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Questions tagged [vayera]

The weekly Torah portion of Vayera (Genesis 18:1-22:24)

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How does Rashi's explanation of Gen. 19:3 work?

In Parashat Vayera, we read that Lot gives the angels matzah (19:3). Rashi's explanation for this detail is that it was Pesach. The connection between matzah and Pesach is obvious, but I am confused ...
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Have known him OR to have made him known

Bereshit 18:19 starts with the words 'For I have known him (כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו)', the Sefaria website translates these words as 'For I have singled him out', Rashi as 'I know him intimately'. In line ...
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In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1)

In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1) We read in Gen 18:1 וַיֵּרָא אֵלָיו יְהוָה, בְּאֵלֹנֵי מַמְרֵא; וְהוּא יֹשֵׁב פֶּתַח-הָאֹהֶל, כְּחֹם הַיּוֹם. And Hashem/The ...
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Why did the Davidic dynasty need to come from questionable relations?

On the one side of the family, we have the union between Tamar and Yehudah, which, while technically a fulfillment of Yibum, Yehudah thought she was a harlot. From this union came Peretz (Bereishis 38:...
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Why are the 10 plagues in this specific order?

Is there a specific reason for the sequence of the plagues? Why the plague of blood is followed by the plague of frogs, for example?
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Avraham's knife was called Ma'achelet. Why?

What is the reason behind the word Ma'achelet used for the knife used by Avraham in the binding of Yitzchok? Is it an indication of specific function? Is this name used elsewhere? Does it indicate any ...
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Sources that Avraham Avinu personified Gemilas Chasodim

See this thread which discusses that Avraham Avinu used to make his guests pay exorbitant prices if they did not wish to bless Hashem for the food. I am struggling to differentiate between a ...
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Is it sourced that Avrohom Avinu charged his guests payment if they did not make a Brachah?

The Gemara in Soitah (10a I think) says that Avrohom used to tell people not to thank him, but rather to thank Hashem for the food that they ate. I seem to remember learning once that if they refused,...
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Dagesh after an interrogative hey

Bereshit 18:21 אֵֽרְדָה-נָּ֣א וְאֶרְאֶ֔ה הַכְּצַֽעֲקָתָ֛הּ הַבָּ֥אָה אֵלַ֖י עָשׂ֣וּ | כָּלָ֑ה וְאִם-לֹ֖א אֵדָֽעָה:‏ I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according ...
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Where, and what, is Elonei Mamre? And who is Mamre?

In Sefer Bereshit (specifically Parshat Lech Lecha, Vayera, and Chayei Sarah) the is a place called Elonei Mamre. This is usually translated something along the lines of "the trees of Mamre." Where/...
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Hashem's inconsistent responses about Sedom

In parshas Vayeira there is a whole back-and-forth between Hashem and Avraham. Each time Avraham pleaded to save everyone if a certain number of righteous individuals would be found. Each time Hashem ...
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Is it considered a good thing that Lot's daughters slept with their father?

In Bereishis 19:30-38 the story is told how the 2 daughters of Lot thought (for whatever reason) that they should sleep with their father. From the psukim themselves, it is unclear whether or not what ...
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Guests are masters?

Rashi to Genesis 19:2 said that Lot called the angels his masters because: "וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֶּה נָּא־אֲדֹנַי סוּרוּ נָא אֶל־בֵּית עַבְדְּכֶם וְלִינוּ וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם וְהִשְׁכַּמְתֶּם ...
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Why was Sarah surprised?

Why did Sarah laugh when she heard that she'll have a child despite her age (18:12) when she had just became a Nidah (Rashi 18:8) after not being a Nidah for a long time (18:11)? Shouldn't she realise ...
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Why did Avraham Have to Give a Recipe to Sarah?

When the 3 visitors show up, Avraham indicates he will get them bread. He then runs off and tells his wife not just what to make but what recipe to use (Gen 18,6): "וַיְמַהֵר אַבְרָהָם הָאֹהֱלָה ...
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Uncomfortable Discussions Around Guests

Why doesn't Avraham wait until escorting the angelic "men" out of the tent before having the conversation with Sarah about "laughing" - the pesukim (Bereishis 18:15-16) follow one after the other. ...
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Avraham Kosher for Pesach Mustard [duplicate]

Seeing that Avraham served the angels mustard on Pesach (Bava Metzia 86b), ולמה לי תלתא תסגי בחד אמר רב חנן בר רבא כדי להאכילן שלש לשונות בחרדל אמר רבי תנחום בר חנילאי לעולם אל ישנה אדם מן המנהג ...
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The claim that Yishmael repented when he was dying

I was reading ArtScroll' machzor's commentary to the Torah reading on the first day of Rosh Hashanah, which they say was taken from ArtScroll's Bereishis. After being told that Yishmael was dying, the ...
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Date of the Akeida?

Are there sources in our tradition which discuss the Hebrew date of Akeidas Yitzchak? The fact that we read the Akeida on Rosh Hashana or, properly, every day suggests to me that the "real" date is ...
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Why did the angel who destroyed Sodom have to visit Avraham? [duplicate]

רש"י בראשית \ וירא יח,ב והנה שלשה אנשים אֶחָד לְבַשֵׂר אֶת שָׂרָה וְאֶחָד לַהֲפֹךְ אֶת סְדוֹם וְאֶחָד לְרַפְּאוֹת אֶת אַבְרָהָם, ... וּרְפָאֵל שֶׁרִפָּא אֶת אַבְרָהָם הָלַךְ מִשָּׁם לְהַצִּיל אֶת ...
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Avraham sending wine to Sarah

RASHI on BERAISHIS 18:9 (end of ויאמרו אליו) quotes Gemara in Baba Metzia 87a רבי יוסי ברבי חנינא אמר כדי לשגר לה כוס של ברכה - Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Ḥanina, says: They [the Angels] inquired ...
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Why is the fact that Avraham was not commanded at עקידת יצחק a reason for its greatness?

In Drashos HaRan, Derush 6 (דרוש הששי בד"ה הנה מבואר כי המצוות] ( דרשות הרן]) the Ran says: ויותר ררחוק הוא מעשה אברהם אבינו בעקידת יצחק כי לא היה נמשך לו עונש כלל אם לא עקדו כי לא ציוהו השם יתברך ...
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Has God appeared in human form in Genesis 18? [closed]

As the title says, has God appeared in human form in Genesis 18?
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“If eight couldn't save the world, certainly eight couldn't save one city.” Why not?

Rashi to Bereishis 18:32, explaining why Avraham only bargained for 10 and no less: אָמַר דוֹר הַמַּבּוּל הָיוּ ח', נֹחַ וּבָנָיו וּנְשֵׁיהֶם, וְלֹא הִצִּילוּ עַל דּוֹרָם; וְעַל ט' עַל יְדֵי צֵרוּף ...
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Was Hagar Abraham's second wife or his pilegesh?

In Genesis 16:3 it is written: "So Sarai, Abraham's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, at the end of ten years of Abraham's dwelling in the land of Canaan, and she gave her to Abraham her ...
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Did Avraham learn Lot's fate? [duplicate]

In Bereishit 14 Avraham rescues Lot after the battle of the four kings and the five kings. At this time Lot is living in S'dom, and it seems reasonable that Avraham knows that. (Lot was captured ...
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Distance from Chevron to Sedom

Rashi (Genesis 19:1, "BaErev") asks rhetorically, וכי כל כך שהו המלאכים מחברון לסדום , implying that it's close from Chevron to Sedom. But if we assume that Sedom was located where the current Dead ...
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How could Lot's wife have been behind Lot when looking back?

It says in Genesis 19 that Lot had escaped to the city of Zoar, and the overthrowing of Sodom and Gomorrah did not begin until the next morning, when the sun rose. By this time, Lot was already safe ...
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Avraham: Two different groups of people blessed on two different pieces of ground? Or maybe not

In Bereshit 12:3 HaShem tells Avram: וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ, כֹּל מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה - in thee shall all the families/households of the earth be blessed. While in Bereshit 18:18 it says: וְנִבְרְכוּ-...
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Avraham Adon shel Sarah?

Why does Sarah refers to Avraham as אדני Adoni (Genesis 18:12)? Why not say Ishi אישי or Ba'ali בעלי if she is refering to him as her husband? Why would she call him her master/lord?
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How many descendants did Abraham give rise to?

In Genesis 22 there is a divine oath that seems to suggest that Abraham's descendants will be way more numerous than has yet been realize: Berean Study Bible Genesis 22: 16 and said, "By Myself I ...
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Who did what at the story of the destruction of S'dom and Amorah

I would like to ask two questions with regards to the context I applied with these questions: Who is who? What happened to the third men/malach? Who did destroy S'dom and Amorah? Genesis 18:1 tells ...
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Bereishit 19 Interpretation- How many daughters did Lot have and were they married or not?

I've been reading Bereishit 19 in the Sefaria and Chabad translations, and I'm a little confused with the daughter situation. In verse 8, trying to protect his guests, Lot offers the Sodomites his ...
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What is the source that Yitzhak knew that he was being sacrificed?

Are there sources that יצחק knew what was going on, during the `Akeda and that he was okay with it? How would these sources come to this conclusion?
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Why does God Tell Abimelech that he is innocent?

Why does God tell Amibelech that he innocently abducted Sara. One of the commentators (Rava?) says that in Abimelech's mind, he thought he was honoring Sarai by making her his Queen. Why does ...
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La'asot meaning “to prepare food”

In parshat Vayera, Bereishit 18:7, the text relates that וְאֶל הַבָּקָר רָץ אַבְרָהָם וַיִּקַּח בֶּן בָּקָר רַךְ וָטוֹב וַיִּתֵּן אֶל הַנַּעַר וַיְמַהֵר לַעֲשׂוֹת אֹתוֹ Avraham ran, chose an animal, ...
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Why is there a grammar change from singular to plural in Breishit (Gen.) 19:34?

Context: Lot's oldest daughter suggests to her younger sister that they intoxicate their father and have intercourse with him. My translation of Breishit 19:34: "It was the morrow. The older said ...
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Why was Sarah asked to bake cakes, not bread?

Rashi says she baked cakes not bread because she was in Niddah. How does this make any sense? We bake bread whenever.
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Changing our perspective

I once found this kind of quote online: "G-d grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and wisdom to know the difference". It popped up in my ...
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Sarah is Abraham's sister?

Genesis 20:12 has Abraham honestly saying that Sarah is indeed his sister when he is talking with Abimelek. Besides, she really is my sister, the daughter of my father though not of my mother; and ...
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To what degree and under what conditions can the righteous influence God's judgement of a population?

When Noah was told of the flood's coming, he did not pray for mercy on behalf of the world. When God told Abraham that he was about to assess S'dom and Amorrah, Abraham continually questioned God ...
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attributes of God--Why does God have to come down to check out Sodom and Gemorrah?

I've always thought it rather curious that God came down to check out the corruption of the city: כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו, לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יְצַוֶּה אֶת-בָּנָיו וְאֶת-בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו, וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ ...
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Is there a detailed explanation for Bereishis 18:8? [duplicate]

וַיִּקַּח חֶמְאָה וְחָלָב וּבֶן־הַבָּקָר אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וַיִּתֵּן לִפְנֵיהֶם וְהֽוּא־עֹמֵד עֲלֵיהֶם תַּחַת הָעֵץ וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ׃ I know the Torah was not given at this time, nor had the Sages explained ...
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Avraham leaving the donkey behind

The Medrash states that Avraham asked Yitzchak what he saw and he answer that he saw the divine presence. However,when he asked Eliezer and Yishmael they both answered that they saw nothing. The ...
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Questions on the Netziv's understanding of Isaac's birth

Haamek Davar to Vayera 18:12 (and, to a lesser extent, the surrounding verses) and Harchev Davar (by the same author) to Vayera 21:3 explain Sarah's laughter on learning that she and Abraham would ...
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What is the connection between “שיח” as prayer and “שיח” as a bush?

פרשת וירא (כא טו): וַיִּכְלוּ הַמַּיִם מִן הַחֵמֶת וַתַּשְׁלֵךְ אֶת הַיֶּלֶד תַּחַת אַחַד הַשִּׂיחִם Genesis 21:15: And the water in the bottle was spent, and she cast the child under one of the ...
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Did Abraham know that Lot Survived the Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah?

In last week's Parasha, we all know the story of Abraham arguing with God to have God spare the cities on account of the righteous. However, I haven't heard much about the end of the story. Genesis ...
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Why did G-d flip Sodom and Gomorrah?

Why after destroying the 4 cities with fire from heaven, does Hashem proceed to flip them? What purpose does this accomplish? וַֽ"ה הִמְטִ֧יר עַל־סְדֹ֛ם וְעַל־עֲמֹרָ֖ה גָּפְרִ֣ית וָאֵ֑שׁ מֵאֵ֥ת ה ...
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549 views

How is it that Abraham didn't ask that four save a city, yet four did so?

Rashi (Vayera 18:24 and passim) explains that S'dom was the most important of five cities in its neighborhood, and God was going to destroy all of them. First, though, He told Avraham of His intent to ...
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Why does the haftarah of Vayeira include the miracle of the oil?

The haftarah for Vayeira includes two stories about miracles performed by Elisha. The second one, concerning the Shunamite woman, seems clearly tied to the parsha: a woman is barren; she and her ...