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Questions tagged [transactions]

buying, selling, etc.

7
votes
2answers
85 views

Halachic issues with buying an item for cheap when owner doesnt know true value

What are the halachic problems that arise when one buys an item at a discount but the owner is unaware of the true value? This can apply to a yard sale where one buys a coin that they know is worth ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Buying online on friday

Can you buy something from a large online retailer (eg Amazon), which employs non-Jews, on Friday if it has one-day shipping? This would force someone to do the work of mailing/transporting the ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Halachot of standing in a supermarket line

Looking for a Shu"T that covers the following issues of standing in a supermarket line (assuming there are no Dina DM laws covering that): Is standing in a line a sort of Kinyan? Is it a monetary ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Can one invest in a Jewish-controlled company which performs work on Shabbas?

Is a Jew permitted to invest in shares of a company if the company performs work on shabbas and a non-orthodox Jew started the company and is a major shareholder yet owns less than 50% of the shares ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

How did Hevel acquire his flock?

In Bereishit 4:2-4 we read that Hevel was a keeper of sheep and that he offered from the firstlings of his flock. How did he come to acquire the flock? Did he have to trap them and domesticate them or ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Question of Ribbis (interest) with personal use of employer's gasoline and reimbursement using his own credit card

Someone travels to work out of town with his own car. He received a credit card from his employer to pay for the gas for the trip to and from the workplace and his home. The employer does not mind if ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Can you accept money for your chametz items during Pesach?

You sold your chametz to a non-Jew, directly. During Hol Hamo'ed, the non-Jew comes to your home and says he wants your $500 single malt scotch, and he writes you a check for it. He walks out with ...
-4
votes
2answers
68 views

Why is it not ribis to offer a volume discount?

Exactly why is it not ribit to charge disproportionately more for a single item than for each unit in a bulk purchase? Of course, I'm talking about Jews' selling to each other. People have requested ...
4
votes
0answers
37 views

How do matanos laevyonim services work behind the scenes?

Many shuls and organizations provide a way to fulfill matanos laevyonim by giving online or sending a check made out to the organization. How does this work? Is it as simple as "you're enabling them ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Different things falling through the air

Rava has a question: What is the halacha regarding something which you throw through a house, that goes in one window and out the other? Do we say that something that passes through the house's ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Are you responsible for damage your driverless car causes?

Driverless cars are in the process of becoming a reality and it is a matter of time before they are a mainstream product. These car are pre-programmed to make certain decisions in the case of imminent ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Were suppliers of flour to the Temple able to make a profit or did they do it just for the kudos?

The business arrangments for suppliers to the Temple are mentioned in the mishnah in Shekalim 4 (9) Once in thirty days, they would set the price paid by the treasury chamber. If one undertook to ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Can one buy clothes during the 9 days if they will arrive after the 9 days?

In the past a person purchased clothing in-person, however nowadays many purchases are made online and are then shipped. I would like to know if any poskim discuss purchasing clothing during the nine ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Halachic definition of price

What is the halachic definition of market price? Especially in a day and age of e-commerce what is done regarding assessing the value a given product in a halachic sense?
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Purchasing Tefillin Online [duplicate]

I do not have a Judaica store near me, so the most convenient option when I decided I needed a new pair of tefillin was to use the internet. However, I have heard and read of the many scams that ...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

Buying food from non-Shomer-Shabbos restaurants and stores

Is buying food from non-Shomer-Shabbos restaurants and stores disallowed? On what grounds? What is the level of prohibition? Are there any exceptions? (Might it apply less, perhaps, to certain foods, ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Can a single man buy a used mattress from a single woman?

Can a single man buy a used mattress from a single woman? Is there any halachic (e.g. concerning modesty, I know that there are specific prohibitions for single men in halacha) issues that I am not ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

If a shul buys arbah minim (etrog, lulav, etc.) by using membership dues, does everyone have an automatic ownership?

From this M.Y. answer: On the first two days of Sukkot, the mitzvah can be fulfilled only using one’s own Four Kinds. As such, if using someone else’s set, it needs to be given as “a present, ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Can one buy or rent a vacation home during the 12 months of mourning?

This source says: During the twelve months (of mourning for a parent), it is forbidden to: purchase or rent a home, unless a significant loss would otherwise be incurred Does "home" mean a ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Why not stipulate that Machpela would be a burial site? (N'tziv)

Genesis 23 describes Avraham's purchase of a burial site from Efron the Hittite. The way Haamek Davar explains it — if I understand his commentary to verse 20 correctly — the transaction ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

buying one needs on yom tov and shabbat

I came across kitzur sulkhan arukh sulkhan hamelekh part 3 chapter 53 as explaining SA (orach chaim sec 323) that one can buy something needed, preferably foods, on yom tov and shabbat, under certain ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Sculptures of Animals for non-worship

Is it permitted for a Jew to buy animal sculptures for decoration purposes.
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Selling contents of car trunk for Pesach

Would it be acceptable to put chometzdik items in the trunk of one's car, and then sell the contents of the trunk to a non-Jew before Pesach? Assume one would not open the trunk during Pesach, but ...
4
votes
4answers
553 views

Can you acquire land merely by using it?

Massechet Kiddushin (26a in the Bavli) contains a mishna that talks about how one acquires property. It considers two cases, property that can be used for security (collateral) and property that can'...
5
votes
3answers
297 views

Do you have to re-tovel non-Pesach dishware after buying it back?

"Utensils which are bought from a non-Jew, even if they are brand new, require immersion in a kosher mikveh." --From Weekly Halacha: Selected Halachos Related to Parshas Vayera by Rabbi Doniel ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Tzitzis put on a borrowed garment that is later acquired. Take them off and reattach them?

From Torah Law, I need only put tzitzis on my own four-cornered garment. From Rabbinic Law, I need to attach tzitzis to a borrowed garment only after 30 consecutive days, see Oruch HaShulchan, O Ch ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Selling living space to a non-Jew over pesach to get rid chametz

Is one allowed to temporarily sell their living space to a non-Jew in order to get rid of their chametz during pesach? If so, are they still obligated to do a bdikat chametz?
4
votes
1answer
280 views

Alcohol sales despite government monopoly

Many places have government imposed alcohol monopolies and private retailers of alcoholic beverages are forbidden. As alcohol, especially (red) wine, has a central place in Jewish practice and as ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the obligation of the seller?

Can a seller, who has listed an item for sale, change his mind and decide not to sell the item? What are the seller's obligations to a potential buyer after speaking about a sale, but no formal ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

How long must you attempt to return a mistakenly shipped item?

Scenario: You place an online order for a product. A few days later, the wrong product gets shipped to you. You contact the shipper online saying that they shipped you the wrong product; please ship ...
6
votes
0answers
52 views

A bought or found stolen mitzva item

It's pretty well known that you can't fulfill a mitzvah with something that has been stolen. However, what if you buy or find something to fulfill a mitzvah that (unbeknownst to you) had been stolen ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Buying from non-Jews, or selling to non-Jews, within three days of their holidays

Yoreh De'ah 148:1 says, in part: שְׁלשָׁה יָמִים לִפְנֵי חַגָּם שֶׁל גּוֹיִים עוֹבְדֵי אֱלִילִים אָסוּר לִקַּח מֵהֶם וְלִמְכֹּר לָהֶם דָּבָר הַמִּתְקַיֵּם. וּמֻתָּר לִמְכֹּר לָהֶם דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ ...
3
votes
0answers
150 views

When a chain store advertises a “Holiday” or “End of Year” sale, may I buy their product?

My question is related to this one. The linked question focuses on the phrasing in the ad of referring to "Christmas", so it seems obvious that they are referring to a specific holiday. My question ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

May I shop at a church-owned thrift store?

May I shop at a thrift store owned by a church, such as the Salvation Army Family Store? What if the only other thrift store is half an hour away?
4
votes
0answers
170 views

If a local store holds a “Christmas Sale” in the days leading up to Dec. 25th, may I shop there?

My question In mid-December, I received the weekly advertising flyer of a local store chain. At the top, the flyer said "Christmas Sale". If a sale is advertised like this, with the name of a non-...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

When one buys a car, does he have to buy the car with the most safety features?

Deuteronomy 4:15 (snip): וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּ֥ם מְאֹ֖ד לְנַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶ֑ם "Watch your lives very much" The commentary Ha'emek Davar, among others says that this verse teaches us that we are obligated to ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Who sells Yosef? Who brings him to Egypt?

Who sold Yosef to the Yishmaelim, is it the brothers or the Midyanim? And who sold him to Potifar in Egypt? The Yishmaelim or the Midyanim? (Medanim also appear in the text, but that might be the ...
4
votes
2answers
309 views

Should you pay a shadchan if the shidduch was successful after a break up?

(Aside from a segulah for shalom bais, it's general practice to pay a shadchan their fee upon a successful shidduch - it might even be halacha.) A shadchan sets up Moshe and Sarah. They go out 4-5 ...
2
votes
1answer
353 views

What belongs to a married woman and what can she do with it

Please correct me if I am wrong. Everything a wife brings into her marriage (belonged to her before the marriage), and the Kiddushin object (he gives it to her as a complete present) belongs to her. ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Where did the king's horses come from?

It's written in this Torah portion that a king isn't allowed to acquire any horses for himself, because it will cause people to go to Egypt and buy them, and it is forbidden to return to Egypt. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Wrong price knowingly at checkout

If one purchases an item in a store and sees as the clerk is entering the price of the item in the computer and it is the wrong price (as in cheaper for this dilemma) is it halachically necessary to ...
2
votes
2answers
650 views

Can I sell a dollar from the rebbe that was given to someone else?

The Lubavicher rebbe had a practice of giving out dollar bills to people. If I were to have one originally given to someone else would it be permissible to sell such a memento?
6
votes
2answers
93 views

How did kinyan ketzatzah work?

The gemarah in Yerushalmi Kiddushin 1:5 discusses a kinyan ketzatzah whereby to acquire a field (and possibly to marry a woman?) after a sale a barrel of treats was broken and the children would ...
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votes
1answer
135 views

Can one aquire regular objects through biya?

The Mishna (Kiddushin 1:1) tell us that one can acquire a wife through money (kinyan), documents (shtar) or biya (intercourse). The first two are commonly used to buy and sell regular objects, but ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Making a kinyan on hefker items on Shabbat

Is it possible to take possession (make a kinyan) of items which are hefker (ownerless) on Shabbat? I know that business transactions are prohibited, but i'm unsure whether this applies to any kinyan,...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Sales on Chol HaMoed

On Chol HaMoed, one is not allowed to do melocho, even without excessive tircha or skill, if it's not l'tzorech hamo'ed (a need of the holiday) nor a davar ha'aved (financial loss). How do we ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Can one buy a car on Hol Hamoed?

One is restricted to do certain types of melachos (creative work) during hol hamoed. Do these restrictions extend to prohibiting the purchase of a new car?
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Aquiring chometz as an agent of a non Jew

Danger: Complicated hypothetical question In my office there are some hefker chometz sandwiches on chol hamoed pesach and on a nearby intersection there is frequently a non jewish beggar (Beggar A). ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

A “lie” which is not considered a lie because everyone knows it

I remember, when I learned Seder Nezikin, that there are trading situations in which a seller lies to a buyer (e.g. exaggerates the merits of his product), but, this is not considered deception, ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Do you own chametz bought on credit?

On Hol Hamo'ed, someone purchases chametz on-line using a credit card. The order was processed during Hol Hamo'ed, but will arrive at the person's home after Pesach is over. The credit card payment is ...