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Questions tagged [tractate-megillah]

Tractate of Mishna dealing with the laws of Purim and the synagogue

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Are you Yotzei Mikrah Megillah if you're spacing out?

The Mishnah in Megillah (2:2) says that one who reads the megillah while semi-asleep ('מתנמנם') is yotzei. The gemara comments (18b): מתנמנם יצא וכו': היכי דמי מתנמנם אמר רב אשי נים ולא נים תיר ולא ...
Ariel K's user avatar
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Were there more than seven prophetesses?

The Bavli, M'gila 14 amud 1, quotes: Forty-eight prophets and seven prophetesses prophesied for the Jews…. Further along on the page, it questions this: Were there no more? But it says [...
msh210's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
524 views

Why Italia of Yavan?

The gemara in Megila 6b refers to איטליא של יון זה כרך גדול של רומי, which translates literally as: Italy of Greece, this is the great city of Rome. This seems odd insofar as I know, Italy never ...
user6591's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
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A question about King Ptolemy and his wife Arnevet

In connection with the production of the Septuagint at the request of King Ptolemy, the Talmud says: And [in listing unclean animals], instead of writing “And the hare [אַרְנֶבֶת -- arnevet]”, [the ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
936 views

When and how did Haman amass so much wealth?

In Megillah 15a at the bottom, Rav Chisda brings a teaching on the passuk in Esther 5:13 that Mordechai came with his wealth and Haman came with his poorness as Rashi explains the situation: וזה ...
sam's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
135 views

Why would Esther point at Achashveirosh?

With the plan to topple Haman seemingly coming to fruition, the Gemara Megillah (16a) says the Esther was going to point at Achashveirosh as the anonymous enemy of her people. ותאמר אסתר איש צר ואויב ...
NJM's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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What is meant by "congregational honor" regarding disallowing women reading the Torah publically?

The Talmud Bavli (Megillah 23a) says that while, if a woman read from the Torah it counts towards the required 7 aliyot, the chachamim disallowed it because of kavod hatzibbur - the respect for the ...
DanF's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
103 views

Interpreting Abayyei's mnemonic in Megillah 31a

In Megillah 31a, Abayyei lists the sections from the Torah that we read on each successive day of Pesach as follows: "משך תורא קדש בכספא פסל במדברא שלח בוכרא". Each of the eight words within this ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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7 answers
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How did Vashti grow a tail?

מגילה דף יב (Megillah 12b) gives two reasons as to why Vashti did not go to Achashveirosh when he requested her to the party: a) Vashti had Tzarat (a metaphysical skin affliction) b) גבריאל (the ...
RCW's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
519 views

Abigail's Thigh

The Talmud in Megillah 14b says that Abigail revealed her thigh, and that David followed her for 3 parasangs in his desire for her. In Tosafos it is asked how this righteous woman could have revealed ...
Baby Seal's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
303 views

Why did Rebbe want to get rid of Tishah b’Av Nidcheh?

Megillah 5a-b: אמר רבי אלעזר אמר רבי חנינא רבי נטע נטיעה בפורים ורחץ בקרונה של צפורי בשבעה עשר בתמוז ובקש לעקור תשעה באב ולא הודו לו אמר לפניו רבי אבא בר זבדא רבי לא כך היה מעשה אלא תשעה באב שחל ...
DonielF's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
153 views

How did the triennial Torah reading fulfil the ordninance Ezra?

Ezra declared that the curses in Vayikra be read before Shavuos and those in Devarim before Rosh HaShana (Megillah 31b). How was that accomplished by those in Eretz Yisrael who had a triennial system ...
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
437 views

Orientation of Haman's Sons' Beam

The Gemara in Megillah 16b here mentions that the ten sons of haman were hung simultaneously and on the same beam. Question: Was the beam positioned lengthwise or widthwise? i.e Were they hanging one ...
The Targum's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Why only ten? Why not all of Haman's children?

According to the Gemara Megila 15b Haman had 208 children. Why did they only hang 10 of them?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
189 views

Students of R. Yonah of Girondi

The Beis Yosef in Orach Chaim 149 quotes "תלמידי רבינו יונה על מסכת מגילה". I have been unable to locate this sefer, or any mention of it anywhere. Does anyone know of where I can find it, ...
moses's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
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Why doesn't the Talmud consider the possibility that the later court was greater in wisdom and number?

In discussing the source that Megillat Esther may be read on the 11th, 12th, or 13th of Adar in addition to the 14th and 15th of Adar, the Talmud (Megillah 2a) has the following exchange: What we ...
Alex's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Did Achashveirosh and Haman speak Hebrew?

Tosfos in Megilah (13b, s.v. הַכֶּסֶף נָתוּן לָךְ ) expound the pasuk in Esther (3:11) וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ לְהָמָן, הַכֶּסֶף נָתוּן לָךְ; וְהָעָם, לַעֲשׂוֹת בּוֹ כַּטּוֹב בְּעֵינֶיךָ - And the king ...
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5 votes
4 answers
172 views

Gemara Megillah logic

In Masechet Megillah on Daf Gimel Amud B, the Gemara is comparing מת מצוה to various other things. They ask whether מת מצוה or Megillah reading is preferred- either Megillah is because it’s פרסום הנס, ...
Curious Yid's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
379 views

How did Haman know Moshe Rabeinu's Yahrzeit but not his Birthday?

I remember learning some years ago in Gemarah Megillah 13: that when Haman drew lots he was happy it landed in Adar since it is the month that Moshe Rabeinu died. However, he didn't know that Moshe ...
user18660's user avatar
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1 answer
211 views

Why is there no exchanging of food gifts during Purim Katan?

Purim Katan ("little Purim") occurs on the 14th and 15th of Adar I, which is only during leap years, such as the current year. Mishnah Megillah 1:4 says: קראו את המגילה באדר הראשון ונתעברה השנה, ...
DanF's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
66 views

Missing line in Tractate Megillah

At Sefaria there is a kind of commentary on Talmud called ‘Daf Shevui’. Commenting on Meg. 15b the author writes: The Attribute of Justice argues before God—why do you give this reward to righteous ...
Oliver's user avatar
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1 answer
176 views

What was the old Yerushalmi Torah reading practice on Shabbat Rosh Hodesh?

In the old Yerushalmi Torah reading tradition (the triennial cycle), when special days fell on Shabbat, the regular Shabbat reading was interrupted: the Shabbat morning reading consists only of the ...
magicker72's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
97 views

Concerning the time when Esther must be read

The first Mishnah in Tractate Megilla says: מגילה נקראת באחד עשר, בשנים עשר, בשלושה עשר, בארבעה עשר, ובחמישה עשר--לא פחות ולא יתר. The Megilla is read sometimes on the 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, or on ...
David's user avatar
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2 answers
284 views

Explanation of gemara Megilla 26b

The gemara Megilla 26b quotes Rava that when you sell a synagogue (even not in front of the 7 city trustees) the kedusha transfers onto the money and the buyer is free to use the former shul however ...
Asher's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
342 views

Why do we need to know that Bigsan and Seresh are Tarsians?

The Gemara in Megillah 13b says that Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians: אמר רבי יוחנן בגתן ותרש שני טרסיים הוו והיו מספרין בלשון טורסי R' Yochanan said: Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians, ...
DonielF's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
186 views

Haman decreeing against circumcision

The gemara implies that after the Jews were victorious they restarted the mitzvah of circumcision which Haman decreed against. Are there any other source-based indications that Haman had made such ...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
49 views

We need ten consolers; why not ten mourners?

The mishna, M'gila 23 amud 2 as described by Rashi, says we don't say the mourners' outdoor blessing without the presence of ten people, and the mourners themselves don't count toward the requisite ...
msh210's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
510 views

Are those who reject idolatry Yahudim (Jews)?

I found the following quote referencing Gemara from a book on converts in Judaism: The Gemara (Megillah 13•) states that we find the appellation “Yehudi” in Nach only three times: once for ...
knowit's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
341 views

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos?

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos? Aren't we afraid one might carry it to a friend? Like רבה says in Megilah Daf 4b :(https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.4b.21?...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
186 views

Please help explain 1st Tosfot on Megillah 22a

In viewing Gemarah Megillah 22א, there is a rule that each person receiving a Torah aliyah must have at least 3 verses remaining in the parsha (paragraph) as well as starting with a minimum of 3 ...
DanF's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Haman's daughter's name

Masechet Megilah says that Haman's daughter threw the garbage on him. Does the gemoro mention her name anywhere? I looked in Gemora Megilla 16a where the story is but it does not mention a name. Does ...
ari moskov's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
111 views

Why did the Chachamim change this Passuk?

The Gemara brings in the incident of a king gathering 72 sages to translate the Torah to Greek. They all came with the idea to change some Psukim. One of them was זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בְּרָאָ֑ם ...
yogazefish's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
167 views

Why do people say a half-verse as part of shabbos morning kiddush?

I have seen people make kiddush shabbos morning by only stating the following עַל-כֵּן, בֵּרַךְ יְהוָה אֶת-יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת--וַיְקַדְּשֵׁהוּ Which is half of the verse in Shemos 20:10. I realize ...
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4 votes
1 answer
113 views

Can small towns, who happen to be able to, choose to read on the 14th?

This is a question on the first Mishnah in Masechet Megillah. The Mishnah says that since כפרים didn’t have readers, they would always travel to bigger cities to read the Megillah on Mondays or ...
Curious Yid's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
216 views

Why does 'sharpening' depend on effort, and memorization on divine assistance?

The Bavli, M'gila 6 amud 2: ואמר ר׳ יצחק אם יאמר לך אדם יגעתי ולא מצאתי אל תאמן לא יגעתי ומצאתי אל תאמן יגעתי ומצאתי תאמן הני מילי בדברי תורה אבל במשא ומתן סייעתא הוא מן שמיא ולדברי תורה לא אמרן ...
msh210's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
143 views

What are the parameters of "one should not return a ruinous report"?

The gemarah in Megillah (15a) states: “And they told Esther’s words to Mordecai” (Esther 4:12), but he, Hathach himself, did not go to tell him directly. The Gemara explains: From here we see that ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
223 views

Was Yosef sold at age seventeen?

While the start of Vayeshev (the start of Genesis 37) sounds as though the events all take place at one time, so that Yosef was sold (verse 28) at age seventeen (as mentioned in verse 2), it's not ...
msh210's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
49 views

Why does Rav Pappa not adjoin the bracha conclusions with a vav by Megillah?

I count four times where Rav Pappa notes differing opinions on how to conclude a bracha and rules to say both of them. In three of these cases, he uses a conjunctive ו to connect them, but not the ...
DonielF's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
130 views

Source for the oral traditions in Megillas Esther?

I'm trying to understand where the Rabbis in tractate Megillah get their information. I thought that the way they interpret the five books of Moses was because they already knew all the laws and ...
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4 votes
0 answers
103 views

How were the “seven good men of the city” appointed?

How were the “seven good men of the city” שבעה טובי העיר appointed? Was there an election and if so who could be candidates?
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
207 views

Difference between Yegiah and Hipus

The Gemara in Megila 6b says that if someone tells you that they understood a piece of Torah and they didn't work hard for it you shouldn't believe them. The Ramha"l says in the Hakdama to his magnum ...
Hacham Gabriel's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
138 views

The Rambam says that Baruch, the son of Nerijah was not a navi but the Gemara seems to imply the opposite, how is that possible?

The Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim says "That those who have prepared themselves may still be prevented from being prophets, may be inferred from the history of Baruch, the son of Nerijah; for he followed ...
Alexander Mermelstein's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
118 views

Leaving a wine flask and an animal hide as a gift for an innkeeper

The Talmud, Megillah 26a, three lines from the bottom, writes: אָמַר אַבָּיֵי: שְׁמַע מִינַּהּ אוֹרַח אַרְעָא לְמִישְׁבַּק אִינָשׁ גּוּלְפָּא וּמַשְׁכָּא בְּאוּשְׁפִּיזֵיהּ. This means: Regarding ...
Eli's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
149 views

Proof of Divine Inspiration in Megillas Esther

The Talmud (Megillah 7a) tries to prove that Megillas Esther was composed with Divine Inspiration: It has been taught: R. Eleazar said: Esther was composed under the inspiration of the holy ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
261 views

May Jews do their obligation of purim intoxication with smoking some marijuana

According to Halacha, a Jew over bar mitzvah should get at least mildly intoxicated on Purim, my question is, can this obligation be fulfilled by smoking some marijuana? Or does it have to be alcohol ...
Kirk's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
875 views

Did Queen Vashti have a child?

Usually, the reason for Queen Vashti's punishment (leprosy or the growth of a tail) is related to the prophecy about the extinction of the Babylonian royal line. Rav said: “Everything God promised [to ...
Ian's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
286 views

Can a deaf person read the Torah or the Megillah on Purim?

As a hearing impaired individual that can often be classified as deaf, I face discrimination on a daily basis. Not so much in my Jewish community, but out in the world. As I was reading the Mishnah, ...
Pills N Pillows's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Understanding Megillah 3a

The gemarah megillah 3a expalians that were it not for the targum we would not understand the verse in Zecharya 12:11 which says there on that day the mourning in Jerusalem was like the mourning of ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
237 views

Why didn't Mordechai bow?

Tosfos in AZ 3a (DH Shelo Histachavu L'Tzelem) brings several proofs that Nevuchadnetzar's statue could not have been Avodah Zarah, and bowing to it would have been considered merely showing honor: ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
180 views

When reading the megillah why do we pasken like Rebbi Meir?

In Megillah 19a there is an argument as to how much of the actual text of the megillah one needs to read in order to fulfill the obligation. Rebbi Meir says you need to read the whole things and the ...
eman's user avatar
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