Questions tagged [tosfot]

The Tosafot or Tosafos (lit. "additions") are medieval commentaries on the Talmud. They take the form of critical and explanatory glosses, printed, in almost all Talmud editions, on the outer margin and opposite Rashi's notes. The authors of the Tosafot are known as Tosafists ("ba'ale ha-tosafot").

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“Secular” studies in the Rhineland academies of the 11th-13th centuries

This is perhaps a fairly specific question, and I don't know if it belongs here or on the History stack exchange, but I would like to know more about the Rhineland academies that were headed by people ...
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Was the Rambam familiar with 'Tosfos'?

Is there any evidence attesting to the fact that Rambam was even remotely familiar with the writings of any of the Ba'ale Tosafot? The reason I ask is because Wikipedia makes the claim that the ...
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How can we say something is a machlokes Rashi vs Tosfos, if Rashi can't respond or defend himself?

Many Tosfos contain questions about what Rashi says, followed by them giving their own answer. But how can we honestly say something is a "machlokes Rashi vs Tosfos" when Rashi doesn't get a chance ...
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Where Can I find this Machlokes about the 13 Middot of Drush?

Several years ago, I came across the following machlokes between Rashi and Tosfot in Shas Bavli. Rashi said that all 13 middos of drush require a mesorah except for Kal Vachomer, and Tosfot said all ...
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Rambam's son quoted in Tosfos?

Tosfos in Chullin on 106b d''h "vechol davar etc." quotes Rav Avraham Ben Harav Moshe. I am wondering whether this is the Rambam's son as this is the same name.
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Rabbi Avraham Hachozeh and his book

A friend of mine is looking for information on a rabbi he saw mentioned in the book "Chochmat Hanefesh" by Rabbi Elazar of Worms (most famous for his "Sefer Haroke'ach"). In the ...
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Who is HaRam in Tosafos

I've seen הר"ם quoted in Tosafos in a few places. One example is Kiddushin 50a, Tosfos ד"ה היה לו. I always assumed it was Rabbeinu Meir, the son in law of Rashi, whose sons are the famous ...
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Who is the voice of Tosafoth?

Tosafoth were the sons-in-law, grandchildren, and students of Rashi (and their students), and "they" wrote a commentary on the Talmud that is often at odds with Rashi's earlier commentary. Sometimes ...
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Who is the author of “תוספות ”אילמלי on כתובות ל״ג עמ׳ ב׳?

תוספות on כתובות ל״ג עמ׳ ב׳‎ ("אלמלי") explains that the גמרא assumes that חנניה,‎ מישאל,‎ & עזריה were not forced to actually worship idolatry, but merely to bow down to a ...
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Who is being referred to in Tosafot

Who is פלוני in reference to, in the following quote from Tosafot: הוה שכיח גביה מלאך המות. דמספר מה שאירע לו כבר דהאי עובדא דמרים מגדלא נשייא בבית שני היה דהיתה אמו של פלוני כדאיתא בשבת (דף קד: ושם):...
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Was there correspondence or references between the Rambam and any baalei tosfot?

The Rambam lived at the same time as many baalei tosfot, including Rabbeinu Tam, albeit on different continents. I am wondering if there was any correspondence or references between the Rambam and the ...
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List of halakhos that are only relevant in the era of Moshiach

In Zevachim 45a (s.v. הלכתא למשיחא), Tosfos provides a list of instances in Shas where the gemara rules in favour of a particular halakhic position that will only be practically relevant in the era of ...
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Who wrote the Piskei Tosfos?

After the section of Gemara in most sefarim, before the Rosh there is a section of the Piskei Tosfos. Who authored this work?
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When Tosfos refer to “Tosfos”, who do they mean?

According to Wikipedia, the Tosfos to Moed Qatan were written by a student to a certain Rabbi Yitzhak. Do we know anything about who he was or where he lived? Specifically, to whom is he referring in ...
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Is there a Tosofos on Chumash?

I heard from a Rosh yeshiva that there is a commentary from the Tosofos on Chumash that is not widely discussed. Wondering if anyone here is well versed in manuscripts and might be able to comment. ...
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List of Tosafists or Geonim?

I went through a list of Master Profiles of my ancestors on Geni.com and I saw many profiles which said "tosafist" in their title or description, as well as many which said "Gaon of ...
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Did the Rashbam write a commentary on the rest of Shas?

Rashi's commentary on the Gemara is incomplete on some tractates. The commentary of his grandson, the Rashbam, is printed in its place in Bava Batra and Pesachim. Did the Rashbam only write a ...
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The bear and the lion (Bavel and persia) in Tosfos

In Tosfos of Avodah Zarah 2b it asks why is Persia mentioned as being more important than Bavel since Bavel is called a lion and Persia is called a bear. A lion is much stronger than a bear. Tosfos ...
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Rabbi who killed children?

I recall of a story where a Rabbi during the time of the Tosafists who personally killed many Jewish children in order to save them being raised in the Christian faith. Anyone know source? ...
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How do Tosafos מהו להציל (BK 60) fit in to the Gemara?

In Bava Kama (60:): ויתאוה דוד ויאמר מי ישקני מים מבור בית לחם אשר בשער ויבקעו שלשת הגבורים במחנה פלשתים וישאבו מים מבור בית לחם אשר בשער [וגו'] מאי קא מיבעיא ליה אמר רבא אמר ר"נ טמון באש ...
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Berachot 3a - Did Tosafot mix up the tannaic opinions?

The first couple of pages of Masechet Berachot deal largely with the various tannaic opinions as to the earliest time for the recital of Shema at night. The Talmud tries to figure out which of these ...
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Tosfot quoting the Ri Migash?

Tosfot in Yevamot 83b seems to address the comment of Rabbi Yosef Ibn Migash on Baba Batra. ול"ג דתניא כמו שגורס הרב אבן מאגש ואומר דתניא גבי בכור דלא היה לו לרבא להניח המשנה ולהביא הברייתא שאין ...
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Sefardim and Ashkenazim switching traditional sources

The Taz in siman 671:1 writes concerning how many menorahs to light in one's household, the Sefardim who light only one act in accordance with Tosafos and the Ashkenazim who light one for each family ...
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Why only ask about תרומה and שחיטה? (in גטין ב׃ תוד״ה עד)

The Bavli, Gitin 2 amud 2, says that one person is believed when he testifies about isurin (prohibitions), and it immediately limits that to the case that the person is not testifying against an ...
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Looking for a Tosafos

I remember seeing a Tosafos in Ksubos a while back which states that when a man gets married, he should go to his in-laws for the chag that follows his wedding. Does anyone know exactly where I can ...
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Why are Tzaddikim protected from improper foods?

Tosfos on Chullin 5b explains that Tzaddikim get a special protection from eating improper foods: צדיקים עצמן לא כ"ש - תימה דהא אשכחן יהודה בן טבאי שהרג עד זומם בפ"ק דמכות (דף ה:) ור' ישמעאל שקרא ...
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Looking for a sefer explaining the tosfos of maseches kesubos [duplicate]

Is anyone familiar with a sefer that explains the tosfos of maseches kesubos? (Aside from the first two chapters).
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Tosfot quoted Rabbi Yom Tov Myiuni

For the first time I seen in Tosfot Yevamot 57b הרב רבי יום טוב מיוני I didn't find in Wikipedia about him. Does someone know who is this Chacham, what is his place in Tosfot constellation?
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Has the corpus of Tosafoth been printed in one volume?

The Talmudic commentary called Tosafoth has been printed together with the Talmud text itself for many centuries. For example, even Maharal testifies (in 1595) to this in Nesiv Hatorah ch. 5: והכל ...
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What are some good resources for deciphering a Tosfos comment that I can't figure out?

What are some good resources for deciphering a Tosfos comment that I can't figure out? Here is what I am looking for in a resource: When Tosfos brings another gemoro this resource should provide an ...
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Is Rabbeinu Tam correct about unique phraseology for specific amoraim?

In Kesubos 2b there is a discussion in which an answer is introduced with the phrase פשיט רב אחאי – R. Achai answered. There is a discussion in Tosafos as to the identity of R. Achai. Rashbam claims ...
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Where can the Tosafot of Rabbi Samson of Sens be found?

This might be quite a basic question, but there’s a passage from Rabbi Samson of Sens’s commentary on Mishnah Eduyot 1:5 that I’ve seen quoted in a few books eg here. (Sometimes it’s quoted as being ...
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Do Tosafos and Rambam completely agree regarding “the blessing of the house”?

If a woman chooses to be supported from her dead husband's estate, she can; but if the heirs live in the deceased's home then they can (usually) compel her to do so also, or forfeit her upkeep. The ...
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Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
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God's Nichum Aveilim

Asking for a friend: On Kiddushin 38a, Tosfos s.v. Tzei, explain that Hashem didn't approach Yehoshua until after the 30 days of mourning for Moshe had elapsed, since the Shechinah does not descend ...
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Tosafos - Not a mitzvah to live in Israel since can't keep the land mitzvos

Tosafos in Kesubos 110b writes: הוא אומר לעלות כו' - ...והיה אומר רבינו חיים דעכשיו אינו מצוה לדור בא"י כי יש כמה מצות התלויות בארץ וכמה עונשין דאין אנו יכולין ליזהר בהם ולעמוד עליהם: He says ...
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Source for Cremation Specifically Not Jewish

A respected Rabbinic figure recently mentioned that one of the Rishonim - maybe Tosfos - writes that אין דרך בני ישראל לשרוף מתיהם: burning a Jew's lifeless body is not the Jewish way. Where is this ...
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Understanding תוד״ה תפילין on קידושין דף לו ע״א

The Talmud (Kiddushin 36a) cites a view that women are exempt from the prohibition on balding themselves in mourning. Rava there says that we know of this exemption because the same words "between ...
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How to understand this Tosfos in Megila 5b

This is a Tosfos from Megilah 5b which is talking about lessening the different type of work(s) of simcha on Purim. However, I'm a bit troubled on understanding the last 6 words. What does Tosfos mean?...
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Why would I have thought that healing contradicts the will of Hashem?

Bava Kamma 85a: תניא דבי ר' ישמעאל אומר (שמות כא, יט) ורפא ירפא מכאן שניתן רשות לרופא לרפאות It is taught in a Braisa: The academy of R’ Yishmael says: “Heal, he will heal” - from here [we learn] ...
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Audio shiurim Meseches Kesubos

Quick question: Is anyone aware of somewhere online that I would be able to download audio shiurim on meseches kesubos that include tosfos? I need primarily on the first chapter. Thanks
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What available resources identify the reasoning structure of Tosafot?

I’m not looking for resources that explain tosafot’s commentary , rather that which explains tosafot’s dialectic, syntax and other components utilized in tosafot’s commentary.
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Where in the writings of the Vilna Gaon does he discuss how Rashi & Tosfot each explain a Talmudic “sugiya?”

Two days ago, I asked this question in the name of the Vilna Gaon. I was informed that the answer may be [also] found in the writings of Rav Chaim Volozhin. So, I re-phrased the question. My ...
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Tosfos and the rain proof sukkah

The bottom Tosfos on Sukkah 2a (DH Ki Avid) talks about how it must be that the scach of a sukkah can't be rain proof, because if it was, then when the Rabbanan say that rain on sukkos is a bad sign (...
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Why do Tosafot sometimes say the same thing Rashi said?

At the time that the Baalei haTosafot were writing, Rashi’s commentary on the gemara was a stand-alone text. It seems likely that some people learning gemara may not have had access to it. As such, ...
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Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
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Rashi, Tosfot - Dialects

Is there a name for the dialect of Hebrew/Aramaic that Rashi and Tosfot use? Have there been any articles and/or books published on how to systematically approach Rashi and the Baalei Tosfot's ...
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Please help explain 1st Tosfot on Megillah 22a

In viewing Gemarah Megillah 22א, there is a rule that each person receiving a Torah aliyah must have at least 3 verses remaining in the parsha (paragraph) as well as starting with a minimum of 3 ...
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Tosfos vs Tosfos HaRosh

I have noticed that the Tosfos HaRosh very often parallels the Tosfos on the page. Sometimes he presents almost identical information in a slightly different way, but very often he seems to be saying ...
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Who is called by Tosfot “Harav Porat”

In Masechet Yoma 37b (see also 78b), Tosfot says: והרב פור''ת פירש כפר''י And the Rav Porat explains as Rabbenu Yitschak. Is there someone who knows who is this rav. (I have some assumptions that ...