Questions tagged [torah-service]

the prayer service and ceremony surrounding communal reading from the Torah scroll

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
51 votes
16 answers
11k views

Reason behind pinky during hagba

Why do people lift their pinkies during Hagba?
cookie monster's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
618 views

Why are some bakashot made on Shabbat?

As I understand it, we don't make prayers of request (bakashot) on Shabbat (cf Rambam Shabbat 30:12). For that reason, we omit so many liturgical requests because of shabbos - e.g., Avinu Malkeinu, ...
Charles Koppelman's user avatar
17 votes
1 answer
1k views

Who broke the parshiyot into aliyot and how?

The Torah readings on Shabbat are broken into 7 aliyot. I know that there are rules for the minimum number of pesukim for each aliyah but I am wondering who set up the exact placement of the aliyah ...
rosends's user avatar
  • 37.9k
17 votes
3 answers
1k views

What's a good technique for a not-so-strong person to do [Ashkenazi] Hagbaha?

I've seen many people shy away when asked to do Hagbaha (‏הגבהה‏), thinking themselves too weak. I know for a fact that it doesn't take that much strength to do it correctly, so I'd love to see a ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48k
6 votes
3 answers
4k views

Kissing a Sefer Torah as it passes

Some people in shul mark it as a sign of respect, as the Torah makes its way to/from the Aron Kodesh, to kiss it, and rush to get as close as possible. Others, given the cold season, think that this ...
cmose's user avatar
  • 401
4 votes
3 answers
641 views

Why isn't it considered idol worship to give respect to the torah?

When the Sefer Torah is brought out of the ark, everyone stands up and kisses it. On occasions such as simchat torah and hoshana rabbah people dance around the Torah. To an outsider these actions can ...
Ani Yodea's user avatar
  • 13.1k
12 votes
4 answers
2k views

חזק חזק ונתחזק Chazak Chazak VeNischazek: why

Why do we say חזק חזק ונתחזק when we end each Chumash?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
7k views

What are "universal minimum" standards of tznius for halachic purposes?

What are the minimum standards of tznius for halachic purposes? By "halachic purposes" I mean Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 75, which forbids praying in the presence of ervah. I am raising the question ...
SAH's user avatar
  • 19.7k
7 votes
1 answer
341 views

I'm in the middle of Tachanun when they take out the Torah; what do I do?

This happens to me a lot on Mondays and Thursdays: I'm just putting down my head to finish Tachanun when the baal tefilah says kaddish, the aron is opened and the Torah is taken out. Do I stop what ...
Bruce James's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
716 views

When an adopted child is called to the torah, how are they named?

When an adopted child is called up for an aliyah, how are they referred to? Are they called ben-(adopted parents' name) or something else? Are there any qualifiers involved? I'm given to understand ...
Goodbye Stack Exchange's user avatar
28 votes
2 answers
1k views

How does a son call up his father for an Aliyah?

Suppose a son is the Gabbai in a Shul and needs to call up his father for an aliyah (or his brother who is the son of his father). Does the son say his father's name? Does he say something else ...
yydl's user avatar
  • 38.6k
12 votes
2 answers
468 views

Auctioning/Sale of Kibbudim on Shabbat / Yom Tov

Many synagogues have the practice of selling kibbudim (i.e. aliyot, haftorah, opening the ark, etc.) on major holidays, usually via auction. I've been to some shuls where this is done every Shabbat. ...
Ariel Allon's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
375 views

Must readers be called to the Torah by name?

"I was in one place recently where they are very strict about calling people's names before they approach the Torah and another place where the people just came up one-by-one, having arranged ...
WAF's user avatar
  • 23.7k
7 votes
1 answer
245 views

Original Aliyah breaks for Ki Tisa

The Magen Avraham (OC 428 sk 8) records a custom to give a Levi the Aliyah containing the story of the Golden Calf. Indeed in many Chumashim nowadays I see the first two portions of Ki Tisa are ...
Double AA's user avatar
  • 98.7k
18 votes
3 answers
467 views

2 Sifrei Torah for close readings

This morning we read Parashat Mishpatim (Exodus 21:1 - 24:18) and the special reading of Parashat Shekalim (Exodus 30:11-16). The custom everywhere I have ever seen is to remove two Sifrei Torah from ...
Double AA's user avatar
  • 98.7k
14 votes
1 answer
606 views

"Yaamod p'loni ben p'loni... chazak"?

The last ole (person called to the Torah) (besides the maftir) of Vaychi, P'kude, B'chukosay, and Mas'e is, in my experience, called using the formula "yaamod p'loni ben p'loni sh'vii chazak", with ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.7k
12 votes
2 answers
1k views

How does Hagbahah work on a Sephardic Torah case?

How does one do Hagbahah on a Torah in a Sephardic Torah case, such as one of these silver cases (picture courtesy of Hadad Brothers) : See also the Ashkenazi version of this question.
Menachem's user avatar
  • 44.3k
11 votes
3 answers
282 views

Why doesn't saying the sh'ma satisfy torah-reading requirements?

According to this answer to a related question, the g'mara on Bava Kamma 82a requires reading torah at least every three days because we should never go longer than that without words of torah. But ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
519 views

Why are the Yehi Ratzon prayers connected to Tachanun?

On Mondays and Thursdays, after the torah is read, we say a series of Yehi Ratzon prayers. However, we do not say those prayers on a Monday or Thursday on which we do not say Tachanun: The ...
rosends's user avatar
  • 37.9k
7 votes
0 answers
289 views

Hazi"v La"kh: what's behind the division?

The Talmud (Rosh Hashana 31a) tells us that the Haazinu song (Devarim 32) was sung weekly in the Temple and divided into six segments, given by the mnemonic HaZIV LaKh הזיו לך (where each letter is ...
Double AA's user avatar
  • 98.7k
6 votes
2 answers
604 views

Formal Hebrew honorific for one's mother

Many men, when going up for an aliya, tell the gabbai their name as, e.g. "Reuven ben Rav Yaakov", even if "Yaakov," the father, isn't actually a Rabbi." I believe the reason for this practice is to ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48k
6 votes
3 answers
666 views

Talking during Torah reading

Is one permitted to talk during the communal Torah reading?
cookie monster's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
555 views

What is to be done with a Sefer Torah written by an apikoreis, or by a soffer of unknown apikoreis-status?

What is to be done with a Sefer Torah written by an apikoreis, or by a soffer of unknown apikoreis-status (whether it be a question of the status of the soffer who wrote it, or if it is unknown who ...
C.K.'s user avatar
  • 481
5 votes
6 answers
975 views

Is B'rich Shmei said while the Torah sits in the Aron, or as it's held (by whom?)

Sing "vayhi binsoa" as the Aron is opened by -- let's call him Mr. Opener Brich Shmei is said Chazan is now holding Torah scroll and says Shema (or Gadlu). I've seen different things happen for Brich ...
Shalom's user avatar
  • 132k
4 votes
3 answers
685 views

How to deal with the parts of the Torah reading that are pre-empted by the congregation

Sometimes, our traditional approach to the reading includes having the congregation recite a short section of the reading aloud before the Torah reader does it, and then he follows. The most ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48k
3 votes
1 answer
313 views

Hagbah of the Yemenites (Temanim)

I was learning in a sefer which discusses a case where they couldn't do hagbah, and the Mechaber suggested to do the hagbah like the Teimanim which is to leave it on table in some way, but I didn't ...
sam's user avatar
  • 41.5k
16 votes
4 answers
621 views

maftir: an honor?

A bar mitzva or bridegroom is usually (in congregations I'm familiar with, or, at least, Ashkenazic ones) given maftir. Why is this, considering that it's the lowliest of all the aliyos (e.g.)? (The ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.7k
14 votes
6 answers
3k views

What do I need to know in order to properly have an aliya?

What things should I know in advance in case I get called up for an aliya during a Torah-reading service?
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48k
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

What do I do when asked to "open the Aron" or "take out the Torah"?

If I'm in synagogue and someone asks me if I can "open the Aron" or "take out the Sefer Torah," what will I be expected to do, and when?
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48k
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

naming convention for a Jew with a non-Jewish father?

If a Jew has a non-Jewish father and a Jewish mother, how is he or she: Called up to the Torah, Mentioned in legal documents, such as ketubot, and Mentioned for healing in mi shebeirach? Does any of ...
Shivaram Lingamneni's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
213 views

Why is the order of returning the sefer-torah different on shabbos than on weekday?

Why on shabbos is ashrai said before returning the sefer-torah and on weekday (nusach ashkenaz) afterwards. This cannot have to do with kaddish tiskabel since this is also done on rosh chodesh where ...
preferred's user avatar
  • 483
8 votes
2 answers
473 views

Can the Torah be read in shul if a minyan is present after the point in the service designated for Torah reading?

There have been instances where we had 9 people in the shul, and we began to daven Mincha Shabbat afternoon. We finished our individual Shmoneh Esreh, when the 10th person appeared. Can we go back and ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.3k
8 votes
3 answers
168 views

Non-statutory Torah service

Is it possible to have a "stand-alone" Torah service, not connected to a statutory prayer? I saw this done on Shavuot once, where some people who slept through davening convened a minyan solely for ...
Vincent Calabrese's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
201 views

Is "קל ארך אפים" said if the Torah's not to be read from?

Tachanun is supplemented on Mondays and Thursdays by extended tachanunim starting "V'hu rachum". On those days, after tachanun is half-kadish (kadish l'ela, as some call it), a short paragraph that ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.7k
4 votes
1 answer
188 views

Actualizing Avodah Shebalev

Found this online: quote : As the Rav puts it, Avodah Shebalev is a constant requirement (Kiyum Hamitzvah) where Tefilah is one of many ways (Ma’aseh Hamitzvah) of actualizing it. I thought that ...
Levi's user avatar
  • 7,348
4 votes
0 answers
226 views

Ki Tisa with no Kohen

The first two aliyot of Ki Tisa are very long. This is to ensure that a Levi has the aliyah about the golden calf, since his ancestors didn't participate. Yesterday I was in a shul with no kohen. ...
Heshy's user avatar
  • 9,126
4 votes
2 answers
471 views

Kohen aliyah during shiva

If a kohen is in his shiva period, can he take the kohen aliyah if there is no other kohen present? We had such a situation on Shabbat at mincha. One ruling said that the kohen should take the ...
Shmuel Halevi's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
206 views

Two Yahrtzeits One for Mother one for Father who comes First

All other things being equal Halachically, if you have two people with Yahrtzeits one for a mother and one for a father, who has priority with regards to getting an Aliyah (and/or davening for the ...
Chalutzhanal's user avatar
  • 2,272
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

When to do "missing" Nissan "Kel Maleh"?

During the month of Nissan, "Kel Maleh" - the prayer for the dead - is not recited. When is it more appropriate for the gabbai to recite it for people who have yahrtzeits during Nissan? Should he ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.3k
17 votes
2 answers
429 views

Why don't we use a translator during Torah reading?

Outside of the Teimanim I am not aware of any other segments of Judaism that still employ a meturgamen (translator) during kriat ha'torah. Why has this practice fallen into disuse?
none's user avatar
  • 3,948
16 votes
1 answer
304 views

Out-of-order minyan participation

Some shuls have several minyanim back to back. If one arrives before the Torah reading of the 8:30 minyan and has finished davening before the Torah reading of the 9:30 minyan (to whose Kedusha one ...
yoel's user avatar
  • 7,221
11 votes
2 answers
993 views

Does golel for first torah stand for second torah?

When there are two or three sifrei torah read on the same day, either the magbiah or golel holds the first sefer while the second is read. In this case should he stand for… kadish after reading from ...
2345678876543's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
369 views

process for Gabbai to call his son to the Torah

If the father is the Gabbai ,how should he call his son up for an Aliyah ? Does the father use his own name for example Yaakov ben Moshe? or Yaakov Bnee?
martin levy's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
759 views

Ya'amod by an Aliya

The root of the word Ya'amod means to stand in place. See Hebrew dictionary here. Thus why do we call up someone to an Aliya with the word Ya'amod? We are not asking him to stay in place, we are ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the origin of hazak u'baruch?

Hazak u'barukh is a phrase commonly said after one does something in the synagogue (e.g., after an aliyah). What is its origin?
minhag's user avatar
  • 972
8 votes
3 answers
268 views

Megilas Esther by day - why is it done after Kriyas HaTorah?

We read Koheles on Succos, Shir HaShirim on Pesach, and Rus on Shavuos, and we always read it prior to Kriyas HaTorah. Then why do we read Megilas Esther on Purim day after Kriyas HaTorah?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
5k views

What's the reason of using Yad in reading Torah?

I heard from a Bengali writing - just a single line that - Jews fear their God that much that they even fear to touch the God's word. Then I searched and found that Jews use Yad when they read Torah. ...
Mayeenul Islam's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
507 views

Why call so many olim "moreinu"?

I davened in a couple of different Chassidish shuls over the past few days, and in two different places (Tenka and Munkacs), I noticed that nearly all men who were called up for an aliya were ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48k
7 votes
3 answers
6k views

What is the correct response to "Chazaq u'Baruch!"?

When a person gets an aliyah or other synagogue privilege the congregants of an Ashkenazic synagogue generally thanks him by saying "Shokyach!" or "Yasherkoach!" to which he responds "Baruch Tehiye!". ...
Ani Yodea's user avatar
  • 13.1k
6 votes
1 answer
207 views

Why are there different intro. prayers for calling the Kohen aliyah on Shabbat vs. weekday?

Prior to calling the Kohen aliyah for Torah reading, there is an introductory paragraph said by the gabbai or ba'al kri'ah. Following is Nusach Ashkenaz as found in Art Scroll and Birnbaum, Ashkenaz, ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.3k