Questions tagged [tractate-brachot]

The first tractate in the Order of Zeraim, this focuses on blessings and prayers, including: Shema, the Amidah, and blessings on food

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Why doesn't the Gemara cite Avos as a proof?

The Sugya in Brachos 6a (cited in the name of רבין בר רב אדא א"ר יצחק) אמר רבין בר רב אדא א"ר יצחק מנין שהקב"ה מצוי בבית הכנסת שנאמר אלהים נצב בעדת אל ומנין לעשרה שמתפללין ששכינה עמהם שנאמר אלהים ...
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Should we pray in the Kotel?

I recently studied Masechet Berachot in school. And I learnt that one shouldn't pray in ruins. But isn't the Kotel the ruins of the Beit HaMikdash?
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Which kings stay in bed to the third hour of the day?

It says in the Gemara that we can say Shma until the third hour since that's when kings get up. What kings are we talking about? Jewish kings weren't around until much later, so Sof Zman Krias Shema ...
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What is the source for making a bride happy at her wedding?

There's a line that has made its way into a number of songs: כל המשמח חתן וכלה זוכה בחמישה קולות Anyone who gladdens the groom and bride will merit five voices. But the source Gemara (Brachos 6B)...
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Kohanim on first shift can't say Shema'?

The first Mishnah in Berachoth quotes R' Eli'ezer's opinion that the time for reciting Shema' in the evening extends only until the end of the first shift (the Kohanim would serve in the Beith ...
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According to those who argue on R’ Yehudah, why do we bring the Shtei HaLechem on Shavuos?

Rosh Hashanah 16a quotes the following teaching: א"ר יהודה משום ר"ע ... מפני מה אמרה תורה הביאו שתי הלחם בעצרת מפני שעצרת זמן פירות האילן הוא אמר הקב"ה הביאו לפני שתי הלחם בעצרת כדי שיתברכו לכם ...
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Location of the Neshama

The gemara in Brachot 10a says that the Neshama fills the body מה הקדוש ברוך הוא מלא כל העולם - אף נשמה מלאה את כל הגוף On the other hand we find places that indicate the Neshama is in the brain/...
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Discussing the Exodus in the Messianic Age

The Mishna (Berakhot 1:5) records a disagreement between Shimon ben Zoma and the sages as regards the interpretation of a word in Deuteronomy 16:3. There, the verse says that one should recall the ...
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Why would Yosef interpret the baker's dream for bad?

The Gemara in Brachos 56 brings various accounts about dreams and makes mention that a dream is based on the interpretation. Why would Yosef interpret the baker's dream for bad? Was his ...
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What does it mean to be judged by the good or evil inclination?

Berachos 61b: תניא רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר צדיקים יצר טוב שופטן שנאמר ולבי חלל בקרבי רשעים יצר רע שופטן שנאמר נאם פשע לרשע בקרב לבי אין פחד אלהים לנגד עיניו Rabbi Yose HaG'lili said: The ...
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Why are bread and wine important?

In the first Rashi of the sixth chapter of Mesechet Brachos, Rashi writes that wine (and bread) have their own Brachas because they are important. What does Rashi base this statement off of? Where ...
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Why don't translations of Tehilim 119 translate נשף like the Gemara?

The Gemara on Berachos 3b asserts that נשף can mean either "dawn" or "evening", and cites Tehilim 119:147 as an instance of "evening". However, every translation I have seen of this verse - the ...
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Mishna Brachos 1:3 , What should have Rabbi Tarfon done?

The Mishna in Meseches Brachos 1:3 recounts the Machlokes between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel on how one should read the Shema: (Source provided by Sefaria.org) בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, ...
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How can the Gemara bring a proof supporting רבינו from רבי אבא?

In Brachot 49a, it talks about what people must say in birkat hamazon. The top of the page is part of a braita, which quotes רבי אבא as saying that to fulfill their obligation, one must mention, ...
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Dream interpreting - Why did Paroh need Yosef?

At the beginning of Parshas Mikeitz, Paroh asks his advisors to help interperet his dreams, but nobody could, until the Sar HaMashkim says he should call on Yosef for help. The Gemara in Brachos 55b ...
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“People who recite Ashrei many times”: a question on Tosafot

In Berakhot 32b, Tosafot (s.v. קודם תפילתו) provide a reason as to why we start Ashrei with Psalm 84:5. In their words, it's "לאפוקי מנהו דאמרי אשרי הרבה", which either means to exclude or to exempt ...
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Why don't we say what the Yerushalmi says to say during Bircat Kohanim?

I've been studying the Talmud Yerushalmi Berachot, which lists what you should say during Bircat Kohanim: אמר רבי הונא זה שרואה את הכהנים בבית הכנסת בברכה ראשונה צריך לומר ברכו את ה׳ מלאכיו בשנייה ...
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What Brachah did the Tannaim Make on Pretzels?

The Mishnah (Brachos 6:1) says that anything that comes from the ground gets a Ha'adamah, except for bread, which gets a Hamotzi. Well, what about non-bread foods from the Five Grains? The Gemara (36b)...
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May one complain to G-d?

Is one allowed to be angry with G-d about misfortunes and pray to G-d in a complaining, or even insolent manner? In Brachot 31b, we see that Chana spoke insolently toward G-d. However, I heard from ...
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Expounding a student's name

The Gemara in Berachos 39a has the following account: תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן בר יצחק מניח הפרוסה בתוך השלמה ובוצע ומברך אמר ליה מה שמך א"ל שלמן א"ל שלום אתה ושלמה משנתך ששמת שלום בין התלמידים A ...
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Mishna, Brakhot 2a: When the kohanim enter…where?

Mishna, Brakhot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים לאכול בתרומתן What is the author implying as the direct object of the verb נכנסים? In other words, from the hour that the kohanim ...
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Did the Tannaim act correctly on “Bo BaYom”?

Berachos 27b-28a records the story of “Bo BaYom,” in which Rabban Gamliel was kicked out from being the Nasi as a result of two separate incidents with Rebbi Yehoshua (Ibid. and RH 24b-25a) and one ...
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Rashi on Berachos 33b “al kan tzipor yagiu rachamecha”

In the gemara brachos 33b the mishna says "One who says (in his tefilla -Rashi) Your (Gods) reaches the birds nest... shut him up." Rahsi says on that:אנשים שהיו מראים עצמם כמתכונים להעמיק בלשון ...
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Making a Bracha on pleasurable things

A couple lines up from the bottom of the first daf of Keitzad Mevarchin, the Gemarah gives its reason for making Brachas. Its answer (my translation) is "It is forbidden for a person to get pleasure ...
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Three reasons not to enter ruins (Berachoth 3a)

In Berachoth (3a) a Beraitha states that there are 3 reasons not to enter ruins - that it is unseemly, that walls might collapse, and that unsavory characters might lie in wait and harm the person. ...
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Why aren't shoes, belt, and head covering included in the bracha of “Malbish Arumim?”

The Shulchan Aruch in Orach Chaim 46:1 (codifying the gemara on Berachos 60b) lists the morning brachos that one makes upon waking up. Among them: Getting dressed "כשלובש יברך "מלביש ערומים ...
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Why do I care what time Bnei Melachim (sons of kings) rise in the morning?

The Mishnah in Berachothch2? teaches that one may recite Shema' until the end of the third hour of the day, "for it is the way of the sons of kings to rise by three hours." Why is that the deciding ...
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Can a single fast be used for multiple purposes? [duplicate]

Brachos daf 31b says that one who fasts on Shabbos should fast another day to atone for his fast. Suppose the next day is a previously ordained fast (e.g 17th of Tammuz, etc.), does that fast count to ...
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Why compare zimmun to the tumah of broken/repaired vessels?

In Bavli Brachot 50a-b, Rava compares a rule for a zimmun to a rule for broken/repaired metal utensils. In particular, he says that in the case of three people, each coming from a separate group, ...
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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Why does Rashi interpret Chizkiya’s dragging Achaz’s bones differently in different locations?

The Braisa says (Pesachim 56a, quoted as Mishnah 4:8): תנו רבנן ששה דברים עשה חזקיה המלך על שלשה הודו לו ועל שלשה לא הודו לו גירר עצמות אביו על מטה של חבלים והודו לו [...] The Rabbis taught: ...
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Kol Isha Yabia Omer 1:6

Chacham Ovadia writes in Yabia Omer 1:6(end of section 7) different opinions on listening to a woman's voice without knowing what she looks like. He brings the gemara in Berachos 57b that says: three ...
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Determining Normative Halacha

I don't really understand the process for establishing what "the halacha" is in a particular case. I know that there are rules in the talmud to decide whom the halacha follows when there are ...
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A Mashal of HaShem as a crazy king and Moshe as His weak-kneed friend?

The Gemara (Ber. 32a) quotes R' El'azar that when HaShem wanted to destroy Bnei Yisrael and Moshe intervened, it is comparable to a king who beat his son terribly, and the king's friend was at his ...
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Why aren't there more Birchot Hanehenin? [duplicate]

According to the gemara (B'rachot 35) "If one benefits from this world without blessing, it is as if he steals from Hash-m" and the discussion then applies this to a variety of blessings we are to say ...
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Is it forbidden for a man to sleep on his stomach?

We learned in Brachot 13b that R' Yehoshua ben Levi "cursed one who sleeps perakdan". There is a disagreement among the rishonim as to what perakdan means(face-up according to Rashi, Tosafot; face-...
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Freeing Non-Jewish Slave

I stumbled across this statement regarding the prohibition of freeing a non-Jewish slave in an online article quoting Gemara Brachos. I am just looking for some clarity and background as to the nature ...
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Brachos in Zeraim?

Why is Maseches Brachos in Seder Zeraim? It just doesn't seem to fit with the theme of agriculture. I've asked around and the only answer I got was because some Brachos are on seeds, but that doesn't ...
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Which Raban Gamliel was in the first mishnah of masechet berakhot?

Who was this Raban Gamliel in the first mishnah of masechet berakhot? Raban Gamliel I? Raban Gamliel II? Raban Gamliel III? Are there some books who could help me to find the historic part of the ...
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Purpose of Suffering

The Talmud in Berachos 5a says: "Rava said: If a man sees suffering coming on him, let him examine his ways..." does this mean the suffering is to atone for his sin or does it mean the suffering is ...
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Ma'ariv is obligatory?

Berachoth (4b) states conclusively that Ma'ariv is compulsory (לאפוקי ממאן דאמר ... רשות; קמ״ל דחובה). But one of the accepted premises when comparing Ma'ariv to other Tefilloth is that Ma'ariv is ...
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Did Moshe have written copies of all of Tanach?

The gemara (berachos 5a) writes: (translation based on sefaria) וא"ר לוי בר חמא אמר ר' שמעון בן לקיש מאי דכתיב ואתנה לך את לוחות האבן והתורה והמצוה אשר כתבתי להורותם לוחות אלו עשרת הדברות תורה זה ...
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Explanation needed - Rambam Mishnah Brachos 1:5

I am trying to understand the Rambam Peirush HaMishnayos to Brachos 1:5, but I am having trouble fitting an understanding into the words. I need this done by Tuesday night for I am meant to be ...
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Berachot for visiting Israel?

I'm traveling to Israel soon, and we're going to visit many things including Yerushalaim and the Kotel. Are there special Berachot for arriving in Israel, going to the Old City or visiting the Western ...
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How to understand the word zakai (exempt)?

Is the word zakai (exempt) (as opposed to hiav, guilty) different from the word mutar (permitted) or the word patur (actually a phrase, patur aval assur, without penalty but prohibited)? If so, how ...
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Machlokes Hatanaim when Kriat Shema should be said

The first Blat of Berachot tells us about a Mahlokes when Krias Shema should be recited. There are almost 10 shitos there. What is the Machlokes-is there a Sevara for each shita? For instance, the ...
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Reciting the blessing of “Meshaneh Habriyos” (“who makes creatures different”) on human beings

Based off the gemara on Berachos 58b, the Shulchan Aruch in Orach Chaim 225:8-9 writes: for seeing a person with a dark, very red, or albino white complexion- or a person who is bent over because ...
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Why not list the 7 Minim in order with no second “Eretz”?

Devarim 8:8 ארץ חיטה ושעורה, וגפן ותאנה ורימון; ארץ-זית שמן, ודבש. The Gemara in Berachos 41: says in the name of either Rabbi Yosef or Rabbi Yitzchok that the order of the Brachos would depend on ...
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How is it possible that Leah was the first person to thank Hashem?

The gemara in Berachos 7b says that Leah Imenu was the first person who ever thanked Hashem: ואמר רבי יוחנן משום רבי שמעון בן יוחי מיום שברא הקדוש ברוך הוא את עולמו לא היה אדם שהודה להקדוש ברוך הוא ...
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Was Kaddish ever said in Hebrew?

The Kaddish that we say is in Aramaic. However the Talmud (Brachos 3a) quotes an excerpt from Kaddish in Hebrew: בשעה שישראל נכנסין לבתי כנסיות ולבתי מדרשות ועונין יהא שמיה* הגדול מבורך (*The ...