Questions tagged [theology]

Questions regarding our understanding of God, such as it is. NOT for every question about Jewish beliefs.

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6
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2answers
172 views

Are there any Rishonim who believe that God´s existence cannot be proven rationally?

Are there any Rishonim who believe that God´s existence cannot be proven rationally?
0
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2answers
139 views

Paradox of the Evil Inclination: Hashem commands to disobey Himself?

I understand that to make this world spinning (to get to its purpose of bestowing the world to come), the Evil Inclination (Yetzer Harah) is commanded by Hashem to constantly drag us to do ...
1
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1answer
473 views

How will the Buddhists, Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, etc come to recognize the G-d of Israel when the Messiah comes

How will the Buddhists, Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, etc come to recognize the G-d of Israel when the Messiah comes since these religions and rest of the 49% of the world's population that doesn't believe ...
4
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2answers
73 views

References to intimacy between God and the Jewish people

There's a Baal HaTurim on Exodus 19:4: ואביא אתכם אלי מה אשה נקנית בכסף ובשטר ובביאה אף ישראל כן. ... בביאה זהו שנא' ואפרוש כנפי עליך וגו' ואבא בברית אתך לכן אמר הושע ג''פ וארשתיך לי: ואביא בגימ' ...
8
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2answers
232 views

Rambam on the relationship between oneness and incorporeality

One of Rambam's arguments for the existence of only one god is that the existence of multiple gods by definition implies some form of corporeality. Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah 1:7 אלוה זה אחד הוא ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
1
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2answers
107 views

If God is infinitely good, why did He create finite people to bestow good to?

Assuming God is absolutely good to the furthest extreme possible and there are no other worlds out there like ours (with torah observant creatures), if so, why did He create finite number of worlds to ...
4
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2answers
202 views

How does Judaism relate to miracle claims by other religions?

Other religions claim that (their) God or other individuals have performed miracles either on behalf of a person(s) or entire nations. Growing up I was taught that the Jewish people are God's special,...
0
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1answer
80 views

Is it correct to say that the term Elohim, when referring to HaShem, means “Supreme Legislator”?

I read here in Italy, in some forums organized by Orthodox Jews, that the term Elohim, when referring to HaShem, means "Supreme Legislator". Is this statement correct? Would it be permissible to use ...
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2answers
92 views

Is Hashem polite? [closed]

This question might be a bit weird, but here's what inspired it. In an internet forum I frequent, someone posted a wall of text (that is, a long post without any line breaks or paragraphs). I pointed ...
5
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3answers
125 views

How can Hashem judge a person לזכות, favourably, as in הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות

The Gemoro Shabbos 127b brings three stories illustrating the principle, הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות “He who judges his neighbour in the scale of merit is himself judged favourably.”...
0
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1answer
102 views

Why did not our forefathers consult Hashem in conflict situations?

I found it a bit strange, the fact that although our forefathers - Abraham, Itzhok, Yaacov, and down to Moyshe Rabeynu were all prophets, as Hashem explicitly spoke to them, they did not consult, or ...
0
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1answer
127 views

3 major sins versus suicide

According to the rambam that unlike all other prohibitory mitzvos there are 3 that one must give up one's life for rather than be forced to commit. Does the requirement to give up one's life rather ...
0
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1answer
167 views

Please specify the identity and function of Metatron in Judaism

The title is pretty much self-explanatory. I know that Christianity doesn't support the existence of Metatron, as the Scripture in which Metatron is mentioned isn't a part of the Christian Bible. ...
-3
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2answers
189 views

What is most commonly considered 'the devil' in Judaism (in the right sense of the word - the embodiment of evil)?

I am looking for the antithesis of G-d in Judaism (if there even is one). Also please elaborate the role of Ha-Šatan in the grand scheme of things. And moreover, I am very curious as to what ...
6
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3answers
114 views

Why does Hashem decide not to destroy mankind again after the flood?

Hashem brings a flood to destroy the evil-doers (Braishis 7 (17)). Without any notable change in the behaviour of mankind, and after Noach's sacrifice, Hashem decides that He will not repeat the ...
2
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2answers
127 views

What are some fundamental chasidic works of philosophy / theology?

Which books are fundamental in terms of presenting the philosophy / theology of mainstream chasidut? I know Chabad has Tanya, and Breslov has Likkutei Moharan. Which sefarim are philosophically ...
9
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3answers
169 views

Why is Sabbath so important?

In Isaiah 58:13-14 we read: “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the Lord honorable, And ...
6
votes
2answers
212 views

Why does G-d reward reshaim in this world to punish them in the next, if He is good?

The question of "Why do some reshaim people live a good life, while some good people suffer" is often answered that G-d rewards the rasha in this world, in order to punish him in the world to come for ...
0
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2answers
80 views

What is the earliest referrence to Hashem as a paternal figure?

It's in the Talmud, many pizmonin and prayers like Avinu Malkenu, and lehavdil, Hashem is called "father" in the new testament very often. But I can't recall Hashem being called father in the Tanach. ...
18
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1answer
333 views

When did usage of “Hashem” to refer to G-d gain traction?

It seems as though virtually all seforim (especially those written by Acharonim and earlier) refer to G-d as either Hakodosh Boruch Hu or Ribono Shel Olom, and never as "Hashem." Similarly, I don't ...
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0answers
65 views

Proofs that Hashem doesn't eat

The Midrash (Bamidbar Rabbah 21:16-19) brings several proofs that Hashem doesn't need to eat, and therefore the passuk that states that the Karban Tamid is "my karban, my bread" (Bamidbar 28:2) is not ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What does it mean that God “remembers” something?

In verses such as Noach 8:1 ("And God remembered Noah and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark, and God caused a spirit to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided"), ...
2
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1answer
222 views

Disproof for Christianity? [closed]

The Kuzari begins by disproving Aristotelianism, Christianity, and Islam, after which it proves Judaism. The Kuzari's disproof of Christianity is essentially as follows. Seeing is believing; if you ...
2
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3answers
318 views

Are there contradictory verses describing G-d's uniqueness?

My own translation of verses. Devarim (Deut.) 4:39 - "You should now, today, and return it to your heart that the Lord is G-d in the heavens and the earth below. There is no other" Devarim (Deut.) 10:...
6
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3answers
171 views

what does it mean that God is infinite?

have read in a few places such as in the book Shaarei Kedusha that God is "infinite" (Ein Sof) (without end). What does this mean? Typically we think of something infinite as being immeasurable or ...
3
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3answers
187 views

Why does HaShem desire the tefillos of the righteous?

א"ר יצחק מפני מה היו אבותינו עקורים מפני שהקב"ה מתאוה לתפלתן של צדיקים Says R' Yitzchak: Why were our forefathers sterile? Because HaShem desires the prayers of the righteous. From Yevamos ...
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3answers
276 views

What does it mean to be a chosen nation?

Regarding "choice" "bechira" when there is a choice of a superior option versus a less superior option this is not as much of a choice between two similar options. That being the case being chosen ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Are God's attributes of kindness and justice related or independent?

Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato writes in the Way of God (ch.1) that God's purpose in creation was to bestow good. We also know that God loves justice (mishpat) (as we say in the Amida prayer "Restore our ...
2
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1answer
115 views

What constitutes belief in HaShem?

What are the minimum requirements for a religion (besides Judaism) to have in order for it to be considered that they believe in HaShem? For instance, what conditions does Islam fulfill that makes us ...
2
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4answers
180 views

Midrash About the Kohen Gadol Seeing God as a Man

If G-D Has no physical form why midrash which say Kohen Gadol saw G-D as an old man while the Kohen Gadol went into the kodesh hakadashim I saw this in the midrash says and I don't know the exact ...
2
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3answers
172 views

Why is YHVH called “a man of war” in Shemot 15:3?

In Shemot 15:3 in the song of Moshe he declares that YHVH is "a man of war"; however, in Bamidbar 23:19 it says, "G_d is not a man , that He should lie". What is the explanation for this contradiction?...
0
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1answer
248 views

Fundamental Significance of Number Four - Tetragramaton

God's primary Name is the four letter tetragramaton Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh (shaarei kedusha part 4 gate 3: "And if you ask, why should we cling our thoughts in this Name more than any other Name (of G-d)? It ...
4
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2answers
167 views

What did Hashem sound like?

Is there any source for what Hashem's voice sounded like when he spoke to Moshe Rabeinu? Like was it a man's voice or a woman's voice? Gruff or sweet? What type of accent? Middle Eastern,Ashkenaz, ...
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0answers
50 views

Who are the Attributists Rambam speaks of

in the 'Guide for the Perplexed' by Rabbi Moshe Maimonides, who are the 'attributists' he speaks of? Are they other Jews with a different view, a different sect within Judaism, the Mohammedans, the ...
6
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2answers
113 views

Mah hu af atah parameters

The Gemara (Shabbos 133b) brings down the mitzvah of emulating Hashem (derived from Shemos 15:2). Just as He is merciful, so should you be, for instance (mah hu rachum af atah rachum). Sotah 14a ...
5
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3answers
212 views

Is doctrinal unity enforced in Judaism and if so, How?

In Catholicism we have the concept of the Magisterium. The Magisterium is the official teaching office of the Church and consists of all the bishops who are united to the Pope. The Magisterium is ...
3
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0answers
110 views

What overlap is there between the attributes of God in Judaism and the attributes of God in Christian classical theism? [closed]

I'm Catholic, not Jewish, but I've always been curious about Judaism. Especially seeing as the Old Testament is largely the same as the modern Jewish bible (with the exception of the deuterocanonical ...
2
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3answers
303 views

Where does evil come from if God is good?

In Deuteronomy 4:35 "Hashem, He is G-d, there is nothing else beside Him". This makes sense since He is the first cause of everything, thus He includes everything. Now, assuming God is absolutely ...
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0answers
143 views

Are there any verses in the Hebrew bible (or just the Torah) that show that God is indivisible?

There are some monotheistic religions that believe that there is one god, but there are (or can be) parts to him (christianity is a good example). They don't believe that god is one and complete and ...
0
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1answer
114 views

From the Jewish perspective, if a prophet had the power to bring people back from the dead, what would that make him?

From what I know, only God can create life and bring someone back from the dead. So if a prophet had the ability to bring people back from the dead (or even create life), would that make him something ...
-1
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1answer
49 views

Does the term “G-d” (i.e Elokim) include the concept of ruler?

Often times Hashem is referred to as Elokim or Elokecha and the like, (10 commandments etc.) does this term include the terms/concepts of manhig or reshuiot? In other words, could someone ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Is Mt. Horeb the same as Mt Sinai? [duplicate]

It says in the Torah that G-d spoke to the Jews on Mt. Sinai then later on in the Torah it says G-d spoke to the Jews on Mt. Horeb, so which Mt. did G-d really speak to the Jews on. Moses called all ...
13
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4answers
1k views

Native American Traditions and Mass Revelations

In Deuteronomy(4:32-34), two points are made in reassuring Israel that God has not abandoned them. The reader is tasked with searching from one end of the heavens to the other to see if a God ever ...
2
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4answers
181 views

Why must the Eternal be intelligent? [closed]

Rabeinu Bachye in Shaar HaYichud demonstrates that the Kadmon (that which existed eternally) must have certain properties. For example, the Kadmon cannot have any limitations or borders of any sort ...
1
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2answers
322 views

If Hashem is All-Powerful, why can't he take on a physical form?

Hashem can do whatever He feels like doing. Nothing gets in his way. This has led to the various questions on here regarding the omnipotence paradox - can Hashem put Himself in a situation in which ...
2
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3answers
137 views

Meaning and origin of the term המקום as one of G-d's names

The name המקום is used as a name for G-d. The word means, literally, "the place". What does this mean when referring to G-d who has no "place"? When did this term originate?
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2answers
150 views

Why would Pharaoh's heart be made כבד by G-D?

I've always loved the account of the 10 plagues (who doesn't?), but I always felt a little odd about the several times (7, in fact) Pharoah's heart was made "hard/heavy" by G-d because I'm a strong ...
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2answers
121 views

If God is all powerful, why does he need the angel of death to carry out the tenth plague?

If God is all powerful, why does he need the Angel of Death? Why did God need the angel of death to carry out the 10th plague to the Egyptians? Couldn't God himself just do it?
2
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1answer
121 views

attributes of God--Why does God have to come down to check out Sodom and Gemorrah?

I've always thought it rather curious that God came down to check out the corruption of the city: כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו, לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יְצַוֶּה אֶת-בָּנָיו וְאֶת-בֵּיתוֹ אַחֲרָיו, וְשָׁמְרוּ דֶּרֶךְ ...