Questions tagged [vayera]

The weekly Torah portion of Vayera (Genesis 18:1-22:24)

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1answer
87 views

Why did God listen to Lot's prayer to save Sodom, yet didn't listen to Abraham's?

After all of Abraham's wondorous prayers to Hashem to save Sodom the posuk says (י״ח:לג): וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ יְהוָ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔ה לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ God 'went' when ...
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1answer
58 views

Why the long delay for Akeidas Yitzchak?

In Bereishis 21:8 the pasuk writes: וַיִּגְדַּ֥ל הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַיִּגָּמַ֑ל וַיַּ֤עַשׂ אַבְרָהָם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֣ה גָד֔וֹל בְּי֖וֹם הִגָּמֵ֥ל אֶת־יִצְחָֽק׃ The child grew up and was weaned, and Abraham held a ...
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Angels visiting Abraham during Pesach

I start it from the end: regarding Lot it is written (Bereishit 19:3): וַיִּפְצַר־בָּ֣ם מְאֹ֔ד וַיָּסֻ֣רוּ אֵלָ֔יו וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אֶל־בֵּית֑וֹ וַיַּ֤עַשׂ לָהֶם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֔ה וּמַצּ֥וֹת אָפָ֖ה וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ׃...
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The angels who accused Yishmoel – what action were they suggesting?

Beraishis 21 (17) Hashem judges Yishmoel “בַּאֲשֶׁר הוּא שָׁם " - “in that condition in which he now is”. The ministering angels according to the Medrash said, “Master of the Universe, for him ...
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Were there any Tzaddikim in Sodom?

In Vayera, Avraham asks HaShem to save Sodom if even 10 righteous people exist. Sodom gets destroyed. Are there any sources that say Sodom had any righteous people, even if less than ten?
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Hashem vindicates Sarah's jealousy?

According to the Ibn Ezra (21,9), Sarah's demand to banish Yishmael was based purely on jealousy. Why would Hashem agree with her and instruct Avraham to send him away?
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Does Rashi refer to Arabs when describing the 3 people who visited Abraham?

The Torah writes (Bereshit 18:2) [Abraham] saw three men standing near him Rashi comments right after (on 18:4) כַּסָּבוּר שֶׁהֵם עַרְבִיִּים which can be translated "[Abraham] thought they ...
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317 views

Why does God appear to Avraham about Sarah’s laughter?

In Bereshis (Perek 18) why would God appear to Avraham regarding Sarah’s laughter and not appear to Sarah herself? Isn’t one’s relationship with God personal, not necessarily involving one’s spouse? ...
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1answer
36 views

Why did Sarah demand to expel Hagar?

IIRC, Hagar was [happily] married to Abraham for at least 17 years (one or two for pregnancy, 13 of Yishmael before his circumcision, one for Sarah's pregnancy, and two for Itzhak's Gmilah). If it was ...
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112 views

Why was Abraham cheap with Hagar and his son Yishmael?

Following "why-would-Hagar-go-to-the-desert-to-die", IIRC Abraham was freakishly wealthy and he should be full of Chessed (toward his former wife and his own son), Sarah didn't deny any ...
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Why would Hagar go to the desert to inevitable death?

"Early next morning Abraham took some bread and a skin of water, and gave them to Hagar. He placed them over her shoulder, together with the child, and sent her away. And she wandered about in ...
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1answer
63 views

Did Abraham and Sarah say a blessing on hearing a good news about their future heir?

IIRC, one says a Brachah of "Hatov veha-Meitiv" on hearing good news (source needed). When the angels came to inform Abraham and Sara of giving birth to Isaac in exactly one year, did they ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Why בניו if Yishmael is the Only Son Now?

Bereishit 18:19 says: כי ידעתיו למען אשר יצוה את בניו וגו׳ At this point Avraham’s only son is Yishmael. Why does the pasuk say בניו and not בנו? Does he have more than one son now? Rashi even ...
5
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119 views

Why is the name of mercy YHWH is mentioned exclusively in the story of Sodom?

The name YHWH is associated with mercy whereas the name Elokim is associated with justice (Refer to Rashi on Devarim 3:24 quoting the Sifrei here). I noticed that the name of YHWH is used exclusively ...
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31 views

The sources of Abraham's wealth

The Torah specifies that Abraham profited well from deceiving Pharaoh and Avimelech by presenting Sarah as his sister: וַיַּעַל אַבְרָם מִמִּצְרַיִם הוּא וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ וְלוֹט עִמּוֹ ...
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1answer
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Why didn't Abraham ask straight how many Tzaddikim are there in Sodom?

Maurice asked "why didn't Abraham ask "How many righteous people do there have to be in that place for you not to destroy it?" From Rasi it is clear that Abraham knew that 10 Tzaddikim ...
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God's response: "If I find fifty innocent ones..." - what does "if" mean?

וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ה' אִם־אֶמְצָ֥א בִסְדֹ֛ם חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים צַדִּיקִ֖ם בְּת֣וֹךְ הָעִ֑יר וְנָשָׂ֥אתִי לְכָל־הַמָּק֖וֹם בַּעֲבוּרָֽם׃ And the LORD answered, “If I find within the city of Sodom fifty innocent ones,...
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Angels Eating: The case of Avraham Vs Lot

I came across a fascinating Tanna D'Vei Eliyahu Rabbah (12:1) which states: וכל האומר לא אכלו מלאכי השרת עם אברהם אע"ה לא אמר כלום אלא בצדקתו של אותו צדיק ובשכר טורח שטרח בשבילם פתח להם הקב"...
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4answers
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Did Avraham know the visitors were angels?

Related (among others) When the three men walk past Avraham's tent, he runs out to bring them in and feeds them (expressions of Mid-Eastern hospitality). Does he know (think, guess?) at any point that ...
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128 views

Why does the description of Yitzchak change?

When Avraham is told to take Yitzchak to the akeida, Yitzchak is specified with a series of 3 descriptions (Bereishit 22:2): אֶת־בִּנְךָ֨ אֶת־יְחִֽידְךָ֤ אֲשֶׁר־אָהַ֙בְתָּ֙ your singular son whom you ...
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1answer
43 views

Was it a specific knife and fire?

related Avraham's knife was called Ma'achelet. Why? Why doesn't Yitzchak mention the knife? When Avraham takes Yitzchak to the Akeida, the pasuk reads וַיִּקַּ֣ח בְּיָד֔וֹ אֶת־הָאֵ֖שׁ ...
0
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1answer
123 views

How many covenants did Hashem make with Abraham?

How many covenants did Hashem make with Abraham? When reading Bereshit/Genesis, on the Chabad website, one comes across various passages of Hashem's conversation with Abram/Abraham (chapters 15, 17 ...
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1answer
121 views

One visitor healed Avraham

From were was the idea derived that one of the angels/messengers who visited Avraham healed him? Although tradition teaches us that Avraham had just been circumcised, the text in itself doesn’t ...
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3answers
188 views

I will descend to Sodom and Amorah

In Genesis 18:21 G-d seems to say something like: I will descend now and see, whether according to her cry, which has come to Me, they have done. Did He really descend right at that moment in time or ...
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2answers
204 views

Genesis 18:21 then I will know?

I find it strange that Genesis/Bereshit 18:21 seems to imply that G-d has limited knowledge of what's going on in Sodom and Amorah, so I wondered if the word eda'ah (אֵדָעָה) could be translated as: ...
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679 views

Are there any Midrashim where Yitzchak was actually sacrificed by Avraham?

Are there any Midrashim where Yitzchak was actually sacrificed by Avraham? https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/1136172-gen-22-11-16a-the-story-of-the-near-sacrifice-of-isaac-is "a later midrashic ...
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Genesis 18:3 Adonai, My Lord or lords and why?

Rabbeinu Bahya (13th Century) wrote that in non-sacred usage the Nun of adonai has a Patah, and only with an Etnahta or Sof pasuk a Qamatz when the word stands on its own. ‘And for this reason in the ...
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1answer
59 views

Why didn’t Avraham run the first time he saw the three men?

It becomes clear from Bereshit 18:2 that Avraham is looking around from the entrance of the tent and sees three men appearing, cause it reads: והנה שלשה אנשים נצבים עליו. But what did Avraham see the ...
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1answer
77 views

Why did Avraham respond to Avimelech but not Pharaoh?

There are two instances recorded in the Torah where Avraham and Sarah have to leave their home and go to a dangerous region. Both times Avraham tells people that Sarah is his sister, and both times ...
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2answers
129 views

Why was King David allowed to kill Phillistines?

In Breishit 21:23–24, Avimelech asks Avrahm to swear that his future generations will not destroy his sons or grandchildren. Bechor Shor commentary says: תעשה עמדי. כשתבא לידך שלא תגרש גם אתה את זרעי:...
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3answers
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Source for Rashi's claim that some nations worshiped dust?

Rashi (Gen 18,4) on "יֻקַּח־נָא מְעַט־מַיִם וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם׃" says: כַּסָּבוּר שֶׁהֵם עַרְבִיִּים שֶׁמִּשְׁתַּחֲוִים לַאֲבַק רַגְלֵיהֶם He thought they were Arabians who worship the dust of ...
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Does Hashem speak Lashon Hara about Sara?

In this week's Parasha, it seems to me that Hashem speaks L'H about Sarah, regarding her laughing about having a child (Genesis.18.13). וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ה' אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם לָ֣מָּה זֶּה֩ צָחֲקָ֨ה שָׂרָ֜ה ...
4
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2answers
69 views

Prayer for individual tzadikim in Sodom

According to Rashi, Avraham began his prayers by reasoning let the tzadikim save the entire cities, and if the tzadikim can't save the whole city, at least don't kill the tzadikim themselves. אולי יש ...
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Why would G-d let angels speak on His behalf?

In regards to this question of mine I would like to ask: In Genesis/Bereshit 18:10 it seems that one of the men/angels visiting Avraham is saying that Sarah will give birth to a son, while in Genesis ...
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2answers
185 views

Genesis 18 who is the ‘he’

Avraham stands at the entrance of his tent after his Brit - Bereshit 18 - looking around he sees three men at a short distance (even getting closer). At a certain point they ask Avraham: “Where is ...
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What are the limits of hospitality? [duplicate]

Hospitality is valued very highly in Judaism, witness Abraham [Gen. 18:1-5], Lot [Gen. 19:1-8], Laban [Gen. 24:28–32], Manoah [Judges 13:15-16] or the unhappy matter of the concubine of Gibeah [Judges ...
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2answers
153 views

If צחק refers to the 3 worst misdeeds why Itzchak was called so?

On the Posuk: "וַתֵּרֶא שָׂרָה אֶת־בֶּן־הָגָר הַמִּצְרִית אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָה לְאַבְרָהָם מְצַחֵק׃" Rashi (Gen 21.9) explains the meaning of the root צחק: מצחק: לְשׁוֹן עֲ"זָ, כְּמוֹ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר ...
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Forty and five, not five and forty

In Bereishis 18:28, when Hashem says that He will not destroy Sedom if there are 45 righteous people there, the number is spelled out "forty and five." However, most times a number between twenty and ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Why does the Artscroll commentary to Vayeira mention Ishmael?

The Artscroll commentary to the first pasuk of Vayeira says that Abraham pressed Ishmael into service to teach him about hospitality. From whence this comment about Ishmael?
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95 views

Why not name a Jew "Lot"? [duplicate]

I never heard of a Jew named Lot. Are there not any? Why not? What did Lot do that disqualifies him? His righteousness and (exaggerated) hospitality allowed him to be spared the fate of Sodom. ...
2
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1answer
151 views

Are women less generous with guests than men?

Bava Metzia 87a: The verse states: “Make ready quickly three measures of flour, fine flour” (Genesis 18:6). The Gemara questions the apparent redundancy. It is written: “Flour,” and it is also ...
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Why does Rashi say Avraham thought the angels were wayfarers?

Rashi on Breishis 18:16 And the men arose from there, and they looked upon Sodom, and Abraham went with them to escort them, says to escort them: Heb. לְשַׁלְּחָם, to escort them. He thought ...
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1answer
152 views

Lot's Reason for Marriage

Based on the fact that Lot was such a giving person (Bereishis 19:2) that he was willing to risk his life for kindliness וַיִּפְצַר־בָּם מְאֹד וַיָּסֻרוּ אֵלָיו וַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ וַיַּעַשׂ ...
5
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1answer
167 views

What would qualify a Sedomite as a "righteous person"?

In Genesis 18:23-33, Avraham pleads with God to spare Sedom from the destruction it had earned through its wicked institutionalized cruelty. Eventually, Avraham extracts an agreement from God that the ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How does Rashi's explanation of Gen. 19:3 work?

In Parashat Vayera, we read that Lot gives the angels matzah (19:3). Rashi's explanation for this detail is that it was Pesach. The connection between matzah and Pesach is obvious, but I am confused ...
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1answer
134 views

Have known him OR to have made him known

Bereshit 18:19 starts with the words 'For I have known him (כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו)', the Sefaria website translates these words as 'For I have singled him out', Rashi as 'I know him intimately'. In line ...
2
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3answers
164 views

In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1)

In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1) We read in Gen 18:1 וַיֵּרָא אֵלָיו יְהוָה, בְּאֵלֹנֵי מַמְרֵא; וְהוּא יֹשֵׁב פֶּתַח-הָאֹהֶל, כְּחֹם הַיּוֹם. And Hashem/The ...
12
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4answers
958 views

Why did the Davidic dynasty need to come from questionable relations?

On the one side of the family, we have the union between Tamar and Yehudah, which, while technically a fulfillment of Yibum, Yehudah thought she was a harlot. From this union came Peretz (Bereishis 38:...
4
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4answers
800 views

Avraham's knife was called Ma'achelet. Why?

What is the reason behind the word Ma'achelet used for the knife used by Avraham in the binding of Yitzchok? Is it an indication of specific function? Is this name used elsewhere? Does it indicate any ...
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6answers
255 views

Sources that Avraham Avinu personified Gemilas Chasodim

See this thread which discusses that Avraham Avinu used to make his guests pay exorbitant prices if they did not wish to bless Hashem for the food. I am struggling to differentiate between a ...