 39 when he met his family again and Judah is roughly 6 or 7 years older than Joseph (if all the brothers are one year apart). So Judah would be roughly 46 when he entered Egypt. ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Are Ra'meses and Ra'amses the same place

In Bereishit 47:11 (and Shemot 12:37 and Bamidbar 33:3 and 33:5) we find mention of an Egyptian place called רַעְמְסֵס - Ra'meses. In Shemot 1:11 we find mention of an Egyptian place called רַעַמְסֵס ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Bereshit 46:10, Shaul the son of a Cannanite Woman

Bereshit 46:10: וּבְנֵ֣י שִׁמְע֗וֹן יְמוּאֵ֧ל וְיָמִ֛ין וְאֹ֖הַד וְיָכִ֣ין וְצֹ֑חַר וְשָׁא֖וּל בֶּן־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִֽית׃ Simeon’s sons: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Saul the son of ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Why didn't Yaakov rebuke his sons when he found out what they really did to Yosef?

Yaakov had previously reacted by rebuking the actions of Shimon and Levi when they destroyed Schem (Bereishit 34:30): וַיֹּאמֶר יַעֲקֹב אֶל-שִׁמְעוֹן וְאֶל-לֵוִי, עֲכַרְתֶּם אֹתִי, לְהַבְאִישֵׁנִי ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

What does Rashi mean by the words “לחבר ולפטרון”?

In Parshas Vayigash (פרק מה פסוק ח), Yosef tells his brothers to tell Yaakov Avinu that וישימני לאב לפרעה "[G-d] made me a father to Pharaoh". Rashi comments and says that this means לחבר ...
1
vote
1answer
317 views

Was Yakov separated from Yosef the same length of time he was separated from Yitzak?

I was told that the time Yakov was separated from Yitzak was 22 years, but in Bresheit 31:38 (Yakov speaking) "These twenty years I have been with you..." Were there two more years before he was ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Why did Yaakov ”open the mouth to the Satan”?

In Parashat Vayigash (46:30), we read וַיֹּ֧אמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף אָמ֣וּתָה הַפָּ֑עַם אַחֲרֵי֙ רְאוֹתִ֣י אֶת־פָּנֶ֔יךָ כִּ֥י עוֹדְךָ֖ חָֽי׃ And Israel said unto Joseph: ‘Now let me die, since ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Understanding a Chasam Sofer on the Parsha

I recently came across an explanation from the Chasam Sofer on Vayigash and I don't understand what he's saying: (טרף טורף יוסף ולא ראיתיו עד הנה (מד כח נראה שיעקב אבינו לא חשש שיוסף מת מדלא נראה ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Pharaoh's adjective change to Yosef

When Pharaoh first hears that Yosef's family is going to reunite, he offers them חלב הארץ, literally the fat of the land (Genesis 45:18). Rashi (ad. loc.) explains חלב means מיטב, the best. Onkelos (...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Did Joseph have the authority on his own to settle his family in Goshen?

In reading through various verses regarding settling Jacob's family in Goshen, it is unclear if Joseph had the authority to do this on his own or assumed that Pharoah would be fine with it. Breishit ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How could Peretz have had children before going to Egypt? [duplicate]

וַיְהִי בָּעֵת הַהִוא וַיֵּרֶד יְהוּדָה מֵאֵת אֶחָיו וַיֵּט עַד-אִישׁ עֲדֻלָּמִי וּשְׁמוֹ חִירָה. בראשית לח:א וַתָּסַר בִּגְדֵי אַלְמְנוּתָהּ מֵעָלֶיהָ וַתְּכַס בַּצָּעִיף וַתִּתְעַלָּף וַתֵּשֶׁב ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Who was Shaul ben HaCanaanie?

In Bereshis 46:10 among the sons of Shimon there is listed one וְשָׁאוּל, בֶּן-הַכְּנַעֲנִית. I have seen various explanations for who this person is. He is the son of Shimon and Dina. He is referred ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Why did Geviha ben Pesisa give the response that he gave to the Mitzri'im?

Sanhedrin 91a records the following exchange: שוב פעם אחת באו בני מצרים לדון עם ישראל לפני אלכסנדרוס מוקדון אמרו לו הרי הוא אומר (שמות יב, לו) וה' נתן את חן העם בעיני מצרים וישאילום תנו לנו כסף ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Were the brothers responsible for having Yosef come to Egypt?

There's some information that I find missing from this question that cites various commentaries debating of the brothers were responsible for selling Yosef to Egypt or not. We do see in Miketz that ...