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Questions tagged [tractate-megillah]

Tractate of Mishna dealing with the laws of Purim and the synagogue

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5 votes
2 answers
97 views

Concerning the time when Esther must be read

The first Mishnah in Tractate Megilla says: מגילה נקראת באחד עשר, בשנים עשר, בשלושה עשר, בארבעה עשר, ובחמישה עשר--לא פחות ולא יתר. The Megilla is read sometimes on the 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, or on ...
4 votes
1 answer
224 views

Was Yosef sold at age seventeen?

While the start of Vayeshev (the start of Genesis 37) sounds as though the events all take place at one time, so that Yosef was sold (verse 28) at age seventeen (as mentioned in verse 2), it's not ...
1 vote
0 answers
115 views

May women read the haftarah

The accepted orthodox Halacha is that women do not read from the weekly Torah portion publicly, and this is found in tractate Megillah 23a. My question is, would it be permissible for a woman to read ...
8 votes
3 answers
525 views

Why Italia of Yavan?

The gemara in Megila 6b refers to איטליא של יון זה כרך גדול של רומי, which translates literally as: Italy of Greece, this is the great city of Rome. This seems odd insofar as I know, Italy never ...
1 vote
1 answer
121 views

The 10th Month Is Obviously Teves!

In Megilah 13a - we bring down a פסוק from the מגילה which says: “So Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus into his royal house in the tenth month, which is the month Tevet” (Esther 2:16). Why did the ...
3 votes
1 answer
264 views

May Jews do their obligation of purim intoxication with smoking some marijuana

According to Halacha, a Jew over bar mitzvah should get at least mildly intoxicated on Purim, my question is, can this obligation be fulfilled by smoking some marijuana? Or does it have to be alcohol ...
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that different places have different designated times to read the Megilah?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Why did Zevulun complain?

The Gemara (Megillah 6a) tells us that Zevulun complained about having water in his portion instead of land, and Hashem consoled him with the Chilazon. Question: In Pesachim 4a there is a story about ...
6 votes
1 answer
437 views

Orientation of Haman's Sons' Beam

The Gemara in Megillah 16b here mentions that the ten sons of haman were hung simultaneously and on the same beam. Question: Was the beam positioned lengthwise or widthwise? i.e Were they hanging one ...
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Is it "שמן המור", or is it "אנפקינון"?

In Megilah 13a we bring down a פסוק which talks about what the woman did before going to אחשוורוש to try + become king: "For six months, they anointed themselves with "שמן המור" We then ...
0 votes
0 answers
28 views

How did the whole world know about אסתר's beauty?

In Megilah 13a it says all the nations of the world knew that אסתר was beautiful? How did they even know who אסתר is? Let alone, her beauty!
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Why is מרדכי the only one called a "יהודי?"

In Tractate Megilah 13a - it explains that מרדכי was called an איש יהודי, since he went against עבודה זרה. If so - then why is he the only one called a "יהודי?" Why not משה? Or אברהם? Or דוד?...
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Why does "שוכו" change into "סוכו?"

In Tracte Megilah 13a - it lists the children of בתיה - the daughter of פרעה. One of the children's names is חבר - father of שוכו. The Gemara then explains that all of these names of the kids - are ...
6 votes
2 answers
189 views

Students of R. Yonah of Girondi

The Beis Yosef in Orach Chaim 149 quotes "תלמידי רבינו יונה על מסכת מגילה". I have been unable to locate this sefer, or any mention of it anywhere. Does anyone know of where I can find it, ...
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

Where is it first mentioned that the Jews partook in the feast of Achashverosh?

In a discussion in the Gemara Megillah 12a, it is mentioned in the name of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai that the Jews participated in the feast of Achashverosh. Is there an earlier mention of this? (I am ...
0 votes
0 answers
55 views

Is it a problem to say a city filled with Torah learners is an "Ir Hakodesh"?

After hearing someone say "___(Yeshiva community) Ir Hakodesh," another Yid corrected him and said, "Yerushalayim is an Ir Hakodesh. ___ is not an Ir Hakodesh. It is an Ir HaTorah."...
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

How did Vashti grow a tail?

מגילה דף יב (Megillah 12b) gives two reasons as to why Vashti did not go to Achashveirosh when he requested her to the party: a) Vashti had Tzarat (a metaphysical skin affliction) b) גבריאל (the ...
3 votes
1 answer
895 views

Did Queen Vashti have a child?

Usually, the reason for Queen Vashti's punishment (leprosy or the growth of a tail) is related to the prophecy about the extinction of the Babylonian royal line. Rav said: “Everything God promised [to ...
1 vote
0 answers
41 views

Out of order examples in Megillah

In Masechet Megillah 18a (I think), the Gemara brings 3 examples of learning different words from the maidservant of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi. Then they go on to bring an example of learning a word they ...
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

Why not just include these examples in the Mishnah?

In the end of perek 2 of Masechet Megillah (the last two sugyas), the Gemara questions the need for the lines I’m the Mishnah that say “any mitzvah which may be performed in the daytime can be done ...
4 votes
2 answers
342 views

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos?

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos? Aren't we afraid one might carry it to a friend? Like רבה says in Megilah Daf 4b :(https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.4b.21?...
5 votes
4 answers
172 views

Gemara Megillah logic

In Masechet Megillah on Daf Gimel Amud B, the Gemara is comparing מת מצוה to various other things. They ask whether מת מצוה or Megillah reading is preferred- either Megillah is because it’s פרסום הנס, ...
2 votes
1 answer
122 views

Why does the opening משנה in מסכת מגילה have a weird לשון?

The opening Mishna in Masechta Megilla reads as follows: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר, בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר, בַּחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר. לֹא פָּחוֹת, וְלֹא ...
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Why are דרשות about סוכות allowed on Shabbat?

The Gemara in Megilah 4:1 says that if י"ד אדר falls out on שבת, you should learn about פורים on שבת. The Gemara then asks: "Why do we need to say this if we already know this from having ...
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On Megilla 2a there's a disagreement between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the Torah is it hinted that we read the Megilla on the 11th, 12th, or 13th of Adar. I have thought of ...
0 votes
1 answer
37 views

Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

Why does the Mishna refer to Sunday as "after Shabbat"?

The Mishna in Megilla 1:2 uses varying terminology to refer to days of the week: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, כֵּיצַד. חָל לִהְיוֹת יוֹם אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר בַּשֵּׁנִי, ...
0 votes
3 answers
146 views

Was Mordechai the mashgiach at Achashverosh's party?

I have seen 2 sources (example) quote a Gemara on Megillah 12a saying that Mordechai was the Mashgiach or served at Achashverosh's mishteh (party). This was very shocking to me. I have tried searching ...
5 votes
2 answers
284 views

Explanation of gemara Megilla 26b

The gemara Megilla 26b quotes Rava that when you sell a synagogue (even not in front of the 7 city trustees) the kedusha transfers onto the money and the buyer is free to use the former shul however ...
4 votes
1 answer
115 views

Can small towns, who happen to be able to, choose to read on the 14th?

This is a question on the first Mishnah in Masechet Megillah. The Mishnah says that since כפרים didn’t have readers, they would always travel to bigger cities to read the Megillah on Mondays or ...
3 votes
1 answer
118 views

Leaving a wine flask and an animal hide as a gift for an innkeeper

The Talmud, Megillah 26a, three lines from the bottom, writes: אָמַר אַבָּיֵי: שְׁמַע מִינַּהּ אוֹרַח אַרְעָא לְמִישְׁבַּק אִינָשׁ גּוּלְפָּא וּמַשְׁכָּא בְּאוּשְׁפִּיזֵיהּ. This means: Regarding ...
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Did Achashverosh rule over the entire Old World?

Megilla 11a says "Three ruled over the world - Achav, Achashverosh and Nebuchadnetzar." It suggests a few other names that weren't on the list and rejects them because they didn't rule over one ...
3 votes
2 answers
149 views

Proof of Divine Inspiration in Megillas Esther

The Talmud (Megillah 7a) tries to prove that Megillas Esther was composed with Divine Inspiration: It has been taught: R. Eleazar said: Esther was composed under the inspiration of the holy ...
2 votes
2 answers
86 views

Why is translating on the fly equivalent to reading from memory?

Megillah 18a states אִילֵּימָא דִּכְתִיבָה מִקְרָא וְקָרֵי לַהּ תַּרְגּוּם, הַיְינוּ עַל פֶּה If we say that the Megilla was written in the original biblical text, i.e., in Hebrew, and he read it in ...
4 votes
1 answer
111 views

Why did the Chachamim change this Passuk?

The Gemara brings in the incident of a king gathering 72 sages to translate the Torah to Greek. They all came with the idea to change some Psukim. One of them was זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בְּרָאָ֑ם ...
2 votes
1 answer
180 views

Why is the Gemara using tautology?

The Gemara in Masechet Megillah says: אֶלָּא שֶׁהַכְּפָרִים מַקְדִּימִין לְיוֹם הַכְּנִיסָה׃ א״ר חֲנִינָא חֲכָמִים הקילו עַל הכפרים לִהְיוֹת מַקְדִּימִין לְיוֹם הַכְּנִיסָה כְּדֵי שיספקו מַיִם ...
1 vote
2 answers
216 views

Why can't R. Yehudah have his own opinion?

It says in Masechet Megillah אָמַר רַבָּה בַּר בַּר חָנָה א״ר יוֹחָנָן זוֹ דִּבְרֵי ר״ע סְתִימְתָאָה דְּדָרִישׁ זְמַן זְמַנָּם זמניהם אֲבָל חכ״א אֵין קוֹרִין אוֹתָהּ אֶלָּא בִּזְמַנָּהּ מֵיתִיבִי א״ר ...
0 votes
1 answer
182 views

Yeshiva-style shiurim on Maseches Megillah

I'm looking for yeshiva-style shiurim on Maseches Megillah, esp. the last perek, and more esp. the sugya of kedushas beis haknesses. Can anyone recommend either an online link or a specific sefer?
1 vote
2 answers
407 views

Understanding the teaching of a person who says "I have labored in Torah study and haven't found success- don't believe him"

Megillah 6b states: ואמר ר' יצחק אם יאמר לך אדם יגעתי ולא מצאתי אל תאמן לא יגעתי ומצאתי אל תאמן יגעתי ומצאתי תאמן הני מילי בדברי תורה אבל במשא ומתן סייעתא Rabbi Yitzḥak said: If a person says to you &...
3 votes
1 answer
237 views

Why didn't Mordechai bow?

Tosfos in AZ 3a (DH Shelo Histachavu L'Tzelem) brings several proofs that Nevuchadnetzar's statue could not have been Avodah Zarah, and bowing to it would have been considered merely showing honor: ...
8 votes
2 answers
378 views

A question about King Ptolemy and his wife Arnevet

In connection with the production of the Septuagint at the request of King Ptolemy, the Talmud says: And [in listing unclean animals], instead of writing “And the hare [אַרְנֶבֶת -- arnevet]”, [the ...
7 votes
2 answers
135 views

Why would Esther point at Achashveirosh?

With the plan to topple Haman seemingly coming to fruition, the Gemara Megillah (16a) says the Esther was going to point at Achashveirosh as the anonymous enemy of her people. ותאמר אסתר איש צר ואויב ...
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Why curse Mordechai?

The Gemara Megilla 7b writes אָמַר רָבָא מִיחַיַּיב אִינִישׁ לְבַסּוֹמֵי בְּפוּרַיָּא עַד דְּלָא יָדַע בֵּין אָרוּר הָמָן לְבָרוּךְ מָרְדֳּכַי - Rava said: A person is obligated to become intoxicated ...
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why only ten? Why not all of Haman's children?

According to the Gemara Megila 15b Haman had 208 children. Why did they only hang 10 of them?
-1 votes
1 answer
42 views

Mishna Megila 4:4 - how many pesukim can you read to a meturgeman?

The Mishna in Megila 4:4 say you can only read one Torah verse at a time to the translator, so he doesn't get confused. לֹא יִקְרָא לַמְּתֻרְגְּמָן יוֹתֵר מִפָּסוּק אֶחָד, וּבַנָּבִיא שְׁלֹשָׁה. ...
6 votes
1 answer
153 views

How did the triennial Torah reading fulfil the ordninance Ezra?

Ezra declared that the curses in Vayikra be read before Shavuos and those in Devarim before Rosh HaShana (Megillah 31b). How was that accomplished by those in Eretz Yisrael who had a triennial system ...
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

What is called a 'Building of Joy' nowadays?

Megillah 5b discusses things that Rebbe did. One of the things that Rebbe was seen doing was planting on Purim; the Gemara retorts that this is surely not allowed as planting is work, which is not ...
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

The Rambam says that Baruch, the son of Nerijah was not a navi but the Gemara seems to imply the opposite, how is that possible?

The Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim says "That those who have prepared themselves may still be prevented from being prophets, may be inferred from the history of Baruch, the son of Nerijah; for he followed ...
5 votes
1 answer
343 views

Why do we need to know that Bigsan and Seresh are Tarsians?

The Gemara in Megillah 13b says that Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians: אמר רבי יוחנן בגתן ותרש שני טרסיים הוו והיו מספרין בלשון טורסי R' Yochanan said: Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians, ...
0 votes
0 answers
104 views

How and why celebrate Purim according to Rabi shimon bar Yochai?

In the famous give and take discussing the miracle of Purim found in Maseches Megilah 12a, quoted below with Sefaria's translation, Rabi Shimon bar Yochai tells his studets that the danger the Jews ...