Questions tagged [transactions]

buying, selling, etc.

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If a shul buys arbah minim (etrog, lulav, etc.) by using membership dues, does everyone have an automatic ownership?

From this M.Y. answer: On the first two days of Sukkot, the mitzvah can be fulfilled only using one’s own Four Kinds. As such, if using someone else’s set, it needs to be given as “a present, ...
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Can one buy or rent a vacation home during the 12 months of mourning?

This source says: During the twelve months (of mourning for a parent), it is forbidden to: purchase or rent a home, unless a significant loss would otherwise be incurred Does "home" mean a ...
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Why not stipulate that Machpela would be a burial site? (N'tziv)

Genesis 23 describes Avraham's purchase of a burial site from Efron the Hittite. The way Haamek Davar explains it — if I understand his commentary to verse 20 correctly — the transaction ...
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1 answer
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Sculptures of Animals for non-worship

Is it permitted for a Jew to buy animal sculptures for decoration purposes.
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3 votes
1 answer
170 views

Selling contents of car trunk for Pesach

Would it be acceptable to put chometzdik items in the trunk of one's car, and then sell the contents of the trunk to a non-Jew before Pesach? Assume one would not open the trunk during Pesach, but ...
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4 votes
4 answers
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Can you acquire land merely by using it?

The mishna in Kiddushin 26a talks about how one acquires property. It considers two cases, property that can be used for security (collateral) and property that can't. Land is in the first category. ...
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6 votes
3 answers
682 views

Do you have to re-tovel non-Pesach dishware after buying it back?

"Utensils which are bought from a non-Jew, even if they are brand new, require immersion in a kosher mikveh." --From Weekly Halacha: Selected Halachos Related to Parshas Vayera by Rabbi Doniel ...
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Tzitzis put on a borrowed garment that is later acquired. Take them off and reattach them?

From Torah Law, I need only put tzitzis on my own four-cornered garment. From Rabbinic Law, I need to attach tzitzis to a borrowed garment only after 30 consecutive days, see Oruch HaShulchan, O Ch ...
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1 vote
1 answer
262 views

Selling living space to a non-Jew over pesach to get rid chametz

Is one allowed to temporarily sell their living space to a non-Jew in order to get rid of their chametz during pesach? If so, are they still obligated to do a bdikat chametz?
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Alcohol sales despite government monopoly

Many places have government imposed alcohol monopolies and private retailers of alcoholic beverages are forbidden. As alcohol, especially (red) wine, has a central place in Jewish practice and as ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the obligation of the seller?

Can a seller, who has listed an item for sale, change his mind and decide not to sell the item? What are the seller's obligations to a potential buyer after speaking about a sale, but no formal ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How long must you attempt to return a mistakenly shipped item?

Scenario: You place an online order for a product. A few days later, the wrong product gets shipped to you. You contact the shipper online saying that they shipped you the wrong product; please ship ...
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6 votes
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A bought or found stolen mitzva item

It's pretty well known that you can't fulfill a mitzvah with something that has been stolen. However, what if you buy or find something to fulfill a mitzvah that (unbeknownst to you) had been stolen ...
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2 answers
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Buying from non-Jews, or selling to non-Jews, within three days of their holidays

Yoreh De'ah 148:1 says, in part: שְׁלשָׁה יָמִים לִפְנֵי חַגָּם שֶׁל גּוֹיִים עוֹבְדֵי אֱלִילִים אָסוּר לִקַּח מֵהֶם וְלִמְכֹּר לָהֶם דָּבָר הַמִּתְקַיֵּם. וּמֻתָּר לִמְכֹּר לָהֶם דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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When a chain store advertises a "Holiday" or "End of Year" sale, may I buy their product?

My question is related to this one. The linked question focuses on the phrasing in the ad of referring to "Christmas", so it seems obvious that they are referring to a specific holiday. My question ...
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2 answers
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May I shop at a church-owned thrift store?

May I shop at a thrift store owned by a church, such as the Salvation Army Family Store? What if the only other thrift store is half an hour away?
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5 votes
0 answers
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If a local store holds a "Christmas Sale" in the days leading up to Dec. 25th, may I shop there?

My question In mid-December, I received the weekly advertising flyer of a local store chain. At the top, the flyer said "Christmas Sale". If a sale is advertised like this, with the name of a non-...
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1 vote
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When one buys a car, does he have to buy the car with the most safety features?

Deuteronomy 4:15 (snip): וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּ֥ם מְאֹ֖ד לְנַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם "Watch your lives very much" The commentary Ha'emek Davar, among others says that this verse teaches us that we are obligated to ...
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2 answers
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Who sells Yosef? Who brings him to Egypt?

Who sold Yosef to the Yishmaelim, is it the brothers or the Midyanim? And who sold him to Potifar in Egypt? The Yishmaelim or the Midyanim? (Medanim also appear in the text, but that might be the ...
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4 votes
2 answers
616 views

Should you pay a shadchan if the shidduch was successful after a break up?

(Aside from a segulah for shalom bais, it's general practice to pay a shadchan their fee upon a successful shidduch - it might even be halacha.) A shadchan sets up Moshe and Sarah. They go out 4-5 ...
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3 votes
1 answer
535 views

What belongs to a married woman and what can she do with it

Please correct me if I am wrong. Everything a wife brings into her marriage (belonged to her before the marriage), and the Kiddushin object (he gives it to her as a complete present) belongs to her. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Where did the king's horses come from?

It's written in this Torah portion that a king isn't allowed to acquire any horses for himself, because it will cause people to go to Egypt and buy them, and it is forbidden to return to Egypt. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Wrong price knowingly at checkout

If one purchases an item in a store and sees as the clerk is entering the price of the item in the computer and it is the wrong price (as in cheaper for this dilemma) is it halachically necessary to ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Can I sell a dollar from the rebbe that was given to someone else?

The Lubavicher rebbe had a practice of giving out dollar bills to people. If I were to have one originally given to someone else would it be permissible to sell such a memento?
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7 votes
2 answers
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How did kinyan ketzatzah work?

The gemarah in Yerushalmi Kiddushin 1:5 discusses a kinyan ketzatzah whereby to acquire a field (and possibly to marry a woman?) after a sale a barrel of treats was broken and the children would ...
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-7 votes
1 answer
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Can one aquire regular objects through biya?

The Mishna (Kiddushin 1:1) tell us that one can acquire a wife through money (kinyan), documents (shtar) or biya (intercourse). The first two are commonly used to buy and sell regular objects, but ...
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4 votes
2 answers
410 views

Do any communities have the non-Jew come get some of his chametz?

There is an established practice to sell one's chametz (leavened products) to a non-Jew over Passover to avoid the biblical prohibition of a Jew owning chametz during the festival. Unfortunately, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Making a kinyan on hefker items on Shabbat

Is it possible to take possession (make a kinyan) of items which are hefker (ownerless) on Shabbat? I know that business transactions are prohibited, but i'm unsure whether this applies to any kinyan,...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Sales on Chol HaMoed

On Chol HaMoed, one is not allowed to do melocho, even without excessive tircha or skill, if it's not l'tzorech hamo'ed (a need of the holiday) nor a davar ha'aved (financial loss). How do we ...
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1 vote
1 answer
225 views

Can one buy a car on Hol Hamoed?

One is restricted to do certain types of melachos (creative work) during hol hamoed. Do these restrictions extend to prohibiting the purchase of a new car?
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0 votes
1 answer
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Aquiring chometz as an agent of a non Jew

Danger: Complicated hypothetical question In my office there are some hefker chometz sandwiches on chol hamoed pesach and on a nearby intersection there is frequently a non jewish beggar (Beggar A). ...
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4 votes
1 answer
89 views

A "lie" which is not considered a lie because everyone knows it

I remember, when I learned Seder Nezikin, that there are trading situations in which a seller lies to a buyer (e.g. exaggerates the merits of his product), but, this is not considered deception, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
163 views

Do you own chametz bought on credit?

On Hol Hamo'ed, someone purchases chametz on-line using a credit card. The order was processed during Hol Hamo'ed, but will arrive at the person's home after Pesach is over. The credit card payment is ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Halachically, must a store honor the price that they advertised in the circular?

A store advertises an item in a circular at a certain price. When the customer buys the item and is about to pay for it, the owner says, "No, The price advertised is wrong. The real price is higher. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
129 views

Buying Chometz to get rid of it

If a person would hypothetically not own any chometz the evening before Pesach, should/could they purchase chometz in order to get rid of it the following day? I am hoping to have this question ...
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3 votes
1 answer
93 views

Is Esther's comment in Esther 7:4 a reference to one of the curses in Devarim 28:68?

In Esther 7:4, Esther says that had the Jews been sold for slaves and maidservants, she would have been silent. Devarim 28:68 says that we would be shipped to Egypt, and we would try to sell ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Possibility of buying treyf meat in a kosher store

Since meat may be sold to a consumer before kashering and traiboring, it is possible that parts of meat obtained from a kosher store may not be kosher.* Ordinarily, one could guess whether the meat ...
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5 votes
0 answers
42 views

Does a seller acquire each coin one at a time, or all at once?

Let's say i owe someone 5 coins. I hand them to him one at a time. Does he acquire each one as i hand it to him, or does he get all of them after all 5 are in his hand? When exactly does ownership get ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What are the restrictions on electronic commerce during the sabbath?

On Photo.SE, mention was made of some software that had its software license fulfillment (one would think a completely automatic process) being restricted on Saturday: Someone at B&H ... has ...
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4 votes
2 answers
180 views

Is investing problematic?

Are there any issues involved in investing in stocks or other mediums owned by a Jewish company? I am referring to ribit (interest).
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7 votes
0 answers
160 views

Is one allowed to bid on a house if he knows another Jew has already made an offer?

This question is related to the halachic concept of ani hamehapech b'charara, or tortious interference, which I happened to just come across in studying Mishnah Peah. If one has been looking at a ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Assuming Christianity is Avodah Zarah (RamBam), can I get my car fixed by a gentile right before/during Nittle Nacht?

Assuming Christianity is Avodah Zarah (RamBam), can one get his car fixed by a gentile, with a new part, put in, over Christmas? Obviously, there's no way to know whether the mechanic will work on the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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May I temporarily enslave myself, to avoid missing a positive time-bound commandment?

If I know I will be unable to do a positive time-bound commandment, may I sell myself to another Jew until the obligation passes?
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10 votes
2 answers
339 views

How does one implement "zachin leadam shelo befanav" to give a gift on Shabbat?

I am aware that we don't give gifts -- or, more specifically, transfer ownership of an item -- on Shabbat or Yom Tov. I once asked a question about ransoming the afikoman and received this comment: ...
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6 votes
1 answer
131 views

Does the "mezakeh" need to know that he's using "zachin," for it to work?

There's a Talmudic concept known as "זכין לאדם שלא בפניו," that one can acquire something on behalf of another, even if that other person does not know that this is happening, so long as it's a זכות, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why doesn't this gemara interpret the mishna as meaning they sell it back?

In Shabbos 120a, the Mishna (first Mishna there) is quoted as saying that after Shabbat, the people who save things from a fire (which become hefker, ownerless) can make up their payment with the ...
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10 votes
1 answer
638 views

Using someone else's employee discount

Let's say my good friend Bob is an employee at Frank's Store of Stuff You'd Never Pay Full Price For. He gets an employee discount for his purchases there. Can Bob buy stuff and then sell it to me, ...
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12 votes
1 answer
259 views

My obligation to not let other avoid taxes

Let's say I'm a customer. There is a seller who is offering me a deal in such a way that it is obvious he's trying to avoid paying taxes. (For example, the seller insists on cash payments and a lack ...
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14 votes
4 answers
448 views

Can you keep a vending machine freebie?

If someone buys something from a vending machine and two items accidentally pop out (due to some error in the machine), is he/she allowed to keep the extra item? And if not, what should he/she do? ...
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0 votes
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Are prediction markets kosher?

What is the halachic status of prediction markets? Are Jews allowed to employ them?
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