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Questions tagged [vayechi]

The weekly Torah portion of Vayechi (Genesis 47:28-50:26)

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Why is 'shiloh' read as if it were transcribed 'shelloh' by Onkelos in Genesis 49:10 when the Masoretes transcribed it differently?

B'reshit 49:10 was the first text discussed in the Disputation of Barcelona (July 20-24, 1263), a formal debate ordered by the king between representatives of Christianity and Judaism regarding ...
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Theoretically, may a Sidra begin in the middle of a Parsha, besides for Vayechi? [duplicate]

Rashi at the beginning of Vayechi (Bereishis 47:28) asks: לָמָּה פָּרָשָׁה זוֹ סְתוּמָה Why is this Parsha “closed”? As Sifsei Chachamim ad. loc. explains: למה פרשה זו סתומה כו'. כלומר ...
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Why didn't Yaakov bless Menashe and Efrayim with the tribes?

Yaakov told/commanded Yosef (not prophecized) that Yosef's two sons, Efrayim and Menashe, would become tribes on par with those of Yaakov's own sons (B'reshis 48:5): וְעַתָּה שְׁנֵי־בָנֶיךָ ...
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Discrimination in Yakov's blessings to his sons

Yaakov had learned "the hard way" what his discrimination of his sons leads to. The Gemmorah (Shabbos 10b) rules that: "... אמר רב לעולם אל ישנה אדם בנו בין הבנים שבשביל משקל שני סלעים מילת שנתן ...
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Why did Yakov ask for a favor from Yosef instead of commanding him?

Gen 47, 29: "וַיִּקְרְבוּ יְמֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל לָמוּת וַיִּקְרָא לִבְנוֹ לְיוֹסֵף וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ אִם־נָא מָצָאתִי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ שִׂים־נָא יָדְךָ תַּחַת יְרֵכִי וְעָשִׂיתָ עִמָּדִי חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת ...
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When was the name אדני first used instead of the name יקוק?

From this site we have a summary of the medrash: As Yaakov nears his demise, the Torah tells us that he wanted to reveal to his children what was to transpire at the end of days. After Yaakov's ...
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How was Reuven considered Yaakov's first drop of semen?

Rashi on Bereishit 49:3 tells us that Reuven was conceived with the first drop of semen that Yaakov emitted. How does this fit with the verses in Bereishit 29:25 to Bereishit 29:31, which seem to ...
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What's the connection between Zimri and Korach, and the sale of Yosef and destruction of Shechem?

In Yaakov's blessings to his children, he says the following to Shimon and Levi: Bereishis 49:6: בְּסֹדָם֙ אַל־תָּבֹ֣א נַפְשִׁ֔י בִּקְהָלָ֖ם אַל־תֵּחַ֣ד כְּבֹדִ֑י כִּ֤י בְאַפָּם֙ הָ֣רְגוּ אִ֔ישׁ ...
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Halachic status of ישמך אלקים כאפרים וכמנשה

Yaakov blessed Ephraim and Menashe by stating that future generations would bless their children by saying "ישמך אלקים כאפרים וכמנשה" - "God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh" (Gen. 48:20). Was this ...
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Did Yaakov bless his daughter Dina?

In parshat Vayechi Yaakov blesses (almost) all his children. There is no mention of him giving a blessing to his daughter Dina. I would like to know if there is any recording of a blessing from Yaakov ...
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The Meshech Chochma on Bereishis 49:26 and Rashi on Bereishis 43:34

The Meshech Chochma on Bereishis 49:26 comments: (Source(s) from Sefaria.org) ברכות אביך גברו על ברכות הורי וכו' תהיין וכו' נזיר אחיו הענין. דכל בניו של יעקב היו מצערים את אביהם במה שלא הגידו לו ...
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Heter for Embalming Yaakov

How could Yosef order the Egyptians to embalm Yaakov, (Bereishis 50:2) וַיְצַו יוֹסֵף אֶת-עֲבָדָיו אֶת-הָרֹפְאִים, לַחֲנֹט אֶת-אָבִיו; וַיַּחַנְטוּ הָרֹפְאִים, אֶת-יִשְׂרָאֵל) especially in light of ...
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What was Yaakov's funeral procession doing in Transjordan?

We read in Bereishit 50:10-11 וַיָּבֹאוּ עַד-גֹּרֶן הָאָטָד, אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן, וַיִּסְפְּדוּ-שָׁם, מִסְפֵּד גָּדוֹל וְכָבֵד מְאֹד; וַיַּעַשׂ לְאָבִיו אֵבֶל, שִׁבְעַת יָמִים. וַיַּרְא ...
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Why are Ephraim and Menashe blessed first?

In Ber. 49, Yaakov blessed his 12 sons in a particular order, at least based on the various notes to the Stone edition of the chumash -- he started with the sons of Leah (in a specific order) and then ...
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In Bresheit 48:2-3 refers to Yosef's father as both Yaacov and Yisrael, why are two names used?

If G_d has changed Yaacov's name to Yisrael, and that is the name he should be called, why then do we see both names being used in the same context. I had an explanation that he was called Yisrael ...
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Yaakov's sons kvarim

When Yosef died in Mitzraim, he was interred in Mitzraim until Moshe exhumed his remains which were eventually brought to Israel and reinterred. However, when Reuven, Judah, ... (the 11 brothers) died,...
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Why didn't Yosef's brothers bury him where he asked?

So Joseph made the Israelites swear, saying, “When God comes to you, you shall carry up my bones from here.” (Bereishis 50:25) And Joseph died, being one hundred ten years old; he was embalmed ...
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Why don't we hear about Ya'aqov's other sons mourning his death?

Upon Ya'aqov Avinu's passing (Bereshit 50:1), Yoseph (to the glaring exclusion of his brothers) immediately falls upon his father and weeps. Why don't we hear anything about the brothers weeping or ...
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Why was Yoseph the first of Ya'aqov's sons to die?

According to the simple reading of the verses, the end of Sefer Bereshit (Bereshit 50:24-26) and the beginning of Sefer Shemot (Shemot 1:6) describe Yoseph dying before any of his brothers. Why was ...
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Why does Ya'aqov refer to Paddan-Aram simply as Paddan?

If I'm not mistaken, Paddan-Aram is only ever referred to by its full name (i.e. Paddan-Aram). Nevertheless, Ya'aqov Avinu at the end of his life, refers to it simply as Paddan (Bereshit 48:7): ...
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Did Jacob's sons do aveilut before Jacob was buried?

In viewing Breishit 50:10 it says that the group came to Goren Ha'atad and they made a seven-day mourning period for their father there. Only afterwards, does it state that they buried Jacob in the ...
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What is the “way of peace” Rash"I cites on Bereishit 50:16?

Rash"I on Bereishit 50:16 explains the part in the verse where the brothers say, "Our father told us to say...". Rash"I says that they altered the matter for the way of peace, because their father ...
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Backlash from ownership of all the land/people?

The simple reading of the Torah text implies that, through Joseph's leadership, in exchange for the grain, Egypt/Pharoah came to own all the land all over the world and the people were indentured to ...
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What type of doctor is referred to in Breishit 50:2?

Breishit (Gen.) 50:2 uses the term רופאים, which I translate as "doctors". However, within this context, these doctors are embalming Jacob's body. They are not performing the task of healing someone ...
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How can something negative be a blessing?

Ya'akov calls out for his sons to come to him, in order to tell them what would happen in the acharit hayamim. From Bereshit 49 verse 28 we learn that Ya'akov gave the tribes a bracha (blessing). But ...
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How would Yosef's additional children have been factored into inheritance?

Bereishis 48:6 refers to what the status of any future children after Ephraim and Menashe that Yosef would have had would be: וּמוֹלַדְתְּךָ אֲשֶׁר-הוֹלַדְתָּ אַחֲרֵיהֶם, לְךָ יִהְיוּ; עַל שֵׁם ...
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How did Israel's slavery in Mitzrayim begin?

When Yosef is about to die he tells his brothers that God will surely remember them and bring them up out of Mitzrayim (Bereishit 50:24-25). This suggests that they were already not free to leave (...
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“Hamalach hagoel” and idolatrous intent

In Genesis 48:15-16, Jacob blesses Joseph by (seemingly) requesting of G-d that His angel bless Joseph's children: וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ אֶת־יוֹסֵ֖ף וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הָֽאֱלֹקים אֲשֶׁר֩ הִתְהַלְּכ֨וּ אֲבֹתַ֤י ...
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Must every sidrah begin at the start of a parsha? (Rashi on Breishit 47:28)

Rashi on Genesis 47:28 (excerpt) ויחי יעקב לָמָּה פָּרָשָׁה זוֹ סְתוּמָה? ויחי יעקב AND JACOB LIVED — Why is this section (weekly reading) totally closed? Explanation for novices: The Torah ...
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Joseph's interpretation of 7 years of famine - was his prediction false?

There appear to be a few conflicting verses and commentaries on this topic. When Joseph intreprest Pharaoh's dreams he says, Genesis 41:28: ה֣וּא הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה ...
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Why did Yaakov give Yosef Shechem 'one more than his brothers' specifically?

וַאֲנִי נָתַתִּי לְךָ שְׁכֶם אַחַד עַל אַחֶיךָ - bereshis 48:22. Yaakov previously gave Yosef an additional article of clothing, which spurred the brother's hatred of him (Yosef). Why would Yaakov go ...
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What does אקים means?

Does אקים means "I will resurrect" or "I will raise up"? Are these terms synonyms? Consider this: וְעָבְדוּ, אֵת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם, וְאֵת דָּוִד מַלְכָּם, אֲשֶׁר אָקִים לָהֶם. But they shall ...
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Why was Shechem designated as a city of refuge?

The city of Shechem was given to Yosef by Yaakov (Bereshis 48:22) yet when the Jewish people entered Israel Yehoshua designated the city as a city of refuge (Yehoshua 20:7). Why was this done? Doesn't ...
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Explain how the last word of Yosef's “oath” got into the verse in Shemot 13:19

In Shemot 13:19, the verse quotes the oath that Yosef made his brothers and descendants swear about carrying his bones when they leave Egypt. Compare these words in this verse with the actual oath ...
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Where was Goren H'Atad physically located?

Where was the place referred to in Bereshis 50:10 as Goren H'Atad physically located? Is it the name of another city?
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What is the iniquity of the Emorites?

Rashi on Bereshis 48:22 explains מִיַּד הָאֱמֹרִי as follows מיד עשו שעשה מעשה אמורי The pasuk earlier in Bereshis (15:16) implies that the Emorites were sinners כִּי לֹא שָׁלֵם עֲוֹן הָאֱמֹרִי ...
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Questions on Breshit 50:8 - Who went to Ya'akov's funeral?

Breishit 50:8 lists regarding who went to Ya'akov's funeral and all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father's house; only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they ...
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Why did Yaakov Avinu tell Yosef to place his hand by his thigh? [duplicate]

In parshas Vayechi 47 29 Yaakov Avinu tells Yosef to place his hand by his thigh. We find this expression used by Avraham Avinu in Chayei Sarah 24 2 with an explenation by Rashi that an object used ...
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“May God make you like Ephraim and like Manasseh” — in what way?

Bereishit 48:20: וַיְבָרֲכֵם בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא לֵאמוֹר בְּךָ יְבָרֵךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר יְשִׂמְךָ אֱלֹהִים כְּאֶפְרַיִם וְכִמְנַשֶּׁה וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת אֶפְרַיִם לִפְנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה So he blessed ...
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What “end” was Yaakov prevented from revealing, and to what extent does S'forno disagree?

In B'reshis 49:1, Yaakov tells his sons: Gather, and I'll tell you what will occur to you in the end of the days. S'forno explains "in the end of the days": at the end of the days, with the ...
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The age of Machir's Sons

I am trying to understand a comment written in the Stone Edition Chuash (page 288) on Bereishit 50:23. On the statement that Yosef was alive to have his great-great grandchildren through Ephraim on ...
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If the Torah says that Yaakov was blind, how could he see Yosef's sons?

Bereishit 48:10 begins: וְעֵינֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ כָּבְד֣וּ מִזֹּ֔קֶן לֹ֥א יוּכַ֖ל לִרְא֑וֹת Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. However, pasuk 8 says: ...
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Of what would Yosef been suspect in Ya'akov's eyes (Rashi on Breishit 50:16)?

Rashi on Breishit 50:16 comments on the beginning of the verse "Our father commanded.." that Ya'akov made no such command, but the brothers said this because of peace and that Yosef was not suspect in ...
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How was Ya'akov allowed to favor Yosef over Re'uven?

In Devarim 21:16 - 17 it states that the father cannot favor the son of the beloved wife over the older son of a hated wife. If we assume the notion that our forefathers performed all the mitzvot of ...
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Why did Esav care about burial in machpelah?

The midrash records that Esav tried to stop Yaakov from being buried in the cave of machpelah. I would like to know if any commentators explain why Esav would care about this? I recall hearing that he ...
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Joseph's Garment- Made or hand me down?

Source 1: Targum Yerushalmi Bereishit 48:22 which says that Yosef coat was originally Adam's. Source 2: Bereishit 37:3 Says Yaakov made Joseph's coat How can this be resolved? Source 1: כב וַאֲנָא ...
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Why Is the Possuk Read Backwards?

The verse in Bereishis 49:19 states: גָּ֖ד גְּד֣וּד יְגוּדֶ֑נּוּ וְה֖וּא יָגֻ֥ד עָקֵֽב Is is the Chabad Minhag to read this verse, followed by the reverse of it, as part of Krias Shema She'al ...
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Why does Yosef use intermediaries to ask Paro for permission to bury Yaakov, when until now he addressed Paro directly?

Bereishit 50:4, after Yaakov's death and mourning, says that Yosef spoke to Paro's house (בֵּית פַּרְעֹה) and asked them to ask Paro for leave so he could go bury his father. During the famine and ...
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Why did Yaakov ask Yosef to swear in the way he did?

Inspired by this question In Bereshis 47:29 Yaakov asks Yosef to "put his hand under his thigh" (a euphemism) and swear not to bury him in Egypt. Here, unlike by Avraham, there is no indication that ...
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Why does the Torah repeat the story of Efron HaChiti many times?

The story of Avraham buying the cave of Machpelah is principly mentioned in Parshat Chayei Sarah Bereshit 23:3-20. If so, why does the Torah stress again and again that Avraham bought the cave from ...