Questions tagged [tractate-brachot]

The first tractate in the Order of Zeraim, this focuses on blessings and prayers, including: Shema, the Amidah, and blessings on food

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Why is Mar son of Ravina's prayer commonly recited after Amidah?

Berachot 16b-17a lists a number of prayers that various amoraim recited at the end of Amidah. Common practice (at least in the Ashkenazi and Edot Mizrach siddurim that I've seen) seems to be to ...
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How does a verse in Yirmiyahu prove that one should say “אני ה' אלהיכם אמת” without interruption

In Talmud Berachot end of 14A, beginning of 14B, a reason is given why one does not make an interruption between "Ani Hashem Elokeichem" of the end of Shema, and "Emet": ‏א"ר אבהו א"ר יוחנן ...
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How can using the bathroom be equated to the pleasure of the afterlife?

There are three things which are a taste of the World to Come: Shabbat, the sun, and “usage.” What does “usage” mean? Usage of the bed [i.e. marital relations]? But that weakens the body. Rather it ...
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Why did Chizkiyahu Hide the book of Refuos

...and he shall provide for healing" (Mishpatim 21:19) nitna reshus larofeh lerapos (Bava Kama 85a) - so why did Chizkiyahu Hamelech hide the Sefer Herefuos (Brachos 10b)
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Why are tractates in Shas apparently out of order?

The Sdarim of the Shas are (in general) by subject. That is, in each Order, there are discussions on a general topic and its ramifications. But in each one of them (I think) there is a tractate that ...
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Why is it that being embarrassed on one sin should atone for all?

Berachos 12b: אמר רבה בר חיננא סבא משמיה דרב כל העושה דבר עבירה ומתבייש בו מוחלים על כל עונותיו Rabbah Bar Chinina Sabba said in the name of Rav: Anyone who does a sin and is embarrassed in it,...
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Bracha of Matziv Gevul Almanah

In which practically applicable situation(s) (if ever) nowadays would one make the Beracha of מציב גבול אלמנה? I'm looking for a Halachic definition of which places would qualify, when the Beracha ...
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Understanding the Gemara in Brachos about afflictions

Brachos 5a states: אמר רבא ואיתימא רב חסדא, "אם רואה אדם שיסורין באין עליו יפשפש במעשיו, שנא' ,(איכה ג, מ) 'נחפשה דרכינו ונחקורה ונשובה עד ה'.' פשפש ולא מצא יתלה בבטול תורה שנאמר (תהלים צד, יב) '...
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Information about Arab Travelers in Aggadah

Pesachim 110b and Bava Metzia 86a mention ההוא טייעא‏ in the midst of aggadic stories. Professor Jastrow translates this word as a traveler, esp. an Arabian caravan merchant. Soncino Translates it ...
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Can a person free himself from suffering?

Berachos 5b teaches: רַבִּי חִיָּיא בַּר אַבָּא חֲלַשׁ. עָל לְגַבֵּיהּ רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן אֲמַר לֵיהּ: חֲבִיבִין עָלֶיךָ יִסּוּרִין? אֲמַר לֵיהּ: לֹא הֵן וְלֹא שְׂכָרָן. אֲמַר לֵיהּ: הַב לִי יְדָךְ. ...
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Why doesn't the Gemara cite Avos as a proof?

The Sugya in Brachos 6a (cited in the name of רבין בר רב אדא א"ר יצחק) אמר רבין בר רב אדא א"ר יצחק מנין שהקב"ה מצוי בבית הכנסת שנאמר אלהים נצב בעדת אל ומנין לעשרה שמתפללין ששכינה עמהם שנאמר אלהים ...
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Berachot 4b - What's so special about an alphabetical acrostic?

The Talmud in Berachot 4b states: אמר רבי אלעזר א"ר אבינא כל האומר תהלה לדוד בכל יום שלש פעמים מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא מאי טעמא אילימא משום דאתיא באל"ף בי"ת נימא אשרי תמימי דרך דאתיא בתמניא אפין ...
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Why a Machloket ended so badly and unpeacefully?

Back to Tanuro Shel Akhnai (BM 59b). A short recap: R' Eliezer and Chachamim are having a Machlokes over a minor matter in ritual impurity, clearly for the sake of Heaven. R' Gamliel, the Nassi, ...
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Rashi on Berachos 33b “al kan tzipor yagiu rachamecha”

In Brachos 33b, the mishna says: "One who says [in his tefilla -Rashi], 'Your [God's] mercy reaches the birds nest'... shut him up." Rashi says on that: אנשים שהיו מראים עצמם כמתכונים להעמיק בלשון ...
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Should we pray in the Kotel?

I recently studied Masechet Berachot in school. And I learnt that one shouldn't pray in ruins. But isn't the Kotel the ruins of the Beit HaMikdash?
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Which kings stay in bed to the third hour of the day?

It says in the Gemara that we can say Shma until the third hour since that's when kings get up. What kings are we talking about? Jewish kings weren't around until much later, so Sof Zman Krias Shema ...
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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What is the source for making a bride happy at her wedding?

There's a line that has made its way into a number of songs: כל המשמח חתן וכלה זוכה בחמישה קולות Anyone who gladdens the groom and bride will merit five voices. But the source Gemara (Brachos 6B)...
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Kohanim on first shift can't say Shema'?

The first Mishnah in Berachoth quotes R' Eli'ezer's opinion that the time for reciting Shema' in the evening extends only until the end of the first shift (the Kohanim would serve in the Beith ...
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According to those who argue on R’ Yehudah, why do we bring the Shtei HaLechem on Shavuos?

Rosh Hashanah 16a quotes the following teaching: א"ר יהודה משום ר"ע ... מפני מה אמרה תורה הביאו שתי הלחם בעצרת מפני שעצרת זמן פירות האילן הוא אמר הקב"ה הביאו לפני שתי הלחם בעצרת כדי שיתברכו לכם ...
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Location of the Neshama

The gemara in Brachot 10a says that the Neshama fills the body מה הקדוש ברוך הוא מלא כל העולם - אף נשמה מלאה את כל הגוף On the other hand we find places that indicate the Neshama is in the brain/...
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Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...
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Why does Rav Pappa not adjoin the bracha conclusions with a vav by Megillah?

I count four times where Rav Pappa notes differing opinions on how to conclude a bracha and rules to say both of them. In three of these cases, he uses a conjunctive ו to connect them, but not the ...
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Discussing the Exodus in the Messianic Age

The Mishna (Berakhot 1:5) records a disagreement between Shimon ben Zoma and the sages as regards the interpretation of a word in Deuteronomy 16:3. There, the verse says that one should recall the ...
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Why would Yosef interpret the baker's dream for bad?

The Gemara in Brachos 56 brings various accounts about dreams and makes mention that a dream is based on the interpretation. Why would Yosef interpret the baker's dream for bad? Was his ...
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What does it mean to be judged by the good or evil inclination?

Berachos 61b: תניא רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר צדיקים יצר טוב שופטן שנאמר ולבי חלל בקרבי רשעים יצר רע שופטן שנאמר נאם פשע לרשע בקרב לבי אין פחד אלהים לנגד עיניו Rabbi Yose HaG'lili said: The ...
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Why are bread and wine important?

In the first Rashi of the sixth chapter of Mesechet Brachos, Rashi writes that wine (and bread) have their own Brachas because they are important. What does Rashi base this statement off of? Where ...
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Why don't translations of Tehilim 119 translate נשף like the Gemara?

The Gemara on Berachos 3b asserts that נשף can mean either "dawn" or "evening", and cites Tehilim 119:147 as an instance of "evening". However, every translation I have seen of this verse - the ...
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Mishna Brachos 1:3 , What should have Rabbi Tarfon done?

The Mishna in Meseches Brachos 1:3 recounts the Machlokes between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel on how one should read the Shema: (Source provided by Sefaria.org) בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, ...
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How can the Gemara bring a proof supporting רבינו from רבי אבא?

In Brachot 49a, it talks about what people must say in birkat hamazon. The top of the page is part of a braita, which quotes רבי אבא as saying that to fulfill their obligation, one must mention, ...
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Dream interpreting - Why did Paroh need Yosef?

At the beginning of Parshas Mikeitz, Paroh asks his advisors to help interperet his dreams, but nobody could, until the Sar HaMashkim says he should call on Yosef for help. The Gemara in Brachos 55b ...
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“People who recite Ashrei many times”: a question on Tosafot

In Berakhot 32b, Tosafot (s.v. קודם תפילתו) provide a reason as to why we start Ashrei with Psalm 84:5. In their words, it's "לאפוקי מנהו דאמרי אשרי הרבה", which either means to exclude or to exempt ...
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Why don't we say what the Yerushalmi says to say during Bircat Kohanim?

I've been studying the Talmud Yerushalmi Berachot, which lists what you should say during Bircat Kohanim: אמר רבי הונא זה שרואה את הכהנים בבית הכנסת בברכה ראשונה צריך לומר ברכו את ה׳ מלאכיו בשנייה ...
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What Brachah did the Tannaim Make on Pretzels?

The Mishnah (Brachos 6:1) says that anything that comes from the ground gets a Ha'adamah, except for bread, which gets a Hamotzi. Well, what about non-bread foods from the Five Grains? The Gemara (36b)...
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May one complain to G-d?

Is one allowed to be angry with G-d about misfortunes and pray to G-d in a complaining, or even insolent manner? In Brachot 31b, we see that Chana spoke insolently toward G-d. However, I heard from ...
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Expounding a student's name

The Gemara in Berachos 39a has the following account: תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן בר יצחק מניח הפרוסה בתוך השלמה ובוצע ומברך אמר ליה מה שמך א"ל שלמן א"ל שלום אתה ושלמה משנתך ששמת שלום בין התלמידים A ...
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Mishna, Brakhot 2a: When the kohanim enter…where?

Mishna, Brakhot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים לאכול בתרומתן What is the author implying as the direct object of the verb נכנסים? In other words, from the hour that the kohanim ...
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Did the Tannaim act correctly on “Bo BaYom”?

Berachos 27b-28a records the story of “Bo BaYom,” in which Rabban Gamliel was kicked out from being the Nasi as a result of two separate incidents with Rebbi Yehoshua (Ibid. and RH 24b-25a) and one ...
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Making a Bracha on pleasurable things

A couple lines up from the bottom of the first daf of Keitzad Mevarchin, the Gemarah gives its reason for making Brachas. Its answer (my translation) is "It is forbidden for a person to get pleasure ...
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Three reasons not to enter ruins (Berachoth 3a)

In Berachoth (3a) a Beraitha states that there are 3 reasons not to enter ruins - that it is unseemly, that walls might collapse, and that unsavory characters might lie in wait and harm the person. ...
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Why aren't shoes, belt, and head covering included in the bracha of “Malbish Arumim?”

The Shulchan Aruch in Orach Chaim 46:1 (codifying the gemara on Berachos 60b) lists the morning brachos that one makes upon waking up. Among them: Getting dressed "כשלובש יברך "מלביש ערומים ...
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Why do I care what time Bnei Melachim (sons of kings) rise in the morning?

The Mishnah in Berachothch2? teaches that one may recite Shema' until the end of the third hour of the day, "for it is the way of the sons of kings to rise by three hours." Why is that the deciding ...
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What argument came first - Tanuro Shel Akhnai or Maariv Chovah? [duplicate]

What argument happened first - Tanuro Shel Akhnai (B"M 59b) or Maariv Chovah or Reshut (Brochos 27b) In the former, R"Y stood against R"E (backed by R"G) and in the later the same story happened to ...
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Can a single fast be used for multiple purposes? [duplicate]

Brachos daf 31b says that one who fasts on Shabbos should fast another day to atone for his fast. Suppose the next day is a previously ordained fast (e.g 17th of Tammuz, etc.), does that fast count to ...
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Why compare zimmun to the tumah of broken/repaired vessels?

In Bavli Brachot 50a-b, Rava compares a rule for a zimmun to a rule for broken/repaired metal utensils. In particular, he says that in the case of three people, each coming from a separate group, ...
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Why does Rashi interpret Chizkiya’s dragging Achaz’s bones differently in different locations?

The Braisa says (Pesachim 56a, quoted as Mishnah 4:8): תנו רבנן ששה דברים עשה חזקיה המלך על שלשה הודו לו ועל שלשה לא הודו לו גירר עצמות אביו על מטה של חבלים והודו לו [...] The Rabbis taught: ...
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Are the talmudic “Prushim” the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
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Kol Isha Yabia Omer 1:6

Chacham Ovadia writes in Yabia Omer 1:6(end of section 7) different opinions on listening to a woman's voice without knowing what she looks like. He brings the gemara in Berachos 57b that says: three ...
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Determining Normative Halacha

I don't really understand the process for establishing what "the halacha" is in a particular case. I know that there are rules in the talmud to decide whom the halacha follows when there are ...
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A Mashal of HaShem as a crazy king and Moshe as His weak-kneed friend?

The Gemara (Ber. 32a) quotes R' El'azar that when HaShem wanted to destroy Bnei Yisrael and Moshe intervened, it is comparable to a king who beat his son terribly, and the king's friend was at his ...