Questions tagged [tractate-sotah]

Tractate dealing with process of Sotah (suspicious wife), mandetory Hebrew torah verses, Mashuach milchama (Cohen appointed for war) and egla Arufa (breaking calfs neck for unknown murder).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Where are the "many times" (פעמים רבות) referred to by Maimonides in his commentary on Mishnah Sotah 3:4? Which statement of בן עזאי?

The Mishnah Sotah 3:4 states: אֵינָהּ מַסְפֶּקֶת לִשְׁתּוֹת עַד שֶׁפָּנֶיהָ מוֹרִיקוֹת וְעֵינֶיהָ בּוֹלְטוֹת וְהִיא מִתְמַלֵּאת גִּידִין, וְהֵם אוֹמְרִים הוֹצִיאוּהָ הוֹצִיאוּהָ, שֶׁלֹּא תְטַמֵּא ...
user avatar
  • 407
2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Tzadok the Kohen Gadol considered greater than Aharon and his sons?

When I was recently learning Sotah I saw on daf 48b that Tzadok, during the time of Dovid HaMelech, was a rare instance during that period, of someone who asked the Urim VeTumim and was answered. רַב ...
user avatar
  • 19.8k
0 votes
1 answer
64 views

Karpas - Samech Parech

I've heard many times from my Rabbeim throughout the years that כרפס is the same letters as ס' פרך, representing the 60 myriads of Jews who were forced to do עבודת פרך (often translated as crushing ...
user avatar
  • 5,240
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Parallels in Sotah 11a and Shabbat 33b

I noticed yesterday that there are some similarities between the story brought in Sotah 11a and the one in Shabbat 33b. In Sotah 11a it says: "Rabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba says that Rabbi Simai says: ...
user avatar
  • 20.2k
2 votes
1 answer
58 views

Apparent contradiction in Bamidbar 35:1-5

I am aware that Sotah 27b and Rashi do not not regard these verses as self-contradictory, although they point to the apparent contradiction. The verses in English: The LORD spoke to Moses in the ...
user avatar
  • 1,016
2 votes
2 answers
116 views

Under what mechanism is the Sotah's Megillah allowed to be erased?

Normally, it is an Issur Deorayta (Torah Prohibition) to erase Hashem's name - לא תעשון כן לה׳ א–לוקיכם. However, by the Sotah we do erase Hashem's name. Is this working using the methodology of עשה ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
490 views

Where in the Tanakh is it derived that females are to cover their heads when praying?

Where in the Tanakh is it extrapolated that females are to cover their heads or hair when praying or reciting the name of HaShem? I form this question upon reading the following: Women and girls ...
user avatar
  • 535
5 votes
1 answer
84 views

Eidim Zommemin on Sotah?

Tosefta Sotah 2:6 notes the Halacha of the Korban of a Sotah who was made a sotah by Eidim Zommemin. I am wondering what their punishment would be. Seemingly, there should be lashes. Is it possible to ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
75 views

Sotah 34a se’a as unit of weight?

In Sotah 34a, the weight of the stones at the Jordan from Joshua 4:3 is given as “about forty se’a.” Some (for instance Steinsaltz) use this in the discussion of the cluster of grapes brought back by ...
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
80 views

Can three Talmudic passages about mitzvot "protecting" and mitzvot "saving" be reconciled?

The Talmud in Shabbat 49a records the following story: שפעם אחת גזרה מלכות רומי הרשעה גזירה על ישראל שכל המניח תפילין ינקרו את מוחו והיה אלישע מניחם ויוצא לשוק ראהו קסדור אחד רץ מפניו ורץ אחריו וכיון ...
user avatar
  • 47.8k
2 votes
1 answer
70 views

Why does the gemara seem to care more about erasing God's name than getting the correct ruling for a sotah?

In the mishna on Sotah 7a , we learn that the beis din intimidates the sotah in order to try to get her to admit to wrongdoing and avoid drinking the sotah water. The gemara on 7b asks why our mishna ...
user avatar
  • 24.3k
4 votes
1 answer
108 views

Why does the gemara not consider the possibility that someone will warn his wife about seclusion when he's mad at her?

The gemara in Sotah 2b discussed two different versions of a statement by Rabbi Eliezer: one from the mishna on 2a and one from a beraisa. In the mishna, Rabbi Eliezer states that in order for a woman ...
user avatar
  • 24.3k
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

What is the Chidush that Parashat Hamelech is read off the Torah scroll in Hebrew?

ואלו נאמרין בלשון הקודש: מקרא ביכורים, וחליצה, ... ברכת כהנים,... ופרשת המלך... (Sotah 32a) these are recited only in the sacred tongue, Hebrew: Bikkurim and Chalitzah and the blessings and curses ...
user avatar
  • 24.3k
9 votes
0 answers
63 views

Is there any connection between the Sotah, the Mizbeiach, and the Beis HaMikdash keychain?

In exactly three contexts, the Mishnah notes that there was an amah square marble slab with a ring, using exactly the same language each time. The first is in Sotah 2:2, regarding the Sotah procedure:...
user avatar
  • 33.4k
3 votes
3 answers
214 views

What is Rambam's source that the Sages issued a command to not teach your daughter Torah?

The Mishnah in Sotah (3:4) states: אם יש לה זכות היתה תולה לה יש זכות תולה שנה אחת יש זכות תולה ב' שנים יש זכות תולה ג' שנים מכאן אומר בן עזאי חייב אדם ללמד את בתו תורה שאם תשתה תדע שהזכות תולה לה ר&...
user avatar
  • 47.8k
4 votes
0 answers
116 views

Sotah saving herself by disqualifying the mincha

The gemara in Zevachim 47a quotes the opinion of Rabbi Elazar Bar Rabbi Yose who holds that not only the kohen who is being makrev a korban can disqualify, but even the owner can disqualify. Upon ...
user avatar
  • 39.5k
5 votes
2 answers
213 views

The minimum amount of water a Sotah must drink

I was wondering if there is a minimum amount of water a Sotah must drink in order for the water to take effect. The closest I found to this being addressed was Rashi on Bamidbar 5:13 who quotes a ...
user avatar
  • 11.7k
2 votes
2 answers
117 views

How to understand "a person only sins if a spirit of foolishness enters him?"

The gemara in Sotah 3a states: ריש לקיש אמר אין אדם עובר עבירה אא"כ נכנס בו רוח שטות שנא' (במדבר ה, יב) איש איש כי תשטה אשתו תשטה כתיב Reish Lakish says: A man commits a transgression only if a ...
user avatar
  • 11.7k
1 vote
4 answers
539 views

Parnassah and Marriage: Rambam vs. The Lubavitcher Rebbe

Reading Rambam's Mishneh Torah, Human Dispositions 5:11, we stumble upon the following opinion: The way of sensible people: A man should first select a permanent vocation out of which to derive a ...
user avatar
  • 1,125
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

Historically, were women trained for obligatory wars? Or did they serve some other military function?

Sotah 8:7 says that for obligatory wars all go out to fight, "even a bridegroom from his chamber and a bride from her canopy". Historically, was this in fact our practice? Did women participate in ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
285 views

In the time of the mishna, were there Jewish cities without courts?

In a discussion of the heifer ritual when a murder victim is found between two cities, Sotah 9:2 lists some cases when a city does not bring a heifer, including a city where a majority of the ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
47 views

Does any ongoing transgression exempt one from going to war?

We know from Devarim 20:8 that someone who is "fearful and faint-hearted" is sent home from battle (in optional wars) lest he demoralize others. In Sotah 8:5 Rabbi Yose the Galilean says this refers ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
109 views

For things that can be said in any language, how fully must you understand the language?

Sotah 7:1 gives a list of things that are said in any language, including the Sh'ma and the t'filah. Several commentaries I've seen explain that these texts are so important that you need to ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
146 views

Who are "the women who twist yarn by the moon"?

Sotah 6:1 talks about when a man who hears about his wife violating his warning divorces her rather than invoking the sotah test: Someone who warned his wife [against being secluded with a certain ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
75 views

What happens if the accused sotah did commit adultery, but not with the man she was warned about?

Sotah 5:1 says: Just as the water checks her [the woman], so does the water check him [the man] The rest of the discussion there is about how the physical consequences that happen to her also ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
205 views

If only a married woman can be a sotah, why does a non-spouse have authority to warn her?

Sotah 4:1 explains that certain women do not drink the sotah waters and do not receive the ketubah because they are not yet married and the torah says "she goes astray while married to her husband". ...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
46 views

God's Nichum Aveilim

Asking for a friend: On Kiddushin 38a, Tosfos s.v. Tzei, explain that Hashem didn't approach Yehoshua until after the 30 days of mourning for Moshe had elapsed, since the Shechinah does not descend ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
114 views

How early in the process can the accused sotah refuse to drink?

The mishnayot in the first chapter of Sotah describe the beginning of the process -- the accusing husband brings her to the court where they try to intimidate her into confessing, and if she doesn't ...
user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

A female thief is not sold to make restitution -- so what happens instead?

The mishna in Sotah 3:8 says, in a list of differences in halacha between men and women: A man is sold for his theft [i.e., to repay it], a woman is not sold for her theft. (Sefaria translation) ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
118 views

What is the amount of time a suspected woman needs to be secluded to be considered a Sotah?

The Gemara lists a series of opinions (9 by my count) in Sotah 4a as to how long the amount of secluded time must be for a forewarned woman to be considered a potential Sotah. Do we know which Tanna ...
user avatar
  • 11.7k
8 votes
1 answer
79 views

In regard to a Sotah, does "zchus tola la" also apply to the person she was mezanah with?

By a Sotah, there's a concept of "zchus tola lah" Mishnah Sotah 3:4 אִם יֶשׁ לָהּ זְכוּת, הָיְתָה תוֹלָה לָהּ. יֵשׁ זְכוּת תּוֹלָה שָׁנָה אַחַת, יֵשׁ זְכוּת תּוֹלָה שְׁתֵּי שָׁנִים, יֵשׁ ...
user avatar
  • 11.7k
4 votes
1 answer
103 views

What is specific about the pre-ordination of these 3 things - spouses, houses, and fields?

Gemara Sotah 2a אמר רב יהודה אמר רב ארבעים יום קודם יצירת הולד בת קול יוצאת ואומרת בת פלוני לפלוני בית פלוני לפלוני שדה פלוני לפלוני... Rav Yehuda says that Rav says: Forty days before an embryo is ...
user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
500 views

Does every woman have a destined match?

There is a Talmudic statement in Sotah 2a which is commonly used as the source that every person has their destined match (the parameters of "destined" is a separate discussion): והא אמר רב יהודה ...
user avatar
  • 47.8k
4 votes
0 answers
76 views

Are there any merits which delay the adulterer's explosion?

In mSotah 5:1 it states that the Sotah waters check the woman and her presumed consort. I assume this 'checking' leads to the consort suffering the same death as the woman. The talmud further states ...
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
301 views

Why does Rashi pair a Tzaddik with a Tzanuah and not a Tzadeikes?

The Gemara in Sotah 2a discusses that although a first marriage is predetermined, a second marriage is according to one’s status at the time (summary based on conclusion of Gemara there). Rashi there ...
user avatar
  • 33.4k
1 vote
2 answers
117 views

Does the Torah use the word טָמְאָה to imply physical defilement anywhere besides sotah?

In the parsha of sotah (Bamidbar 5:13) the Torah describes the woman who was secluded and had relations with another man as וְנִסְתְּרָ֖ה וְהִ֣יא נִטְמָ֑אָה meaning that she became physically defiled -...
user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
221 views

Why did Caleiv mention the quail?

After the meraglim gave their negative report on the Land of Israel, the Torah says (translations from Sefaria) Numbers 13:30 וַיַּ֧הַס כָּלֵ֛ב אֶת־הָעָ֖ם אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה Caleiv hushed the people before ...
user avatar
  • 18.2k
4 votes
2 answers
218 views

Why is one who touched doubtful Tumah in a public domain considered Tahor?

The source that doubtful Tumah in a private domain is Tamei is the Gemara in Sotah (28b - see there for translation): מה ת"ל והיא נטמאה והיא לא נטמאה אם נטמאה למה שותה אם לא נטמאה למה משקה מגיד לך ...
user avatar
  • 39.9k
1 vote
1 answer
158 views

What's wrong Letzanut?

The Talmud in Sotah 42 says four groups do not receive the Shechina (divine presence) in the next world. One of these is the group of "letzim" (jesters). What is considered bad letzanut? I assume ...
user avatar
  • 20.5k
4 votes
0 answers
391 views

Are the talmudic "Prushim" the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
user avatar
  • 36.5k
3 votes
1 answer
160 views

What happens to the Sotah?

In the Torah (Bamidbar 5:21) it says that when the guilty Sotah drinks the water, her "belly will swell and her thigh will fall." Anyone have more details as to what this means? Does it mean ...
user avatar
  • 20.5k
1 vote
0 answers
98 views

How common is Yichud?

דתניא רבי יוסי ברבי יהודה אומר משום ר' אליעזר המקנא לאשתו מקנא ע"פ עד אחד או ע"פ עצמו ומשקה לה על פי שנים השיבו חכמים לדברי רבי יוסי ברבי יהודה אין לדבר סוף מ"ט דר' יוסי ברבי יהודה אמר קרא בה בה ולא ...
user avatar
  • 39.9k
4 votes
0 answers
135 views

what determines what parts of the talmud(if any) are in hebrew rather than aramaic?

I read in this question https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/226412/origins-of-turn-over-in-his-grave-turn-over-in-her-grave-etc-etc/226478?noredirect=1#comment576934_226478 That this line ...
user avatar
  • 1,959
4 votes
2 answers
152 views

Under whose rule was the second Beis Hamikdash destroyed?

Rashi in Sota (41a) says אגריפס המלך. מלך ישראל היה מזרעו של הורדוס והוא שנחרב בהמ"ק בימיו The Beis Hamikdash was destroyed in the days of Aggripas. I thought that by the time of the destruction ...
user avatar
  • 39.9k
4 votes
2 answers
156 views

How did the water climb so high?

The Gemara in Sota 34 says וכיון שניטבלו רגלי כהנים במים חזרו המים לאחוריהם שנאמר וכבוא נושאי הארון עד הירדן וגו' ויעמדו המים היורדים מלמעלה קמו נד אחד וכמה גובהן של מים שנים עשר מיל על שנים עשר ...
user avatar
  • 39.9k
3 votes
1 answer
80 views

No day without its curse

The Gemara (Sotah 48a) says, “from the day that the Beis HaMikdosh was destroyed, there has been no day without its curse.” 1a) What does the Gemara mean? 1b) What does it's curse mean?
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
182 views

Elihu (who helped Job) is Yitzhak?

In the Yerushalmi Sotah (5:8) it says that Elihu ben Berachel was Yitzhak Avinu, who was niftar according to my calculations 10 years before Yaacov + fam descended to Egypt, which was around 93-94 ...
user avatar
  • 1,447
11 votes
4 answers
659 views

If Jacob's arrival in Egypt ended the famine there, why was there famine in Canaan while he was still there?

There were seven years of plenteous harvests in Egypt, to be followed by seven years of famine (Genesis 41). Joseph was placed in charge of storing food from the plenty for use during the famine. But ...
user avatar
  • 73.4k
15 votes
3 answers
4k views

Do Jews pray to deceased forefathers?

Shalom, I would like to know if Jews consider it acceptable to pray to deceased ancestors, forefathers, or "saints" like some Christians in the Catholic tradition do. Deuteronomy 18:11 would seem to ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
731 views

Do the seven types of Perushim described at Sotah 22b refer to the Essenes?

The Mishna at Sotah 20a writes of a "plague" of perushim who bring destruction to Israel. Likewise the Gemara at Sotah 22b describes seven categories of perushim -- a word some translate as "ascetics"...
user avatar
  • 15.6k