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5
votes
1answer
51 views

Why are there 7 inverted letter nuns in Tehillim 107?

In the Masoretic text of Tehillim 107 there are 7 pesukim which contain an inverted letter nun (similar to those in Sefer Bamidbar). In my standard edition Mikraot Gedolot none of the commentaries ...
7
votes
1answer
208 views

Rashi contradiction in B.M. 95b-96a

The Gemarah in Bava Metziah 95b bring an argument of Amoraim between Abaye and Rava who base their respective opinions on the Tanaim Rav Yoshiya and Rav Yonasan. The Gemara tells how they hold of ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Why is Malachi 3:4 added only after the amidah?

The paragraph יְהִי רָצון מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלהֵינוּ וֵאלהֵי אֲבותֵינוּ. שֶׁיִּבָּנֶה בֵּית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ בִּמְהֵרָה בְיָמֵינוּ. וְתֵן חֶלְקֵנוּ בְּתורָתֶךָ: וְשָׁם נַעֲבָדְךָ בְּיִרְאָה כִּימֵי ...
10
votes
3answers
221 views

Why is future tense used in Esther 3:2?

In Megillas Esther 3:2 we are told: וּמָרְדֳּכַי--לֹא יִכְרַע, וְלֹא יִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה. Why is this sentence in future tense? Why does it not it say לא כרע ולא השתחוה, in the past tense?
5
votes
1answer
235 views

How did they learn Torah before everything was taught in its entirety?

Halachos are spread throughout the Torah. Many times the Gemara uses pesukim that are scattered all around to figure out the true application of pesukim. So if, for example, we only had the section ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

“The Torah shall be my profession” or “my faith”?

Following Modeh Ani in the Siddur, some recite a number of sentences (some of which are verses from the Torah): תּורָה צִוָּה לָנוּ משֶׁה מורָשָׁה קְהִלַּת יַעֲקב. שְׁמַע בְּנִי מוּסַר אָבִיךָ ...
13
votes
7answers
10k views

Has the Torah been changed over the ages?

It is quite a famous argument from Muslims for authenticity of the Quran that the previous Holy Books (Bible and Torah) sent by God have been corrupted or changed by their followers and that Quran is ...
11
votes
1answer
164 views

Did father buy or sell that goat for two zuzim?

In chad gadya, we use the Aramaic root זבן. Now that I think about it, I always recall hearing both דְזָבִין אַבָא בִּתְרֵי זוּזִי and דְּזַבִּין אַבָּא בִּתְרֵי זוּזֵי‬. The obvious difference being ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

What is a source for this idea in Sefer HaYashar?

The following passage settled with me in an interesting way. Although the statements recorded are themselves quite eye opening, I am unfamiliar with such an idea at large. In that sense was the ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

What does כסיה mean?

The Gemara in Pesachim 117a brings a disagreement whether כס יה, in the last pasuk of Beshalach, is one word or two. As far as I know all modern Sifrei Torah (Ashkenazi, Sefardi, Teimoni) have two ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Where can I get the free Hebrew text of the Siddur or Benching?

Where can I get the text of the siddur/prayer book (or at least benching/grace, mincha/afternoon prayer, and/or ma'ariv/evening prayer) in a free computer friendly format? I'd like to be able to make ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Texts of Maharal’s Commentary on Shas

Does anyone happen to know where I can find online the text of the Maharal’s commentary on Shas that’s not copyright?
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Why do two blessings in the amidah start with the letter “vov” translated as “and” [duplicate]

In the text of all my Ashkenaz siddurim, the following blessings in the Amidah start with the letter “vov” translated as “and”: 1] The blessing ולמלשינים against informers which follows the blessing ...
11
votes
1answer
185 views

How commonly used are manuscripts in psak?

How Halachically valid are recently discovered manuscripts? For example, if one found the original manuscript of the Rambam and he rules differently than the currently known text, do modern Poskim ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Size of words in Siddur; from one blessing to the next in the Amidah [duplicate]

I have noticed that some siddurim use different font sizes for different berachot in the Amidah. I initially thought that the larger fonts are used for less frequent parts of the Amidah, to assist the ...
1
vote
2answers
183 views

Who composed the text for Tena'im?

In many Ashkenazy weddings, a document called tena'im is drafted and read at the Chatan's Tisch (Chattan's "table" - a separate rom or area where the groom, family members and friends gather prior to ...
3
votes
2answers
683 views

Gemara text with Nekudos

Does anyone know where to find a Gemara text with nekudot online? I'm having trouble finding one.
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Aryeh Kaplan Text Identification

Follow-up/related question: I recently acquired this book which belonged to Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan. On page 48/49, I found an index card with some things typed on a typewriter.(picture below) I can’t ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Did The Rebbe R' Heshel of Krokow have a different version of the Chumash?

In the Sefer Chanukas Hatorah, [written by the Rebbe R' Heshel of Krocow], in Parshas Pinchas (Bamidbar 27:3) it says: בפסוק (במדבר כז:ג) - אבינו מת במדבר והוא לא היה בתוך העדה הנועדים על ה' בעדת ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How does orthodox Judaism view the Dead Sea Scrolls?

I'm trying to understand how orthodox Jews view the dead sea scrolls. Are they considered authentic representations of Judaism? If there are textual variants between our current tanach texts and the ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Why (what is the origin) are ALL the plagues in Egypt called Makkot?

In the text of Sh'mot, the 10 "plagues" to which the Egyptians were subjected are described/called different things: Blood is called about because the water was hit (makkeh) by Moshe and Aharon (7:17)...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

When were the tefillos formulated?

I have been told that before Galus Bavel the only prayer a Jew was required to pray was the Shema. (And I suppose Birkas HaMazon, as well.) When the Jews were exiled to Bavel, the Anshei Knesses ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Tanach with trop as plain text

Is there any place to download the Tanach, or at least the Torah, in plain text format, including nekudos and trop? From Mechon Mamre I can download the HTML, but aside from the html tags the text is ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Why do we not repair the Mishna according to the emendations of the Talmud?

Often times in analyzing a Mishna the Talmud will say that the Mishna is missing certain information and should read as follows - חסורי מחסרא והכי קתני. The Talmud will then posit the missing ...
20
votes
5answers
1k views

Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom text

Does anyone know where I can find the actual text of the Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom? It keeps popping up in my learning, but only as being referenced, I would like to read that actual text.
7
votes
3answers
206 views

Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom History

Has the original text of the Gazeira of Rabbeinu Gershom been lost. If so when? Who are the earliest sources stating such?
21
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the oldest manuscript of Torah Shebaal Peh?

We don't have (and more's the pity!) R' Yehudah Hanassi's autograph copy of the Mishnah (well, okay, it's a controversial issue whether he actually wrote it or only arranged it orally), or Ravina and ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

כְּהַיּוֹם vs. כַּיּוֹם

Why does the word sometimes appear as כַּיּוֹם and sometimes as כְּהַיּוֹם? As a general grammatical rule, a heh with a patach gets subsumed into the preceding kaf, so why are these cases different? ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Why does Koheleth 12:1 use בוראיך instead of בוראך?

Koheleth 12:1 says: וּזְכֹר, אֶת-בּוֹרְאֶיךָ, בִּימֵי, בְּחוּרֹתֶיךָ: עַד אֲשֶׁר לֹא-יָבֹאוּ, יְמֵי הָרָעָה, וְהִגִּיעוּ שָׁנִים, אֲשֶׁר תֹּאמַר אֵין-לִי בָהֶם חֵפֶץ. 1 Remember then thy ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

What to remove from a generic chumash to get only the letters as found in the torah scroll?

I am writing a program to do various computations with the Torah. To do this I need to remove all punctuation, spaces and other notations. I have removed the (פ) breaks and all non-Hebrew letters (...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

How does the blessing that concludes Hallel start?

There seem to be two different opening expressions with for the blessing that concludes Hallel: יְהַלְלוּךָ ה' אֱלהֵינוּ על כָּל מַעֲשֶׂיךָ - O L-rd our G-d You shall be praised for all your works ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Omitted Part of Yonah?

I had heard once that there was an omitted/deleted part of Sefer Yonah after Hashem's response to Yonah about the kikayon. Is this true? Is there a source for this idea?
4
votes
0answers
343 views

Mechon-Mamre Tanach text

Which manuscript of the Masoretic text is used as the basis for the Tana"ch on Mechon-Mamre.org? Is it based on the Leningradensis, the Keter Aram Soba, or another manuscript?
5
votes
2answers
221 views

Is there an online database of early manuscripts of the Tanakh?

As a student of textual and historical criticism of the Christian scriptures, I am interested in seeing the earliest extant copies of the texts. There are a number of sites devoted to providing ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

מחויאל and מחייאל Bereshis perek 4:18

Why did the pasuk change מחויאל to מחייאל in Bereshis 4:18? Is there any peirush who discusses this change and it significance?
2
votes
2answers
484 views

Where to download Tanach text in digital format

I want to download Tanach, or at least Chumash, in a word type format. I want to be able copy and paste etc... Any help would be much appreciated. Yasher Kokachem.
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Second and Third Person in Birchat Kohanim

I have been reading up on the shift in the text of many brachot from the second person (ata) to the third person (for example, "hemvarech et amO..."). One nice explanation comes from here: It is ...
8
votes
3answers
355 views

Divrei torah written by a heretic

What is the status of divrei Torah written by someone who does not believe in the oral Torah? Does it retain any sanctity? Should it be burned or buried?
1
vote
2answers
205 views

What dates were the Talmuds and Midrashes written?

Can we prove what dates in history these texts were written? Also, do we know exactly when the various Rabbis of these texts lived? What are those dates? Are there disputes about this? Further, ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Is this a mistake in a Torah scroll or intended decoration?

In the following pictures, is the superscript addition a correction or intended decoration? Are corrections like this kosher?
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a good bilingual (English-Hebrew) concordance of the Tanakh and Talmud?

Are there free online concordances of the Tanakh and the Talmud with hyperlinked text in English and Hebrew? I find such resources extremely helpful in the study of a language. Here is an example: ...
6
votes
1answer
303 views

Who Exactly Threatened to Excommunicate Ramchal?

Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato, known as Ramchal, was a controversial and prolific Italian philosopher and Mekubal. According to the linked Wikipedia article, after disseminating Kabbalah in Italy, "...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Why does “elokeynu” frequently follow “hashem” in tanach?

On almost every page in tanach you find the pair of words "hashem elokeynu" (Hashem our God). By saying "our God" it seems to imply that there are other gods. If this implication is not correct why ...
8
votes
1answer
92 views

וְהִתְקִין לוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ בִּנְיַן עֲדֵי עַד Is the translation of מִמֶּנּוּ **His** very self or his very self?

The Koren Sacks siddur translates the 4th of the 7 wedding blessings as: אֲשֶׁר יָצַר אֶת הָאָדָם בְּצַלְמוֹ, בְּצֶלֶם דְּמוּת תַּבְנִיתוֹ, וְהִתְקִין לוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ בִּנְיַן עֲדֵי עַד: who ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Meaning of the (Hebrew?) abbreviation Ka"H

I saw this on a frum forum: It bothers me when my daughters keep hearing about their (ka"h) appearance,and no one talks about character. I had never seen this abbreviation before. Does anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Is the word לבר or לבד?

In מסכת ברכות , on the top line of דף ל,ב, the text reads "בנהרדעא לבר מההוא יומא " [it continues the quote from Shmuel that he never davened mussaf privately in Neharde'a...] According to the ...
10
votes
1answer
201 views

Request document Identification (Ancient Scroll?)

Hi I have a document from Tunsia that I can't identify. Can anyone help me with this?
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Recommendation for a digital Torah codex for software developers

Could someone recommend a source for a machine-readable Hebrew with English Torah codex that may be used in software development projects? By "machine readable," I mean of a format that may be ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Seforim and Books online

Does anyone know of a website like this that has the text (not PDF) of seforim posted on their website for free?
2
votes
2answers
63 views

What is the most common way of indicating qere/kethib in the biblical text?

What is the most common way used in Biblical Scripture to indicate Qere and Kethib? Especially for non-Hebrew languages.