Questions tagged [translation]

Questions about translation in general, or about translation of specific words in Jewish texts.

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How do we know that penguins are non-kosher?

Did anyone posek that penguins are (non)kosher? Well, the same question might be regarding the swans. The Sonchino edition Talmud Bavli, Chullin 62B says: "R. Huna said: Bunia is permitted parwa is ...
3
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1answer
245 views

Is there a “most trusted” translation for the Pirkei Avot - ethics of our fathers?

I always seem to have this issue when choosing Jewish texts. I never know if certain books are more trusted than others. I was curious if there was a version of the Pirkei Avot that is considered the ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Vernacular Targum in Schul

In Teimani and Kurdish batei knesset, the minhag is, as far as I'm aware, to read a targum after each pasuk. Assuming that a schul wishes to adopt the kriat hatargum, would it be acceptable to adopt a ...
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77 views

translate inscription on pendant [closed]

Can somebody help me translate the inscription on this pendant? I had it for many years but I never found out. I tried to translate myself but, well... you can imagine... I guess it must be a quote ...
2
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2answers
316 views

Are there any reliable English translations of Masechtot Ketanot?

I am interested in studying masechet Sofrim, which focuses on scribal arts. They are one of the tractates known as masechtot ketanot. I have found a very reliable English translation of Avot Derabbi ...
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3answers
130 views

“Tekhelet=Turquoise Wool”?

In the Artscroll Chumash Bamidbar 15:38, Tekhelet is translated as "turquoise wool". Does anyone have information on how 'wool' is derived from the word 'Tekhelet' or from the verse in which it is ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Translation of an inscription on a Kiddush cup [closed]

I've had it for months now and its from the 40s.
2
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2answers
169 views

Responsum of Maimonides Regarding Translating Mishne Torah

The Maimonides Reader (p. 478) quotes Rambam's responsum to Ibn Gabir regarding translating the MT (also referenced here). He responds to a request from this Arabic speaker who was able to learn ...
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4answers
168 views

How does the phrase מנהגא מילתא היא relate to halachic Jewish life?

I have seen the phrase מנהגא מילתא היא mentioned in the halachic works of various Rishonim. Neither it's plain meaning in these works nor it's connotations in relation to the significance of custom ...
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2answers
181 views

What is Chulda and Bardelas

The gemara in Pesachim 9b states: שהטילה נפל לבור ….. חכמים וטיהרוהו מפני שחולדה וברדלס מצויין שם (translation from Sefaria) who threw a stillborn baby into a pit, ... and a priest ...
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83 views

What is a “fishtran” fish?

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Siman 10, Sief 1 .(וְיֵשׁ לִמְשֹׁחַ הָרְצועוֹת תָּדִיר בְּשֻׁמָּן שֶׁיִּהְיוּ שְׁחוֹרִים (וְלֹא יִמְשְׁחֵם בְּשֻׁמָּן דָּג הַנִּקְרָא פִישְׁטְרָאן כִּי הוּא מִדָּג טָמֵא ...
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99 views

Translation please Yiddish and roshai taivois about getting married fast

Please help me translation (understand) Igres kodesh 24 pg 227 (second paragraph) I understand the last line that "whoever shortens the time between the decision (to get married) and the marriage ...
2
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1answer
160 views

Where can I find the Halakhot of the Rif in French or English?

I am looking for the halakhot of the Rif in translation, either French or English. Where can I find these? As a paper book or e-book, I don't really care.
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What differentiates the Artscroll Talmud compared to other translations?

The Artscroll Talmud, translated with copious notes into both English and Modern Hebrew, has received wide approval from all sectors of the orthodox world. In fact, I am not aware of any opposition, ...
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2answers
177 views

Full translation of Chofetz Chaim into English?

Can anyone recommend (or does this even exist?) a full translation of the Chofetz Chaim into English? I'm aware of some of the 'lesson-a-day' things but am not sure whether these are full translations ...
2
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1answer
161 views

What is a kilbis fish?

The Gemara (Avodah Zarah 40a) mentions that if you find a "kilbis" (כילבית) fish in fish brine you can eat it. What does a "kilbis" fish translate out to in English?
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248 views

Alleged mistranslation in Genesis 17:19 and 17:21

I have recently read in a Muslim website claims that verses 17.19 and 17.21 of Genesis are misinterpreted by Jews, because 1) The word אֲבָל "abal" used in 17.19 means "Yes indeed" in Hebrew, not "No"...
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3answers
81 views

Does Shalom/“peace” need Genizah?

It is known that Shalom is a name of Hashem, thus it is forbidden to say it as salutation in some places. And also, to not write it in a letter, because the risk of the receiver throwing it to the bin....
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1answer
49 views

Why is the title “אדם” considered important?

In the pasuk (Vayikra 13:2), sefaria translates: אָדָ֗ם כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֤ה בְעוֹר־בְּשָׂרוֹ֙ שְׂאֵ֤ת אֽוֹ־סַפַּ֙חַת֙ א֣וֹ בַהֶ֔רֶת וְהָיָ֥ה בְעוֹר־בְּשָׂר֖וֹ לְנֶ֣גַע צָרָ֑עַת וְהוּבָא֙ אֶל־...
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Tur CM 123:16: “שאין לך מציל ממון חבירו”

I'm struggling with one particular phrase in the Tur (CM 123:16). Most of it is clear until we get to: אבל אם התובע במדינה זו והנתבע במדינה אחרת הרי זה עושה מצוה שאין לך מציל ממון חבירו גדול מזה ...
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145 views

Can the 3 items that Rabban Gamliel requires during the Seder be explained using sign language?

Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Rabban Gamliel's Three Things: רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הָיָה אוֹמֵר: כָּל שֶׁלֹּא אָמַר שְׁלשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ בַּפֶּסַח, לא יָצָא יְדֵי חוֹבָתוֹ, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן פֶּסַח, מַצָּה, ...
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1answer
626 views

Why is a Greek Torah Scroll Kosher?

I once read that a Greek Sefer Torah is Kosher, is this correct? Is it also correct that Greek is the only language other than Hebrew that a kosher Sefer Torah can be written in?
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English Translation of Zohar online

I'm looking something up in the Zohar on Bereishis (Genesis), but I can't translate the words. Does anyone know where I can find an English translation of the Zohar on Bereishis, that's online?
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Translating Ramban on Dovid Hamelech's birth/ancestry

I am trying to learn this with a friend but I am having trouble translating - any help would be great! Does anyone know according to Ramban what is the miracle involved in the birth of Dovid Hamelech/...
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2answers
72 views

Dealing with translation differences when reading in English

As I learn more Hebrew, I still daven and read things like Tehillim in English for the most part. Many sources casually say that English is as good as Hebrew when you daven/read alone. However, what ...
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3answers
212 views

What is the meaning of the words כהיום הזה in the prayer על הניסים ?

What is the meaning of the words כהיום הזה in the prayer על הניסים ? Are there options other than the Artscroll interpretation, "unquestionable clarity"?
2
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1answer
137 views

Is the term/idea “inviolate” used in the old testament?

I was discussing the idea of privacy with my ethics professor, and he mentioned the concept of "inviolate personality". When it came up he was pretty sure the word inviolate either comes from or is ...
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2answers
267 views

Why do English translations use the name “Eve” rather than “Chava”?

When the Bible is translated into English, most Hebrew names are simply transliterated into Roman characters. In a few cases though, a completely different name is used. In the case of Hadassah/...
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1answer
93 views

(Online) Hebrew Babylonian Talmud

I sometimes need to show things from Gemorra for someone who knows both Modern Hebrew and Lashon Hakodesh, but not Aramaic. I do not need inserted explanation, like the Hebrew ArtScroll or Mesivta, ...
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1answer
96 views

Prophet “Jeremiah” from Tanach in translation to German language online available?

These days the story of the prophet Jeremiah caught my deeper interest. Currently reading it in various German translations of the Bible I see that it might be non-trivial how near to the original the ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Rambam Interlinear Online?

Does anyone know a place online where I can find and English, interlinear translation of the Rambam? The only English I found is on the chabad.org website. But that is far from interlinear. So ...
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1answer
172 views

A good translation of “bimah”

What is a good translation of the word "bimah" (as in both the "stage" generally and the "table" specifically in a synagogue whence the Torah is read) to use with a non-Jew? Altar and stage both seem ...
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1answer
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How do the English translations of the Mishnah vary?

I am aware of three (!) English translations of the Mishnah, there is the Philip Blackman translation, the Danby translation and the Jacob Neusner translation. How do these three translations differ?
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1answer
117 views

How does one write a Kosher Sefer Torah in Greek? [duplicate]

Following question of "why-is-a-greek-torah-scroll-kosher", the Mishna in Meggila 1.8 reads: אֵין בֵּין סְפָרִים לִתְפִלִּין וּמְזוּזוֹת אֶלָּא שֶׁהַסְּפָרִים נִכְתָּבִין בְּכָל לָשׁוֹן... ...
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2answers
85 views

What is the translation of the word Talmud and Gemara and why those words?

The word Talmud and Gemara is used to refer to the written down Oral Law (written down somewhere between 500CE-1000CE?). What is the English translation of those two words and why were they chosen/...
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1answer
585 views

Translation of “Ashrei”

What is the correct translation of "Ashrei"? For ages every siddur translated it as "happy". But in recent decades, Artscroll decided it was "praiseworthy" and Chabad decided it was "fortunate". ...
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1answer
83 views

Translation of karmelit

In an article I read online: http://www.tosfosinenglish.com/pdf/Shabos/6a7karmlis.pdf I read the following: כרמל (Karmel) is comprised of two (opposite) terms: רך with the meaning soft and not yet ...
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0answers
86 views

Tikkunei Zohar in English or Hebrew

Has the Tikunei Zohar ever been translated into English? Perhaps Hebrew? Online or dead tree works.
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0answers
41 views

What does Rashi mean by the words “לחבר ולפטרון”?

In Parshas Vayigash (פרק מה פסוק ח), Yosef tells his brothers to tell Yaakov Avinu that וישימני לאב לפרעה "[G-d] made me a father to Pharaoh". Rashi comments and says that this means לחבר ...
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58 views

Is there an English translation of Die wichtigsten Instanzen gegen die Graf-Wellhausensche Hypothese?

Is there an English translation of Die wichtigsten Instanzen gegen die Graf-Wellhausensche Hypothese? This is the book in German by R' Dovid Tzvi Hoffman זצ''ל, disproving the documentary hypothesis.
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100 views

Is there a surviving Jewish translation of the entire Masoretic Text in Greek?

Please don't say "the Septuagint" because I know that this has fallen out of favor among most modern Jews (the only exception being Beta Israel, which I believe still uses it - correct me if I am ...
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92 views

Was the Sheiltot of Rav Achai Gaon ever translated?

Does anyone know if the Sheiltot was ever translated into English?
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1answer
158 views

Why does the Steinstalz Talmud interpret this one sentence in contradiction to Rashi?

A sentence towards the bottom of Sanhedrin page 5b speaks of kneading dough in a state of impurity. דתניא פעם אחת הלך רבי למקום אחד וראה בני אדם שמגבלין עיסותיהם בטומאה ...‏ In the English Koren ...
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0answers
118 views

What is the best translation of the Tanakh with commentary? [closed]

I am looking for a good translation of the Tanakh with commentary.
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0answers
53 views

Which source more accurately depicts Goliath's height? [closed]

I am very short in stature, so Goliath by any of these accounts is still considered quite a giant to me, but I'm curious what most of you consider as the most authoritative text in regards to his ...
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0answers
42 views

Is nechoshet copper, brass or bronze [duplicate]

In the bible the word נחושת means what? I saw a few translations: copper, brass, bronze. What is the definition of the word
2
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2answers
416 views

What does ודוק or ודו"ק mean? [duplicate]

ודוק or ודו"ק appears extensively in rabbinic literature, particularly in Ashkenazi Halachic writings since the 17th century. I was once told that it meant that the author thought the proposed ...
2
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0answers
322 views

Does the name Daniel really mean: 'G-d is my judge'?

Most people pronounce the Hebrew name דניאל as Dani-el. Surprisingly enough, when the name Daniel is mentioned in Tanach (in the book of Daniel) it is written with a Tzeirei under the Yud with no ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Is there any website available so that i can compare lot of translations on Tanach? [duplicate]

I would like to know a good website so that i can compare different translations (English) of the Tanach per line/paragraph. What I'm looking for is a website similar to http://quran.com, where you ...
2
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1answer
196 views

Mishna Berurah Summary

Does anybody know where I can find a summary (in English or French) of the different simanim (or chapters) of the Mishnah Berurah? If possible, with the title or subject of the siman.