Questions tagged [transactions]

buying, selling, etc.

4
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2answers
394 views

Should you pay a shadchan if the shidduch was successful after a break up?

(Aside from a segulah for shalom bais, it's general practice to pay a shadchan their fee upon a successful shidduch - it might even be halacha.) A shadchan sets up Moshe and Sarah. They go out 4-5 ...
3
votes
1answer
388 views

What belongs to a married woman and what can she do with it

Please correct me if I am wrong. Everything a wife brings into her marriage (belonged to her before the marriage), and the Kiddushin object (he gives it to her as a complete present) belongs to her. ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Where did the king's horses come from?

It's written in this Torah portion that a king isn't allowed to acquire any horses for himself, because it will cause people to go to Egypt and buy them, and it is forbidden to return to Egypt. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Wrong price knowingly at checkout

If one purchases an item in a store and sees as the clerk is entering the price of the item in the computer and it is the wrong price (as in cheaper for this dilemma) is it halachically necessary to ...
2
votes
2answers
744 views

Can I sell a dollar from the rebbe that was given to someone else?

The Lubavicher rebbe had a practice of giving out dollar bills to people. If I were to have one originally given to someone else would it be permissible to sell such a memento?
6
votes
2answers
97 views

How did kinyan ketzatzah work?

The gemarah in Yerushalmi Kiddushin 1:5 discusses a kinyan ketzatzah whereby to acquire a field (and possibly to marry a woman?) after a sale a barrel of treats was broken and the children would ...
-7
votes
1answer
137 views

Can one aquire regular objects through biya?

The Mishna (Kiddushin 1:1) tell us that one can acquire a wife through money (kinyan), documents (shtar) or biya (intercourse). The first two are commonly used to buy and sell regular objects, but ...
4
votes
2answers
363 views

Do any communities have the non-Jew come get some of his chametz?

There is an established practice to sell one's chametz (leavened products) to a non-Jew over Passover to avoid the biblical prohibition of a Jew owning chametz during the festival. Unfortunately, ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Making a kinyan on hefker items on Shabbat

Is it possible to take possession (make a kinyan) of items which are hefker (ownerless) on Shabbat? I know that business transactions are prohibited, but i'm unsure whether this applies to any kinyan,...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Sales on Chol HaMoed

On Chol HaMoed, one is not allowed to do melocho, even without excessive tircha or skill, if it's not l'tzorech hamo'ed (a need of the holiday) nor a davar ha'aved (financial loss). How do we ...
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1answer
146 views

Can one buy a car on Hol Hamoed?

One is restricted to do certain types of melachos (creative work) during hol hamoed. Do these restrictions extend to prohibiting the purchase of a new car?
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Aquiring chometz as an agent of a non Jew

Danger: Complicated hypothetical question In my office there are some hefker chometz sandwiches on chol hamoed pesach and on a nearby intersection there is frequently a non jewish beggar (Beggar A). ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

A “lie” which is not considered a lie because everyone knows it

I remember, when I learned Seder Nezikin, that there are trading situations in which a seller lies to a buyer (e.g. exaggerates the merits of his product), but, this is not considered deception, ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Do you own chametz bought on credit?

On Hol Hamo'ed, someone purchases chametz on-line using a credit card. The order was processed during Hol Hamo'ed, but will arrive at the person's home after Pesach is over. The credit card payment is ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Halachically, must a store honor the price that they advertised in the circular?

A store advertises an item in a circular at a certain price. When the customer buys the item and is about to pay for it, the owner says, "No, The price advertised is wrong. The real price is higher. ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Buying Chometz to get rid of it

If a person would hypothetically not own any chometz the evening before Pesach, should/could they purchase chometz in order to get rid of it the following day? I am hoping to have this question ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Is Esther's comment in Esther 7:4 a reference to one of the curses in Devarim 28:68?

In Esther 7:4, Esther says that had the Jews been sold for slaves and maidservants, she would have been silent. Devarim 28:68 says that we would be shipped to Egypt, and we would try to sell ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

Possibility of buying treyf meat in a kosher store

Since meat may be sold to a consumer before kashering and traiboring, it is possible that parts of meat obtained from a kosher store may not be kosher.* Ordinarily, one could guess whether the meat ...
5
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0answers
39 views

Does a seller acquire each coin one at a time, or all at once?

Let's say i owe someone 5 coins. I hand them to him one at a time. Does he acquire each one as i hand it to him, or does he get all of them after all 5 are in his hand? When exactly does ownership get ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

What are the restrictions on electronic commerce during the sabbath?

On Photo.SE, mention was made of some software that had its software license fulfillment (one would think a completely automatic process) being restricted on Saturday: Someone at B&H ... has ...
3
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2answers
136 views

Is investing problematic?

Are there any issues involved in investing in stocks or other mediums owned by a Jewish company? I am referring to ribit (interest).
7
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0answers
128 views

Is one allowed to bid on a house if he knows another Jew has already made an offer?

This question is related to the halachic concept of ani hamehapech b'charara, or tortious interference, which I happened to just come across in studying Mishnah Peah. If one has been looking at a ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

Assuming Christianity is Avodah Zarah (RamBam), can I get my car fixed by a gentile right before/during Nittle Nacht?

Assuming Christianity is Avodah Zarah (RamBam), can one get his car fixed by a gentile, with a new part, put in, over Christmas? Obviously, there's no way to know whether the mechanic will work on the ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

May I temporarily enslave myself, to avoid missing a positive time-bound commandment?

If I know I will be unable to do a positive time-bound commandment, may I sell myself to another Jew until the obligation passes?
9
votes
2answers
233 views

How does one implement “zachin leadam shelo befanav” to give a gift on Shabbat?

I am aware that we don't give gifts -- or, more specifically, transfer ownership of an item -- on Shabbat or Yom Tov. I once asked a question about ransoming the afikoman and received this comment: ...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

Does the “mezakeh” need to know that he's using “zachin,” for it to work?

There's a Talmudic concept known as "זכין לאדם שלא בפניו," that one can acquire something on behalf of another, even if that other person does not know that this is happening, so long as it's a זכות, ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Why doesn't this gemara interpret the mishna as meaning they sell it back?

In Shabbos 120a, the Mishna (first Mishna there) is quoted as saying that after Shabbat, the people who save things from a fire (which become hefker, ownerless) can make up their payment with the ...
10
votes
1answer
582 views

Using someone else's employee discount

Let's say my good friend Bob is an employee at Frank's Store of Stuff You'd Never Pay Full Price For. He gets an employee discount for his purchases there. Can Bob buy stuff and then sell it to me, ...
11
votes
1answer
204 views

My obligation to not let other avoid taxes

Let's say I'm a customer. There is a seller who is offering me a deal in such a way that it is obvious he's trying to avoid paying taxes. (For example, the seller insists on cash payments and a lack ...
14
votes
4answers
276 views

Can you keep a vending machine freebie?

If someone buys something from a vending machine and two items accidentally pop out (due to some error in the machine), is he/she allowed to keep the extra item? And if not, what should he/she do? ...
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0answers
51 views

Are prediction markets kosher?

What is the halachic status of prediction markets? Are jews allowed to employ them?
5
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0answers
158 views

Is there any halachic problem with providing a service (e.g., matchmaking) to someone for free, when others pay for it?

I recently got an interesting email from a shadchan (matchmaker), which I've paraphrased here: I have a potential match in mind for you. However, it is a halachic problem if I set you up with this ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Buying from Hasogas Gevul

If someone has a shop that the Rabanim say is hasogas gevul, but he refuses to close it, is it just a problem for the seller or is it also a problem for buying from there?
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Return item at supermarket (consumer's fault?)

Say I buy a food item at a supermarket and later discover it was opened. I then am unsure whether I opened it or not. Is one allowed to return it if there is doubt (one is not completely sure) that ...
3
votes
2answers
357 views

Cashier error - is it my responsibility to go back?

If a non- Jewish cashier forgot to scan an item, do I have to go back and make sure they charge me for it?
2
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0answers
20 views

How was the market price established in the time of the gemoro?

Rambam - Malveh veLoveh - Chapter 9 paskens א. אין פוסקין על הפירות עד שיצא השער An order for produce cannot be placed until a market price has been established. according to the mishnah in ...
6
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0answers
53 views

How can Jewish merchants sell their wares to Christians before their holidays? [duplicate]

The first perek of Avoda Zara makes a strong pronouncment that it is forbidden to sell or buy from an idol worshiper close to his holidays, because by doing so, you help him celebrate that holiday. ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Are there any issues with buying a used Siddur?

I have found two Siddurim online that I would like to purchase. However, they are used. I am wondering if there is any issues with this.
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Should a Jewish cashier scan treif items?

On the basis of Vayikra 11:8, is it permitted to work as an employee at a grocery store as a cashier (not the owner of the business), which would entail touching packaged yet non-kosher food items ...
6
votes
3answers
527 views

May a Jew sell marijuana?

It is held by Rav Moshe zt''l that a Jew may not smoke marijuana, but following the legalization of marijuana in Washington, I am curious if a Jew may run a store that sells marijuana in a ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

Is Gideon's bible in my hotel room a problem?

I'm not exactly sure how a standard hotel room contract works, but assuming I am renting the room and have ownership-like responsibilities for everything in it, is it a problem if there is a Gideon's ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Reasons for allowing התר מכירה in this day and age

Here is the concluding paragraph from an article from Torah L'Daat (red volume, BeHar 'בענין אם יש קנין לנכרי בארץ ישראל להפקיע קדושת שביעית') that discusses the halachic boundaries of whether non-...
2
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3answers
167 views

Understanding Naomi selling a field

In Rus 4:3 Boaz says And he said to the near kinsman, "Naomi, who has returned from the field of Moab, is selling the portion of the field that belonged to our brother, to Elimelech. How does Boaz ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

How to understand the use of גֹאֵל in Rus

I'm really perplexed by what is going on in megillas Rus. In chapter 3 Rus and Boaz keep talking about Boaz being a גֹאֵל, but גֹאֵל of what? Boaz is the uncle of Machlon and Kilyon and as such he ...
6
votes
1answer
74 views

Can you say shechechiyanu on something you might return?

Say you bought a nice suit. Can you say shechechiyanu on it if there's a possibility that you might return it. If you already did say shechichiyanu on it, are you allowed to return it?
3
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0answers
134 views

Why did they stop packing the gizard, neck and liver inside the chicken cavity?

Why did they stop packing the gizard, neck and liver inside the chicken cavity? I think this practice stopped about 25 years ago. When I was a novice cook, I didn't know that I had to first take out ...
4
votes
3answers
426 views

What is “Shabbes meat”?

I see stores advertising "Shabbes meat". I understand, somewhat, how to decipher meat cuts when listed that way (side steak, shoulder cut, etc.) But this term really baffles me. What makes this cut of ...
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0answers
62 views

Refund on spoiled food

I bought a cake, and when I ate it, it tasted spoiled. I bring it back to the store and tell the manager that I want a refund because the cake tatsted spoiled. The manager refuses the refund saying ...
4
votes
2answers
287 views

Borrowing vs renting money

Is it wrong to "rent" a Jewish person some money? Since he needs to use it, and once he is done using it he will pay you back.
7
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0answers
185 views

eBay Judaica auctions

I occasionally check eBay for assorted items; this is typically for the science half of my life, but I sometimes find Judaica which probably should not be sold there. For example, I know that in the ...