Questions tagged [transactions]

buying, selling, etc.

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20
votes
2answers
2k views

Can an ecommerce website remain open on Shabbat?

This question is more general and doesn't apply specifically to ecommerce sites even though the discussion mentions them a little. Specifically, we know we can't do business on Shabbat. So what is ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Gambling at casino

Is it halachically permissible to gamble at a casino?
16
votes
1answer
265 views

How much must one do to to sign a contract?

Nowadays most software comes with a EULA. In order to install the software one must click the "agree" button. However, there are some software that says are distributed through different licenses. For ...
8
votes
2answers
310 views

Who sold Yosef, and who knew?

I had always understood that Yosef's brothers sold him to the Ishmaelites. We know that they planned to do so, but during this week's torah reading I noticed this for the first time: כח ...
17
votes
3answers
526 views

What happens if the non-Jew the chometz was sold to dies?

I can't imagine it has never come up before: Someone sells their chometz before Pesach to a non-Jew. On Pesach the non-Jew dies. What happens now?
16
votes
3answers
668 views

Is a contract over Chat/IM/SMS “written” or “oral”?

Halakhically, is a business transaction conducted over Chat/IM/SMS a "written" or "oral" contract? Chat is oral-style communication in a textual medium. Does the fact that it's actually written over-...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the halachot of Chanukat Habayit?

What are the laws and customs appertaining to chanukat habayit? At what point, if at all, should you make a shehechiyanu; upon closing? Moving in? Should you make a chanukat habayit on a home that is ...
8
votes
1answer
287 views

Why is it ok to pay the kids for the afikoman?

Most Pesach sedarim feature the afikoman hide-and-seek game; either the children steal it and ransom it back or the parents hide it and (in my experience) pay a prize to the child who finds it. At ...
4
votes
1answer
586 views

Selling on Amazon.com or eBay.com on Shabbos or Yom Tov

There are some Rabanim that do not allow you to sell via your own website on Shabbos / Yom Tov. If you sell books on Amazon.com or eBay.com where you do not collect the money nor fulfill the order on ...
0
votes
1answer
276 views

Sculptures of Animals for non-worship

Is it permitted for a Jew to buy animal sculptures for decoration purposes.
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Does casual sex establish a marriage?

Do premarital sexual relations effect Kiddushin (betrothal/first step of Jewish marriage) if there is no intention of getting married? If so, is the physical act itself determinative of whether or ...
14
votes
2answers
369 views

Bagging meat with milk

Two different supermarket cashiers have expressed mild surprise at my willingness to put cold, packaged meat and cold, packaged cheese in the same shopping bag, explaining that other Jewish customers ...
8
votes
4answers
252 views

Why seem to sell and be mafkir chametz?

My understanding is that we do both of the following: We (appoint a rabbi as an agent to) sell our chametz to a gentile. This sale takes place the morning of the day before Pesach, before the ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Lifting a handkerchief before signing the Ketubah?

I know at a Jewish wedding, just before the Ketubah is signed, the groom picks up a handkerchief in front of everyone. I remember this has something to do with "kinyan chalifin"; could someone please ...
6
votes
3answers
293 views

How can we just make our chametz ownerless?

I'm trying to understand the "legal fiction" wherein we declare any chometz we have as ownerless like the dust of the earth. Is this halachically acceptable? How can a person declare something in his ...
6
votes
2answers
258 views

May I shop at a church-owned thrift store?

May I shop at a thrift store owned by a church, such as the Salvation Army Family Store? What if the only other thrift store is half an hour away?
5
votes
1answer
547 views

Can a Jew sell a sefer Torah to a non-Jew? Why or why not?

A question was raised whether a non-Jew can run a Judaica store. My thought on that was it depended on what types of judaica he sold. I doubted that a sofer would sell him mezuzah parchments, ...
5
votes
0answers
191 views

If a local store holds a “Christmas Sale” in the days leading up to Dec. 25th, may I shop there?

My question In mid-December, I received the weekly advertising flyer of a local store chain. At the top, the flyer said "Christmas Sale". If a sale is advertised like this, with the name of a non-...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Who sells Yosef? Who brings him to Egypt?

Who sold Yosef to the Yishmaelim, is it the brothers or the Midyanim? And who sold him to Potifar in Egypt? The Yishmaelim or the Midyanim? (Medanim also appear in the text, but that might be the ...
2
votes
3answers
208 views

How Overcharging or Undercharging (Ona'a) is figured?

The Halacha of Ona'a is that if an item was sold for more than 1/6 difference in real value the buyer and or seller can cancel the sale. How is Ona'a figured on for example fresh salmon? There are ...
13
votes
3answers
227 views

If a person voids a purchase/sale, what happens to the Bracha?

You buy a new Talis and after you wear it you notice a defect. You want to return it to the store for a refund or replacement. However a person is only obligated in Tzitzis if he owns or borrows the ...
13
votes
1answer
281 views

Does a child own what he's implicitly given by his parents?

I assume that when a parent owns an object and a child uses it, it remains the property of the parent's absent any intent/declaration on the parent's part to grant it to the child (and absent an act ...
8
votes
2answers
154 views

Attaching Conditions to a Sale

If I sell someone an item (e.g. an orange), and I attach a condition (e.g. "you may not make orange juice"), is it successfully binding? What happens if that someone does violate the condition (e.g. ...
7
votes
2answers
420 views

Business with Christians during their holiday periods

According to those who hold that Christianity is avodah zarah, may Jews do business with Christians within three days of Sunday (or if you want, within 3 days of Dec. 25 or Easter) in light of the ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

Are coupons for Chometz - Chometz?

Are coupons for items which are chometz, chometz themselves? Do they have a status of chometz, or can they be dealt with on Pesach? For example: Can one acquire coupons for grain cereals on Pesach (...
5
votes
2answers
279 views

Renting a simcha hall from a church

Is there a halachic problem with renting a hall that belongs to a church for a bar mitzvah?
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Animal testing of cosmetics and other products

To what extent does tzaar baalei chayyim--the prohibition on causing needless pain to animals--apply to animal testing of products such as cosmetics? What are the potential halachic problems for both ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Purchasing products that were not manufactured in a Torahdik manner?

Are there any restrictions on purchasing or using non-food products that were manufactured in violation of the Law? If so, on what grounds? For example: A non-Jew manufactures a product, and, in ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Receiving someone else's chametz mail

Yesterday, I heard the door open and close. I went over and discovered that the mailman had delivered the mail. A magazine (which I looked forward to reading), some envelopes and a small package. I ...
6
votes
3answers
538 views

May a Jew sell marijuana?

It is held by Rav Moshe zt''l that a Jew may not smoke marijuana, but following the legalization of marijuana in Washington, I am curious if a Jew may run a store that sells marijuana in a ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Receiving dishes from a Jew - toivel (immerse)?

I inherited a set of dishes from a Jew. I don't know how observant this Jew was. Do I need to toivel them?
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Paying more for an item — Ribis?

I will ask the question using the following scenario: Reuvan wrote a sefer that he was charging for it 50 Shekels. Came along Shimon who wanted to buy the sefer. At that time he didn't have money on ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Do you own chametz bought on credit?

On Hol Hamo'ed, someone purchases chametz on-line using a credit card. The order was processed during Hol Hamo'ed, but will arrive at the person's home after Pesach is over. The credit card payment is ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Is Esther's comment in Esther 7:4 a reference to one of the curses in Devarim 28:68?

In Esther 7:4, Esther says that had the Jews been sold for slaves and maidservants, she would have been silent. Devarim 28:68 says that we would be shipped to Egypt, and we would try to sell ...
11
votes
1answer
213 views

My obligation to not let other avoid taxes

Let's say I'm a customer. There is a seller who is offering me a deal in such a way that it is obvious he's trying to avoid paying taxes. (For example, the seller insists on cash payments and a lack ...
9
votes
1answer
853 views

Is there a source for not buying things for a baby before it is born?

Is there any source for the custom to not buy things for a baby before it is born? I have heard that the reason is due to averting ayin hara, but I would like to know if there is any recorded source ...
9
votes
1answer
162 views

Can you rely on the cashier?

If a cashier or other low level employee makes a financial decision in your favor ("keep the change" or "I'll let you use that coupon even if it expired" etc.), without checking with a manager/owner, ...
8
votes
1answer
202 views

Product liability in halacha

What does Judaism say about product liability? That is, if I sell someone a product and — because it was manufactured poorly or not as advertised — the purchaser sustains damage, to what ...
7
votes
6answers
280 views

Asara Haruge Malchut (Ten Martyrs), why were 10 Rabbis killed?

In Vayigash, Rabenu Bahya (also the Zohar) comments and says that the reason we had Asara Haruge Malchut because the brothers sold Yosef. However, Reuven didn't sell Yosef, so why should the ...
7
votes
1answer
561 views

Would you make a Shehechiyanu when you lease a new car?

When you purchase a new car you would make a Shehechiyanu. Would you also make a Shehechiyanu if you leased a new car?
7
votes
3answers
256 views

What happened to Haman's money?

One of the more interesting encounters in the megilla takes place between Achashveirosh and Haman right after Haman decides to kill the Jewish people. Having decided on a date, Haman approaches ...
7
votes
0answers
187 views

eBay Judaica auctions

I occasionally check eBay for assorted items; this is typically for the science half of my life, but I sometimes find Judaica which probably should not be sold there. For example, I know that in the ...
7
votes
1answer
188 views

Presents on shabbas

Can one give a present on shabbas? If the answer is no, then how does it work when one eats by someones house the food one gets is a present (it is changing reshus). Sources please.
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Benyamin's reward

Benyamin, while being quite young at the time, is notably missing when Yosef is sold. Does he deserve a reward for not participating or was he simply not included and therefore is incidental in the ...
6
votes
1answer
91 views

Does the “mezakeh” need to know that he's using “zachin,” for it to work?

There's a Talmudic concept known as "זכין לאדם שלא בפניו," that one can acquire something on behalf of another, even if that other person does not know that this is happening, so long as it's a זכות, ...
6
votes
1answer
79 views

Are you responsible for damage your driverless car causes?

Driverless cars are in the process of becoming a reality and it is a matter of time before they are a mainstream product. These car are pre-programmed to make certain decisions in the case of imminent ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Reasons for allowing התר מכירה in this day and age

Here is the concluding paragraph from an article from Torah L'Daat (red volume, BeHar 'בענין אם יש קנין לנכרי בארץ ישראל להפקיע קדושת שביעית') that discusses the halachic boundaries of whether non-...
5
votes
2answers
724 views

What is a good place to buy kabbalah seforim online?

I am aware of Nehora and the other sites I could find googling this same inquiry, I'm looking for other recommendations of sites that have a good selection. Specifically I'm looking for Kanfei Yona (...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

When do you own the food in your farm-share box?

In a farm share (CSA, community-supported agriculture), at the beginning of a season you subscribe to and pay for a share, and then you receive regular deliveries of whatever food those farms produced ...
5
votes
3answers
347 views

Do you have to re-tovel non-Pesach dishware after buying it back?

"Utensils which are bought from a non-Jew, even if they are brand new, require immersion in a kosher mikveh." --From Weekly Halacha: Selected Halachos Related to Parshas Vayera by Rabbi Doniel ...