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Questions tagged [trop-cantillation]

The traditional musical tunes that are used to chant the various books of Tanakh.

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3answers
862 views

Were our symbols for trope and nekudos created by the Masoretes, or transmitted by them?

It is commonly said in secular sources that the shapes of the trope and nekudos we use today were invented by the Masoretes (7th to 11th Century CE), but I cannot find any source in our mesorah to ...
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6answers
2k views

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks?

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks? Are they read to a tune or is it just punctuation for personal usage? Have they ever been read publicly with the tune? (...
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2answers
1k views

Shirat HaYam Trop: Which Phrases?

Which phrases in Shirat HaYam are read with the special 'shirah' trop? (Inspired by this question.)
6
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1answer
332 views

What's special about where the unique karne farah trope appears?

There is one trope phrase that appears only once in the torah, in Bamidbar 35:5, a yerach ben yomo followed by a karne farah. The text of the verse follows; I've bolded the words with these tropes: ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does Moshe have a shalshelet?

The "shalshelet" trop appears 4 times in the Torah: (Vayeira, Gen. 19:16) Lot has a shalshelet, because he was hesitating to leave S'dom. (Chayei Sarah, Gen. 24:12) Eliezer has a shalshelet, because ...
1
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1answer
121 views

Where is there a munach legarmei before a kadma?

On the side of Shemini 10:6, the blue Tikkun Simanim quotes the mesorah that there are three places where a munach legarmei is before a mahpach: there, Emor 21:10, and Rut 1:2. Then it says (in ...
1
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1answer
124 views

Why do aliyos end with a different tune?

The communal Torah reading is divided into aliyos, sections read (originally and still in some places by, otherwise) on 'behalf' of distinct people, in succession. The Torah is read in a tune, and ...
10
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1answer
278 views

Chapter Endings while Leining Megillot

Inspired by this question. It seems to be a common minhag to have a special trope for the end of a chapter when leining the megillot. I have seen this done in my shul, have done it myself, and also ...
10
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5answers
716 views

Questions regarding unusual trope combination

I am relaying a question that my friend emailed to me, last night. (It's a mitzvah to credit others): There are two places in the Torah that have an unusual dual trope note combination on a single ...
5
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1answer
372 views

When and how were trop melodies first written down?

We know that the trop (cantillation) marks were added to our written Tanakh text by the ba'alei hamesorim (Masorites) around the 8-10th century CE. They were recording an oral tradition that, I ...
10
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6answers
2k views

How to sing Karnei Farah and Yerach Ben Yomo

Hi I'm looking for different traditions (and sources!) about how to properly sing these very rare trop found in the Torah exclusively in Bamidbar 35:5 Does anyone have any idea which version is better ...
6
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1answer
915 views

Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
6
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1answer
171 views

Looking for a drasha on Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para [duplicate]

Anyone have any links to any drashos explaining the significance of the Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para trop, and why it appears (uniquely in chumash) in the portion about the Levite cities (Numbers 35:5)?...
6
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1answer
224 views

Is having a Bat Mitzvah girl recite a section from Ketuvim in a shul a problem of Kol Isha?

A shul that I have gone to has a custom that the Bat Mitzvah girl recites a section from Ketuvim (usually from Divrei Hayamim or Nechemia) in front of the congregation (men and women are there). She, ...
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4answers
3k views

Which parts of the Chazon Haftorah get sad tune (Eicha trop)?

The Shabbos before Tisha B'Av gets a very sad Haftorah, known as Chazon. It's Isaiah 1:1--27. (I recommend you open the text in a new window, or else the answers to this question will make no sense.)...
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1answer
1k views

Shalsheles Trop

How often is the Shalseles Trop found in the Torah, and where?
3
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3answers
285 views

Question on trope position in Breishit (Gen.) 47:4

Genesis 47:4: וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֗ה לָג֣וּר בָּאָרֶץ֮ בָּאנוּ֒ כִּי־אֵ֣ין מִרְעֶ֗ה לַצֹּאן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְעַתָּ֛ה יֵֽשְׁבוּ־נָ֥א עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ ...
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3answers
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Hand motions for trope in Torah reading

I've seen people standing next to Torah readers and making hand signals during the Torah reading, presumably to prompt the reader in the trope. I think @Shalom mentioned this in Method for practicing ...
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0answers
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Looking for online German (Yekke) Torah Trope practice

As a lad, I often attended a German (Yekke) shul in my neighborhood, where they used the Yekke Torah trope. My main shul sometimes used this trope during Yom Tov readings. (I.e. - the Yekke trope is ...
14
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3answers
312 views

What does cantillation do to prayer's status?

I recall seeing recommendations, in multiple Halachic discussions, that someone who's reciting a Scripturally-derived prayer alone that normally requires a minyan, e.g. the 13 Attributes of Mercy, one ...
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2answers
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Trop (cantillation) for leining

Who created the trop (cantillation) for leining? Is it a Mesorah from when the Torah was written?
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5answers
366 views

Where can one learn the grammatical functions of the te'amim

I can chant the melodies of the te'amim but I'm having a hard time learning their grammatical functions and structure. Many websites that talk about the te'amim are quick to jump into the ideas of "...
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2answers
681 views

What does the munach say?

I'm asking according to Ashkenazi leining. The trop mark i have trouble with is the munach. It has two different sounds - a sort of "shaky" sound when it's on its own, and a sort of nothing sound when ...
4
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2answers
445 views

Laining Tehillim

I would just like to know - is there a mesorah for Tehillim trop for Ashkenazim? I know that there is a Sefaradi one (I have heard them) but I would like to know if there is any Askenazi one. Thank ...
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2answers
114 views

Explain the usage of the double zarka trope

There are 3 places in the Torah (that I know of) that have a double zarka trope note before the segol: Breishit 42:21 Shemot 12:29 Vayikra 17:5 What does the double zarka mean grammatically, and why ...
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1answer
442 views

Why do Sifrei Emes use different taamim?

I know that the Sifrei Emes (Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov) use a different system of taamim. Why is this? What is it about these books that makes it that they cannot — or should not — use the ...
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3answers
791 views

Why are the blessing(s) preceding the Haftarah printed and chanted with trope notes?

There is a reason that I placed the plural "s" in parentheses for my question. I noticed that only the blessings preceding the haftarah have trope notes. Since this is not part of the haftarah itself, ...
4
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1answer
208 views

Is there an obligation to sing the Torah cantillation notes?

My understanding of the purpose of the trope (cantillation) notes is that they were initially (Massorah) meant for the purposes of grammar and pronunciation. I've hunted a few web sites, and I couldn'...
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1answer
125 views

Is there an online source for trope occurrences?

As a Torah reader, I like to find nuances and inherent meanings in trope (cantillation) nuances and "unusual" occurrences in the Torah. For example I'm looking for all the places that have two ...
1
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1answer
363 views

Is the rule of “Nasog Achor” specific to the Bible?

In Torah reading, there is a rule of "Nasog Achor". The rule is as follows: Usually, Hebrew words get the accent (and trope note) on the last syllable. However, if the word following it has its ...
12
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1answer
448 views

Ta'amei Mikra and the Torah Scroll

I have heard that a haftorah klaf (scroll) is still considered kosher and usable if the Ta'amei Mikra have been written on it. Yet I've always been told that this is not true for a Torah scroll. Why ...
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0answers
191 views

Can one trust gentile sources for trope systems?

Learning the trope systems for specific Sephardic or Mizrahi communities isn't the most easy since many of the melodies have mixed in together (creating something like the Yerushalmi), or just a lack ...
6
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2answers
357 views

Why do a few tribes in a list have different trope from the rest?

In the first aliya of B'midbar the chiefs of the tribes are listed. Nine have the zakeif gadol trope and three -- Yisachar, Binyamin, and Naftali -- have different trope. This isn't driven by word ...
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0answers
106 views

How to deal with uncertainties in the Torah that lead to a change in meaning?

In Vayikra 14:19, there are different versions of the trop, and unlike most of them, this difference causes a change in the meaning of the words: וְכִפֶּ֕ר עַל־הַמִּטַּהֵ֖ר מִטֻּמְאָת֑וֹ (...
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2answers
428 views

What is the Proper Way to Read Genesis 35:22?

In Parshas Vayishlach, there is a verse (Genesis 35:22) that contains a "Piska Be'emtza Pasuk": a new paragraph in the Torah scroll begins in the middle of the verse. However, unlike with other ...
3
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1answer
111 views

Bemidbar 9:2 - Why is the word pronounced “Posach”, with a kamatz?

During this morning's (4th day Hol Hamo'ed Pesach outside Israel) I noticed that in Numbers 9:2: וְיַעֲשׂ֧וּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶת־הַפָּ֖סַח בְּמוֹעֲדֽוֹ׃ ’Let the children of Israel keep the ...
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0answers
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Psikim in the sons of Haman

In the listing of the sons of Haman, there's a psik after each ואת. Normally when there's a psik, we pause a little bit. However, in this case we read the entire list in one breath. With practice, ...
3
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3answers
577 views

Pronunciation of Tere ta’ame

The Tere ta’ame (also known as a Merekha kefula) trope is rare, occurring only 5 times in the Torah: Genesis 27:25, Exodus 5:15, Leviticus 10:1, Numbers 14:3 and 32:42 Any sources for a recording of ...
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0answers
51 views

Makaf in כי-תראה but not in כי תפגע

In Mishpatim 23:4-5, why is there a makaf in כי-תראה but not in כי תפגע? The words are very similar. As far as I can tell the only difference is that the patach at the end of תפגע ends in an ע, ...
2
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1answer
83 views

End note in ספרי אמ״ת

I asked here and was answered here that there exists free means on the internet to learn the trup of Tehilim, siferei emes. Someone even linked a YouTube video of a kid reading with the trup. ...
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2answers
202 views

How to read a mahpach psik?

I know that a mahpach not followed by a pashto is called a yetiv and has a different sound. What about mahpach psik pashto, as in Shmuel Alef 19:9? Would the mahpach there be read as connected to ...
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1answer
223 views

Is “Vayugad L'Melech Mitzrayim” used as a template for Torah cantillation (trop)?

It seems that several times when I've discussed different styles of Torah cantillation (trop) with someone, and they wanted to sing a sample of it, the text they chose was "Vayugad l'melech mitzrayim ...
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0answers
58 views

Practical suggestions for choosing between different nuschaot in the Torah

Unfortunately, it's not hard to find places in the Torah, and even more so in Nach, where we have a doubt about either the trop or the nekudot. (Or, more rarely, letters, but those are generally the ...