Questions tagged [tractate-brachot]

The first tractate in the Order of Zeraim, this focuses on blessings and prayers, including: Shema, the Amidah, and blessings on food

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1answer
86 views

What to do when you should not publicize the halacha?

The gemara 33b brachot says: אֲמַר לֵיהּ לָאו הֲלָכָה אִתְּמַר אֵלָּא מַטִּין אִתְּמַר Rabbi Zeira then said to him: It wasn't stated in public that the halachah follows Rabbi Eliezer, but that we ...
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Am I obligated to say “bless you” (or its equivalent) after someone sneezes?

The Midrash Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer (54) writes המופת הרביעי, מיום שנברא העולם לא היה אדם חולה, אלא בכל מקום שהיה אדם אם בדרך אם בשוק ועטש היתה נפשו יוצאה מנחיריו ומת, עד שבא יעקב אבינו ובקש רחמים על ...
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1answer
377 views

Who does G-d pray to?

Berakhot 7a says: מִכָּאן שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְפַּלֵּל Whom does G-d pray to?
2
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167 views

What does the Gemara mean by שֶׁמְּמָאֲנִין אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה?

Brachot, Perek 4, daf 27, amud A, says רִבִּי יְהוּדָה בֶּן בָּבָא הֵעִיד חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים שֶׁמְּמָאֲנִין אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה וְשֶׁמַּשִּׂיאִין אֶת הָאִשָּׁה עַל פִּי עֵד אֶחָד וְעַל תַּרְנְגוֹל ...
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Why did Rabbi Shila hide what he said?

In Berakhot 58a, Rabbi Shila thanks G-d by saying: ״לְךָ ה׳ הַגְּדֻלָּה וְהַגְּבוּרָה וְגוֹ׳״ When he's asked by the authorities about what he said, he replies: ״בְּרִיךְ רַחֲמָנָא דְּיָהֵיב ...
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Were there any animal in Eden?

The Gemara Berachos (34a) writes רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָנִי אָמַר: זֶה עֵדֶן, שֶׁלֹּא שָׁלְטָה בּוֹ עֵין כׇּל בְּרִיָּה - Rabbi Shmuel bar Naḥmani said: That is Eden, which no creature’s eye has ...
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240 views

How can a table be a sheni l'tum'ah?

Mishna Berachos 8:3 says: בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מְקַנֵּחַ יָדָיו בַּמַּפָּה וּמַנִּיחָהּ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, עַל הַכֶּסֶת:‏ Bet Shammai says: he wipes his hand with a towel ...
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What does it mean to “kill a soul”?

The Gemara Berachos (32b) says אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן: כׇּל כֹּהֵן שֶׁהָרַג אֶת הַנֶּפֶשׁ — לֹא יִשָּׂא אֶת כַּפָּיו - Rabbi Yoḥanan said: Any Kohen who killed a nefesh may not lift his hands in ...
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What is the origin of the word פְּלַסְתֵּר?

The Gemara Berachos (31b) writes אֵלֵךְ וְאֶסְתַּתֵּר בִּפְנֵי אֶלְקָנָה בַּעֲלִי, וְכֵיוָן דְּמִסְתַּתַּרְנָא מַשְׁקוּ לִי מֵי סוֹטָה, וְאִי אַתָּה עוֹשֶׂה תּוֹרָתְךָ פְּלַסְתֵּר, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר ״...
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Identity of the rooster

The Gemara Berachos (7a) writes וְאֵימַת רָתַח? אָמַר אַבַּיֵי: בְּהָנָךְ תְּלָת שָׁעֵי קַמָּיָיתָא כִּי חִיוָּרָא כַּרְבַּלְתָּא דְתַרְנְגוֹלָא וְקָאֵי אַחַד כַּרְעָא. The Gemara asks: When is the ...
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Why was Levi's davening wrong?

In Taanis 25a there is a story with Levi where rain didn't come so he fasted. He then 'shot' words towards heaven, and Rabbi Elazar then says A person should never shoot words onto the God up high, ...
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96 views

How could Abba Ḥilkiyya do that?

In the Gemara in Berochos daf 61 it says that one may not walk behind ones wife. So how is it that Abba Ḥilkiyya in Tananis daf 23 went after his wife into the house, even if he didn't want to check ...
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57 views

Amen between Hashkiveinu and Yir'u Eineinu in maariv

Based on Brachot 45b and Yerushalmi Brachot 5:4/40b, many communities have the custom of saying amen after several of their own brachot. One of the places where some add amen is at the end of the ...
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Can three Talmudic passages about mitzvot “protecting” and mitzvot “saving” be reconciled?

The Talmud in Shabbat 49a records the following story: שפעם אחת גזרה מלכות רומי הרשעה גזירה על ישראל שכל המניח תפילין ינקרו את מוחו והיה אלישע מניחם ויוצא לשוק ראהו קסדור אחד רץ מפניו ורץ אחריו וכיון ...
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Moshe instructed Betzalel to do other than Moshe had been commanded?

The Gemoro Berachos 55a quoted by Rashi on Shemos 38 (22) seems to say that Moshe ordered that the vessels should be made before the Mishkan that was to contain them. Rabbi Shmuel bar Naḥmani said ...
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Why can one not daven to change the gender of a fetus?

According to Bava Metzia 42a, one may daven for things in the past if it's something that nobody knows yet. Yet, when Berachos 60a asks how one may daven to change the gender of her fetus on the ...
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Understanding Kli Yakor question on Rashi about Betzalal following Moishe's instructions

The Gemara says in Berachos (55a) א״ר שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָנִי א״ר יוֹנָתָן בְּצַלְאֵל עַל שֵׁם חָכְמָתוֹ נִקְרָא בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְמֹשֶׁה לֵךְ אֱמוֹר לוֹ ...
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לך לשלום vs לך עם שלום vs לך בשלום

On page Berachos 33a1 the story of the Pious man praying on the road & the General, towards the end of the story it is stated that the "General was appeased and the Pious man departed to his home "...
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Why did Ben Azzai copy Rabbi Akiva?

In today's Daf Yomi, Brachot 62a, it says: It was taught in a baraita in tractate Derekh Eretz that Rabbi Akiva said: I once entered the bathroom after my teacher Rabbi Yehoshua, and I learned ...
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Why is the Kurkavon mentioned?

In Masheches Berachos daf 61b, the gemara mentions various body parts and their respective functions. It seems that the gemara is referring to human body parts, based off the gemaras premise (on daf ...
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386 views

Is there a connection between Rav Yehuda loving Israel and forbidding the ascent from Babylon to Israel?

The Talmud in Barachot 43a states the following: אמר ליה רב חסדא לרב יצחק האי משחא דאפרסמון מאי מברכין עלויה א"ל הכי אמר רב יהודה בורא שמן ארצנו א"ל בר מיניה דר' יהודה דחביבא ליה ארץ ישראל ...
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Why wasn't Rabbi Akiva made nasi?

Per @user6591's answer on this question: See the gemara in Yoma 22b. This was orchestrated in order to ensure the longevity of his kingdom. As Rabbi Yoḥanan said in the name of Rabbi Shimon ben ...
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Berachot 35a - If a before-beracha is more compelling than an after-beracha how do we know that an after-beracha is required?

The Talmud in the beginning of the sixth chapter of Masechet Berachot seeks to find the source that blessings are required for food. At one point in this adventure, the Talmud concludes that there is ...
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Did Samuel write his book before he was born?

The Talmud (Berachot 31b) records the following statement: ותדר נדר ותאמר ה' צבאות אמר רבי אלעזר מיום שברא הקב"ה את עולמו לא היה אדם שקראו להקב"ה צבאות עד שבאתה חנה וקראתו צבאות אמרה חנה ...
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How does the law of prayer direction apply to a spherical Earth?

A Beraita is cited in Berachot 30a as follows: ת"ר סומא ומי שאינו יכול לכוין את הרוחות יכוין לבו כנגד אביו שבשמים שנא' והתפללו אל ה' היה עומד בח"ל יכוין את לבו כנגד ארץ ישראל שנא' והתפללו אליך דרך ...
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If a husband intentionally warns his wife knowing that she will not sin, does she drink?

Berachos 31b: ״אִם רָאֹה תִרְאֶה״, אָמַר רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר: אָמְרָה חַנָּה לִפְנֵי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא: רִבּוֹנוֹ שֶׁל עוֹלָם, ״אִם רָאֹה״ — מוּטָב, וְאִם לָאו — ״תִּרְאֶה״ אֵלֵךְ וְאֶסְתַּתֵּר ...
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Is there no end to praying for a friend?

Talmud Berachot 12b says: וְאָמַר רַבָּה בַּר חִינָּנָא סָבָא מִשְּׁמֵיהּ דְּרַב: כֹּל שֶׁאֶפְשָׁר לוֹ לְבַקֵּשׁ רַחֲמִים עַל חֲבֵירוֹ וְאֵינוֹ מְבַקֵּשׁ — נִקְרָא ״חוֹטֵא״. שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: ״גַּם ...
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105 views

Why is greeting someone before praying compared to building a private altar?

Berachos 14a: אָמַר רַב: כָּל הַנּוֹתֵן שָׁלוֹם לַחֲבֵירוֹ קוֹדֶם שֶׁיִּתְפַּלֵּל כְּאִילּוּ עֲשָׂאוֹ בָּמָה. שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: ״חִדְלוּ לָכֶם מִן הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר נְשָׁמָה בְּאַפּוֹ כִּי בַמֶּה נֶחְשָׁב ...
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100 views

Why does Rashi explain where yoke of Mitzvos is discussed in Parshas Tzitzis?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
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300 views

Are there five or six reasons why Parshas Tzitzis was added to Shema?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
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120 views

Was R' Yishmael aware that his blessing was Hashem's prayer?

Berachos 7a: אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי יוֹסֵי: מִנַּיִן שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְפַּלֵּל? ... מַאי מְצַלֵּי? אָמַר רַב זוּטְרָא בַּר טוֹבִיָּה, אָמַר רַב: ״יְהִי רָצוֹן ...
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24 views

Is prayer heard in all places of song?

Berachos 6a: תַּנְיָא, אַבָּא בִּנְיָמִין אוֹמֵר: אֵין תְּפִלָּה שֶׁל אָדָם נִשְׁמַעַת אֶלָּא בְּבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: ״לִשְׁמֹעַ אֶל הָרִנָּה וְאֶל הַתְּפִלָּה״. בִּמְקוֹם רִנָּה — שָׁם ...
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196 views

Can a person free himself from suffering?

Berachos 5b teaches: רַבִּי חִיָּיא בַּר אַבָּא חֲלַשׁ. עָל לְגַבֵּיהּ רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן אֲמַר לֵיהּ: חֲבִיבִין עָלֶיךָ יִסּוּרִין? אֲמַר לֵיהּ: לֹא הֵן וְלֹא שְׂכָרָן. אֲמַר לֵיהּ: הַב לִי יְדָךְ. ...
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Why is Mar son of Ravina's prayer commonly recited after Amidah?

Berachot 16b-17a lists a number of prayers that various amoraim recited at the end of Amidah. Common practice (at least in the Ashkenazi and Edot Mizrach siddurim that I've seen) seems to be to ...
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2answers
94 views

Irony or Tshuva in Berachot?

In Berachot 10a, it is said that Chizkiyah was punished by Hashem for not having children: מָה עָשָׂה הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא — הֵבִיא יִסּוּרִים עַל חִזְקִיָּהוּ, וְאָמַר לוֹ לִישַׁעְיָהוּ: לֵךְ ...
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Berachot 7a – Is there a connection between R. Meir and Acher?

In Berachot 7a we find the following passage: וא"ר יוחנן משום ר' יוסי שלשה דברים בקש משה מלפני הקב"ה ונתן לו בקש שתשרה שכינה על ישראל ונתן לו שנאמר הלוא בלכתך עמנו בקש שלא תשרה שכינה על עובדי ...
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1answer
65 views

Berachot 5a - What is R. Yochanan's objection?

In Berachot 5a we have the following exchange between Reis Lakish and R. Yochanan: אמר רבי שמעון בן לקיש כל העוסק בתורה יסורין בדילין הימנו שנאמר ובני רשף יגביהו עוף ואין עוף אלא תורה שנאמר התעיף ...
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222 views

Why are tractates in Shas apparently out of order?

The Sdarim of the Shas are (in general) by subject. That is, in each Order, there are discussions on a general topic and its ramifications. But in each one of them (I think) there is a tractate that ...
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1answer
121 views

Berachot 4b - What's so special about an alphabetical acrostic?

The Talmud in Berachot 4b states: אמר רבי אלעזר א"ר אבינא כל האומר תהלה לדוד בכל יום שלש פעמים מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא מאי טעמא אילימא משום דאתיא באל"ף בי"ת נימא אשרי תמימי דרך ...
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1answer
143 views

Berachot 3a - Verb choices regarding Temple destruction

Pesikta Rabasi (28 mid.) suggests that there are two aspects of the Temple. An upper [spiritual] one and a lower [physical] one. אחריבנו אמר רבי תחליפא בר קרויה באותה שעה נכנסו כל מלאכי השרת ועמדו ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Berachot 3a - Did Tosafot mix up the tannaic opinions?

The first couple of pages of Masechet Berachot deal largely with the various tannaic opinions as to the earliest time for the recital of Shema at night. The Talmud tries to figure out which of these ...
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274 views

What made Yochanan go off?

After Yochanan served as the Kohen Gadol for 80 years, he "left the fold" (Berachos 29a) ולא והא תנן אל תאמין בעצמך עד יום מותך שהרי יוחנן כ"ג שמש בכהונה גדולה שמנים שנה ולבסוף נעשה צדוקי The ...
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Why does Rav Pappa not adjoin the bracha conclusions with a vav by Megillah?

I count four times where Rav Pappa notes differing opinions on how to conclude a bracha and rules to say both of them. In three of these cases, he uses a conjunctive ו to connect them, but not the ...
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71 views

Should I pray to God based on my own merit?

In the book of Tehillim (Psalms), Chapter 86, King David says the following: שָֽׁמְרָ֣ה נַפְשִׁי֮ כִּֽי־חָסִ֪יד אָ֥נִי הוֹשַׁ֣ע עַ֭בְדְּךָ אַתָּ֣ה אֱלֹהַ֑י הַבּוֹטֵ֥חַ אֵלֶֽיךָ׃ ...
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42 views

How Tanuro Shel Akhnai was different from the first Machlokes in the Mishnah?

THe first Mishna presents a Machlokes between R' Eliezer, R' Gamliel and "the rest" of the Chachamim (unclear). מֵאֵימָתַי קוֹרִין אֶת שְׁמַע בְּעַרְבִית. מִשָּׁעָה שֶׁהַכֹּהֲנִים ...
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1answer
72 views

Why a Machloket ended so badly and unpeacefully?

Back to Tanuro Shel Akhnai (BM 59b). A short recap: R' Eliezer and Chachamim are having a Machlokes over a minor matter in ritual impurity, clearly for the sake of Heaven. R' Gamliel, the Nassi, ...
3
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2answers
84 views

What argument came first - Tanuro Shel Akhnai or Maariv Chovah? [duplicate]

What argument happened first - Tanuro Shel Akhnai (B"M 59b) or Maariv Chovah or Reshut (Brochos 27b) In the former, R"Y stood against R"E (backed by R"G) and in the later the same story happened to ...
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1answer
81 views

Why did Moses have a ten-cubit-long axe?

The Talmud in Berachot 54b relates the following tale: אבן שבקש עוג מלך הבשן לזרוק על ישראל גמרא גמירי לה אמר מחנה ישראל כמה הוי תלתא פרסי איזיל ואיעקר טורא בר תלתא פרסי ואישדי עלייהו ואיקטלינהו אזל ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

Can a single fast be used for multiple purposes? [duplicate]

Brachos daf 31b says that one who fasts on Shabbos should fast another day to atone for his fast. Suppose the next day is a previously ordained fast (e.g 17th of Tammuz, etc.), does that fast count to ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Why is omitting the nighttime Shema called an “aveirah” and not a “bittul aseh?” (Berachos 2a)

The mishnah on Berachos 2a teaches us that according to Chachamim one can say Krias Shema until chatzos ("midnight"). The mishnah proceeds to tell us that anytime Chachamim say a mitzvah can ...