Questions tagged [transactions]

buying, selling, etc.

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6
votes
1answer
164 views

Buying online on friday

Can you buy something from a large online retailer (eg Amazon), which employs non-Jews, on Friday if it has one-day shipping? This would force someone to do the work of mailing/transporting the ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

OK to pay for minyan?

If a minyan is needed and can't easily be found, is it OK to pay Jews to attend, who would not come otherwise? And is a negotiation on the price seemly?
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Return item at supermarket (consumer's fault?)

Say I buy a food item at a supermarket and later discover it was opened. I then am unsure whether I opened it or not. Is one allowed to return it if there is doubt (one is not completely sure) that ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

When do you own the food in your farm-share box?

In a farm share (CSA, community-supported agriculture), at the beginning of a season you subscribe to and pay for a share, and then you receive regular deliveries of whatever food those farms produced ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Paying taxes to a corrupted government [duplicate]

There are many countries with corrupted governments who steal taxpayers' money. Is one still obliged to pay taxes if the government is corrupted and steals a big fraction of the taxes one pays? What's ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Selling chametz if two people share a house?

I was just wondering a general law about the sale of chametz (specifically through chabad.org but also in general), that if two people jointly own a house, then should they each individually fill out ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Would buying kosher meat serve as identifying one as being a “religious jew”? [closed]

Suppose if one is shopping at a grocery store and is checking out with food including kosher meat. If that person isn't wearing any other Jewish signs (e.g tzitzis, kippah, etc.), is that enough to "...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Getting something that requires you to be over 18 when you’re not

Are there any sources that would constitute the following as stealing/gezel: If one buys a product that the website requires one to be 18 years or older to purchase and is underage? So let’s say you ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Are you allowed to request someone to buy a product that by law you would not be allowed to buy?

Follow up to this M.Y. question... In most states, people under 18 aren't allowed to buy alcohol, because the law wants to discourage young kids from consuming it. The buying, per se, is not the ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

Alcohol sales despite government monopoly

Many places have government imposed alcohol monopolies and private retailers of alcoholic beverages are forbidden. As alcohol, especially (red) wine, has a central place in Jewish practice and as ...
5
votes
2answers
241 views

“A y'vama acquires herself through chalitza”, really?

The first mishnayos of Kidushin, in Sefaria's Silverstein translation, bracketed remarks omitted: A woman is acquired in three ways, and she acquires herself in two ways. She is acquired by money, ...
-2
votes
1answer
28 views

What are the 10 kinyanim with buying and selling? [closed]

Can someone please provide for me a list of the 10 kinyanim with their names in Hebrew? I can't find one anywhere! thanks.
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Can you buy chametz during Pesach that will be delivered after Pesach?

As an example, during Hol Hamo'ed Pesach, could you buy chametz online knowing that it will arrive after Pesach? My assumption is that it would be OK, as the buyer doesn't actually own the product ...
6
votes
1answer
318 views

Selling land to Gentile to build Church

In YD Siman 151 it discusses the things that one is allowed and not allowed to sell to a gentile (for reasons that they might be used for Avodah Zara -- idol worship). I didn't see the following ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Do you own chametz bought on credit?

On Hol Hamo'ed, someone purchases chametz on-line using a credit card. The order was processed during Hol Hamo'ed, but will arrive at the person's home after Pesach is over. The credit card payment is ...
4
votes
2answers
372 views

Do any communities have the non-Jew come get some of his chametz?

There is an established practice to sell one's chametz (leavened products) to a non-Jew over Passover to avoid the biblical prohibition of a Jew owning chametz during the festival. Unfortunately, ...
14
votes
3answers
440 views

What is the halachic status of things in outer space?

Is everything in outer space hefker? For example if a private person lands on the moon or an asteroid can he be koneh it? Do you retain the rights to something that you send into space?
4
votes
4answers
618 views

Can you acquire land merely by using it?

The mishna in Kiddushin 26a talks about how one acquires property. It considers two cases, property that can be used for security (collateral) and property that can't. Land is in the first category. ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

How to understand this Tosfos in Megila 5b

This is a Tosfos from Megilah 5b which is talking about lessening the different type of work(s) of simcha on Purim. However, I'm a bit troubled on understanding the last 6 words. What does Tosfos mean?...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Is selling something at a large profit ona'ah (wronging another)?

What would sources say about the following scenario: let’s say you buy a pen for about $20 and two erasers for $5 each, equaling $30 in total. The person who bought these things sells them for $40, ...
-1
votes
2answers
71 views

Selling an electronic cigarette to a minor

Is it a sin to sell an electronic cigarette it to a minor? Please cite sources.
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Doing Business with a Jew

The Gemorah in Bava Metzia 71a teaches that one must give preference to a Jew when offering out loans even when it will cause a loss to the lender since he won't be able to charge interest. ...
2
votes
3answers
209 views

How Overcharging or Undercharging (Ona'a) is figured?

The Halacha of Ona'a is that if an item was sold for more than 1/6 difference in real value the buyer and or seller can cancel the sale. How is Ona'a figured on for example fresh salmon? There are ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

How is Ona'a (overcharging) determined? [duplicate]

Partially inspired by this question I would like to know exactly how ona'a (over/underchanging by more than 1/6th) is determined. For example tap water is free and in many parts of the united states ...
7
votes
6answers
281 views

Asara Haruge Malchut (Ten Martyrs), why were 10 Rabbis killed?

In Vayigash, Rabenu Bahya (also the Zohar) comments and says that the reason we had Asara Haruge Malchut because the brothers sold Yosef. However, Reuven didn't sell Yosef, so why should the ...
7
votes
2answers
124 views

Halachic issues with buying an item for cheap when owner doesnt know true value

What are the halachic problems that arise when one buys an item at a discount but the owner is unaware of the true value? This can apply to a yard sale where one buys a coin that they know is worth ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Reasons for allowing התר מכירה in this day and age

Here is the concluding paragraph from an article from Torah L'Daat (red volume, BeHar 'בענין אם יש קנין לנכרי בארץ ישראל להפקיע קדושת שביעית') that discusses the halachic boundaries of whether non-...
10
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6answers
931 views

Can a person sell their portion in heaven?

Can a person sell their portion in olam haba (heaven)? Is the sale valid and binding?
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Lottery on Shabbos

Is one allowed to buy a lottery ticket if the lottery will be held on shabbos? Is it a problem of possibly making money on shabbos even though his chances are slim?
9
votes
1answer
287 views

Mistake when buying ring to get married with

The following case might perhaps be too localized however I'm asking it as a theoretical question in order to understand these laws in Choshen Mishpat and Evan HaEzer better. A Kallah (bride) went to ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Halachot of standing in a supermarket line

Looking for a Shu"T that covers the following issues of standing in a supermarket line (assuming there are no Dina DM laws covering that): Is standing in a line a sort of Kinyan? Is it a monetary ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

How did Hevel acquire his flock?

In Bereishit 4:2-4 we read that Hevel was a keeper of sheep and that he offered from the firstlings of his flock. How did he come to acquire the flock? Did he have to trap them and domesticate them or ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

May a seller offer a reward on a sale, which he explicitly limits only to cash (not credit) sales?

It is forbidden to explicitly set two tiered pricing for sales, A lower price for cash payment & a higher price for credit (delayed) payment. The additional payment for credit is considered ribbis ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

Buying items on Shabbos and paying after

Is it permissible to make up with a non-Jewish store owner before Shabbos that you will take items from his store on Shabbos and pay for them after Shabbos? If not - is it rabbinic or biblical? May ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Can one invest in a Jewish-controlled company which performs work on Shabbas?

Is a Jew permitted to invest in shares of a company if the company performs work on shabbas and a non-orthodox Jew started the company and is a major shareholder yet owns less than 50% of the shares ...
4
votes
1answer
588 views

Selling on Amazon.com or eBay.com on Shabbos or Yom Tov

There are some Rabanim that do not allow you to sell via your own website on Shabbos / Yom Tov. If you sell books on Amazon.com or eBay.com where you do not collect the money nor fulfill the order on ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Question of Ribbis (interest) with personal use of employer's gasoline and reimbursement using his own credit card

Someone travels to work out of town with his own car. He received a credit card from his employer to pay for the gas for the trip to and from the workplace and his home. The employer does not mind if ...
6
votes
2answers
220 views

In auctions today are you still obligated after being out-bid?

A mishna on Erchin 27a discusses buying land back after it has been consecrated. It says that if one offered ten selas, another twenty, etc. up to one who offered fifty, and then that last guy ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Paying more for an item — Ribis?

I will ask the question using the following scenario: Reuvan wrote a sefer that he was charging for it 50 Shekels. Came along Shimon who wanted to buy the sefer. At that time he didn't have money on ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Substituting security deposit for final month's rent

A friend of mine who practices law gave me the following advice: Do not pay your final month's rent. Instead, tell your landlord to keep the security deposit as your last month's rent. That way, if ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Internet shopping after browsing in a store

This question is acutely relevant today. You are shopping for something. Your plan is to go to a lot of brick-and-mortar stores, see the item, feel it, ask the salespersons lots of questions, then ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Can you accept money for your chametz items during Pesach?

You sold your chametz to a non-Jew, directly. During Hol Hamo'ed, the non-Jew comes to your home and says he wants your $500 single malt scotch, and he writes you a check for it. He walks out with ...
7
votes
3answers
256 views

What happened to Haman's money?

One of the more interesting encounters in the megilla takes place between Achashveirosh and Haman right after Haman decides to kill the Jewish people. Having decided on a date, Haman approaches ...
-4
votes
2answers
89 views

Why is it not ribis to offer a volume discount?

Exactly why is it not ribit to charge disproportionately more for a single item than for each unit in a bulk purchase? Of course, I'm talking about Jews' selling to each other. People have requested ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

How do matanos laevyonim services work behind the scenes?

Many shuls and organizations provide a way to fulfill matanos laevyonim by giving online or sending a check made out to the organization. How does this work? Is it as simple as "you're enabling them ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

Can one buy clothes during the 9 days if they will arrive after the 9 days?

In the past a person purchased clothing in-person, however nowadays many purchases are made online and are then shipped. I would like to know if any poskim discuss purchasing clothing during the nine ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Different things falling through the air

Rava has a question: What is the halacha regarding something which you throw through a house, that goes in one window and out the other? Do we say that something that passes through the house's ...
6
votes
1answer
79 views

Are you responsible for damage your driverless car causes?

Driverless cars are in the process of becoming a reality and it is a matter of time before they are a mainstream product. These car are pre-programmed to make certain decisions in the case of imminent ...
3
votes
1answer
275 views

Can I place cryptocurrency / stock buy or sell orders over Shabbos?

Is it Halachicly permissible to place buy or sell orders for a cryptocurrency / stock that might be matched on Shabbos? Example: If someone places an order for Bitcoin at $10,000, the price might hit ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Selling Gemara to non-Jews

Is it permissible for someone to sell sefarim (e.g., a gemara) to non-Jews? Does it make a difference if they are messianic "Jews" (people who believe Jesus is Moshiach)?