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Questions tagged [va-eira]

The weekly Torah portion of Va'eira (Exodus 6:2-9:35)

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One plague per month?

I just heard in a shiur that each plague happened in a different month, meaning that the 10 Makot lasted a full year. Does anyone have any sources for this?
Curious Yid's user avatar
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Understanding Moshe's use of his staff

When Moshe came to Pharaoh and Pharaoh asked for an os (a sign), Moshe told Aaron to throw down the staff and it became a snake - Shemos 7:10. There is an apparent machlokes meforshim as to whose ...
Dov's user avatar
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Why didn't Moses show the second sign to Pharaoh?

In Shemot Chapter 4:1-9, Hashem gives Moses three signs that he can show Bnei Israel to prove that he is being sent as Hashem's messenger: The staff turning into a snake and back again Moses' hand ...
LeahP's user avatar
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Why was it said by the plague of Dever that it was very hard? All of them were

I would not think Dever was the hardest compared to any of the others. Aside I think chosehch some say was the hardest. But what does it mean Dever was very hard
Ed Rosenberg's user avatar
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History of Hashkeim vs. Bo

I learned in this book that in some ancient traditions, they started a new parsha at Hashkeim (barad) instead of at Bo (arbeh), as I'm used to. (This is a variation of the minhag to read the whole ...
Heshy's user avatar
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Why wait longer? Why did the Jewish people need to stay in Mitzrayim until after the plagues?

The Tur, Rabbi Yaakov ben Asher writes in his commentary on Shemos 9:12 that G-d had to harden the heart of pharaoh, in order to prevent that pharaoh would capitulate prematurely. This because G-d ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Hadrash V'HaIyun on Parashas Vaera: translation request

In sefer Hadrash V'HaIyun, Rabbi Aharon Levin comments on Parashas Vaera. However, I am not able to understand these concepts. Can somebody maybe translate it, maybe that would help me in getting ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Quote from Ramban, Shemos 6:2 -- where did Ramban hint?

Ramban explains the various names of Hashem and levels of prophetic revelation (explaining pessukim 2-4 all in one comment). Right before the end of this section (paragraph 4 if using HaMeor layout) ...
flips's user avatar
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Makkas Dam throughout the whole world?

Someone told me in the name of a Talmid Chacham that Makkas Dam was not just in Mitzrayim, but was throughout the whole world, similar to the water splitting everywhere in the world. However, I looked ...
NJM's user avatar
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Pre-plagues hail?

In Shemot 9:24, it says about the plague of hail: "וַיְהִי בָרָד וְאֵשׁ מִתְלַקַּחַת בְּתוֹךְ הַבָּרָד כָּבֵד מְאֹד אֲשֶׁר לֹא הָיָה כָמֹהוּ בְּכָל אֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מֵאָז הָיְתָה לְגוֹי." &...
Harel13's user avatar
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What does the Hebrew name Kohath/קהת mean?

While reading this Apocryphal book about the sons of Yisrael (Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs: Book of Levi Verses 51-52) it is stated that קהת means "beginning of majesty and instruction&...
יהודה's user avatar
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Why reestablish Egypt's borders?

Rabbeinu Bechaya Shemos (7:27) quotes the Shemos Rabbah (10:2) saying the plague of tzfarde'ah reestablished the borders between Cush and Egypt בני חם ובני מצרים היו חלוקים בתחומין הכושיים אומרים ע&...
NJM's user avatar
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Is there any source that (alludes to) the first frog out of the nile during the עשר מכות was larger than a regular frog?

Rashi and Shemos Rabbah both do not say the frog was any larger than average. The Gemara Sanhedrin 67b does not make sense to be understood that the first frog covered all of mitzrayim. (I know that ...
Shmuel L's user avatar
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How were the chartumim able to measure Hashem's strength?

Per the answer given here: אצבע אלוקים היא - *how* many?: The magicians were acknowledging that the plages were a manifestation of Hashem's Power at the level of אצבע אלוקים היא. That is, the ...
Harel13's user avatar
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Why were the plagues necessary if God hardened Pharaoh's heart?

The Torah tells us that God hardened Pharaoh's heart so that he would not let the Israelites go. [Ex. Ch. 4-14] Some commentators [e.g., Sforno] explain that this was in order to allow Pharaoh to ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
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Why does the Torah repeat 20 times that God hardened Pharaoh's heart?

The Torah tells us twenty times, in the space of just a few pages [Ex. Ch. 4-14], that God hardened Pharaoh's heart so that he would not let the Israelites go. Why this emphatic insistence on this ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
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Why did pharaoh not want the frogs to be immediately removed?

Why did pharaoh not want the frogs to be immediately removed?Why did he request that they be dealt with "tomorrow"
Snoozy's user avatar
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Bamateh vs. Hamateh

In Sh'mot 7:20 the pasuk tells of how Moshe and Aharon did what Hashem commanded and raised the staff and hit the water (well, ultimately, Aharon did). But the pasuk reads " וַיָּ֤רֶם בַּמַּטֶּה֙ ...
rosends's user avatar
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What happened to the Nile in the week following the first plague?

According to the tosafist R' Yosef Bechor Shor, as cited in answers here and here, the Nile turned to blood only long enough to kill all the fish and then it turned back to water (which was now fouled ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
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How did the messengers to Moshe and Aharon manage to get to them through the hail?

During the plague of hailstones, Paroh calls Moshe and Aharon. Shmos 9 (27). וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח פַּרְעֹ֗ה וַיִּקְרָא֙ לְמֹשֶׁ֣ה וּֽלְאַהֲרֹ֔ן וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֖ם חָטָ֣אתִי הַפָּ֑עַם ה׳ הַצַּדִּ֔יק ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
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Why does Moshe have to apply lots of prayer רבוי תפלה for the removal of the עָרֹב in Shmos 8 (26) and the locusts in Shmos 10 (18)?

Shmos 8 (24, 25, 26). Paroh asks for Moshe to pray; Moshe says he will and then Moshe does pray for the removal of the עָרֹב . The verb used for prayer here is וְהַעְתַּרְתִּי - translated into ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
204 views

Why are the 10 plagues in this specific order?

Is there a specific reason for the sequence of the plagues? Why the plague of blood is followed by the plague of frogs, for example?
Eli Marks's user avatar
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what does the first word of shemot 8:7 mean?

Sh'mot 8:7: וְסָרוּ הַצְפַרְדְּעִים, מִמְּךָ וּמִבָּתֶּיךָ, וּמֵעֲבָדֶיךָ, וּמֵעַמֶּךָ: רַק בַּיְאֹר, תִּשָּׁאַרְנָה. Artscroll says it means "depart", implying the frogs will hop away. A few p'...
Clint Eastwood's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
527 views

Phinehas' Birth: When could Eleazar have met one of Jetro's daughters?

He distinguished himself as a youth at Shittim with his zeal against the Heresy of Peor. This line is in multiple places, including Wikipedia and The Israel Bible. It implies that Phinehas (aka ...
Cyn's user avatar
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Why was it necessary for Moshe to show gratitude to things that did not intend to help him?

The חובות הלבבות (in the beginning of the פתיחה to שער עבודת אלקים) writes, that one does not need to show gratitude to someone who did him a favor, if the favor was not intended. ואם תגיע לנו שום ...
פרי זהב's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
143 views

Why did G-d choose to punish Egypt with ten plagues, as opposed to another amount?

G-d used ten plagues (blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and death of the firstborns) to punish the Egyptians for enslaving the Jewish nation. Why did He ...
ezra's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
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Why the Ten Plagues (blood, frogs, lice, etc.) specifically?

Why did G-d specifically choose to punish the Egyptians with the plagues of blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, pestilence, boils, locusts, hail, darkness, and the death of all firstborns?
ezra's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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How could we bring korban pesach in egypt if it was served as a deity?

It says Shemos 8,22: הֵ֣ן נִזְבַּ֞ח אֶת־תּֽוֹעֲבַ֥ת מִצְרַ֛יִם לְעֵֽינֵיהֶ֖ם וְלֹ֥א יִסְקְלֻֽנוּ׃ (...) "(...) If we sacrifice the god of the the Egyptians won't they stone us?" (...
user15464's user avatar
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7 votes
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Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth?

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth? As far as I can tell, the gemara in Sanhedrin, as well as all of the mainstream medrashim, use a lashon of וישרצו, which, as Rashi ...
Uber_Chacham's user avatar
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0 answers
78 views

How Did Aharon Change Moshe's Words to Par'oh?

Moshe's message to Par'oh was to be communicated through Aharon, as per Sh'mot, 7:2 אַתָּ֣ה תְדַבֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲצַוֶּ֑ךָּ וְאַהֲרֹ֤ן אָחִ֙יךָ֙ יְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה וְשִׁלַּ֥ח אֶת־בְּנֵֽי־...
rosends's user avatar
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3 votes
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Egyptians not turning to their gods?

We read about a couple of "sorcery contests" between Moses and Egyptians, first turning the rods into serpents and then through the first plagues. Some well known facts: Egypt was a land of idol ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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2 answers
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What is the meaning of Yad Moshe in Parshat VaEira

In Parshat VaEira (9.35) it says "b'Yad Moshe" כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיַד ־משֶֽׁה ; so what was the hand of Moshe that the Torah tells us here about? (And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, ...
Yochanan Mauritz Hummasti's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

Who spoke to Pharaoh?

Shemot 7:2 states that G-d told Moshe that Aharon would speak to Pharaoh. Rash"i further explains that first Moshe should relate to Aharon what G-d told him, then Aharon relays the message to Pharaoh. ...
DanF's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
404 views

What kind of blood did the Nile turn into?

One of the ten plagues that Moses unleashes on Egypt in the Book of Exodus is to make the Nile river run red with blood (Exodus 7:20). My question is, is there any information, either in the Torah ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
138 views

After makkas kinnim and makkas shchin, did the respective makkos revert to their original state?

Makkas Kinnim came about by turning the dust of the ground into lice (Shemos 8:12-15). Likewise, Makkas Shchin came about by turning oven ash to boils (Shemos 9:8-12). We know that Makkas Dam, the ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Shemot 7:28 vs 12:34

In Shemot 12:34 we are told that Bnei Yisrael left Mitzrayim מִשְׁאֲרֹתָ֛ם צְרֻרֹ֥ת בְּשִׂמְלֹתָ֖ם עַל־שִׁכְמָֽם Older translations followed Ibn Ezra and Targum, that they left Mitzrayim with their '...
Myron Chaitovsky's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
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Paroh Doesn't Listen in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:4: "Paroh will not listen to you." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "He did not listen to them." 7:22 (Dam): "He did not listen to them." 8:11 (...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Paroh Refuses in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:3: "I will 'kasheh' Paroh's heart." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 7:22 (Dam): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 8:...
DonielF's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
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Reuben, Simeon, Levi...But what about the other tribes?

Exodus 6:14 - 26 lists the genealogy of the tribes of Reuben, Simeon and Levi. However, after listing the family tree of Levi, the Torah does not continue listing the other tribes - Judah, Joseph, etc....
ezra's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How long did the plagues last?

From the beginning of the first plague with the Nile turning to blood up to the ninth plague of darkness, what is the time frame for the total length of time? I have not been able to find a definitive ...
B A Malinowski's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
89 views

Makkas Dam; monetary exchange

Midrash Rabbah describes how the Jews in Egypt became wealthy through the plague of blood by selling their water to the Egyptians who were desperate. This may be a thought experiment as I haven't seen ...
Shmuel Brown's user avatar
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What's the necessity of Shemot 6:28?

Shemot 6:28 says: "It was on the day that G-d spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt" The previous verses describe family genealogy and the next verse is what G-d said. I looked at Rash"i and Ramba"n ...
DanF's user avatar
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1 answer
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How did the Egyptians who didn't fear Hashem have animals?

To address the question of how the Egyptians had any animals after Dever, Rashi (9:10) quotes the Mechilta ואם תאמר מאין היו להם הבהמות והלא כבר נאמר (פסוק ו) וימת כל מקנה מצרים, אלא לא נגזרה גזרה ...
Heshy's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
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Why the change in language when warning about the plagues?

I noticed an interesting change in the language Moses uses when warning Pharoah about plagues: Dam - Shemot 7:17 "Thus said G-d" Tzefarde'ah - Shemot 7:26 "Thus said G-d" Arov - Shemot 8:16 "Thus ...
DanF's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Contradiction between Shemos 9:6 and 9:20-21?

In Shemos 9:6: "HASHEM carried out this word the next day, and all the livestock of Egypt died, and of the livestock of the Children of Israel not one died." (Artscroll English Tanach) This ...
mil's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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What was wrong with Pharoah?

How מכה after מכה,‎ פרעה could just go and still deny בנ"י the right to leave is preposterous. And maybe you’ll say ה'‏ hardened his heart- but this is only after the last five מכות; the first ...
Jay Greenie's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
147 views

What do the commentators say is the message/meaning behind the miracles?

What do the commentators say is the message/meaning behind the miracles in Egypt?For example, i heard an explanation that the reason God turned the River into blood was to show that God had power over ...
Aaron's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
379 views

Why did HaShem have to introduce Himself to the Israelites in Mitzrayim?

In Shemot 3:6 HaShem introduces Himself to Moshe and says: 'I am Elohei Avicha, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak and Elohei Ya'akov'. In verse 13, Moshe asks HaShem which name he should tell the people ...
Levi's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Was the fire within each hailstone or within the hailstorm?

Vaera 9:23–24: וַיֵּט משֶׁה אֶת מַטֵּהוּ עַל הַשָּׁמַיִם וַה׳ נָתַן קֹלֹת וּבָרָד וַתִּהֲלַךְ אֵשׁ אָרְצָה וַיַּמְטֵר ה׳ בָּרָד עַל אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃ וַיְהִי בָרָד וְאֵשׁ מִתְלַקַּחַת בְּתוֹךְ ...
msh210's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
154 views

Why does God have Moshe use a name the Israelites won't know?

When God sends Moshe back to Egypt from Midyan, he instructs Moshe to refer to God as "Hashem." (Shemot 3:15) When Moshe returns from the task, God reveals that the Israelites (or at least their ...
Josh Resnick's user avatar