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Questions tagged [trop-cantillation]

The traditional musical tunes that are used to chant the various books of Tanakh.

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470 views

Grammatical function of Emet te'amim?

The Emet books (Iyov, Mishlei, Tehillim) have a cantillation system that is not used elsewhere in Tanach. In addition to the use of cantillation marks not found elsewhere (iluy, ole, dehi, geresh ...
16
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3answers
861 views

Were our symbols for trope and nekudos created by the Masoretes, or transmitted by them?

It is commonly said in secular sources that the shapes of the trope and nekudos we use today were invented by the Masoretes (7th to 11th Century CE), but I cannot find any source in our mesorah to ...
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1answer
441 views

Why do Sifrei Emes use different taamim?

I know that the Sifrei Emes (Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov) use a different system of taamim. Why is this? What is it about these books that makes it that they cannot — or should not — use the ...
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3answers
2k views

Hand motions for trope in Torah reading

I've seen people standing next to Torah readers and making hand signals during the Torah reading, presumably to prompt the reader in the trope. I think @Shalom mentioned this in Method for practicing ...
14
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3answers
312 views

What does cantillation do to prayer's status?

I recall seeing recommendations, in multiple Halachic discussions, that someone who's reciting a Scripturally-derived prayer alone that normally requires a minyan, e.g. the 13 Attributes of Mercy, one ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does Moshe have a shalshelet?

The "shalshelet" trop appears 4 times in the Torah: (Vayeira, Gen. 19:16) Lot has a shalshelet, because he was hesitating to leave S'dom. (Chayei Sarah, Gen. 24:12) Eliezer has a shalshelet, because ...
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1answer
448 views

Ta'amei Mikra and the Torah Scroll

I have heard that a haftorah klaf (scroll) is still considered kosher and usable if the Ta'amei Mikra have been written on it. Yet I've always been told that this is not true for a Torah scroll. Why ...
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4answers
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How does one know the tune when praying in Hebrew?

I know that there are trope applied to the Hebrew Bible to tell the chanter how to chant the text. However, what I'm wondering is that how does one know how to chant the Hebrew text when simply ...
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1answer
1k views

Different tune for chapter 3 of Eicha?

Why does the third perek of Eicha have a different melody? Is it just to match the triplet form of the words?
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6answers
2k views

How to sing Karnei Farah and Yerach Ben Yomo

Hi I'm looking for different traditions (and sources!) about how to properly sing these very rare trop found in the Torah exclusively in Bamidbar 35:5 Does anyone have any idea which version is better ...
10
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5answers
712 views

Questions regarding unusual trope combination

I am relaying a question that my friend emailed to me, last night. (It's a mitzvah to credit others): There are two places in the Torah that have an unusual dual trope note combination on a single ...
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3answers
872 views

How can I learn Yemenite ta'amei hamikrah?

I'm working with a student for his bar mitzvah whose family is Yemenite in origin, but has no living relatives who remember much of their tradition. He is interested in learning to leyn with Yemenite ...
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1answer
187 views

What is the origin of using a different trope mode for the High Holidays in Nusach Ashkenaz?

I noticed that during the High Holidays there isa special trope mode that is used in Nusach Ashkenaz shuls. I assume they do the same in many Nusach Sefard shuls as well. When and where (or who ...
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1answer
278 views

Chapter Endings while Leining Megillot

Inspired by this question. It seems to be a common minhag to have a special trope for the end of a chapter when leining the megillot. I have seen this done in my shul, have done it myself, and also ...
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2answers
330 views

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra? My siddur includes the trop for the Shiras Hayam, just as it does for the Shema. With regards to the Shema I know of a ...
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2answers
147 views

Search Database with Ta'amei Hamikra

Does there exist an application or website that allows one to search for specific patterns with טעמי המקרא? For example, to find all occurrences of two consecutive זרקא's (as in וה' הכה כל בכור).
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Where can one learn the grammatical functions of the te'amim

I can chant the melodies of the te'amim but I'm having a hard time learning their grammatical functions and structure. Many websites that talk about the te'amim are quick to jump into the ideas of "...
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2answers
1k views

Trop (cantillation) for leining

Who created the trop (cantillation) for leining? Is it a Mesorah from when the Torah was written?
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6answers
2k views

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks?

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks? Are they read to a tune or is it just punctuation for personal usage? Have they ever been read publicly with the tune? (...
8
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1answer
607 views

Etymology of the word “trope”

The word Trope seems to me to be a Yiddish word. What is the source of this word? How do you say this word in Hebrew? Taamei Hanegina?
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1answer
282 views

Does one do aliya-ending notes when reading Torah in private?

When reading the Torah with cantillation in private, such as when doing "Shnayim Mikra Ve-echad Targum," when one gets to the end of an aliya (formal division of a parasha), does one end with the tune ...
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1answer
107 views

What is the origin for the names of the various trope/cantillation signs?

I would like to know the origin of the names for the various cantillation marks, understanding that there are different names for different notes related 1, 2
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2answers
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(Ki) Ani Hashem Elokeihem

Twenty-seven times (by my count) in Torah and in Ezekiel, we find the phrase אני ה׳ אלקיכם or אני ה׳ אלקיהם at the end of a pasuk (for example, Lev 25:55). In eight of these cases, the phrase is ...
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1answer
219 views

Kadma and Zakef Katan on one word

When reading Torah, many people (myself included) use a distinct tune when a kadma and a zakef katan appear on the same word (or two words joined with a makaf); e.g. from Sh'mot 34:1: אֶ֨ת־...
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Can one trust gentile sources for trope systems?

Learning the trope systems for specific Sephardic or Mizrahi communities isn't the most easy since many of the melodies have mixed in together (creating something like the Yerushalmi), or just a lack ...
7
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2answers
680 views

What does the munach say?

I'm asking according to Ashkenazi leining. The trop mark i have trouble with is the munach. It has two different sounds - a sort of "shaky" sound when it's on its own, and a sort of nothing sound when ...
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2answers
147 views

English Book on Trop

My question is simple: is there an English-language book on cantillation, which includes Ta'amei Eme"t, rare trop, and their grammatical purposes ? I've seen books on learning to lehn and recognise ...
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0answers
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Is there an algorithmic way to determine whether a munakh is a munakh legarmei?

In general, a munakh before psik munakh revii is a munakh legarmei. That’s the easy part. But this question makes it clear that there are others. Specifically, they occasionally occur Before mapakh ...
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2answers
357 views

Why do a few tribes in a list have different trope from the rest?

In the first aliya of B'midbar the chiefs of the tribes are listed. Nine have the zakeif gadol trope and three -- Yisachar, Binyamin, and Naftali -- have different trope. This isn't driven by word ...
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3answers
173 views

Determining trup, without trup

It was told in the name of Rabbi Heinenman of Baltimore, that there is such a concept of determining trup (טעמי מקרא) based on some sort of system. Meaning if I knew of such a system, and I saw this ...
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3answers
791 views

Why are the blessing(s) preceding the Haftarah printed and chanted with trope notes?

There is a reason that I placed the plural "s" in parentheses for my question. I noticed that only the blessings preceding the haftarah have trope notes. Since this is not part of the haftarah itself, ...
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1answer
219 views

Italian cantillation

I'm interested in learning the Italian system for the ta'amei hamikra, either for Torah and/or Haftarah (preference to Haftarah as the Italian melodies are very beautiful). This website has tons of ...
6
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1answer
223 views

Is having a Bat Mitzvah girl recite a section from Ketuvim in a shul a problem of Kol Isha?

A shul that I have gone to has a custom that the Bat Mitzvah girl recites a section from Ketuvim (usually from Divrei Hayamim or Nechemia) in front of the congregation (men and women are there). She, ...
6
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1answer
171 views

Looking for a drasha on Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para [duplicate]

Anyone have any links to any drashos explaining the significance of the Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para trop, and why it appears (uniquely in chumash) in the portion about the Levite cities (Numbers 35:5)?...
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1answer
107 views

Why is מקראי קדש not נסוג אחור?

In Parshat Emor, Vayikra 23:2: דַּבֵּ֞ר אֶל־בְּנֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וְאָמַרְתָּ֣ אֲלֵהֶ֔ם מוֹעֲדֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־תִּקְרְא֥וּ אֹתָ֖ם מִקְרָאֵ֣י קֹ֑דֶשׁ אֵ֥לֶּה הֵ֖ם מוֹעֲדָֽי׃ And also 23:37: ...
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1answer
132 views

When can (or can't) a word have two trops?

I sometimes see a single word having two trop marks, such as a munach followed by a zakef katan. Usually, of course, words have only one (or are joined to other words and share one, sometimes). This ...
6
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1answer
127 views

Easy/pretty way to typeset Hebrew with Te'amim

I'm setting out to create a bentsher and am looking for the right software for the job. First, it is important to me that I have the ability to add Te'amim to biblical passages (e.g. kiddush). ...
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1answer
913 views

Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
6
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1answer
331 views

What's special about where the unique karne farah trope appears?

There is one trope phrase that appears only once in the torah, in Bamidbar 35:5, a yerach ben yomo followed by a karne farah. The text of the verse follows; I've bolded the words with these tropes: ...
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0answers
54 views

Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

The Kesser Shem Tov 2:pg.536 writes that the minhag of London and Amsterdam is to read the Megillah without the taamim (cantillation). This minhag is also found in Alger and Ashkanaz. The reason that ...
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1answer
140 views

Using Eicha trop when learning

When leining in shul, there are a few minhagim about what gets read with the Eicha trop. This is what I've seen most often (in chronological order through the year): איכה אשא לבדי in Devarim Most of ...
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1answer
114 views

Mil'al vs. Milra on “Lamah”

In a few places in the Torah, the word למה is pronounced מלעיל (accent on 1st syllable) and in other places מלרע (accent on 2nd syllable.) I viewed Bemidbar 11:11 which has both in the same verse. ...
5
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1answer
372 views

When and how were trop melodies first written down?

We know that the trop (cantillation) marks were added to our written Tanakh text by the ba'alei hamesorim (Masorites) around the 8-10th century CE. They were recording an oral tradition that, I ...
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Cantillation as punctuation in Kuzari

In the Kuzari (2:72), the "chaver" says of the cantillation marks (טעמי המקרא): הם מצינים את המקום בו התכון המדבר להפסיק בין ענין לענין ואת המקום בו רצה להמשיך בענין; וכן מבדילים הם בין שאלה לתשובה ...
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How to deal with uncertainties in the Torah that lead to a change in meaning?

In Vayikra 14:19, there are different versions of the trop, and unlike most of them, this difference causes a change in the meaning of the words: וְכִפֶּ֕ר עַל־הַמִּטַּהֵ֖ר מִטֻּמְאָת֑וֹ (...
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0answers
340 views

Looking for online German (Yekke) Torah Trope practice

As a lad, I often attended a German (Yekke) shul in my neighborhood, where they used the Yekke Torah trope. My main shul sometimes used this trope during Yom Tov readings. (I.e. - the Yekke trope is ...
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0answers
233 views

Looking for a resource that explains the musical trope “mood” used in Ashkenazic annual laining

Nusach Ashkenaz has these separate laining modes: Regular weekly Torah reading (Shabbat, weekday, Yom Tov, etc.) Special Torah reading mode for Yamim Nora'im (High Holidays) Haftarah 3 Megillot - ...
4
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4answers
3k views

Which parts of the Chazon Haftorah get sad tune (Eicha trop)?

The Shabbos before Tisha B'Av gets a very sad Haftorah, known as Chazon. It's Isaiah 1:1--27. (I recommend you open the text in a new window, or else the answers to this question will make no sense.)...
4
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1answer
83 views

Determining Accented Syllable from Ta'amei Emet

I don't know the Ta'amei Emet, the system of markings used in Job, Proverbs, and Psalms, but I'd like to be able to know what syllable to accent when I read words from those books. So, I'm looking for ...
4
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2answers
428 views

What is the Proper Way to Read Genesis 35:22?

In Parshas Vayishlach, there is a verse (Genesis 35:22) that contains a "Piska Be'emtza Pasuk": a new paragraph in the Torah scroll begins in the middle of the verse. However, unlike with other ...