Podcast #128: We chat with Kent C Dodds about why he loves React and discuss what life was like in the dark days before Git. Listen now.

Questions tagged [tosfot]

The Tosafot or Tosafos (lit. "additions") are medieval commentaries on the Talmud. They take the form of critical and explanatory glosses, printed, in almost all Talmud editions, on the outer margin and opposite Rashi's notes. The authors of the Tosafot are known as Tosafists ("ba'ale ha-tosafot").

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
0answers
60 views

Why only ask about תרומה and שחיטה? (in גטין ב׃ תוד״ה עד)

The Bavli, Gitin 2 amud 2, says that one person is believed when he testifies about isurin (prohibitions), and it immediately limits that to the case that the person is not testifying against an ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Looking for a Tosafos

I remember seeing a Tosafos in Ksubos a while back which states that when a man gets married, he should go to his in-laws for the chag that follows his wedding. Does anyone know exactly where I can ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Why are Tzaddikim protected from improper foods?

Tosfos on Chullin 5b explains that Tzaddikim get a special protection from eating improper foods: צדיקים עצמן לא כ"ש - תימה דהא אשכחן יהודה בן טבאי שהרג עד זומם בפ"ק דמכות (דף ה:) ור' ישמעאל שקרא ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Tosfot quoted Rabbi Yom Tov Myiuni

For the first time I seen in Tosfot Yevamot 57b הרב רבי יום טוב מיוני I didn't find in Wikipedia about him. Does someone know who is this Chacham, what is his place in Tosfot constellation?
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Has the corpus of Tosafoth been printed in one volume?

The Talmudic commentary called Tosafoth has been printed together with the Talmud text itself for many centuries. For example, even Maharal testifies (in 1595) to this in Nesiv Hatorah ch. 5: והכל ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Where can the Tosafot of Rabbi Samson of Sens be found?

This might be quite a basic question, but there’s a passage from Rabbi Samson of Sens’s commentary on Mishnah Eduyot 1:5 that I’ve seen quoted in a few books eg here. (Sometimes it’s quoted as being ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Do Tosafos and Rambam completely agree regarding “the blessing of the house”?

If a woman chooses to be supported from her dead husband's estate, she can; but if the heirs live in the deceased's home then they can (usually) compel her to do so also, or forfeit her upkeep. The ...
5
votes
0answers
39 views

God's Nichum Aveilim

Asking for a friend: On Kiddushin 38a, Tosfos s.v. Tzei, explain that Hashem didn't approach Yehoshua until after the 30 days of mourning for Moshe had elapsed, since the Shechinah does not descend ...
8
votes
2answers
229 views

Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Source for Cremation Specifically Not Jewish

A respected Rabbinic figure recently mentioned that one of the Rishonim - maybe Tosfos - writes that אין דרך בני ישראל לשרוף מתיהם: burning a Jew's lifeless body is not the Jewish way. Where is this ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

How to understand this Tosfos in Megila 5b

This is a Tosfos from Megilah 5b which is talking about lessening the different type of work(s) of simcha on Purim. However, I'm a bit troubled on understanding the last 6 words. What does Tosfos mean?...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Why would I have thought that healing contradicts the will of Hashem?

Bava Kamma 85a: תניא דבי ר' ישמעאל אומר (שמות כא, יט) ורפא ירפא מכאן שניתן רשות לרופא לרפאות It is taught in a Braisa: The academy of R’ Yishmael says: “Heal, he will heal” - from here [we ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Understanding תוד״ה תפילין on קידושין דף לו ע״א

The Talmud (Kiddushin 36a) cites a view that women are exempt from the prohibition on balding themselves in mourning. Rava there says that we know of this exemption because the same words "between ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

How can we say something is a machlokes Rashi vs Tosfos, if Rashi can't respond or defend himself?

Many Tosfos contain questions about what Rashi says, followed by them giving their own answer. But how can we honestly say something is a "machlokes Rashi vs Tosfos" when Rashi doesn't get a chance ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Where in the writings of the Vilna Gaon does he discuss how Rashi & Tosfot each explain a Talmudic “sugiya?”

Two days ago, I asked this question in the name of the Vilna Gaon. I was informed that the answer may be [also] found in the writings of Rav Chaim Volozhin. So, I re-phrased the question. My ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What available resources identify the reasoning structure of Tosafot?

I’m not looking for resources that explain tosafot’s commentary , rather that which explains tosafot’s dialectic, syntax and other components utilized in tosafot’s commentary.
5
votes
2answers
135 views

Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Tosfos and the rain proof sukkah

The bottom Tosfos on Sukkah 2a (DH Ki Avid) talks about how it must be that the scach of a sukkah can't be rain proof, because if it was, then when the Rabbanan say that rain on sukkos is a bad sign (...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Rashi, Tosfot - Dialects

Is there a name for the dialect of Hebrew/Aramaic that Rashi and Tosfot use? Have there been any articles and/or books published on how to systematically approach Rashi and the Baalei Tosfot's ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Please help explain 1st Tosfot on Megillah 22a

In viewing Gemarah Megillah 22א, there is a rule that each person receiving a Torah aliyah must have at least 3 verses remaining in the parsha (paragraph) as well as starting with a minimum of 3 ...
17
votes
2answers
189 views

Is Rabbeinu Tam correct about unique phraseology for specific amoraim?

In Kesubos 2b there is a discussion in which an answer is introduced with the phrase פשיט רב אחאי – R. Achai answered. There is a discussion in Tosafos as to the identity of R. Achai. Rashbam claims ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Tosafos - Not a mitzvah to live in Israel since can't keep the land mitzvos

Tosafos in Kesubos 110b writes: הוא אומר לעלות כו' - ...והיה אומר רבינו חיים דעכשיו אינו מצוה לדור בא"י כי יש כמה מצות התלויות בארץ וכמה עונשין דאין אנו יכולין ליזהר בהם ולעמוד עליהם: He says ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Who is called by Tosfot “Harav Porat”

In Masechet Yoma 37b (see also 78b), Tosfot says: והרב פור''ת פירש כפר''י And the Rav Porat explains as Rabbenu Yitschak. Is there someone who knows who is this rav. (I have some ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Majority of Poskim like Rabbeinu Tam?

Recently someone made the statement that "rov poskim" go like the shita of Rabbeinu Tam in regards to shkia/nightfall. Is there any list available that shows the Rishonim and Achronim that pasken like ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

When Tosfos refer to “Tosfos”, who do they mean?

According to Wikipedia, the Tosfos to Moed Qatan were written by a student to a certain Rabbi Yitzhak. Do we know anything about who he was or where he lived? Specifically, to whom is he referring in ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

The bear and the lion (Bavel and persia) in Tosfos

In Tosfos of Avodah Zarah 2b it asks why is Persia mentioned as being more important than Bavel since Bavel is called a lion and Persia is called a bear. A lion is much stronger than a bear. Tosfos ...
9
votes
3answers
221 views

Why do Tosafot sometimes say the same thing Rashi said?

At the time that the Baalei haTosafot were writing, Rashi’s commentary on the gemara was a stand-alone text. It seems likely that some people learning gemara may not have had access to it. As such, ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

According to the Rema/Tosfot, is it permissible to see a secular concert in a venue that serves alcoholic beverages?

Halachipedia: Tosfot (Gittin 7a s.v. Zimra) understand that the prohibition includes only music at feasts of wine, as in the Mishna Sotah 48a. Would a concert that serves alcoholic beverages (...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

“People who recite Ashrei many times”: a question on Tosafot

In Berakhot 32b, Tosafot (s.v. קודם תפילתו) provide a reason as to why we start Ashrei with Psalm 84:5. In their words, it's "לאפוקי מנהו דאמרי אשרי הרבה", which either means to exclude or to exempt ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Who is HaRam in Tosafos

I've seen הר"ם quoted in Tosafos in a few places. One example is Kiddushin 50a, Tosfos ד"ה היה לו. I always assumed it was Rabbeinu Meir, the son in law of Rashi, who's sons are the famous trio of ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Audio shiurim Meseches Kesubos

Quick question: Is anyone aware of somewhere online that I would be able to download audio shiurim on meseches kesubos that include tosfos? I need primarily on the first chapter. Thanks
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Tosafos Amud in Sanhedrin?

I heard that there was an Amud in Sanhedrin that's almost entirely a Tosafos. I've heard stories about Gedolim on this Amud and I wanted to see the Amud for myself. What is this Amud?
7
votes
1answer
171 views

Is there a bracha achrona called “Al Ha'Adama”?

This Web page alludes (at Footnote 2) to a discussion of the possibility that the correct bracha after raw grain is "Al HaAdama": Tosfot 37a D"H HaKoses has a doubt that perhaps the Bracha ...
1
vote
4answers
94 views

Looking for a sefer explaining the tosfos of maseches kesubos [duplicate]

Is anyone familiar with a sefer that explains the tosfos of maseches kesubos? (Aside from the first two chapters).
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Techeilet – Shittat haBa'alei Tosefot

Per Ptil Tekhelet, the shitta of the Ba'alei Tosefot (following Rashi) is that half of the strings in the tzitzit are to be made of techeilet, as opposed to 1/4 (rov haposkim) or 1/8 (Rambam). However,...
3
votes
1answer
333 views

Tosfos vs Tosfos HaRosh

I have noticed that the Tosfos HaRosh very often parallels the Tosfos on the page. Sometimes he presents almost identical information in a slightly different way, but very often he seems to be saying ...
2
votes
5answers
378 views

Tosafot Peirush [duplicate]

I am looking for a sefer that offers an in depth explanation of tosafos (and preferably rashi) to aid me in studying in depth on my own. The ideal would be to have it in english, but a hebrew ...
7
votes
1answer
583 views

Massacre of Baalei Tosafos

There is a famous story about the Baalei Tosafos using their own blood to write their pirush on the chapter Merubah in Bava Kamma before they were massacred. Is there a source for this?
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Repetition in Sefer Yere'im

The sefer Yere'im of R. Eliezer of Metz which lists the 613 mitzvos seems to count several identical mitzvos. E.g. mitzvos 25-30 (according to the newer editions). Although I could creatively ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Memorization of the Talmud by Tosafists

I have heard a story (referenced here for example) about R. Isaac of Dampierre making sure that each tractate of the talmud be memorized by one of his students. What are the earliest sources for this ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Any recommendations to help learn a Tosfot in Bava Batra?

Which Sefer/Sforim can one use to help when learning a Tosfos in Bava Basra as there is nothing online for this Masechta?
6
votes
0answers
310 views

What is a “royal language”?

In explaining the gemara (Avoda Zarah 10a) and Rashi, Tosfos write (sv שאין להם לא כתב ולא לשון): לכך פירש ר"י כתב לשון חשוב שהמלכים משתמשין בו כעין חכמת יונית....לשון מלכות קאמר‏ .......
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Shin of tefillin mentioned in the Gemara originally a reference to the division of the compartments of the Shel Rosh?

The source for [at least one of] the Shins on the tefillah shel rosh is the Gemara (b.Menahoth 35a): ואמר אביי שי"ן של תפילין הלכה למשה מסיני וצריך שיגיע חריץ למקום התפר רב דימי מנהרדעא אמר כיון ...
9
votes
9answers
1k views

What are some good resources for deciphering a Tosfos comment that I can't figure out?

What are some good resources for deciphering a Tosfos comment that I can't figure out? Here is what I am looking for in a resource: When Tosfos brings another gemoro this resource should provide an ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Tosafoth's unique opinion that Building is biblically allowed on Yom Tov, contradicted by a simple Gemara in Beitzah?

Beitzah 9b seems to undermine a famous Tosafoth in Shabbath 95a that introduces a fascinating Hiddush that Boneh (construction) on Yom Tov should be Mutar, but is forbidden because of rabbinic ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Tying teffilin knot everyday

What is the "tying" referred to in תוס‘ ד"ה ואידך הני שכיחן in Chullin 9a, in which Rebbeinu Tam seems to hold that tying teffilin every day is not obligatory? (It is not referring to putting on ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Tosfos Within the Same Mesechta

Are the comments of Tosfos in the same Mesechta generally considered to be aligned, meaning that, if there is an apparent contradiction, we try and look for a resolution? How about Tosfos in ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

How do we explain the criticism of Rashi by his grandsons?

Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaki, better known today as Rashi, was easily the most prolific commentator on the Tanach and Talmud in history in the sense that he commentated on most of the Talmud and, I believe, ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

French and Italian are Related: Linguistic Knowledge in the 12th-14th Centuries

In this answer to a question that concerned the ways in which languages change and evolve, @SethJ made reference to a sugya that discusses the differences between different dialects of Aramaic, and a ...
5
votes
1answer
262 views

Who wrote the Piskei Tosfos?

After the section of Gemara in most sefarim, before the Rosh there is a section of the Piskei Tosfos. Who authored this work?