Questions tagged [tractate-megillah]

Tractate of Mishna dealing with the laws of Purim and the synagogue

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Orientation of Haman's Sons' Beam

The Gemara in Megillah 16b here mentions that the ten sons of haman were hung simultaneously and on the same beam. Question: Was the beam positioned lengthwise or widthwise? i.e Were they hanging one ...
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Is it "שמן המור", or is it "אנפקינון"?

In Megilah 13a we bring down a פסוק which talks about what the woman did before going to אחשוורוש to try + become king: "For six months, they anointed themselves with "שמן המור" We then ...
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The 10th Month Is Obviously Teves!

In Megilah 13a - we bring down a פסוק from the מגילה which says: “So Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus into his royal house in the tenth month, which is the month Tevet” (Esther 2:16). Why did the ...
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How did the whole world know about אסתר's beauty?

In Megilah 13a it says all the nations of the world knew that אסתר was beautiful? How did they even know who אסתר is? Let alone, her beauty!
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Why is מרדכי the only one called a "יהודי?"

In Tractate Megilah 13a - it explains that מרדכי was called an איש יהודי, since he went against עבודה זרה. If so - then why is he the only one called a "יהודי?" Why not משה? Or אברהם? Or דוד?...
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Why does "שוכו" change into "סוכו?"

In Tracte Megilah 13a - it lists the children of בתיה - the daughter of פרעה. One of the children's names is חבר - father of שוכו. The Gemara then explains that all of these names of the kids - are ...
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Where is it first mentioned that the Jews partook in the feast of Achashverosh?

In a discussion in the Gemara Megillah 12a, it is mentioned in the name of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai that the Jews participated in the feast of Achashverosh. Is there an earlier mention of this? (I am ...
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Is it a problem to say a city filled with Torah learners is an "Ir Hakodesh"?

After hearing someone say "___(Yeshiva community) Ir Hakodesh," another Yid corrected him and said, "Yerushalayim is an Ir Hakodesh. ___ is not an Ir Hakodesh. It is an Ir HaTorah."...
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Did Queen Vashti have a child?

Usually, the reason for Queen Vashti's punishment (leprosy or the growth of a tail) is related to the prophecy about the extinction of the Babylonian royal line. Rav said: “Everything God promised [to ...
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Out of order examples in Megillah

In Masechet Megillah 18a (I think), the Gemara brings 3 examples of learning different words from the maidservant of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi. Then they go on to bring an example of learning a word they ...
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Why not just include these examples in the Mishnah?

In the end of perek 2 of Masechet Megillah (the last two sugyas), the Gemara questions the need for the lines I’m the Mishnah that say “any mitzvah which may be performed in the daytime can be done ...
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When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos?

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos? Aren't we afraid one might carry it to a friend? Like רבה says in Megilah Daf 4b :(https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.4b.21?...
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Why are דרשות about סוכות allowed on Shabbat?

The Gemara in Megilah 4:1 says that if י"ד אדר falls out on שבת, you should learn about פורים on שבת. The Gemara then asks: "Why do we need to say this if we already know this from having ...
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Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
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Why does the opening משנה in מסכת מגילה have a weird לשון?

The opening Mishna in Masechta Megilla reads as follows: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר, בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר, בַּחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר. לֹא פָּחוֹת, וְלֹא ...
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Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that you must read it on י"ד+ ט"ו throughout generations?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
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Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that different places have different designated times to read the Megilah?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
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What does רבי שמעון בר נחמי do with the extra letters in the word "בזמניהם"?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
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Why does the Mishna refer to Sunday as "after Shabbat"?

The Mishna in Megilla 1:2 uses varying terminology to refer to days of the week: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, כֵּיצַד. חָל לִהְיוֹת יוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר בַּשֵּׁנִי, ...
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Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On Megilla 2a there's a disagreement between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the Torah is it hinted that we read the Megilla on the 11th, 12th, or 13th of Adar. I have thought of ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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Gemara Megillah logic

In Masechet Megillah on Daf Gimel Amud B, the Gemara is comparing מת מצוה to various other things. They ask whether מת מצוה or Megillah reading is preferred- either Megillah is because it’s פרסום הנס, ...
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Can small towns, who happen to be able to, choose to read on the 14th?

This is a question on the first Mishnah in Masechet Megillah. The Mishnah says that since כפרים didn’t have readers, they would always travel to bigger cities to read the Megillah on Mondays or ...
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3 votes
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Leaving a wine flask and an animal hide as a gift for an innkeeper

The Talmud, Megillah 26a, three lines from the bottom, writes: אָמַר אַבָּיֵי: שְׁמַע מִינַּהּ אוֹרַח אַרְעָא לְמִישְׁבַּק אִינָשׁ גּוּלְפָּא וּמַשְׁכָּא בְּאוּשְׁפִּיזֵיהּ. This means: Regarding ...
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Students of R. Yonah of Girondi

The Beis Yosef in Orach Chaim 149 quotes "תלמידי רבינו יונה על מסכת מגילה". I have been unable to locate this sefer, or any mention of it anywhere. Does anyone know of where I can find it, ...
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Why is translating on the fly equivalent to reading from memory?

Megillah 18a states אִילֵּימָא דִּכְתִיבָה מִקְרָא וְקָרֵי לַהּ תַּרְגּוּם, הַיְינוּ עַל פֶּה If we say that the Megilla was written in the original biblical text, i.e., in Hebrew, and he read it in ...
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Why did the Chachamim change this Passuk?

The Gemara brings in the incident of a king gathering 72 sages to translate the Torah to Greek. They all came with the idea to change some Psukim. One of them was זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בְּרָאָ֑ם ...
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2 votes
1 answer
177 views

Why is the Gemara using tautology?

The Gemara in Masechet Megillah says: אֶלָּא שֶׁהַכְּפָרִים מַקְדִּימִין לְיוֹם הַכְּנִיסָה׃ א״ר חֲנִינָא חֲכָמִים הקילו עַל הכפרים לִהְיוֹת מַקְדִּימִין לְיוֹם הַכְּנִיסָה כְּדֵי שיספקו מַיִם ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why can't R. Yehudah have his own opinion?

It says in Masechet Megillah אָמַר רַבָּה בַּר בַּר חָנָה א״ר יוֹחָנָן זוֹ דִּבְרֵי ר״ע סְתִימְתָאָה דְּדָרִישׁ זְמַן זְמַנָּם זמניהם אֲבָל חכ״א אֵין קוֹרִין אוֹתָהּ אֶלָּא בִּזְמַנָּהּ מֵיתִיבִי א״ר ...
yogazefish's user avatar
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1 answer
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Yeshiva-style shiurim on Maseches Megillah

I'm looking for yeshiva-style shiurim on Maseches Megillah, esp. the last perek, and more esp. the sugya of kedushas beis haknesses. Can anyone recommend either an online link or a specific sefer?
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8 votes
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A question about King Ptolemy and his wife Arnevet

In connection with the production of the Septuagint at the request of King Ptolemy, the Talmud says: And [in listing unclean animals], instead of writing “And the hare [אַרְנֶבֶת -- arnevet]”, [the ...
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2 answers
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Why would Esther point at Achashveirosh?

With the plan to topple Haman seemingly coming to fruition, the Gemara Megillah (16a) says the Esther was going to point at Achashveirosh as the anonymous enemy of her people. ותאמר אסתר איש צר ואויב ...
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Why curse Mordechai?

The Gemara Megilla 7b writes אָמַר רָבָא מִיחַיַּיב אִינִישׁ לְבַסּוֹמֵי בְּפוּרַיָּא עַד דְּלָא יָדַע בֵּין אָרוּר הָמָן לְבָרוּךְ מָרְדֳּכַי - Rava said: A person is obligated to become intoxicated ...
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Mishna Megila 4:4 - how many pesukim can you read to a meturgeman?

The Mishna in Megila 4:4 say you can only read one Torah verse at a time to the translator, so he doesn't get confused. לֹא יִקְרָא לַמְּתֻרְגְּמָן יוֹתֵר מִפָּסוּק אֶחָד, וּבַנָּבִיא שְׁלֹשָׁה. ...
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3 answers
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Was Mordechai the mashgiach at Achashverosh's party?

I have seen 2 sources (example) quote a Gemara on Megillah 12a saying that Mordechai was the Mashgiach or served at Achashverosh's mishteh (party). This was very shocking to me. I have tried searching ...
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0 answers
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What is called a 'Building of Joy' nowadays?

Megillah 5b discusses things that Rebbe did. One of the things that Rebbe was seen doing was planting on Purim; the Gemara retorts that this is surely not allowed as planting is work, which is not ...
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The Rambam says that Baruch, the son of Nerijah was not a navi but the Gemara seems to imply the opposite, how is that possible?

The Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim says "That those who have prepared themselves may still be prevented from being prophets, may be inferred from the history of Baruch, the son of Nerijah; for he followed ...
Alexander Mermelstein's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
281 views

Explanation of gemara Megilla 26b

The gemara Megilla 26b quotes Rava that when you sell a synagogue (even not in front of the 7 city trustees) the kedusha transfers onto the money and the buyer is free to use the former shul however ...
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Why do we need to know that Bigsan and Seresh are Tarsians?

The Gemara in Megillah 13b says that Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians: אמר רבי יוחנן בגתן ותרש שני טרסיים הוו והיו מספרין בלשון טורסי R' Yochanan said: Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What was the old Yerushalmi Torah reading practice on Shabbat Rosh Hodesh?

In the old Yerushalmi Torah reading tradition (the triennial cycle), when special days fell on Shabbat, the regular Shabbat reading was interrupted: the Shabbat morning reading consists only of the ...
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4 votes
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Why does Rav Pappa not adjoin the bracha conclusions with a vav by Megillah?

I count four times where Rav Pappa notes differing opinions on how to conclude a bracha and rules to say both of them. In three of these cases, he uses a conjunctive ו to connect them, but not the ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Why doesn't the Talmud consider the possibility that the later court was greater in wisdom and number?

In discussing the source that Megillat Esther may be read on the 11th, 12th, or 13th of Adar in addition to the 14th and 15th of Adar, the Talmud (Megillah 2a) has the following exchange: What we ...
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2 answers
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Understanding the teaching of a person who says "I have labored in Torah study and haven't found success- don't believe him"

Megillah 6b states: ואמר ר' יצחק אם יאמר לך אדם יגעתי ולא מצאתי אל תאמן לא יגעתי ומצאתי אל תאמן יגעתי ומצאתי תאמן הני מילי בדברי תורה אבל במשא ומתן סייעתא Rabbi Yitzḥak said: If a person says to you &...
alicht's user avatar
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Understanding Rashi's opinion regarding who said the book of Devarim

The Gemara (Megilla 31b) says: "[In reading] the curses that are in Deuteronomy one may pause [it may be broken up into several aliyot]. Why? Those [that are in Leviticus, which must be read in one ...
Prof. Purim's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
176 views

What is meant by "congregational honor" regarding disallowing women reading the Torah publically?

The Talmud Bavli (Megillah 23a) says that while, if a woman read from the Torah it counts towards the required 7 aliyot, the chachamim disallowed it because of kavod hatzibbur - the respect for the ...
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Why is שהחיינו called "ז" in P'sachim but "ח" in M'gila?

Why is the "שהחיינו" blessing abbreviated "ז" in Bavli P'sachim 103 but "ח" in Bavli M'gila 21? I'd expect some consistency. And it's not like "ז" makes more sense, or "ח" less sense, in P'sachim than ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How old were the Sages in Megillah 27b-28a?

The Gemara, starting in Megillah 27b, starts describing various situations where different sages were asked how they merited to reach a long life. Presumably, this was because, at the time they were ...
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1 answer
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Why does Tanach specifically describe these women as "beautiful"?

Companion question to Why does Tanac"h specifically describe these males as "beautiul"? Off the top of my head, the pesukim describe the following women as being beautiful: Sarah (...
DonielF's user avatar
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Were the ten sons of Haman specifically Zeresh's sons?

Megillah 15b records three opinions as to how many children Haman had: Rava: Ten died in childhood, ten died at the end of the Megillah, and ten were reduced to poverty, totaling 30. Rabbanan: There ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Ashkenazi shat”z?

In meseches Megillah (daf 24b): אמר רב אסי חיפני (ובשיני) לא ישא את כפיו תניא נמי הכי אין מורידין לפני התיבה לא אנשי בית שאן ולא אנשי בית חיפה ולא אנשי טבעונין מפני שקורין לאלפין עיינין ולעיינין ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What country is Tarsia / טרסי?

In Bavli Megilla 13b, we are told that Bigtan and Teresh were two טרסיים, translated by R. Steinsaltz as Tarsians. We are told that they spoke in the Tarsian language. In what modern country or ...
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